That one friendship-and its consequences-would have sufficed to hand down Ralegh's name, with Spenser's, had he explored no Guiana ; led no fleet at Cadiz; written no History of the World; laid the foundation of no colonies in America.

The rebellion began in the autumn of 1579 ;-at a time when Ralegh's mind was still strongly bent on plans of

maritime discovery, notwithstanding the check which had * Vol. I.

just been given by the Lords of the Council to his purposed p. 37 American voyage.* That interruption occurred in June. On

the 19th of July, the Earl of Desmond wrote to the Lords Ireland: Justices that he was “ready to venture his life in Her Elizabeth, vol. lxvii.

Majesty's quarrel.” On the oth of August, Edward Whyte $40 (Rolls wrote to Walsingham (from Limerick) that the Geraldines House).

were in arms, and that the “fire was like to spread into every corner of the realm.” It did not burn quite so fiercely as that. But it spread far; and the devastation it made was such as, happily, it is hard for the mind to realize now-a-days. Ralegh touches (in Letter III.) on one of the main difficulties which protracted its extinction. “Geraldines," he says, “will die a thousand deaths; enter into a million mischiefs ; seek succour of all nations, rather than be subdued by a Butler." And the feud between Desmonds and Ormonds was but one feud of a hundred. But if they could not be put down, it was, at length, found possible to keep them, for a while, in check.

It was not until the autumn of 1583 was far advanced that the Queen could congratulate herself on the deliverance of Munster from rebellion. The report which was then read to

her at Oatlands had been drawn up by one of Ralegh's Priry Council to comrades-Edward Barkley-in the 1581 campaign of Cork the Eari of described in Letter IV.; and it was the Earl of Ormond-in Irdand: that letter so sharply censured-who had the satisfaction of Elizabeth, vol. civ. receiving from the Privy Council in England the royal


$ 88.



From the Original. Irish Correspondence: Elizabeth, vol. lxxx. $ 73

(Rolls House). In the hand of an amanuensis, except as to two words which are interlineated in autograph. Signed.


TO UNDERSTAND that uppon the receaving of my LETTER I. footeband of one hondrethe men, when I departed from

1580-1581. London towards this land, there was then delivered into my hands (besides one hundreth powndes in imprest To Lord

Burghley. which is defalked uppon my enterteynment heere,) so From

Cork. muche mony as amownted to six dayes wages for

Detention my self, my levetennent, officers, and soldiers, at accus at the Isle tomed rates, viz. iiij per diem for my self, ij' per diem for of Wight:

Arrival in my levetennente, xiiij' a peece for iiij officers, and viija Ireland. a peece for every soldier; after th' expiracion of which Rations of

his Comsix dayes (by order from Your Honor and the rest of my pany. lords of Her Maiesties Pryvy Counsell,) wee entered into the Isle of Wighte where wee contynued xv dayes, and ther beinge imbarked in Her Maiesties shippes, there was xvii dayes more before wee arryved heere, duringe all which tyme of xxxij dayes, in the whole, wee receaved only vittells after the rate of vi“ sterlinge per diem for eache one, so that duringe those xxxij dayes there growethe due to every of my company ijd sterlinge per diem as a remaynder of theire wages at viij sterling per diem ; and also to my selfe, my levetennente and officers, our whole enterteynment for the lyke tyme at


the rates abovesaid. So yt is, my good and honorable 1580-1581. Lorde, that at the importunate suyte and exclamacion Feb. 22.

of my company I have bin enforced to paye and satisfye Service in Ireland

every of them of that remaynder, and seekinge to have
the same to be allowed mee agayne heere, I am therfore
referred to Your Honor's order and the residue of my
Lords of Her Maiesties Pryvy Councell in England;
being annswered by Her Highnes' offycers heere that
wee are neyther to be entered into paye, nor no other
manner of waye to be allowed heere, but from the daye
of our arryvall in this land. In consideration whereof
I am a moste humble sutor to Your Honor and the
residue of my said Lords for allowance of that mony, as
hathe bin heretofore, by Your Lordship's good meanes,
in the like case allowed to Sir WILLIAM MORGAN, and
that the same may be payd to the gentleman which
shall deliver this letter to Your Honor, whom I have
desired to attend Your Lordship for that purpose, and
' who shall present unto You as well a perfect accompte
thereof, as also a suffycient certifycate or testemony of
the tyme of our contynuaunce in the Wighte, and of the
daye of our arryvall heere. I moste humblie desire
Your honor to farther this my request as spedely as you
conveniently maye, because I have appointed the mony
to be imployed in England abowte the providinge of
sutche wants as bothe my selfe and company doe
greately stand in neede of. Thus I comyt Your Lord-
ship to God; my poore selfe remayninge alwayes a
Your Honor's service and comaundment. Corke, this
22 of February, 1580 (legal style).
Your Lordship's most humble to comaunde,

Addressed :
To the right honorable and my very good Lord, the Lord BURGHLEY,

Lord Highe Thresourer of England.

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From the Original. Irish Correspondence: Elizabeth, vol. lxxx. $ 74

(Rolls House). Holograph.

Feb. 23.


I RECEVED of late a letter from Your Honor wherein I LETTER 11. finde Your Honor's disposicion and oppinion more favor- 1580-1581. able then I can any way deserve. Notwithstandinge I

To Sir F. hope Your Honor shall finde that my forwardnes to

Walsingad rance Her Maiesties service shall not be less accord- ham. inge to my smale strenght. Whereas of late a cumpany Cork. of yonge cumpanions linket together in rebellion who Proceedbecause they can no longer covertly assiste the pro- some

ings of claymed traytors do at lenght manifeste their good covert

fosterers mindes to Her Hightnes and the Inglyshe nacion,-as of the Re

bellion.DAVY BARREY, sonn and heir of Lorde BARREY, now in His escape

from an the castle of Develin ; MORRICE ROCHE, eldest sonno

ambush in to the Lorde Roche; FINNIN MACARTEY, PATRICK Barry's

country. CONNDON, and divers others,—my Lorde Generall is Character

of the now cum hither who, wee hope, ether by force or pollecy soldiery in

Munster. will sufficiently hampre them that ar farr of greater strenght then the Earle of DESMOND and JOHNE. In my returne from Develin I made a hard escape from the Seneshall 2 in BARRE'S countre (wher he is allways fostered) with xiiij horsmen and threescore footmen.

I was three horsmen, and soun set on horsbake to : Irishe footmen. I coveted to recover a litle old castle, and

He was

Sir John Fitzgerald, usually called “John of Desmond.' brother of Gerald, 16th Earl of Desmond.

* John Fitzedmund Fitzgerald, 'Seneschal of Imokilly.'

3 two.


in that resun I left three men and three horses. The 1580-1581. manner of myne own behavior I leve to the report of Feb. 23.

others, but the escape was strange to all men. The castle State of was a longe mile of, from the place wher he first sett the Province of

on us. Ther is great need of a supply in Munstre, for the Munster. bandes ar all miche decayed. The bands of TANNER

and BARNISHE were so ordered in the cashiringe that
no man was the better. For the officers had the furni.
ture and the soldiers ran away. Beside, the men ar
suche poore and misserable cretures as ther captaynes
dare not lead them to serve. If Your Honors beheld
them when they arive here, You would think them far
unfitt to fight for Her Maiesties crown; and like Your
Honor ther is no fitt place to lande them that ther
captaynes may receve them furnished but Corke, from
whence they may most conveniently be delivered over.
Thus, besechinge You to continew Youre favorable op-
pinion of mee, I humblie take my leve, restinge allways
most redy to do you all honor and service. From Corke,
xxiij of February, 1581? [?]
Your honor's most humble to cummande,

Addressed :
To the honorable Sir FRANCIS WALSINGHAM, K’nighte, Principal

Secretory to Her Highnes, geve thes.
Endorsed : "23 February, 1580. From Mr. Walter Rawley."

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· The last figure in this date is scarcely legible. The endorsement, it will be observed, gives, according to the legal style, '1580.'

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