deal of good. One “ 'Take it” is better the two best fortune-tellers. The best than two “ Thou shalt have it.” Prayers soldier comes from the plough. Wine and provender never hindered any man's wears no breeches. The hole in the wall journey. There is a fig at Rome for himn invites the thief. A wise man doch not who gives another advice before he asks hang his wisdom on a peg. A man's love it. He who is not more, or better than and his belief are seen by what he does. another, deserves not more than another. A covetous man makes a haltpenny of a Ile who hath no wisdom hath no worth. farthing, and a liberal man makes six"Iis better to be wise than a rich man. pence of it. In December keep yourself Because I would live quietly in the world, warm and sleep. Ile who will revenge I hear, and see, and say nothing. Meddle every affront means not to live long. not between two brothers. The dead and Keep your money, niggard, live miser. the absent have no friends left them. Who ably, that your heir may squander it is the true gentleman, or nobleman? He away. In war, hunting, and love, you whose actions make him so. Do well to have a thousand sorrows for every joy whom you will; do any man barm, and or pleasure. Ilonour and profit will not look to yourself. Good courage breaks ill keep both in one sack. The anger of broluck to pieces. Great poverty is no fault thers is the anger of devils. A mule and a or baseness, but some inconvenience. The woman do best by fair means. A very great hard-hearted man gives more than he who beauty is either a fool or proud. Look has nothing at all. Let us not fall out, to upon a picture and a batile at a good give the devil a dinner. Truths too fine distance. A great deal is ill wasted, and spun are subtle foolerics. If you would a little would do as well. An estate well always have money, keep it when you got is spent, and that which is ill got de. have it. I suspect that ill in others which stroys its master too. That which is I know by myself. Sly knavery is too bought cheap is the dearest. "Tis more hard sor honest wisdom. Ile who resolves trouble to do ill than to do well. The to amend hath God on his side. Hell is husband must not see, and the wife must crowded up with ungrateful wretches. be blind. While the tall maid is stooping Think of yourself and let me alone. He the little one hath swept the bouse. Neican never enjoy himself one day who fears ther so fair as to kill, nor so ugly as to he

inay die at night. He who hath done fright a man. May no greater ill befal ill once, will do it again. No evil hap- you than to have many children, and but pens to us but what may do us good. If little bread for them. Let nothing af I have broken my leg, who knows but'tis (right you but sin. I am no river, but best for me. The more honour we have, can go back when there is reason for it. the more we thirst after it. If you would Do not make me kiss, and you will not be pope you must think of nothing else. make me sin. Vain-glory is a flower Make the night night, and the day day, which never comes to fruit. The absent and you will be merry and wise. He are always in the fault. A great good who eats most eats least. If you would was never got with a little pains. Sloth live in health, be old by times. I will go is the key to let in beggary. I left him warm, and let fools laugh on. Chuse your I knew for him who was highly praised, wife on a Saturday, not on a Sunday. and I found reason to repent it. Do not Drinking water neither makes a man sick, say I will never drink of this water, how. nor in debt, nor his wife a widow. No ever dirty it is. He who trifles away bis pottage is good without bacon, no sermon time, perceives not death which stands without St. Augustin. Have many ac- upon his shoulders. He who spits against quaintance, and but a few friends. A heaven it falls upon his face. He who wondrous fair woman is not all her hus- stumbles, and falls not, mends his pace. band's own.

He who marries a widow, He who is sick of folly recover late of will have a dead man's head often thrown never. He who hath a mouth of his in his dish. Away goes the devil when he own should not bid another man blom. finds the door shut against him. "Tis He who hath no ill fortune is tired out great courage to suffer, and great wise with good. He who depends wholly upon dom to hear patiently. Doing what I another's providing for him, hath but an ought secures mc against all censures. ill breakfast, and a worse supper.

A I wept when I was born, and every day cheerful look, and forgiveness, is the best shews why. Experience and wisdom are revenge of an affront. The request of a grandee is a kind of force upon a man. I Truths and roses have thorns about am always for the strongest side. It folly thein. Ile loves you better who strives were pain, we should have great crying to make you good, than he who strives out in every house. Serve a great man, to please you. You know not what may and you will know what sorrow is. Make happen, is the hope of fools. Sleep makes no absolute promises, for nobody will every man as great and rich as the greathelp you to perform them. Every man est. Follow, but do not run after good is a fool in another man's opinion. Wis- fortune. Anger is the weakness of the dom comes after a long course of years. understanding. Great posts and offices Good fortune comes to him who takes are like ivy on the wall, which makes it care to get her. They have a fig at Rome look fine, but ruins it.


Make no great for bim who refuses any thing that is haste to be angry; for if there be occagiven him. One love drives out ano- sion, you will have time enough for it. ther. Kings go as far as they are able, Riches, which all applaud, the owner not so far as they desire to go. So play feels the weight or care of. A compefools--I must love you, and you love tency leaves you wholly at your disposal. somebody else. Tle who thinks what he Riches make men worse in their latter is to do, must think what he should say days. lle is the only rich man who untoo. A mischief may happen which will derstands the use of wealth. He is a do me (or make me) good. Threatened great fool who squanders rather than men eat bread still, i. e. live on. Get doth good with his estate. To heap fresh but a good name and you may lie in bed. kindnesses upon ungrateful men, is the 'Truth is the child of God. He who hath wisest, but withal the most crucl rean ill cause, let him sell it cheap. A wise venge. The fool's pleasures cost him man never says, I did not think of that. very dear. Contempt of a man is the Respect a good man that he may respect sharpest reproof. Wit without discretion you, and be civil to an ill man that he is a sword in the hand of a fool. Other may not affront you. A wise man only virtues without prudence are

a bliad knows when to change his mind. The beauty. Neither enquire after, nor hear wife's counsel is not worth much, but he of, nor take notice of the faults of others who takes it not is a fool. When two when you see them. Years pass not over friends have a common purse, one sings men's heads for nothing. An halter will and the other weeps. I lost my reputa- sooner come without taking any care tion by speaking ill of others, and being about it than a canonry.

If all asses worse spoken of. He who loves you wore packsaddles, what a good trade will make you weep, and he who hates would the packsaddlers have ! The usual you may make you laugh. Good deeds live forms of civility oblige no man. There is and flourish when all other things are at no more faithful or pleasant friend than an end. At the end of life La Gloria is a good book. - He who loves to employ sung. By yielding you make all your himself well can never want something friends : but if you tell all the truth yon

to do. A thousand things are well forknow, you will have your head broke. got for peace and quietness sake. A wise Since you know every thing, and I know inan avoids all occasions of being angry. nothing, pray tell me what I dreamed A wise man aims at nothing which is out this morning. Your looking-glass will of his reach. Neither great poverty nor tell you what none of your friends will. great riches will hear reason. A good The clown was angry, and be paid dear man hath ever good luck. No pleasure for it. If you are vexed or angry you is a better pennyworth than that which will have iwo troubles instead of one. virtue yiells. No old age is agreeable The last year was ever better than the but that of a wise man. A man's wise present. That wound that was never dom is no where more seen than in his given is best cured of any other. Af- marrying himself. Folly and anger are Bictions teach much, but they are a hard but two names for the same thing. cruel master. Improve rather by other Fortune knocks once at least at every men's errors, than find fault with them. one's door. The father's virtue is the Since you can bear with your own, bear best inheritance a child can have. No with other men's failings too. Men lay sensual pleasure ever lasted so much as for out all their understanding in studying a whole hour. Riches and virtue do not to know one another, and so no man often keep one another company. Ruling knows himself. The applause of the one's anger well, is not so good as premob or multitude is but a poor comfort. venting it. The most uscful learning in


the world is that which teaches us how to strength of a clown. Be ye last to go die well. The best men come worse out of over a deep river. He who hath a handcompany than they went into it. The some wife, or a castle on the frontier, or most mixed or allayed joy is that men a vineyard near the highway, never wants take in their children. Find money and a quarrel. Never deceive your physimarriage to rid yourself of an ill daugh- cian, your contessor, nor your lawyer. ter. There is no better advice than to Make a bridge of silver for a flying eve. look always at the issue of things. Com- my. Never trust him whom you have pare your griefs with other men's, and wronged. Seek for good, and be ready they will seem less. Owe money to be for evil. Wbat you can do alone by paid at Easter, and Lent will seem short yourself, expect not from another. Idleto you. He who only returns home, ness in youth makes way for a painful doth not run away. He can do nothing and miserable old age. Tle who pretends well who is at enmity with his God. to be every body's particular friend is Many avoid others because they see not nobody's. Consider well before you tie and know not themselves. God is always that knot you never can undo. Neither opening his hand to us. Let us be friends, praise nor dispraise any before you know and put out the devil's eye. 'Tis true ihem. A prodigal son succeeds a cothere are many very good wives, but vetous faiher. lle is fool enough him. they are under ground. Talking very self who will bray against another ass. much, and lying, are cousin-germans. Though old and wise, yet still advise. With all your learning be sure to know Happy is he that mends of himself, withyourself. One error breeds twenty more. out the help of others. A wise man I will never jest with any eye nor with knows bis own ignorance, a tool thinks my religion. Do what you have to do he knows every thing. What you eat just now, and leave it not for to-morrow. yourself never gains you a friend. Great Ill tongues should have a pair of scis- house-keeping makes but a poor will

. sors. Tuge long hair, and very little l'air words and foul deeds deceive wise brains. Speak little, hear much, and men as well as fools. Eating 100 well at you will seldom be much out. Give me first makes men eat ill afterwards. Let a virtuous woman, and I will make her bim speak who received, let the giver a fine woman. He who trusts nobody is hold his peace. An house built by a man's never deceived. Drink water like an ox, father, and a vineyard planted by his wine like a king of Spain. I am not sorry grandfather. A dapple-grey horse will that my son loses his money, but that he die sooner than tire. No woman is ugly will have his revenge, and play on still. when she is dressed. The best remedy My mother bid me be confident, but lay against an evil man is to keep at a good no wagers. A good fire is one half of a distance from bim. A man's folly is seen man's life. Covetousness breaks the sack; by his singing, his playing, and riding i. e. loses a great deal. That meat re- full speed. Buying a thing too dear is lishes best which costs a man nothing. no bounty. Buy ai a fair, and sell at The ass bears his load, but not an over- home. Kcep aloof from all quarrels, be load. He who eats his cock alone, must neither a witness nor party. God doib catch his horse too. He who makes us more and more good every hour of our more of you than he used to do, either lives. An ill blow, or an ill word, is all would cheat you or needs you. Ile that you will get from a fool. would avoid the sin, must avoid the oc- lies long in bed his estale pays for it

. casion of it. Keep yourself from the an. Consider well of a business, and disger of a great man, from a tumult of the patch it quickly. He who hath chilmob, from fools in a narrow way, from dren bath neither kindred nor friends. a man that is marked, from a widow that May I have a dispute with a prise hath been thrice married, from wind that man, if with any. He who hath lost comes in at a hole, and from a reconciled shane is lost to all virtue. Being in enemy. One ounce of minth is worth love brings no reputation to any mali, more than ten thousand weight of me but vexation to all. Giving to the poor lancholy. A contented mind is a great lessens no man's store.

He who is gift of God. He that would cheat the idle is always wanting somewhat. devil must rise early in the morning. Evil comes iv us by ells, and goes Every fool is in love with his own bauble. away by inches.

He whose house is Every ill man will have an ill time. tiled wish glass must not tbrow stones Keep your sword between you and the at his neighbour's. The man is fire,

Ile who


He who peeps

the woman tow, and the devil comes to sows his laud, trusts in God. He who blow the coals. He who doth not look leaves the great road for a by-path, thinks forward, finds himself behind other men. to save ground, and he loses it. He who The love of God prevails for ever, all serves the public obliges nobody. He who other things come to nothing. He who keeps his first innocency escapes a thouis to give an account of himself and others, sand sins. He who abandons his poor must know both himself and them. A kindred, God forsakes him. He who is man's love and his faith appear by his not handsome at twenty, nor strong at works or deeds. In all cuntention put thirty, nor rich at forty, nor wise at a bridle upon your tongue. In a great fifty, will never be handsome, strong, frost a nail is worth a horse. I went a rich, nor wise. He who resolves on the fool to the court, and came back an ass. sudden, repents at leisure. He who Keep money when you are young that you rises late loses his prayers, and provides may have it when you are old. Speak not well for his house. bui little, and to the purpose, and you through a hole may see what will vex will pass

for soinebody. If you do evil, him. He who amends his faults puts expect to suffer evil. Sell cheap, and you himself under God's protection. He will sell as much as four others. An ill who loves well, sees at a distance, He child is better sick than well. He who who hath servants, hath enemies which he rises early in the morning halh some- cannot well be without. He who pays his what in bis head. The gallows will have debts begins to make a stock. He who its own at last. A lie hath no legs. Wo- gives all before he dies will need a great men, wind, and fortune, are ever change deal of patience. He who said nothing ing Fools and wilful men make the had the better of it, and had what he de lawyers great. Never sign a writing till sired. He who sleeps much gets but little you have read it, nor drink water till learning. He who sins like a fool, like a you have seen it. Neither is any barber fool goes to hell. If you would have your dumb, nor any songster very wise. Nei- business done well, do it yourself. "Tis ther give to all, nor contend with fools. the wise man only who is content with Do yo ill, and fear no harm. He doth what he hath. Delay is odious, but it something who sets his house on fire; makes things more sure. he scares away the rats and warms him- safe who knows himself well. A good wife self. I sell nothing on trust till to-mor- by obeying commands in her turn. Not to row. [Written over the shop-doors.] The have a mind to do well, and put it off common people pardon no fault in any at the present are much the same. Italy man. "The fiddler of the same town to be born in, France to live in, and never plays well at their feast. Either Spain to die in. He loses the good of rich, or hanged in the attempt. The feast his afflictions who is not the better for is over, but here is the fool still. To die them. 'Tis the most dangerous vice vide as brothers used to do ; that which is · which looks like virtue. 'Tis great wismine is all my own, that which is yours dom to forget all the injuries we may reI balves in. There will be no money ceive. Prosperity is the thing in the got by losing your time. He will soon world we ought to trust the least. Exbe a lost man himself who keeps such perience without learning does more good men company. By courtesies done to than learning without experience. Virtue the meanest men, you will get much more is the best patrimony for children to inthan you can lose. Trouble not yourself herit. 'Tis much more painful to live ill about news, it will soon grow stale and than to live well. An hearty good-will you will have it. That which is well never wants time to shew itself. To said, is said soon enough. When the have done well cbliges us to do so still.' devil goes to his prayers he means to He hath a great opinion of himself who cheat you. When you meet with a fool, makes no comparison with others. He pretend business to get rid of him. Sell only is rich enough who hath all that he him for an ass at a fair, who talks much desires. The best way of instruction is and knows little. He who buys and sells to practise that which we teach others. doth not feel what he spends. He who "Tis but a little narrow soul which earthploughs his land, and breeds cattle, spins ly things can please. The reason why gold. He who will venture nothing, must parents love the younger children besi, never get on horseback. He who goes is because they have so little hopes that far from home for a wife, either means the elder will do well. The dearest child to cheat, or will be cheated, He who of all is ihat which is dead. He who is


He is always


about to marry should consider how it is gratified by an incident I am going to rewith his neighbours. There is a much late to you. I stopped my horse lately, shorter cut from virtue to vice, than from where a great number of people were vice to virtue. Ile is the happy man, not collected at an auction of Merchants' whom other men think, but who thinks goody. The hour of the sale not being himself to be so. Of sinful pleasures re- come, they were conversing on the bad. pentance only remains. He who hath ness of the times; and one of the commuch wants still more, and then more. pany called to a plain, clean old man, The less a man sleeps the more he lives. with white locks, Pray, father Abraham, He can never speak well who knows what think you of the times? Will not not when to hold bis peace. The truest those heavy taxes quite ruin the councontent is that which no 'man can de- try? Ilow shall we be ever able to pay prive you of. The remembrance of wise them : What would you advise us 10?' and good men instructs as well as Father Abraham stood up, and replied, their presence. 'Tis wisdom, in a doubt- 'If you would have my advice, I will sul case, rather to take another man's give it you in short; * for a word to the judgment than our own. Wealth betrays wise is enough," as Poor Richard says.' The best resolved mind into one vice or They joined in desiring bim to speak his other. We are usually the best men, mind, and gathering round him, be prowhen we are worst in health. Learning ceeded as follows* : is wealth to the poor, an honour to the Friends,' says he, “the taxes are, inrich, and a support and comfort to old deed, very heavy; and, if those laid on age. Learning procures respect to good by the government were the only ones fortune, and helps out the bad. The we had to pay, we might more easily master makes the house to be respected, discharge them; but we may have many rot the house the master. The short others, and much more grievous to some and true way to reputation, is to take of us. We are taxed twice as much by care to be in truth what we would have

our idleness, three times as much by our others think us to be. A good reputa- pride, and four times as much by our tion is a second, or half an estate. He is folly; and from these taxes the commisthe better man who comes nearest to the sioners cannot ease or deliver us by allorbest. A wrong judgment of things is ing an abatement. However, let us the most mischievous thing in the world. hearken to good advice, and someibing The neglect or contempt of riches makes may be done for us; “ Gold helps them a man more truly great than the posses- that help themselves," as Poor Richard sion of them. That only is true honour

says. which he gives who deserves it himself. 1. “It would be thought a hard goBeauty and chastity have always a mor- vernment that should tax its people onetal quarrel between them. Look always tenth part of their time to be employed in upon life, and use it as a thing that is lent its service; but idleness taxes many of us you. Civil offers are for all men, and much more; sloth, by bringing on disgood offices for our friends. Nothing in cases, absolutely shortens lite. “ Sloth, the world is stronger than a man but his like rust, consumes faster than labour own passions. When a man comes into wears, while the used key is always troubles, movey is one of his best friends. bright," as Poor Richard says,—“ But He only is the great learned man who dost thou love life, then do not squanknows enough to make him live well. der time, for that is the stuff bte is An empty purse and a new house finish- made of," as Poor Richard

says.ed make a inan wise, but 'tis somewhat How much more than is necessary do we too late.

* Dr. Franklin wishing to collect into one § 154. The Way to TVealth, as clearly piece all his sayings upon the following subiecis, shewn in the Prefuce of an old Penn- which he had dropped in the course of publishing

the Almanacks called Poor Richard, introduces sylvanian Almanack, intitled, Poor falber Abraham for this purpose. Hence it is Richard improved.Written by Dr. that Poor Richard is so often quo ed, and that in Benjamin Franklin.

the present title, he is said to be improved Note

withstanding tbe stroke of humour in the roaCourteous Reader,

cluding paragraph of this address, Poos Fischard I have heard, that nothing gives an (Saunders) and father Abraham bave proved, in author so great pleasure as to find his America, that they are no common preacbers. works respectfully quoted by others.

And shall we brother Englishinen, refuse good

sense and saving knowledge, because it comes Judge then, how much I must have been from the other side of the water?


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