buftling about something or another. I remember, very well, the infinite pains he took to persuade the world that the Pereaus were innocent. He must have been very young when Junius's letters were written. All who knew him must think the norion of his being the author of Junius's letters too absurd for discussion.

It has appeared ftrange, that government could not discover Jusius, through the medium of the Port-Ofice. Upon this I must obferve, that I know a lady, who, for a long period of time, received by the poft, anonymous letters, some of thein written in blood, accusing her of the most atrocious crimes. She was nearly related tò a nobleman, very high in office; by his desire all the powers of goverament were. exerted to discover the writer of the letters, but without success.

You are aware, that the person now suspected of being the anthor of Junius's letters is a Mr. Dyer, an intimate of the Burkes. It is said, that on Mr. Dyer's decease, the Burkes showed infinite anxiety to get his papers into their hands; all this may be very truc, but I have never heard it from good authority.

I am, Dear Sir, your's most sincerely,

July, 1799.


'Troubled you with a former letter, respecting a passage in the life

of the Rev. W. B. Cadogan, and fhall be happy if any information I can furnish, inay tear off the mask from the imaginary fons of purity and perfection, who modestly call themselves exclusively Gofpel Ministers. It may, perhaps, be known to some of your readers, that Mr. Kay, of Edmund-Hall, who was expelled from thence with five more, having had a regular education in a school, was recommended to a Bishop as a candidate for orders, upon a solemn declaration that he recanted. The parishes in which he afterwards officiated can testify his duplicity. Another of fimilar description, finding somrie difficulty in his application for orders, on account of his peculiar notions concerning free grace, availed himself of the information of a brother candidate, and pretendedly coincided with him in opinion. The examining chaplain, as well as the Bishop, suspected the fincerity of such a coincidence, but what could ihey do? Ile was ordained and is an enthusiast, though not very violent,

A third, being one summer in the North of England, offered his assistance as a preacher to a clergyman, who had the care of two churches. The clergyman ingenuously toid him, that, as their opinions were different, he could not properly accept such an offer. But upon being assured that nothing would be delivered which he could poflibly object to, he gave his confent. The promise was violated, and the clergyman, even against experience, gave this saint an opportunity of deceiving him again, and his second termon was more ranting than the


first. Upon this, they feparated as friends and acquaintance for ever The double-longued divine is lately preferred by a noble Earl, the de. suded patron of such worthies, to a living in the county of Bucks.

John Wetley complained in one of his journals, that the curate of his father's church, at Epworth, refused him the pulpit after his fo. ther’s death, and charges him with ingratitude. Is this a fair ftarement? The diversity of opinion was a sufficient justification, and the · philofophic faint harangued the people on his father's tomb-stone in

the church-yard. Who would not have censured his own bro:ber under such circumstances ? Indeed, there was an instance some years ago, of one brother being obliged to supersede another, on account of their diversity of opinions.

If future times should judge of the preaching of Wesley and Whitfield, from their printed sermons, they will be much deceived. Most of the fabulæ aniles, the old woman's tales delivered in the pulpit, are left out in print. The trash which I myself have heard from Wesley, would have disgraced attainments much inferior to his. Whitfield, 'if poflible, was still coarser. I know the holy ones would startle, were I to speak of a gentleman in the pulpit, but I know two divines at least, of an enthusiastic turn, who never forget that they are gentlemen but when they are in the pulpit. Then it is that they babble forth the most filly, nugatory, low-lived sentiments, Yet, “Hi tamen ad melius poterant transcurrere quondam.”

I have lately taken up a publication entitled Public Charac. ters for the Year 1798-9. With some truth, this book contains innumerable errors and wrong statements. My present concem is with the account there given of Dr. Haweis. It is afferted, that the report of his conduct in retaining the living of Aldwinkle ceases to be believed. I should willingly learn upon what ground and whose authority it is disbelieved. This is so far from being true, that the Bishops after that time were more cautious than ever, to prevent inproper purchases and Simoniacal contracts. To put the matter out of all doubt, the following account may be depended upon. The Doctor was a member of Magdalen Hall, and during part of his residence in Oxford, was curate to Mr. Jane, a fanatical tudent of Christ Church, in Magdalen Parish Church. There he preached on Thursday evenings, and the younger part of the university attended, but not always so peaceably as might have been wished.' The Doctor left the uni. versity without taking a degree, and, in process of time, married a widow with a handsome jointure. He then went in his carriage to Magdalen Hall, waited upon the principal, who, of course, requested the attendance of his facetious Vice Principal. The latter, learning his errand, delivered himself nearly in the following terms :-“Sir, considering your behaviour in Oxford, and your behaviour respecting the living of Aldwinkle, you must have more impudence than falls to the share of a common man, to expect a degree from hence. If you think yourself aggrieved, go to the Vice Chancellor," Did he make any reply to this? He ncither did nur could. He was afterwards more


fuccessful in Cambridge, and I would willingly hope that the fociety froin which he went out to the Senate house did not know his real chaa racter. The universities should cordially support each other, but meri fometimes sinuggle degrees, as was the case with a clergyman, who at the time was reader in Lady H.'s Chapel at Bath. It is said in the publication above-mentioned that the Doctor is M. D. as well as L. L. D. in order that he may be allowed to consult with the faculty. I hope the faculty know their own dignity better than to consult with any man who has not had a regular medical education. I am, Sir, your humble servant,

MISO FANATICUS. P.S. The Vice Principal had been applied to before on the subject of Haweis's degree. His answer to the person applying was nearly in the following terms :

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" I am of opinion, that your friend Haweis cannot have a degree in the University of Oxford. He muft, therefore, either apply to the shops of Scotland, or dive in the lake of Geneva, for that honour which he does not deserve,

I am, Sir, &c.

JOHN ALLEN." N. B. I wish some of your readers would give us a regular account of the Doctor's ministry, in what was called the city Pantheon, wherein he pretended to officiate as L. H.'s Chaplain, from which he was oufted by the Ecclesiastical court.

TO THE EDITOR. SIR, YOUR TOUR correspondent, G. has given us his opinion, that your re

view is che most useful part of your excellent periodical strica cures. We have, indeed, in that to thank you, Sir, for breaking through the abominable combination and conspiracy against the liberty of the press, by which the Jacobins had secured its influence excluLively in favour of their own nefarious publications, by checking the circulation of all those which militated againtt them; but I apprehend a part of your design to be to give likewise to young ingenuous minds, an opportunity of making their first essays in favour of our excellent coniti u ion, and equally excellent eftablishment, under your more im. mediate patronage and auspices. However grating this may possibly be to your correspondent, there are affuredly many of your readers who will be greatly gratified by observing, ac length, our sincere fons of the church, acquiring so vigilant a matter, that discipline and ex. pertness in the art of defence, which, not only the long meditated exerrions of Socinian blasphemy, but the more masked, and, consequently, more dangerous, efforts of a well-known publication, perhaps, profanely termed evangelic, have long proclained to be immediately requi. lice for the security of genuine christianity or pure religion. I am


happy to find that your young recruits already handle their arms with a degree of case and gracefulness in politics, which their opponents, though regularly drilled for years, have never attained; but, perhaps, 'it is the beauty of truth, which accompanies all their exertions, that places them so much above the level with men hackneyed in fophiftry and trained to impiety. The combat in literature, seems, at present, to bear a strong aftinity to the military campaign on the continent. Bold from presumption, and flushed with success, the enemy had ad. vanced so far, that the moment he found his retreat in danger of being cut off, he was panic struck, and Aled in every direction, leaving the fresh levies under your command completely masters of the field. Scarce has he yet made an attempt to rally in any one Review ; but in compliance with the temper of the times, (for which, in part, we are under obligation to you,) his high toned pride is melted down to mo. deration, and the check to his gains, to which he has been so feelingly alive, appears to have brought him, at least, for a season, to his fober fenfes. His athletic antagonist, in your number for May, treated his feeble efforts to make a stand, so much in the true style of the Auftriax art, that I suspect you will be shortly under the necessity of turning the attention of your forces towards the few fortified places, the enemy. has left behind him; and, from the specimens we have already had of Jacobin prowels, we may reasonably hope they will make but a feeble resistance. Aware of the tricks of the enemy, we must not, Sir, be alarmed' at misrepresentations, though fanctioned with the venerable name of Locke, much less by the pedantic dietates of the shallower intellect of Montesquieu. The iatter of thefe, I suspect, has misled not a few, by the peremptory but unfounded affertion that hencur is the principle of a monarchy, virtue that of a republic. For, if this were indeed true, the best of men (fince honour can at this day hardly be ranked amongst the virtues) from the di&tates of conscience would be necessarily prejudiced in favour of democracy. The experiment, melancholy beyond precedent in its effects, which has been lo rafhly tried in France has, however, removed a great deal of the shade in which this subject has been heretofore involved. The principle upon which the republic was formed in that devoted country, and the prin. ciple by which it has been actuated all through the storms and tempests which have laid Europe in ruins, has been, most evidently, ambition ; and this, Sir, generalifed as much as pollble, I apprehend to be really the principle upon which every democratic government is founded, and that by which it is likewise actuated ; and the opposite virtue, submillion in some instances, perhaps, to an extreme, is not less certainly the principle upon which monarchy is established. We have only to inquire, whether ambition thus generally diffused, or a manly fubmiffion founded upon a sense of its general utility, is likely to contribute more towards real and durable happiness in a nation, to determine which form of government, a republic or a limited monarchy, ought to be preferred. I am aware, that the subject involves a multiplicity of confiderations of too complicated a nature to be fully discussed

within the limits prescribed upon this occafion to my pen. The advan. tages of great exertion would be claimed by the advocates for ambition, and the evils of slavery urged against an absolute monarchy. But, under a limited monarchy like ours; the useful parts of the two principles are so happily blended, that ambition, unruly when left to itself, is char. tised into exertions of the moít inoffensive and effectual nature, by submission to the laws and executive power, while the executive power it. self is made accountable to the people, and, in some measure, directed by them through the medium of their representatives. Infoch a state of things, arbitrary power is not acknowledged to exift. The main {pring is, as it should be, concealed within the interior of the cabinet, though a discerning mind will easily discover that the vox populi has always the weight it ought to have in a constitucion evidently founded upon this falutary maxim, "falus populi eft fuprema lex.” Here, Sir, it is, that freedom exists, if any where upon the face of ihe globe ; for where there is no arbitrary power there can be no absolute Navery.

The experiment upon the continent is completed, and affords a fair opportunity of contrasting the British conftitution with a conftitution founded upon the rights of man too abstractedly considered. The comparison will be satisfactory to an Englishman, for he will find that ambition made too general, has, in this instance, as in all others, been not only productive of inteftine commotions and foreign wars, , but it has likewise unhinged the very foundation of civilization, destroyed the relations betwixt man and man, and dreadfully weakened every divine and moral tie. Even in our aspects to each other, a nodeft and courteous demeanour is much more agreeable than felf.con. ceited arrogance. While the former softens the rigours of human life by the perception that others are interested in our welfare, the latter tends to insulate man from man, and, in the midst of society, leaves him to console himself with the solitary comforts of a desert.



Writer who calls himself A Friend to Truth, in your Review

for May, has endeavoured to fix a charge of Jacobinical principles on a society at Cambridge, eminent for talents and encourageJnent of learning. His letter consists of a note extracted, as it is said, from some pamphlet, and his observations upon it. I shall consider the whole as written by the same person. The defence of the learned body above alluded to I leave to its own members, many of whom, I doubt not, will be eager to undertake it. I enter the lists in behalf of a society, whom the writer has commended indeed at the expence of every other college in the university ; but with what he calls compliment, he has mixed so much of another fort, that no Johnian will think himself obliged, To make use of praise only as introductory NO, XIII, VOL. 111.

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