them but into the sea but sume fifty or thriscore leagues,

for which purpose my Lord Admirall hath lent me the March 90. Disdayne ; which to do her Majestie many tymes, with


great grace, bedd mee remember, and sent mee the same
message by Will KILLEGREWE, which, God willinge, if
I can perswade the Cumpanies, I meane to performe;
though I dare not be acknown therof to any creature.
But, Sir, for mee then to be bounde for so great a sume,
uppon the hope of another man's fortune, I will be loth;
and besids, if I weare able, I see no privy seale for my
thirds. I mean not to cume away, as they say I will, for
feare of a marriage, and I know not what. If any such
thing weare, I would have imparted it unto yoursealf
before any man livinge; and, therefore, I pray believe it
not, and I beseich yow to suppress, what you can, any
such mallicious report. For I protest before God, ther
is none, on the face of the yearth, that I would be
fastned unto. And so in hast I take my leve of your
Honor. From Chattame, the roth of March.
Your's ever to be cummanded,






From the Original. Domestic Correspondence: Elizabeth, vol. ccxlii. § 48

(Rolls House). Holograph. Without address or superscription. MY VERY GOOD LORD,

I HAVE seen the letter of the Deputes of Midelburgh, to which I am bold in this manner to awnswere.

1 So in MS., but apparently the sentence is incomplete. See Life, Vol. I. p. 137

[blocks in formation]


some mer.


About the thirteen day of Maye, as I remember, early in the morninge, about fortye leagus of the Cap Finister, wee

1592. discried a fleet of thirteen shipps; the Admirall carriinge

June 8. a redd flage and the Vice-Admirall a white; which wee to the veryley thought to have bynn the fleet of Saint Mallos, Lord

Admiral wherof wee had harde, and was uppon returning. Thes Howard.

From shipps, notwithstanding they might well know us to be Durham

House. Inglishmen, and might easely perceive Her Majesties shipp to be Admirall, bare from us all the l could, and Answer to

the comkeipt out their flages in great bravery, till the Rowbucke plaint of reachinge the Admirall shote at hyme, and made hyme chants of

Middle. strike; which don, all strake and bare with mee, but

burgh, in foure, who, contrary to their bonds and promises to follow relation to

the treattheir Admirall, packt on all the sayle the could, and ment of left their own Admirall and us, beinge at hand with them, Flemish and knew us as well as our sealvs; after whom three of ships. our smaler shipps followed.

I asked the Admirall and the rest why the rest rane away, knowing Her Majesties shipp to be ther. He told mee he knew not what the Flemings suspected of them sealvs, or whos goods they caried. Thos seven, after I had taken out Davis from them and two other passengers, which I sent your Lordship, I dismissed; and suffered not the valew of a farthinge to be taken from any of them. The rest, as it is confessed, first forsooke ther Admirall, rane from Her Majesties shipp, and fought it out afterward, as longe as she 2 could, agaynst thos three Inglish shipps, being apoynted so well as they weare by their own confession, notwithstandinge he had seen his own Admirall strike; which in my oppinion douth make it very playne that the monye belonged to thos of Anwerpe who dayly fraight shipps of Zelande for the trade of Spayne, to abuse Her Majestye. Besids, if

2 So in MS.

I they.


1992 Jane 8.

MANNSFELD had not had good reason for that he did, he would not have caried the shipp backe towards his Admirall thriscore and five leauges, but would have turnde her of, and gonn awaye otherside Irland or Wales. Besides, it is in their letter confessed that MANSFELD did urge sume of the cumpany to confess it was belonginge to thos of Anwarpe ;—so as it apereth it was confessed to be so. In my oppinion the Flemings cannot say less for them sealvs then they do; and if they can recover xx thowsand pound for the askinge, I cannot blame them. I protest, before the levinge God, I am of oppinion that nether MANSFELD or any of the rest durst any more robe any Fleminge, or other, (being charged and instructed as they weare,) then they durst hange them sealvs. Besids, the masters of bothe the shipps be very honest and sufficient men, and of good wealth, especially the on. From Durham House, this 8 of June (1592) Your Honor's humble att cummandement,

W. RALEGH. Endorsed : 8 Junii, 1592. The aunsweare of Sir Walter Raleigh to the letter of

the Merchants of Middlebourgh.


From the Original. Cecil Papers, vol. xxi. ff. 58, 59 (Hatfield).



I WRAT unto your father how I am dealt withall by the Deputye, to whom my disgraces have bynn highly cummended. Hee supposed a debt of four hundred


July )

: Sir William Fitzwilliam.

I off



pounds to the Queen, for rent, and sent order to the Shiriff to take away all the cattell my tenants had, and sell them the next day, unless the money weare payd the


July.) same day. All Munster hath scarce so mich mony in it; To Sir R. and the debt was indeed but fifty marks, which was Cecil.

[From the payde, and it was the first and only rent that hath yet Tower.) bynn payd by any undertaker. But the Shirife did as he Dealings

of the was cummanded, and tooke away five hundred milch

Lord kine from the poor people; sume had but two, and sume Deputy

with Sir three, to releve their poore wives and children, and in a Walter's

in strang country newly sett downe to builde and plant. Munster. Hee hath forcible thrust mee out of possession of a Castell, because it is in law between mee and his cousin WINCKFELD,' and will not here my atornes speake. Hee hath admitted a ward, and geven it his man, of a Castell which is the Queen's, and hath bynn by mee new built and planted with Inglishe, this five years; and to profitt his man with a wardshipp, looseth her Majesties inheritance, and would plant the cussen of a rebell in the place of Inglishe men, the Castell stanetinge in the most dangerous place of all Munster.

Besids, ther is a band of soldiers, which a base phello, O'DODALL, hath in Yoholl, which duth cost the Queen twelve hundred pound a yeare, and hath not ten good men in it; but our porest people muster and serve hyme for threepence a day, and the rest of his soldiers do nothing but spoyle the country, and drive away our best tenants.

If the Queen be over rich, it may bee mayntayned; but I will, att three days' warninge, rayse her a better bande, and arme it better tenfold, and better men, whensoever shee shall need it. And, in the mean tyme, it may

1 Richard Wingfield, Deputy to Sir Henry Wallop, Treasurer at War in Ireland.

2 Youghal. VOL. II.



[1592. July.)

ether be imployed in the North, or discharged; for ther is
in Munster, besids, a band of horse, and another of foot,
which is more than needeth. In this, if yow pleas to
move it, yow may save her Majestye so mich in her
coffers. For the rest I will send my man to attend yow,
although I care not ether for life or lands; but it will be
no small weakninge to the Queen in thos parts, and no
small cumfort to the ill-affected Irishe, to have the
Inglishe inhabitants driven out of the country, which are
yet stronge enough to master the rest, without her charge.
Yours, to do yow service,

To my honorable frinde, Sir R. Cicill, K’nt., of Her Majesty's most

honorable Privy Councell.



As printed by Murdin, from the Original, in the Cecil Papers (Hatfield). LETTER


I PRAY send me the news of Ireland. I hear that 1592. there are three thousand of the BURGKS in arms, and July

young ODONELL and the sons of SHANE ONEALE. I To Sir R. Cecil. wrote in a letter of Mr. KILLEGREEW's, ten days past, a (From the Tower.)

prophesye of this rebellion, which when the Queen read, Rebellion

she made a scorn at my conceat; but yow shall find it but in Ireland. a shoure of a farther tempest. If yow please to sent me ings of the word of what yow hear, I will be laught at again in my Deputy in relation to opinion touching the same, and be bold to write yow my Ralegh's

farther suspicion. Your cousen, the dotinge Deputy,' lands in Munster. hath dispeopled me; of which I have written to your father already. It is a sign how my disgraces have past

1 Sir William Fitzwilliam,

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