158 9.



(Afterwards Earl of Totnes.)

From the Original. Carew Papers: MS. Tenison, dcv. fol. 140 (Lambeth

Palace). Holograph. CUSSEN GEORGE,

FOR my retrait from the Court1 it was uppon good cause to take order for my prize. If in Irlande they




Dec. 27.

graphical interest :~"But understanding further, by this bearer, that, in the absence of your Counsell, your will was that I shoulde consyder of the booke which passed betweene you and Mr. Browne, and that yt pleased you to use my opynion therin, I have perused the same accordinglie, and fynde yt to be intrycatelie penned, and with so great disadvantage for your parte, that I doubte the course which you are directed will hardlie satisfie your expectation ; for, as I conceave yt, ymmediatlie (after] Her Majesties revocation, Mr. Browne ys to be discharged of the payment of his rent of 8ooli., but yet your graunt to hym will contynue still in force untill, upon a perfecte accompte made by hym, you satisfie unto hym within vj monethes so muche of the somme of 1300li, as before that tyme he shall not have levyed by vertue of your graunte ; and yf he refuse to yeld any such accompte at all, and so neglecte to receave any suche satisfaction at your handes, but resolve rather, beinge discharged of his rent, to contynue still to benyfitte of your graunt, I doubt greatlie that by lawe you shall hardlie avoyde yt. Wherfore I wyshe your counsell should advysedlie consyder of the pointe, before you procede with the revocation. And if by the wordes of the booke he (Browne) have this libertie and advantage in lawe (as I doubte muche he hath), then ys there nothing in the booke to restrayne hym, saving onlye his bare covenant, to redeliver unto you the Letters Pattentes within six monethes after Her Majesties revocation, which was not so sufficientlie forseene and provyded for by your counsell in the drawinge of the booke as was meet. Thes thinges I thought good to make knowne unto you, and so leave them to your good consyderation, resting allwayes moost readye to be used by you in any servyce I can performe. And so, with my humble duetie, I commyt you to God. Your Worship’s moost ready at commandment,” &c.

1 Sec Vol. I. p. 120.


Dec. 27.

Lis recent absence from the

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thincke that I am not worth the respectinge they shall

mich deceave them scalus. I am in place to be beleved 1589.

not inferrior to any man, to plesure or displesure the To Sir G.

greatest; and my oppinion is so receved and beleved as Carew. [From

I can anger the best of them. And, therfore, if the London?) , Deputyl be not as reddy to steed mce as I have bynn Cause of

to defend hyme,-be it att is may.”

When Sir WILLIAM FITZWILLIAMS shalbe in Ingland,

I take my scalfe farr his better by the honorable offices I Court. l'roceert. hold, as also by that nireness to her Majestye which still ings of the I injoy, and never more. Lord

I am willinge to continew Deputy towards hyme all frindly offices, and I doubt not of the Fitzwil. linm,- like frome hyme, as well towards mee as my frinds. about Lis

This mich I desire he should understand; and, for my part, ther shalbe nothinge wantinge that becummeth a frinde; nether can I but hold myself most kindly dealt withall heretherto, of which I desire the continuance. I have deserved all his curteses in the hiest degree.

For the sute of Lesmore, I will shortly send over order from the Queen for a dismis of their cavelacions; Land



pray, deale as the matter may be respeted for a tyme; and cummend mee to Mr. Sollicitor with many thancks for his frindly deling therin ; and I assure yow, on myne honor, I have deservde it att his hands in place wher it may most stced hyme.

For HARDINGE, I will send unto yow mony by exchange with all possible spead, as well to pay hyme (if he suffer the recoverye) as all others; and till then, I pray, if my builders want, supply them.

I look for yow here this springe, and, if possibles I may;

I will returne with you. The Queen thincks that GEORGE CAREW longes to see her; and therfore

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see her. Farewell, noble GEORGE, my chosen frind
and kinsman, from whom nor tyme, nor fortune, nor
adversety, shall ever sever mee.
The 27 of December (1589).

Addressed :
To my lovinge Cussen, Sir GEORGE Carew, Master of the Ordinance

in Irland. Endorsed :

Raloghe. The 28th of December, 1589.

159 1.



From the Original. MS. Lansdowne, vol. lxix. fol. 60, verso (British

Museum). Holograph. Without address, and without date of the year.




UPPON Her Majesties motion for the understandinge of the valew of thes late prises brought in by Mr. WATTS shipps, wee have conferred together and sett


Oct. 16. downe the trew valew of all; what parts go out, and

To Lord what remaynes amonge twelve of us.

All which Burghley.

From amounteth not to the increas of one for one, which is

Durham small returne. Wee might have gotten more to have House. sent them a fishinge. I assure your Lordship, what On the

value of soever is taken, fifty of the hundred goes cleare away certain from the Adventurers to the mariners, the Lord prizes cap.

tured by Admirall, and to the Queene; the rest, being but the Ships fourteen thousand pounde or ther about, is a small Watts and



matter amounge twelve Adventurers; and of which

fourteen (thousand pounds), the settinge out cost us 1591. Oct. 16

very nire eyght thousand. This is the very trewth, I others, and

assure your Lordship before the livinge God, as nire as on the wee can sett downe or gett knowledge of. Or which, if partition of profits. ought should be taken, ther would never one man of

warr put out; and so all our shipps may rote, our mariners run awaye, and Her Majesty lose the best part of her custom. And, besyds, the sume not worth the looking after. Thus humblie praying your Lordship's favorable consent in our rightfull cause, I humblie take

From Derum House, this xvi of October
Your Lordship’s humblie to do you service,

Endorsed by Lord Burghley:
Sär Walter Raleghe. 16. 76. (So in MS.) Note and Vallew of the

skipps taken by Watts and his company.

my leve,

1 5 9 2.



As printed by Murdin, from the Original in the Cecil Papers (Hatfield).

[See Vol. I. pp. 146–158.) LETTER SIR, XXI.

I RECEVED your letters this present day at Chat1591-1592. March 10 tame, concerninge the wages of the mariners and others.

1 On the back of this letter appears an account thus headed : " Goods brought to London by the shipps of John Watts, Merchant, and others, in company.” Then follows an estimate of the value of the merchandise and bullion captured, amounting, in the whole, to 631,150. “Whereout is to



For myne own part, I am very willing to enter bonde, as yow perswaded me, so as the Privey Seale be first sent for my injoyinge the third ; but I pray consider that I 1591.1592

. have layd all that I am worth, and must do, ere I depart To Sir R. on this voyage. If it fall not out well, I can but loose Cecil.

From all, and if nothinge be remayning, wherewith shall I pay Chatham. the wages ? Besides, her Majestie told mee hersealf Preparathat shee was contented to paye her part, and

tions for Lord

my an ExpediAdmirall his, and I should but discharge for myne own


against shipps. And farther, I have promised her Majestie that, the

Spanish if I can perswade the Cumpanies to follow Sir MARTEN

Fleet. FURBRESHER, I will without fail returne; and bringe Allusion

to rumours

about his be deducted for the third of mariners' part, £10,383 ; for my Lord his Marriage. tenth, £3,015 ; for the Queen's customs, £1600; in charges for bringing the goods, £1200 = £16,198. Rests unto the owners and victuallers, to be divided amongst twelve, £14,952."

1 NOTE ON RALEGH AND FROBISHER. By the hypothetical expression—" if I can perswade the Cumpanies to follow Sir Marten Furbresher"—Ralegh seems to glance at the then notorious unpopularity of Frobisher with mariners, on account of his sternness of character and the ‘martinet ’ severity of discipline which he maintained. This eminent navigator was probably, at the time when Ralegh's letter was written, fifty years of age, and he survived little more than two years longer ; dying, in November 1594, of wounds received in the expedition which he had bravely conducted in aid of the defence of Brest against the troops of the King of Spain. What is known of Frobisher's life has been recently collected by Admiral Collinson, in the highly interesting volume published by the Hakluyt Society, and entitled, Three Voyages of Martin Frobisher, in Search of a Passage to Cathaia. It is by an oversight, however--as will be shown presently-that the gallant Admiral has said of Frobisher, when speaking of his share in Ralegh's expedition of 1592, — " He had but three ships, yet he made a shift to burn one rich galleon, and to bring home another.The famous voyages of 1577 and 1578, which won for Sir Martin his most enduring laurels, present some curious incidental parallelisms with occurrences in the long subsequent voyages to Guiana of Ralegh, and in the metallurgic transactions which grew out of them. His own unfortunate experiences must have many times brought to Ralegh's mind the previous troubles of poor Frobisher with his “gold ores” and his foreign mineralogists. But the expedition of 1592 is the only one which is known to have brought Ralegh and Frobisher into direct intercourse.

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