WW Norton, 30. okt. 2007 - 304 sider
The story of natural history as seen through the lives, observations, and discoveries of the world's greatest naturalists.
We owe a debt of gratitude to the great naturalists who described, experimented, and collected, who gave us the means to understand the natural world and the potential not only to exploit it but also to conserve it. They came from all over Europe and America, from Classical times to the end of the nineteenth century when natural history changed from a mainly amateur pursuit to today's specialized scientific profession.
Braving dangers from storms, pirates, and disease in their pursuit of cataloging the natural world, pioneers such as Alexander von Humboldt and Charles Darwin changed the course of science with their daring travels and groundbreaking theories. This book includes many who are well known, such as the earliest great natural historian, Aristotle; Carl Linnaeus, the man who brought order to nature; the great voyager and collector Joseph Banks; and Georges Cuvier, who established the concept of extinction. But others are now given their rightful place: Antony van Leeuwenhoek, who made his own microscopes and discovered bacteria; Nicolas Steno, who opened the door to the earth's geological past; and Mary Anning, "the princess of palaeontology," who had an amazing, self-taught talent for finding fossils.
Many whose lives are described here were great artists as well as naturalists, and the book is illustrated with beautiful and precise paintings and drawings of birds, animals, fossils, fish, shells, and rocks selected from the unparalleled picture archives and collections of the Natural History Museum, London, as well as other sources. 194 illustrations, 137 in color.
UNITY IN DIVERSITY
THE FATHER OF BOTANY
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18th century Adanson Agassiz Aldrovandi anatomy ancient Antoine-Laurent de Jussieu Aristotle Aristotle's Audubon Banks Bartram became Belon birds botanist botany Buckland Buffon Carl Linnaeus Catesby Catesby's Cesalpino Charles Darwin classification collections creatures Cuvier described descriptions developed Dioscorides drawing Earth engravings Erasmus Darwin established evolution expedition exploration extinct F Syst Fabricius fauna fish flora fossils France Fuchs geology Georges Cuvier Gessner Gray Histoire Naturelle historians Hooke Hooke's Humboldt ideas illustrations insects Jardin du Roi John Ray Jussieu knowledge known Lamarck later Leeuwenhoek Linnaeus Linnaeus's living London Lyell Mark Catesby medicine Merian method Micrographia microscope natural world naturalist Nicolaus Steno North America observations organisms original Owen Paris philosopher physician plants and animals plates Plez Pliny published Robert Hooke rocks Royal Society scientific scientists Sloane species specimens Steller Steno strata Theophrastus theory travels University volumes voyage Wallace William William Bartram William Buckland wrote zoology