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says, that it does not denote place but time ; and it should be construed here, in principio, olim, “ upon their first jousneying." This certainly, makes very good senfe; it at once removes all the difficulty that has hitherto been found in this paffage, and upon the whole, we are inclined to agree with Mr. P.
Several hypotheses had been raifed upon the senfe generally given to this passage. Mr. Voltaire, pushing it to the utmost, endeavoured to ascribe the origination of mankind, and of arts, to the most Eastern people, which he said were the Chinese ; not considering that he might have gone the circle of the globe, and found east and west to be the same. Mr. Bryant, ever desirous of establishing the truth of facred history, imagined that the journeying from the east was not intended of the great body of Noah's descendants, but only of a branch of them-his favourite family of Chus, who made this retrograde movement, from settlements that had been previously made in the East; so that the dispersion at Babcl was a second disperfion, affecting only this wandering colony.
It must be owned, that all need of fuch theory is at an end, if the Hebrew word, that has caused them, can be understood in the sense here contended for.
This disquisition is condu&ted in a manner that does honour to Mr. Penn, as a scholar; and we are happy to see learned laymen, who possess the leisure attendanton competent fortunes, employ their talents in elucidating points, that are fo interes. ting to all persons who believe in revelation.
Art. VIII. Conjectures on the Egyptian Original of the
Word Ilup, and on its primitive Signification in Greece; in
fihclr of Mr. Bryant's school : by which we do not mean to say, that Mr. Penn is a mere follower of that learned gentleman, or that he proceeds upon any of his data, or discuveries; but that he seems to possess a considerable portion of the learning, fagacity, and entorprize manifested in “ The Analysis of antient Mythology," and applies them to the faine sort of enquiry into the origin of people, and languages, and the changes they have undergone, in their progrels towards cultivation and improvement. The point here discussed is very curious and interesting;
he contends, that the word tup is of Egyptian original ; and that wegga, which is used for “ the sun” in Lycophron, according to the interpretation of all the commentators, is of Egyptian origin; which he establishes very satisfactorily, by adducing several paffages in the Coptic Pentateuch, where Tipe is used for the sun ; and by the direct testimony of Kircher, Woide, and Tablonski, who are so skilled in Egypt tian antiquities. In confirmation that the Greeks borrowed this word from foreigners, he cites a declaration to that effect from the Cratylus of Plato.
Upon this assumption, which appears to us highly reasonable, that the word mug, formed from augue, (it being agreed amongst etymologists, that the radical of words is to be looked for in the oblique cases, and not in the nominative,) is no other than the Egyptian poign, Mr. P. proceeds to thew, ift, How the signification of that word could have been extended so far as to embrace both the notions of fire, and of the fun; and 2dly, To shew that, in point of fact, it had, originally, both those fignifications in Greece. These two demonftrations are made out most satisfactorily, and are highly deserving the attention of every Greek scholar, and every lover of research into the mysteries of the fabulous ages. Among other curious researches he seems to establish, that with this Egyptian word there was brought into Greece and Italy not only the worship of the sun, but the true theory of the solar system which Pythagoras owed to much earlier sages, of whose doctrines he was first the learner, and then the teacher. Earnestly recommending the whole of this entertaining speculation to a serious perusal, we shall close what we have to say by extracting a passage, which shews how modestly the author appreciates his own labours :
“ I fall protract no farther this long, and, I fear, tedious discussion, which I offer as little more than conjecture, and which I abandon to the judgement of the reader ; but shall take my leave with the following observations :-In all investigations like the present, it is the matter brought forward, in the progress of research, which alone gives a value to the profeffed object of enquiry, which is of importance only so far as it furnishes a centre for adapting and connecting scattered and infulated fragments of antiquity. But these being enabled to unite and contribute their several minute degrees of evidence, frequently constitute, at lat, a compound body of important testimony, tending to restore some order into the confusioni, and to diffuse some light through the obfcurity of the origin of antient history,
“ Should I not have succeeded to the fullest extent of my unders taking, I fatter myself I fail, at all events, have fixed the quarter
from whence the knowledge of the true solar system was acquired by those ancient sages, who carried the science of Egypt into the south of Italy, and thall also have pointed out the equivocation which occasioned its loss in Greece, and which engendered, in its place; fuch wild and antenable theories. Should I, on the other hand, be fo fortunate as to feem to have made good, as far as the present mode of discussion will allow, the whole of the argument, we shall then have acquired a glimpse of thrce distinct points, discernible even in the obscurity of the fabulous ages, and indicating three important and succeeding periods of early Grecian history:
“ ist. When the original occupants of Greece inhabited their country, independent of any foreigners.
“ zdly. When subjects of the first Egyptian Monarchy, (of which nothing remains in the form of history, except in the Mosaic annals, though much in the way of fragment and tradition,) introduced themselves into Italy and Greece, and on the coasts of Asia Minor.
“ zdly. When, after the extinction of that ancient kingdom, those shores were visited by tribes of Afiatics from the neighbourhood of Phenicia, and particularly Arabians, of whose early influence in those parts, I may, on a remote occasion, hazard an opinion.” We
e are glad to see Mr. P. make such a promise, and shall, with pleasure, witness the performance of it.
Art. IX. Bubble and Sgucak, a Galli-manfry of British Beef,
with the Chopp'd Cabbage of Gallic Philofophy and Radical Reform. By the Author of “Topsy-turvy, Salmagundi, &c."
8vo. Pp. 55. Price 2s. Wright. London. 1799. т gave us infinite satisfaction to behold another offspring of a muse, nal amusement ; and high as our expectations were naturally raised, by a recollection of the talents which the bard had previously displayed, they were by no means disappointed on the perufal of the elegant little work before us. It short, the Bubble and Squeak, which the bard has prepared in his poetical frying-pan, can scarcely fail to please any taste that has not been vitiated by the chian of Jacobinism. Of the ingredients of which this favoury dish is composed, we shall extract fome few, in the hope that they will so please the palate of our rea. ders as to induce them to purchase the whole.
Having described the vain attempt of the insurgents of old, Ty. phæus, Mimas, Rhæcus, Porphyrion, and Enceladus, to create a revolution in the celeftial regions, in order to become directors of Olym
pus, and depicted their melancholy fate, he thus invokes a patriot of modern times :
“ Fami'd ORATOR of PALACE YARD,
+Hung be the Shakspeare's bar with black,
Defunct rebellion's facred dust !” The bard next exhibits two pictures, one of true philosophy, the other of French philosophy, or rather philofophism.
“ So hails the democratic strain,
* “ See Mr. Fox's Speech at the Whig Club, June 6, 1798." + " Hung be the beav'ns with black,-Yield day to night."
Henry VI. Part I AC I.
Philosophy Not thou of old
“ Far other characters arise !
" La Mort est un sommeil eternelle." “ Inscription for a public burial place decreed by the French Convention, 1793." + " Rosemary made a part of the ancient decoration of the Brawn's or Bea's