are recorded in the Preface to the Life of Ralegh. But I cannot commit this collection of his Letters to the indulgence of the reader without once again registering in this place my grateful and special thanks,-first, to the Marquess of Salisbury, for his generous permission to draw so largely on the papers at Hatfield; and, next, to the Master of the Rolls, Lord Romilly; to the Deputy Keeper of Records, Mr. Duffus HARDY; and to his most able and zealous officers in the General Record Office, for the very liberal facilities which the Editor of these Letters-in common with other students of Records better able to turn them to public profit—has long enjoyed. The circumstance that the Calendars' of the State Papers of Elizabeth's reign, and the series of fac-similes entitled · National Manuscripts,' have both been in active progress-at the Rolls House, and at Southampton-during much of the time in which my searches were carried on, inevitably made those searches occasionally obstructive to the due course of office business. And hence it is that many of the Ralegh Letters here printed are without precise references; the preparation of the new Calendars having required a re-numbering of the papers. But what, to the searcher, might well have proved an unavoidable and, for the

1 This circumstance will explain to the reader the occasional occurrence in this volume of the term 'Unarranged' or Unnunbered Papers' (as at pp. 21, 169, 174, 241, &c.), meaning papers which were in course of re-arrangement.

time, an insurmountable hindrance, has, by the kindness of the officers, been turned into an occasion of more than common help. To ALFRED KINGSTON, to WILLIAM NOEL SAINSBURY, and to William BASEVI SAUNDERS, Esquires, this Collection of Letters, and its Editor, are thus under special obligation. I am also indebted to the kindness with which Mrs. EvERETT GREEN permitted me to make occasional use both of the MS. and of the printer's proofs of her excellent Calendar of State Papers, for the years 1591 to 1596, now in the press.

My best thanks are also due to the Reverend Henn STUBBS, W.A., late Librarian to the Archbishop of CANTERBURY, for many facilities afforded to me at Lambeth.


In submitting this collection of Letters to public criticism, I am very conscious of some among its many shortcomings. A task of this sort is necessarily one which has to be spread over several years. Before an Editor reaches the last stage of the long road on which he has been journeying, he is pretty sure to find some omissions which ought to have been supplied at earlier stages, and something to have been said or done, in one way,

-soon after the outset, which he would fain have said or done in quite another way, when looking back from the final resting place on the incidents of his task.

On that head, all I will venture to add is this one remark: If any reader who may observe or suspect omissions or errors, and may have both opportunity and inclination to indicate them, will do so,—with whatsoever of blame he may deem fairly attachable to the fault,—he will confer on the Editor a favour which will be gratefully received, and sedulously turned to the right account, whenever opportunity may offer.


By the accident of a miscarriage of proofs in the Post Office, the three letters which have been already mentioned as addressed by RALEGH to the Senate of the University of Cambridge about Wine Licences were worked off, prior to correction of the press.

These letters are here reprinted in the form in which they should have appeared at pp. 24, 27, and 28 of this Volume.




From the Original. University Registry (Cambridge). [Transcript in

MS. Baker, xxix. 340.] I COMEND me to you, beinge lothe to greyve or discontent you, whome I love and am willinge any waies I



From the

On the

maye to pleasure. I have thoughte good to informe

you of a late hard part and riotouse demeanor done by 1584. July 9.

some of your Universitie, which I can as yet but take in To the

contempte of her Majesties graunt to me, not dealinge Senate

further therby then lawfullie (as I am informed) I of the University maye doe. Yf otherwise, the Conference offered by my of Cambridge.

Deputees to one BAXTER and others, your late dealers

in that cause, for the spedie and quyett dissidinge the Court.

matter by your learned Councell and myne, shold have licensing of bene accepted. The abuse done was sutche, as yf I shall Vintners in Cam- not understand of some reformacion or correction to bridge.

be done to the Malefactors, wherby this bearer JOHN KEYMER, her Majesties Subjecte lawfullie lycenced by me to sell Wynes in your Town, doe quyetlye enjoye the same untill by lawe (that governeth us all) yt be otherwyse determyned, I will devyse some other course for reformacion herein. The barers haste awaye (to comfort his poore wife, who by violence offered was in case by sondrye soundes,' and passions, likelie to have died) was sutche, as tyme served me not to move my verye good Lord the Lord Treasurer, for his Honor's letter in reformacion hereof, which I dowted not to have had, but I do rest assured that yourselves will take suche directe and lawfull course herein, as neyther my selse, nor yow, nor anye other that will comaund us, shall have occasion surther herein to be trobled, which I hartelie wyshe: not desiringe so fullie and lawfullie to extend her Majesties graunt in your towne, as maye surther greyve your Vynteners, the onlie styrrers herein, respectinge more their gayne then quyett government. I crave your spedie answere in wrightinge by this barer, for that the unlawfull and riotous parties must not rest

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unpunyshed. And so I bidd you all hartelie farwell.
From my lodging at the Cort, this ixth of Julie, 1584.
Your very assured loving Frinde,

Addressed :
To the Worshipfull my loving Friends, Mr. Doctor HOWLAND, Vice

Chauncelor of the Universitie of Cambridg, and others, the Maisters
of the same.






Feb. 10.

From the Original. University Registry (Cambridge). [Transcript

in MS. Baker, xxix. 341. ] MR. VYCE CHAUNCELOR,

BEINGE (by informacion) perswaded, that your selfe, with the grave and well disposed of your Universitie, were so greved with the unseamelye owtrages

1584-1585. latelie comytted by the yonge and unbridled hedds of

To the the same, in contempte of the Quenes Majesties pre- Senate

of the rogatyve and graunt unto me, and to my discredytt, as University suffycyent order by yow had ben taken for this bearer's of Cam

bridge. quyett, which caused me to reste from requyringe re- From

Somerset formacion therin at my verye good Lord Threasurer's House. handes, who (by me) as yet understandeth not of those On the ryotts; And I did forbare, contrarye to the advyse of licensing of my learned Councell, in procedinge to enquyer by lawe in Cam

bridge. of the same ryotts, of good wyll I beare to your Universitye ; And ment so to deale with yow for the other foure Tavernes, as sholde have suffycyentlie contented

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