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50 fresh and green before thee, and with my curiosity; but soon recovering myself
which the whole face of the ocean appears so far as to inquire whither we were going,
sported as far as thou canst sec, are more and what was the cause of such clamour
ja number than the sands on the sea-shore; and confusion; I was told that they were
there are myriads of islands behind those launching out into the ocean of Life ; that
which thou here discoverest, reaching fur- we had already passed the straits of In-
ther than thine eye, or even thine imagi- fancy, in which multitudes had perished,
nation, can extend itself. These are the some by the weakness and fragility of their
mansions of good men after death, who, vessels, and more by the folly, perverseness,
according to the degree and kinds of vir- or negligence of those who undertook to
tae in which they excelled, are distributed steer them; and that we were now on the
among these several islands, which abound main sea, abandoned to the winds and :
with pleasures of different kinds and de- billows, without any other means of se-
grees, suitable to the relishes and perfec- curity than the care of the pilot, whom
tions of those who are settled in them; it was always in our power to chuse, among
every island is a paradise accommodated to great numbers that offered their direction
its respective inhabitants. Are not these, and assistance.
O Mirza, habitations worth contending I then looked round with anxious ea.
for? Does life appear miserable, that gives gerness ; and, first turning my eyes behind
thee opportunities of earning such a re- me, saw a stream flowing through flowery
ward? Is death to be feared, that will islands, which every one that sailed along
convey thee to so happy an existence ? seemed to behold with pleasure; but no
Think not man was made in vain, who sooner touched, than the current, which,
kas such an eternity reserved for him.-I though not noisy or turbulent, was yet ir-
gazed with inexpressible pleasure on these resistible, bore him away. Beyond these
Lappy islands. At length, said I, Shew me islands, all was darkness; nor could any

now, I beseech thee, the secrets that lie the passengers describe the shore at which
hid under those dark clouds, which cover he first embarked.
the ocean on the other side of the rock of Before me, and on either side, was an
adamant. The genius making me no an. expanse of waters violently agitated, and
swer, I turned about to address myself to covered with so thick a mist, that the most
ham a second time, but I found that he had perspicacious eyes could see but a little way.
left me: I then turned again to the vision It appeared to be full of rocks and whirl-
which I had been so long contemplating ; pools, for many sunk unexpectedly while
but instead of the rolling tide, the arched they were courting the gale with full sails,
bridge, and the happy islands, I saw no- and insulting those whom they had left
thing but the long hollow valley of Bagdat, 'behind. So numerous, indeed, were the
with oxen, sheep, and camels, grazing dangers, and so thick the darkness, that
upon the sides of it. Spectator. no caution could confer security. Yet
$ 2. The Voyage of Life ; an Allegory.

there were many, who, by false intelli.

gence, betrayed their followers into whirlLife,' says Seneca, is a voyage, in the pools, or by violence pushed those whom progress of which we are perpetually change they found in their way against the rocks. lng our scenes: we first leave childhood The current was invariable and insur. behind us, then youth, then the years of mountable ; but though it was impossible to ripened manhood, then the better or more sail against it, or to return to the place that pleasing part of old age.'—The perusal of was once passed, yet it was not so violent this passage having excited in me a train as to allow no opportunities for dexterity of reflections on the state of man, the in

or courage, since, though none could recessaot Auctuation of his wishes, the gra- treat back from danger, yet they might dual change of his disposition to all exter- often avoid it by oblique direction. sal objects

, and the thoughtlessness with It was, however, not very common to which he Áoats along the stream of time, steer with much care or prudence, for, by 1 sonk into a slumber amidst my

medita. some universal infatuation, every man aptions

, and, on a sudden, found my ears peared to think himself safe, though he saw filed with the tumult of labour, the shouts his consorts every moment sinking round of alacrity, the shrieks of alarm, the whis- him ; and no sooner had the waves closed tle of winds, and the dash of waters. over them, than their fate and their mise My astonishment for a time repressed conduct were forgotten; the voyage was



pursued with the same jocund confidence; redoubled her assurances of safety ; and every nian congratulated himself upon the none were more busy in making provisions soundness of his vessel, and believed him. for a long voyage, than they whom all-but self able to stem the whirlpool in which his theniselves saw likely to perish soon by irfriend was swallowed, or glide over the reparable decay. rocks on which he was dashed; nor was it In the midst of the current of Life, was often observed that the sight of a wreck the gulph of Intemperance, dreadful made any man change his course; if he whirlpool, interspersed with rocks, of which turned aside for a moment, he soon forgot the pointed crags were concealed under the rudder, and left himself again to the water, and the tops covered with herbage, disposal of chance.

on which Ease spread couches of repose ; This negligence did not proceed from and with shades, where Pleasure warbled indifference, or from weariness of their the song of invitation. Within sight of present condition ; for not one of those these rocks, all who sailed on the ocean of who thus rushed upon destruction failed, Life must necessarily pass. Reason indeed when he was sinking, to call loudly upon was always at hand to steer the passengers his associates for that help wbich could not through a narrow outlet, by which they now be given him : and many spent their might escape ; but very few could, by her last moments in cautioning others against entreaties or remonstrances, be induced to the folly by which they were intercepted put the rudder into her hand, without stiin the midst of their course. Their bene- pulating that she should approach so near volence was sometimes praised, but their unto the rocks of Pleasure, that they might admonitions were unregarded.

solace themselves with a short enjoyment The vessels in which we had embarked, of that delicious region, after which they being confessedly unequal to the turbulence always determined to pursue their course of the stream of life, were visibly impaired without any other deviation. in the course of the voyage, so that every Reason was too often prevailed upon so passenger was certain, that how long so- far by these promises, as to venture her ever he might, by favourable accidents, or charge within the eddy of the gulph of Inby incessant vigilance, be preserved, he temperance, where, indeed, the circumvomust sink at last.

lution was weak, but yet interrupted the This necessity of perishing might have course of the vessel, and drew it, by insenbeen expected to sadden the gay, and in- sible rotations, towards the centre. She timidate the daring, at least to keep the then repented her temerity, and with all melancholy and timorous in perpetual tor- her force endeavoured to retreat ; but the ments, and hinder them from any enjoy- draught of the gulph was generally too ment of the varieties and gratifications strong to be overcome; and the passenger, which nature offered them as the solace of having danced in circles with a pleasing and their labours ; yet in effect none seemed giddy velocity, was at last overwhelmed less to expect 'destruction than those to and lost. Those few whom Reason was whom it was most dreadful ; they all had able to extricate, generally suffered so the art of concealing their danger from many shocks upon the points which shot themselves ; and those who knew their in- out from the rocks of Pleasure, that they ability to bear the sight of the terrors that were unable to continue their course with embarrassed their way, took care never to the same strength and facility as before, look forward, but found some amusement but floated along timorously and feebly, of the present moment, and generally en- endangered by every breeze, and shattered tertained themselves by playing with Hope, by every ruffle of the water, till they sunk, wh was the constant associate of the Voy- by slow degrees, after long struggles, and

innumerable expedients, always repining Yet all that Hope ventured to promise, at their own folly, and warning others even to those whom she favoured most, against the first approach of the gulph of was, not that they should escape, but that I atemperance. they should sink last ; and with this pro- There were artists who professed to remise every one was satisfied, though he pair the breaches and stop the leaks of the laughed at the rest for seeming to believe vessels which had been shattered on the it. Hope, indeed, apparently mocked the rocks of Pleasure. Many appeared to credulity of her companions; for, in pro- have great confidence in their skill

, and portion as their vessels grew leaky, she some, indeed, were preserved by it from


age of Life.

sinking, who had receired only a single sign of invitation ; he entered it, and found blow; but I remarked, that few ressels the coolness and verdure irresistibly plealasted long which had been much repaired, sant. He did not, however, forget whither por was it found that the artists themselves he was travelling, but found a narrow way continued aboat longer than those who had bordered with flowers, which appeared to least of their assistance.

have the same direction with the main The only advantage which, in the Voyage road, and was pleased that, by this happy of Life, the cautious had above the negli. experiment, he had found means to unite gent, was, that they sunk later, and more pleasure with business, and to gain the resuddenly; for they passed forward till they wards of diligence, without suffering its had sometimes seen all those in whose com. fatigues. He, therefore, still continued to pary they had issued from the straits of walk for a tinie, without the least remission İnfancy, perish in the way, and at last were of his ardour, except that he was sometimes overset by a cross breeze, without the toil tempted to stop by the music of the birds, of resistance, or the anguish of expecta- whom the heat had assembled in the shade, tion. But such as had often fallen against and sometimes amused himself with pluckthe rocks of Pleasure, commonly subsided ing the flowers that covered the banks on by sensible degrees, contended long with either side, or the fruits that hung upon the encroaching waters, and harassed them- the branches. At last the green path began selves by labours that scarce Hope herself to declime from its first tendency, and to could flaiter with success.

wind among hills and thickets, cooled with As I was looking upon the various fate fountains, and murmuring with waterof the multitude about me, I was suddenly falls. Here Obidah paused for a time, and alarmed with an admonition from some began to consider whether it were longer unknown power, “ Gaze not idly upon safe to forsake the known and common others when thou thyself art sinking. track; but remembering that the heat was Whence is this thoughtless tranquillity, now in its greatest violence, and that the when thou and they are equally endan- plain was dusty and uneven, he resolved gered?' I looked, and seeing the gulph to pursue the new path, which he supposed of Intemperance before me, started and only to make a few meanders, in comawaked.

Rambler. pliance with the varieties of the ground,

and to end at last in the common road. $ 3. The Journey of a Day, a Picture of

Having thus calmed his solicitude, he Human Life; the Story of Obidah.

renewed his pace, though he suspected that Obidal, the son of Abensina, left the he was not gaining ground. This uneasicaravansera early in the morning, and pur- nces of his mind inclined him to lay hold sped bis journey through the plains of In. on every new object, and give way to every dostan. He was fresh and vigorous with sensation that might sooth or divert hini. rest; he was animated with hope; he was He listened to every echo: he mounted incited by desire ; he walked swiftly for- every hill for a fresh prospect; he turned ward over the rallies, and saw the hills aside to every cascade, and pleased himself gradually rising before him. As he passed with tracing the course of a gentle river along, his ears were delighted with the that rolled among the trees, and watered morning song of the bird of paradise ; he a large region with innumerable circum. was fanded by the last flutters of the sink. volutions. In these amusements the hours ing breeze, and sprinkled with dew by passed away uncounted, his deviations groves of spices; he sometimes contem- had perplexed his memory, and he knew plated the towering height of the oak, mo- not towards what point to travel. He Darch of the hills; and sometimes caught stood pensive and confused, afraid to go the gentle fragrance of the primrose, eldest forward, lest he should go wrong, yet condaughter of the spring : all his senses were scious that the time of loitering was now gratified, and all care was banished from past. While he was thus tortured with the heart,

uncertainty, the sky was overspread with Thus he went on till the sun approached clouds, the day vanished from before him, his meridian, and the increasing heat and a sudden tempest gathered round his preyed upon his strength; he then looked head. He was now roused by his danger, round about him for some more commo- to a quick and painful remembrance of his dious path. He saw, on his right hand, a folly ; he now saw how happiness is lost, grove that seemed to wave its shades as a when ease is consulted; he lamented the

unmanly yet in his


unmanly impatience that prompted him we remit our fervour, and endeavour to to seek shelter in the grove, and despised find some mitigation of our duty, and some the petty curiosity that led him on from

more easy means of obtaining the same trifle to trifle. While he was thus re. end. We then relax our vigour, and reflecting, the air grew blacker, and a clap solve no longer to be terrified with crimes of thunder broke his meditation.

at a distance, but rely upon our own conHe now resolved to do what remained stancy, and venture to approach what we

power; to tread back the ground resolve never to touch. We thus enter the which he had passed, and try to find some bowers of ease, and repose in the shades issue where the wood might open into the of security. Here the heart softens, and plain. He prostrated himself on the ground, vigilance subsides; we are then willing to and commended his life to the Lord of inquire, whether another advance cannot nature. He rose with confidence and tran- be made, and whether we may not, at quillity, and pressed on with his sabre in least, turn our eyes upon the gardens of his hand, for the beasts of the desert were pleasure. We approach them with scruple in motion, and on every hand were heard and hesitation; we enter them, but enter the mingled howls of rage and fear, and timorous and trembling, and always hope ravage and expiration ; all the horrors of to pass through them without losing the darkness and solitude surrounded him; the road of virtue, which we for a while keep winds roared in the woods, and the tor: in our sight, and to which we propose to rents tumbled fiom the hills.

But temptation succeeds temptaWork'd into sud len rage by wintry show's, tion, and one compliance prepares us for Down the steep bill the roaring torrent pours; another ; we in time lose the happiness of The moutain shepherd heais the distant noise.

innocence, and solace our disquiet with Thus forlorn and distressed, he wander- sensual gratifications. By degrees we let ed through the wild, without knowing fall the remembrance of our original inwhither he was going, or whether he was tention, and quit the only adequate object every moment diawing nearer to safety or of rational desire. We entangle ourselves to destruction. At length, not fear, but in business, immerge ourselves in luxury, labour, began to overcome him; his breath and rove through the labyrinths of incongrew short, and his knees trembled, and · stancy, till the darkness of old age begins he was on the point of lying down in re. to invade us, and disease and anxiety obsignation to his fate, when he beheld struct our way. We then look back upon through the brambles the glimmer of a our lives with horror, with sorrow, with taper. He advanced towards the light, repentance ; and wish, but too often vainly and finding that it proceeded from the wish, that we had not forsaken the ways of cottage of a hermit, he called humbly at virtue. Happy are they, my son, who shall the door, and obtained admission. The old learn from thy example not to despair, but man set before him such provisions as he shall remember, that though the day is had collected for himself, on which Obi- past, and their strength is wasted, there yet dah fed with eagerness and gratitude. remains one effort to be made ; that re

When the repast was over, · Tell me,' formation is never hopeless, nor sincere en. said the hermit, .by what chance thou deavours ever unassisted ; that the wanderer hast been brought hither; I have been may at length return, after all his errors ; now twenty years an inhabitant of the and that he who implores strength and couwilderness, in which I never saw a man rage from above, shall find danger and before.' Obidah then related the occur. difficulty give way before him. Go now, rences of his journey, without any con. my son, to thy repose ; commit thyself to cealment or palliation.

the care of Omnipotence; and when the • Son,' said the hermit, . let the errors morning calls again to toil

, begin anew and follies, the dangers and escape of this thy journey and thy life.' Rambler. day, sink deep into thy heart. Remem. ber, my son, that human life is the jour. $ 4. The present Life to be considered ney of a day. We rise in the morning of

only as it may conduce to the Happiyouth, full of vigour, and full of expecta.

ness of a future one. tion; we set forward with spirit and hope, A lewd young fellow seeing an aged herwith gaiety and with diligence, and travel mit go by him barefoot, " Father,” says on a while in the straight road of piety to. he, you are in a very miserable condition wards the mansions of rest. In a short time if there is not another world.” “True, son," said the hermit: “ but what is thy of creatures are to exist to all eternity in condition if there is ?”—Man is a creature another life, for which they make no predesigned for two different states of being, parations ? Nothing can be a greater disor rather for two different lives. His first grace to reason, than that men, who are life is short and transient; his second, per. persuaded of these two different states of ft:anent and lasting. The question we are being, should be perpetually employed in all concerned in is this, In which of those providing for a life of threescore and ten {*0 lives is it our chief interest to make years, and neglecting to make provision for ourselves happy? or, in other words, whe. that which, after many myriads of years, ther we should endeavour to secure to our- will be still new, and still beginning ; es. selves the pleasures and gratifications of a pecially when we consider that our endealife which is uncertain and precarious, and vours for making ourselves great, or rich, at its u: most length, of a very inconsider- or honourable, or whatever else we place able duration; or to secure to ourselves the our happiness io, may, after all, prove un. pleasures of a life that is fixed and settled, successful; whereas, if we constantly and and will never end ? Every man, upon the sincerely endeavour to make ourselves first hearing of this question, knows very happy in the other life, we are sure that well which side of it he ought to close with. our endeavours will succeed, and that we But however right we are in theory, it is shall not be disappointed of our hope. plais that, in practice, we adhere to the The following question is started by one wrong side of the question. We make pro. of the schoolmen. Supposing the whole visions for this life, as though it were never body of the earth were a great ball or mass to have an end; and for the other life, as of the finest sand, and that a single grain though it were never to have a beginning. or particle of this sand should be annihi.


Should a spirit of superior rank, who is lated every thousand years : Supposing a stranger to human nature, accidentally then that you had it in your choice to be alight upon the earth, and take a survey of happy all the while this prodigious mass of its inhabitants, what would his notions of sand was consuming by this slow method cs be? Would not he think, that we are a till there was not a grain of it left, on con. species of beings made for quite different dition you were to be miserable for ever ends and purposes than what we really are ? after ; or supposing you might be happy Must not he imagine that we were placed for ever after, on condition you would be in this world to get riches and honours ? miserable till the whole mass of sand were Would not he think that it was our duty thus annihilated, at the rate of one sand in to toil after wealth, and station, and title? a thousand years ; which of these two cases Nay, would not he believe we were for- would you make your choice? bidden poverty by threats of eternal


It must be confessed in this case, so many Distment, and enjoined to pursue our plea- thousands of years are to the imagination sures under pain of damnation. He would as a kind of eternity, though in reality they certainly imagine, that we were influenced do not bear so great a proportion to that by a scheme of duties quite opposite to duration which is to follow them, as an those which are indeed prescribed to us. unit does to the greatest number which And truly, according to such an imagina- you can put together in figures, or as one tion, he must conclude that we are a spe of those sands to the supposed heap. Reacies of the most obedient creatures in the son therefore tells us, without any manner universe; that we are constant to our duty; of hesitation, which would be the better and that we keep a steady eye on the end part in this choice. However, as I have for which we were sent hither.

before intimated, our reason might in such But how great would be his astonish- a case be so overset by the imagination, as ment, when he learnt that we were beings to dispose some persons to sink under the not designed to exist in this world above consideration of the great length of the threescore and ten years ; and that the first part of this duration, and of the great greatest part of this busy species fall short distance of that second duration which is Eien of that age! How would he be lost to succeed it. The mind, I say, might in horror and admiration, when he should give itself up to that happiness which is at know that this set of creatures, who lay out hand, considering that it is so very near, all their endeavours for this life, which and that it would last so very long. But scarce deserves the name of existence; when the choice we actually have before whes, I say, he should know that this set us is this, whether we will chuse to be


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