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fecting each other. Their operations in acts with the utmost generosity, and with deed are entirely different. Whether the no view to her own advantage: while Vice, immortal spirit ihat enlivens this machine, like a glutton, feeds herself enormously
, is originally of a superior nature in various and then is willing to disgorge the naua bodies (which, I own, seems most consist- seous offals of her feast.
Orrery. ent and agreeable to the scale and order of beings), or whether the difference de- Ø 68. Economy, Want of it no Mark of pends on a symmetry, or peculiar structure
genius. of the organs combined with it, is beyond
The indigence of authors, and particumy reach to determine. It is evidently certain, that the body is curiously formed larly of poets, has long been the object of
lainentation and ridicule, of compassion with proper organs to delight, and such as
and contempt. are adapted to all the necessary uses of life. The spirit animates the whole; it guides vourite of the muses has ever been able to
It has been observed, that not one fathe natural appetites, and confines them build a house since the days of Amphion, within just limits. But the natural force of whose art it would be fortunate for them is this spirit is often immersed in matter; they possessed; and that the greatest puand the mind becomes subservient to pas- nishment that can possibly be inflicted on sions, which it ought to govern and direct. them, is to oblige them to sup in their own Your fri nd Horace, although of the Epi
lodgings. curean doctrine, acknowledges this truth, where he says,
Volles ubireddunt oca colarbe,
Where pigeons lay their eggs. Atque affigit humo divinæ particulam auræ.
Boileau introduces Damon, whose writIt is no less evident, that this immortalings entertained and instructed the city spirit has an independent power of acting, and the court, as having passed the summer and, when cultivated in a proper manner, without a shirt, and the winter without seemingly quits the corporeal frame within a cloak; and resolving at last to forsake which it is imprisoned, and soars into high. Paris, er and more spacious regions; where, with an energy which I had almost said was di.
où la vertu n'a plus ni feu ni lieu,
Where shivering worth no longer finds a home. vine, it ranges among those heavenly bodies that in this lower world are scarce and to find out a retreat in some distant visible to our eyes ; and we can at once grotto, explain the distance, magnitude, and velocity of the planets, and can foretel, even to Safe, where no critics damn, no duns molest,
D'où jamais ni l'Huissier, ni le Sergent n'epprede. a degree of minuteness, the particular time when a coinct will return, and when the sun will be eclipsed in the next century,
The rich comedian, says Bruyere, "lollThese powers certainly evince the dignity ing in his gilt chariot, bespatters the face of human nature, and the surprising effects of Corneille walking afoot:" and Juvenal of the immaterial spirit withịn us, which in remarks, that his contemporary bards geso contined a state can thus disengage itself nerally qualified themselves by their diet from the fetters of matter. It is from this
to make excellent bustos; that they were pre-eminence of the soul over the body, compelled sometimes to hire lodgings at s that we are enabled to view the exact or
baker's in order to warm themselves for der and curious variety of different beings; nothing; and that it was the common late to consider and cultivate the natural pro
of the fraternity, ductions of the earth; and to admire and Pallere & vinum loto nescire Decembri, imitate the wise benevolence which reigns
to pine, throughgut the sole system of the universe. Look pale, and all December taste mo rine. It is from hence that we form moral laws for our conduct. From hence we delight Virgil himself is strongly suspected to in copying that great original, who in his have lain in the streets, or on some Roman essence is utterly incomprehensible, but in bulk, when he speaks so feelingly of a his influence is powerfully apparent to eye. rainy and tempestuous night in his wellry degree of his creation. From hence too known epigram. we perceive a real beauty in virtue, and a “There ought to be an hospital founded distiuction between good and evil. Virtue for decayed wits," said a lively Frencia
man," and it might be called the Hospital piation for this enormous crime, and to of Incurables."
teach him to live unsettled, and without Few, perhaps, wander among the laurels care, like a true poct. of Parnassus, but who have reason ardent- Such are the ridiculous, and such the ly to wish and to exclaim with Æneas, pitiable stories related, to expose the pothough without that hero's good fortune, verty of poets in different ages and nations;
but which, I ain inclined to think, are raSi nunc se nobis ille aureus arbore ramus, ther boundless exaggerations of satire and Osten lat nemore in lando!
fancy, than the sober result of experience, Oh! in this ample grove could I behold The tree that blooms with regetable gold !
and the determination of truth and judg. Рітт. . ment; for the general position may be con
tradicted by numerous examples ; and it The patronage of Lælius and Scipio did
may, perhaps, appear on reflection and exnot enable Terence to rent a house. Tasso, amination, that the art is not chargeable in a humorous sonnet addressed to his fa- with the faults and failings of its particular vourite cat, earnestly entreats her to lend professors ; that it has no peculiar tendency him the light of her eyes during his mid to make them either rakes or spendthrifts : night studies, not being himself able to and that those who are indigent poets, purchase a candle to write by. Dante, the would have been indigent merchants and Ilomer of Italy, and Camoens of Portugal, mechanics. were both banished and imprisoned. Čer
The neglect of economy, in which great vantes, perhaps the mostoriginal genius the geniuses are supposed to have indulged world ever beheld, perished by want in the themselves, has unfortunately given so streets of Madrid, as did our own Spenser much authority and justification to careat Dublin. And a writer little inferior to lessness and extravagance, that many a mithe Spaniard in the exquisiteness of his hu- nute rhymer has fallen to dissipation and mour and raillery, I mean Erasmus, after drunkenness, because Butler and Otway tedious wandering of many years from lived and died in the alehouse. As a cercity to city, and from patron to patron, tain blockhead wore his gown on one praised, and promised, and deceived by all, shoulder, to mimic the negligence of Sir obtained no settlement but with his prioter. Thomas More, so these servile imitators " At last,” says he, in one of his epistles, follow their masters in all that disgrace " I should have been advanced to a cardi- them ; contract immoderate debts, because nalship, if there had not been a decree in Dryden died insolvent; and neglect to my way, by which those are excluded froin change their linen, because Smith was a this honour, whose income amounts not sloven. “If I should happen to look to three thousand ducats.”
pale,” says Horace,
all the hackney I remember to have read a satire in La- writers in Rome would immediately drink tin prose intitled, “ A poet hath bought cummin to gain the same complexion." a house.” The poet having purchased a
And I myself am acquainted with a withouse, the matter was immediately laid be- ling, who uses a glass only because Pope fore the parliament of poets assembled on
Adventurer. that important occasion, as a thing unheardof, as a very bad precedent, and of most per- $69. Operas ridiculed, in a Persian
Letter. picious consequences; and accordingly a very severe sentence was pronounced The first objects of a stranger's curiosiagainst the buyer. When the members ty are the public spectacles. I was carcame to give their votes, it appeared there ried last night to one they call an Opera, was not a single person in the assembly, which is a concert of music brought from who, through the favour of powerful pa. Italy, and in every respect foreign to this trons, or their own happy genius, was country. It was performed in a chamber worth so much as to be proprietor of as magnificent as the resplendent palace of a house, either by inheritance or pur
our emperor, and as full of handsome wochase; all of them neglecting their private men, as his seraglio. They had no eunuchs fortunes, confessed and boasted that they among them; but there was one who sung lived in lodgings. The poet was, there upon the stage, and by the luxurious tenfore, ordered to sell his house immediate- derness of his airs, seemed fitter to make ly, to buy wine with the money for their them wanton, than keep them chaste. entertainment, in order to make some ex- Instead of the habit proper to such crea
tures, he wore a suit of armour, and called with forrilude, and to conform ourselves himself Julius Cæsar.
to the order of Nature, who governs bet I asked who Julius Caæsar was, and great kingdom, the world, by continual whether he had been famous for singing ? mutations. Let us submit to this order; They told me he was a warrior that had let us he persuaded that whatever dues conquered all the world, and debauched happen ought to happen, and never be so half the women in Rome.
foolish as to ex postulate with nature. The I was going to express my admiration best resolution we can take, is to suffer at seeing him so represented, when I heard what we cannot alter, and to pursue withtwo ladies, who sat nigh me, cry out, as it out repining the road which Providence, were in exstasy, " O that dear creature! who directs every thing, has marked to us : I am dying for love of him.”
for it is enough to follow; and he is but At the same time I heard a gentleman a bad soldier who sighs, and marches with say aloud, that both the music and sing. reluctancy. We must receive the orders ing were detestable.
with spirit and cheerfulness, and not en. “ You must not mind him," said my deavour to slink out of the post which is friend," he is of the other party, and assigned us in this beautiful disposition of come-s here only as a spy."
things, whereof even sufferings make a " How!” said I, “ have you parties in necessary part. Let us address ourselves music?”. “ Yes,” replied he, “it is a rule to God who governs all, as Cleanthes did with us to judge of nothing by our senses in those admirable verses, and understanding, but to hear and see,
Parent of nature! Master of the world! and think, only as we chance to be differ
Where'er thy providence directs, behold ently engaged.”
My steps with cheerful resignation turn;
Fate leads the willing, drags the backward os: bc neutral in these divisions; and, to say
Why should I grieve, when grieving, I must
bear; the truth, your music is very far from in
Or take with guilt, wbat guiltless I might share! Naming me to a spirit of faction; it is much more likely to lay me asleep. Ours Resignation to the will of God is true mag.
Thus let us speak, and thus let us act. in Persia sets us all a-dancing; but I am quite unmoved with this."
nanimity. But the sure mark of a pusil. “ Do but fancy it moving,” returned lanimous and base spirit, is to struggle my friend, " and you will soon be moved against, to censure the order of Providence, as much as others. It is a trick you may to set up for correctiog that of our Maker.
and, instead of mevding our own conduci, Icarn when you will, with a little pains :
Bolingbroke. we have most of us learnt it in our turns."
$71. Patience eremplified in the Story
of an Ass. § 70. Patience recommended.
I was just receiving the dernier compliThe darts of adverse fortune are always ments of Monsicur Le Blanc, for a picalevelied at our heads. Some reach us, and sant voyage duwn the Rhone when I some fly to wound our neighbours. Let was stopped at the gate us therefore impose an equal temper on 'T'was by a poor ass, who had just our minds, and pay without murmuring the turned in with a couple of large panniers tribute which we owe to humanity. The upon his back, to collect eleemosinary turwinter brings cold, and we must freeze : nip-tops, and cabbage leaves, and stood The summer returns with heat, and we dubious with his two fore-feet on the inmust melt. The inclemency of the air side of the threshold, and with his two disorders our bealth, and we must be sick. hinder feet towards the street, as not I lcre we arc exposed to wild beasts, and knowing very well whether he was to go there to men more savage than the beasts: in or no. and if we escape the inconveniences and
Now, 'tis an animal (be in whai hurry danger of the air and the earıb, there are I may) I cannot bear to strike—there perils by water, and perils by fire. This is a patient endurance of sufferings, wrote established course of things it is not in our so unaffectedly in bis looks and carriage, power to change; but it is in our power which pleads so mightily for him, that it io assume such a greatness of mind as be- always disarms me; and to that degree, comes wise and virtuous men, as may en- that I do not like to speak unkindły to ble us to encounter the accidents of life him; on the contrary, meet him where I
will-whelber in town or country—incart all bitterness to thee, whatever life is or under panniers—whether in liberty or to others.And now thy mouth, if bondage--I have ever something civil one knew the truth of it, is as bitter, I to say 10 him on my part; and as one dare say, as soot—(for he had cast aside word begets another (if he has as little to the stein) and thou hast not a friend perdo as 1) generally fall into conversa- haps in all this world, that will give thee tion with bim; and surely never is my a macaroon. -In saying this, I pulled imagination su busy as in framing his re. out a paper of them, which I had just pur. sponses from the etchings of his counte- chased, and gave him one--and at this biance--and where those carry me not deep moment that I am telling it, my heart (nough-in flying from my own heart smitos me, that there was more of pleainto bis, and seeking what is natural for an santry in the conceit, of seeing how an ass ass to think – as well as a man, upon the would eat a macaroon—than of beneuccusion. In truth, it is the only creature voience in giving him one, which presided of all the classes of beings below me, with in the act. whom I can do this: for parrots, jack
When the ass had eaten his macaroon, daws, &c. never exchange a word I press’d him to come in—the poor beast with them oor with the apes, &c. for was heavy loaded his legs seemed to pretty near the same reason; they act by tremble under him--he hung rather backrote, as the others speak by it, and equally wards, and, as I pulled at bis halter, it make me silent: nay, my dog and my cai, broke short in my handhe look'd up though I value them both and for my pensive in my face—“ Don't thrash me dug, he would speak if he could)—yet, with it—but if you will, you may.”somehow or other, they neither of them if I do, said I, I'll be d-d. possess the talents for conversation - I can The word was but one half of it promake nothing of a discourse with them, nounced, like the abbess of Andoüillet's beyond the preposition, the reply, and re- (so there was no sin in it)-- when a person joinder which terminated my father's and coming in, let fall a thundering bastinado mother's conversation, in his beds of jus. upon the poor devil's crupper, which put tice and those uttered there's an end an end to the ceremony. of the dialogue
Out upon it!
vocaland, I think, wrong placed too Come, Honesty! said I-seeing it was for the end of an osier, which had started impracticable to pass betwixt him and the out from the contexture of the ass's pangate-art thou for coming in or going nier, had caught hold of my breeches out?
pocket as he rushed by me, and rent it in The ass twisted his head round to look ihe most disastrous direction you can ima. up the street
gine—so that the Out upon it ! in my opiWell-replied (-we'll wait a minute nion, should have come in here. Sternc. for thy driver.
He turned his head thoughtful § 72. Players in a country town des about, and looked wistfully the opposite
The players, you must know, finding I understand thee perfectly, answered l.. this a good town, had taken a lease the if thou takest a wrong step in this affair, last summer of old
synagogue deserted he will cudgel thec to death- -Well! by the Jews; but the mayor, being a presa minute is but a minute, and if it saves a byterian, refused to licence their exhibi. fellow-creature a drubbing, it shall not be tions : however, when they were in the utset down us ill spent.
most despair, the ladies of the place joined He was eating the stem of an artichoke in a petition to Mrs. Mayoress, who preas this discourse went on, and in the little vailed on her husband to wink at their peevish contentions of nature betwixt hun- performances. The company immediately ger and unsavouriness had dropt it out of opened their Synagogue theatre with the his mouth half a dozen times, and pick'd Merchant of Venice; and finding a quack it up again—God help thee, Jack! said doctor's zany, a drull fellow, they decoyed I, thou hast a bitter breakfast on't--and him into their service; and he has since many a bitter day's labour-and many a performed the part of the Mock Doctor, bitter blow, I fear, for it's wages-'tis with universal applause. Upon his revolt,
the doctor himself found it absolutely ne- cager lover talk of rushing into his miscessary to enter of the company; and, tress's arms, rioting on the nectar of her having a talent for tragedy, has performed lips, and desiring (in the tragedy rapo with great success the Apothecary in Ro- ture) to “ hug her thus, and thus, for meo and Juliet.
ever;" though he always took care to The performers at our rustic theatre are stand at a most ceremonious distance. But far beyond those paltry strollers, who run I was afterwards very much diverted at about the country, and exhibit in a barn the cause of this extraordinary respect, or a cow-house : for (as their bills declare) when I was told that the lady laboured they are a company of Comedians from under the misfortune of an ulcer in her the Theatre Royal ; and I assure you they leg, which occasioned such a disagreeable are as much applauded by our country stench, that the performers were obliged critics, as any of your capital actors. The to keep her at arms length. The entershops of our tradesmen have been almost tainment was Lethe; and the part of the deserted, and a crowd of weavers and hard- Frenchman was performed by a South waremen have elbowed each other two Briton; who as he could not pronounce a hours before the opening of the doors, word of the French language, supplied its when the bills have informed us, in enor- place by gabbling in his native Welsh. mous red letters, that the part of George The decorations, or in the theatrical Barnwell was to be performed by Mr. dialect) the properties of our company, are --, at the particular desire of several as extraordinary as the performers. Oladies of distinction. 'Tis true, indeed, thello raves about in a checked handker. that our principal actors have most of them chief; the ghost in Hamlet stalks in a poshad their education at Covent-garden or tilion's leathern jacket for a coat of mail; Drury-lane; but they have been employed and Cupid enters with a fiddle-case slung in the business of the drama in a degree over his shoulders for a quiver. The apobut just above a scene-shifter. An heroine, thecary of the town is free of the house, to whom your managers in town (in envy for lending them a pestle and mortar, to to her rising merit) scarce allotted the serve as the bell in Venice Preserv'd: and humble part of a confidante, now blubbers a barber-surgeon has the same privilege, out Andromache or Belvidera; the atten- fur furnishing them with basons of blood dants on a monarch strut monarchs them- to besmear the daggers in Macbeth. Macselves, mutes find their voices, and mes- beth himself carries a rolling-pin in his sage-bearers rise into heroes. The humour hand for a truncheon ; and, as the breakof our best comedian consists in shrugs and ing of glasses would be very expensive, he grimaces ; he jokes in a wry mouth, and dashes down a pewter pint-pot at the sight repartees in a grin: in short, he practices of Banquo's ghost. on Congreve and Vanbrugh all those dis- A fray happened bere the other nighi, tortions which gained him so much ap- which was no small diversion to the audiplause from the galleries, in the drubs ence. It seems there had been a great which he was obliged to undergo in pan. contest between two of those mimic heroes, tomimes. I was vastly diverted at seeing which was the fittest to play Ricbard the a fellow in the character of Sir Harry Third. One of them was reckoned to base Wildair, whose chief action was a conti- the better person, as he was very roundnual pressing together of the thumb and shouldered, and one of his legs was shorter fore-finger, which, had he lifted them to than the other; but his antagonist carried his nose, I should have thought he design- the part, because he started best in the tens ed as an imitation of taking snuff: but I However when the curtain drew could easily account for the cause of this up, they both rushed in upon the stage 3 single gesture, when I discovered that Sir once; and, bawling out together," Now Harry was no less a person than the dex- are our brows bound with victorious terous Mr. Clippit, the candle-snuffer. wreaths," they both went through the
You will laugh to see how strangely whole speech without stopping. the parts of a play are cast. They played
Connoisseur. Cato; and their Marcia was such an old woman, that when Juba came on with $ 73. Players often mistake one fat hism“Hail ! charming maid !"
for another. the fellow could not help laughing. An- The French have distinguished the ar other night I was surprised to hear an tifices made use of on the stage to deceive