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year) to shoot all Tyrolese who should be found with arms in their hands; and to burn every place which thould contain a single inbabitant who had enrolled his name as a defender of his country? That they have forgotten the death of Hucbr, by poilon; or the Brore recent proposition of the Director LEPAUX to ailaisinate builk ici ? Whoever has a wth to gain a fırther insight into the conduct of these virtuous Guvernors, may consult the very brief ab. Itract of their crimes, during a thort period, contained in the three ponderous but imperfect volumes of Citizen Prudhomme. But the object of the Directory in their denunciations of vengeance for a crime of which the authors, we apprehend, are much better known to themselves than to tie Cabinet of Viena, is manifcft. They constitute their only means of imposition on their miserable fulljects; their only resource to conplete their requifitionary liits; and to extort money for the subsistence of themselves and their troops. Thus we find in he proceedings of the Councils, on the 5th of May, amidst their lamentations for the death of their regicidal emillaries, it was refolved, “ thrat a ll'ar-Tex jhould be ifta'rifbed to difray tbe extraordinary expeners rendered niceffury hy circumstances ;" that efectual imeans ihould be taken to compel the confiripts to join the armies; and that every Citizen Thould take anew the oath of barred to Royalty. It is reinirkable that the member who moved these resolutions was the very man whom LEPAUX had proposed to murder Citizen Bailleul! The effect which this appeal, at once ridiculous and fanguinary, is likely to produce on the people of France, there has not yet been time to ascertain; but we are told, in a private letter from the Continent, that the murder of the Enroy's fuit plus de bruit que de fenfation."

The fears which we lately expressed, respecting the successful dissemination of French principles in America, have been confirmed with more expedition, and to a greater extent, than we had reason to expect. We have received a variety of important intelligence from that country, of a confidential nature, which tends to fanction the belief that, unless the power of the French Republic be fpeedily and effectually cruthed in Europe, America will become the ally of France, and the enemy of Great Britain. The man whom the found part of the American community had been accustomed to consider as the guardian and protector of the national rights, and the national dignity, has deceived their hopes, and, by a step alike unexpected and disgraceful, at once forfeited his own character for consistency, and paved the way for the degradation, if not the ruin, of the country. The President, Mr. Adams, of whom we have frequently spoken in terms of commendation, bad Tepeatedly declared that nothing was to be boped for from the justice of Parice; and one of his Meilages contained a solemn aflever tion, that he never would send another Minister to treat with France, till 12 Jould bave received ample afirances of bis being received as the Mirifter of a great, powerful, and independent nation! The principle of these declarations was enforced in subsequent communications to the House of Reprelentatives, and on tbe lots of February last the

President

President fent that House a copy of a letter from Lord GRENVILLE to Mr. King, proving the existence of a French decree for puttitig to death all Americans who thould be found on board fhips belonging to the enemies of France; and he particularly requested the House to “remember that the arrit of the Executive Directory, of the 2d of March, 1797, remains in force, the third article of which tobjects, explicitly and erclocfit'ely, American fiumen to be treated as piratis, if found on board Lips of the enemies of France.'' And yet, on the 18th of February, after the interval of a fingle day, without the intervention of any one public circumitance to induce a change of sentiment or of measures, without the reception of any one of those allurances which had been stated as the fine qua non of farther negociation, this fame President proposed to send another Minister to treat with France, with that poser who had pailed, and who had not even deigned to repeal, the tinguinary deeree, of which he had to loudly, and so justlya complained. The only pretext urged, as a motive to the adoption of this extraordinary measure, was that Mr. TALLEYRASD had written a private unofficial letter to Citizen Pichon, Secretary to the French legation at the Hague, which had been privately and unofficially thown to Mr. Murray the American refident at the Hague, containing the fame vague ailertions, and loose profcilions, which had bech repeated over and over again during the negociations at Paris, and which Mr. Talleyrand will, no doubt, ditavow whenever he may find it expedient to to do. This communication, which the President could not, with any regard to propriety, notice, in the opinion of Mr. Adams, afiorded " a plaujibki a; pearance of probability of proforving or riftoring tranquillity.”—This resembles the new invented crime of the French Republic, Sonponn ditre fufpect! And, on fuch a fandy basis, has he founded a proceeding which may involve nothing lefs than the fate of his county.

The firit perton nominated by the President to lick the feet of the regicide Directory was Mi. Murray, before mentioned. The Sepate, who are refled with the right of confirming or rejecting the nomination of the Pretident, betrayed a narked diigust at his conduit, and au evident dispofition to exercise their power of negation. But a second metlaga, 'ather more qualified, reconciled them to this disgraceful and ruinous meature. Oliver ELSWORTH, E1q. Chief Juliice of the United States, and Patrick HENRY, E14. late Governor of Virginia, were appointed, jointly with Mr. MurRAY, “ Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to the French Republic, with full powers to difcus and settle, by a treaty; all controversies between the lnited States and France." But it was proposed that the two former fold not embark for Europe, until they should have “received from the Executive Directory direct and unequivocal assurances, fignified by their Secretary of Foreign Relations, that they thall enjoy all the prerogatives attached to that character by the law of nations," which the Directory have di favoned) and that a Vinifer or Ministers of equal power thall be appointed and committioned to treat with them.

By

By a conduct so unworthy of his ftation, the President was forfeited the friendthip and esteem of all his former adherents. Those who have courage openly condenin bin, while the pufillanimous reprobate his weaknets in private. The conflict of parties is over, and the French faction is every where triumphant. Of course the fafety of perfons, and the fecurity of property, will speedily ceale; and anarchy eredt her bloody banners on the mangled carcale of juttice.' .On the authenticity of our statements the public may repose implicit reliance; and we are particularly anxious to impress these truths on the minds of the mercantile world, that they may be led to adopt those timely precautions which circumstances seem to require. SUWARROW and PRINCE CHARLES can alone be the faviours of America. If the French Republic be not annihilated, the United States must fall-the vitin of Gallic fraud and Gallic alliance !

As the public are generally interested in the fate of illuftrions personages, we lubjoin, for their gratification, the following comfitunication from an American correfpondent, at Philadelphia:-

ANTHONY PASAUIN is at New York, in a state of starvation. MERRY is dead. He was preparing a work in defence of the

Agrarian system. IIAMILTON Rowan is at Wilmington Delaware, brewing and

retailing spruce beer. Eaton (alias Hog's Wath) is here in rage. Do&or Stock is bere, in the capacity of lawyer's clerk to the

noted caitif Dallas. Doctor REYNOLDS lately stood trial for a riot. A Jacobin jury,

packed on purpose, acquitted him. Citizen Lee, who formerly lived at the Tree of Liberij, in Lon

don, now lives in New York gaol. PRIESTLEY is kept to his own rocks, by bad roads and empty:

pockets. His son Joe is gone to England. The other Sox lives in a log hut at Northumberland, a poor

drunken despised wretch. Cooper, the Preacher of Emigration, lives at the same place.

His wife has demanded and obtained a divorce from him ; his goods were seized by the Sheriff last autumn; and he is in misc y.

P. S. Since the summary was written, we have received a series of American papers, down to the 20th of April; but they contain no public news of importance, nothing that tends to invalidate the accnmcy of the preceding ttatement. L'ntortinate, our private letters have not yet reached us.

MAY 29, 1790

TO CORRESPONDENTS.

We have appropriated more than an usual portion of our number, this month, to the favours of onr correspondents. But these accumulate so falt upon us, that we fill continue much in arrears. It shall be our care, however, to give the earliest possible insertion to all their communications; and we request them to accept this general acknowledgement.

A letter has been transmitted to us from a gentleman of Dundee, suggesting the propriety of a measure which, he will find, we had already adopted. The intelligonce communicated in that letter is highly flattering to us; and we thall endeae vour to deserve the honourable distinction which we have ubtained. Gentlemen resident in Scotland may henceforth be supplied with the Anti- Jacobin Review, by application to Messrs. Bell and BRADFUTE, Edinbnrgh; or to Mellrs Reid and Brest, Glasgow.

We are thankful for the caution of " Anonymous," and shall carefully attend to his admonitions.

The observations of our worthy correspondent, W. L. B. we shall be glad to receive.

We have received various complaints, from different parts of the kingdom, but more particularly from the West of England, respecting the difficulty experienced in obtaining the Anti- Jacohin Review. By fome we are assured that, though the Monthly, the Critical, and the Analytical Reviews are regularly received in due time, the Anti-Jacobin cannot be procured until a month after the day of pub. lication ; and one friend, on his application for the last number, was told'"it was not to be had.” On this fubject we have only to observe, that the difficulties are created solely by interested or disaffected tradesmen, some of whose names are in our possession, and shall, if they perfilt in their Shameful and dishonest conduế, be published to the world; that the Anti- Jacobin Review is regularly supplied to the Booksellers, in London, on the last day of every month; and that means have been taken to have it published at an earlier period than any other Monthly production. If the public Tould hereafter experience any difficulty in obtaining is, they are earnestly requested to give immediate notice, with an explanation of the circumstances, to the Editor, by a letter addressed to him, at the Anti-Jacobin Office, Peterborough Court, Fleet Street, London.

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The Rev. S. Henshall has nearly completed his “first part” of the History of South Britain, froin Domesday.

Mr. Gwillim, the author of Bacon's Abridgement, and of an excellent Charge in the Grand Jury at Ely, is far advanced in a work on the very important question of the Law of Tithes.

Two volumes of Moral Reflections, from the pen of Mr. Redhead Yorke, writien in confinement, are printing at Dorchester.

A new edition of the Works of Dryden, with his Life, by Mr. Malone, is is a flate of forwardness.

THE

ANTI-JACOBIN Review and Magazine;

&c. &c. &c.

FOR JUNE, 1799.

MAGNA EST VERITAS ET PRÆVALEBIT.

ORIGINAL CRITICISM.

Art. I. Pinkerton's History of Scotland.

(Continued from P. 267, vol. 11.) URING the life of Bishop Kennedy, Scottish affairs

D

was deprived, at fourteen years of age, of the counsels of that eminent Prelate. Young James's own character now began to appear. Very inferior to his father and grandfather in ability and vigour, he was equally desirous of reducing the power of the great Lords. But his habits and pursuits concurred with the deficiency of his genius, in rendering his attempts against the Aristocracy totally ineffectual. He was governed, during the rest of his reign, by interested and proAigate favourites. First, the Boyds engrossed the affection, and directed the measures, of the King, and behaved with great insolence and violence to the other Lords ; but he passed from an indiscreet fondness to hostility against Lord Boyd, and his adherents. At eighteen years of age, he took the reins of government into his own hands.

Of his character, the author, at this period of his narration, gives the following short sketch:

“ His person was elegant, his mind weak. In attachment to favourites, in fuperftition, in love of retirement, and literature, he not a little resembled James Vi. The other chief features of his NO. X11. VOL. 111. I

character

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