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formity; but was thrown out by the Lords.
The press teemed with publications against the Dissenters, whose designs, even then, were objects of suspicion to the zealous friends of the monarchy.
The events of the second campaign were favourable to France, in Germany and Italy; but in the Low Countries, to the allies; and, by fea, to England and Holland.
Meanwhile, the whigs, by their indefatigable exertions, fucceeded in depriving the tories of that influence which they had hitherto enjoyed. The progress and effects of this change are marked by the author with tolerable accuracy. The Queen's attachment to the tory party was evidently on the decline, and several whigs were introduced to high offices of Itate.
The account of the campaign, 1704, may probably appear to military readers too concise; and, indeed, to others, deficient in animation and interest. The march of Marlborough, the attack on the French lines at Donawert, and the battle of Blenheim, would have afforded admirable subjects for the display of historical painting by a Sallust or a Livy, military knowledge and science by a Cæsar or a Polybius; but this author neither attempts picturesque description, nor exhibition of tactics; he confines himself to short narration. When Hume describes the battles of Crecy, Poictiers, and Agincourt, we have a clear, exact, and vivid picture, and a perfect comprehension of causes and effects; but all we know from Dr. Somerville is, that the Duke of Marlborough marched from Flanders, was joined by Prince Eugene, and defeated the French at Blenheim ; which, of course, affords no additional knowledge to the historical reader.
Resuming his account of internal transactions, the author takes a full view of the conVOCATION; which is certainly interesting to those who may be fond of the details of ecclefiastical affairs.
It appears that the bithops at this time were mostly inclined to the low church and the whigs; the inferior clergy to the gh church and tories.
The author's detail of the military operations of 1705, though these were comparatively unimportant, is much more particular than of the celebrated 1-04.
At home the whigs were successful at the general election ; and, from this period, the Queen, for several years, bestowed her confidence upon them solely.
The military transactions of 1506 were of great importance in the various scenes of war, and might have justified a much fuller account, and produced a much more lively and
interesting description. We meet with merely general facts; but none of that nice selection of circumitances and particulars which renders a narration interesting and affecting; which, as Dr. Blair observes, gives life, body, and colouring to the recital of facts, and enables us to behold them as present and palling before our eyes. This deficiency is very manifest on the subject of the battle of Ramillies; because description is attempted. On the battle of Turin it is not so obvious, as the author only inentions the victory without trying to lay before us the particulars of the combat.
The attention of all parties in Scotland and in England was now turned towards the UNION. The author very judiciously and properly opens his narrative on this subject with a view of the state of Scotland previous to the measure in question. Here we wish he had been more particular, and had not confined himself to general facts. From his account, however cursory as it is, it evidently appears, that in point of science, literature, commerce, manufactures, and population, Scotland WAS VERY LOW, UNTIL AFTER HER UNION with her opulent and powerful NEIGHBOUR. This situation naturally excited discontent, which was very openly Thewn in the first Scotch Parliament of Queen Anne. The Duke of Hamilton, and twenty-nine other members, seceded, As THOSE seceders, though politically unwise, were privalcly and individually respectable, their secession greatly increased the disaffection of the people, which now rose to turbulence and sedition. They openly avowed their hatred against England. Unpropitious to Union, as to superficial minds, such a state of opinion and sentiment must have appeared ; the WISDOM of ministers, in both countries, perceived that UNION was the fole means of dispelling discontent, by ultimately removing its causes; and that experience of its bleffings would, in time, reconcile to it its molt strenuous opponents. The FIRMNESS of administration did not relinquish a measure their wisdom saw to be pregnant with benefit, because opposed by the prejudices, misconception, and folly of many who were destined to enjoy that benefit. The author gives a very full and satisfactory detail of the proceedings in Scotland, from the commencement of the Queen's reign, to the proposition for Union ; and shews special causes, which concurred with general prepossession, in rendering very different classes and opposite parties, averse from UNION. Jacobitism coincided with Presbyterianism in opposing this measure. French emissaries fanned the flame of discontent, and endeavoured to prevent an arrangement intended and calculated to destroy the influence of France in the filter kingdom. France employed"
domestic traitors to concert with her, and among themselves measures which would have ultimately separated countries destined by nature, and advised by interest, to unite closely,
No sooner, says the author, was it known that the Scottish parliament had consented to treat of an Union with England, than distrust and jealousy began to agitate the public mind.
“ The ingenuity and labour of authors were employed to enforce every topic, calculated to inflame che passions, and pervert the opinions of the people. The substance of the various treatises, published while the Union was depending, will be comprehended under a survey of the prejudices, objections, and various means of resistance, which threatened to obstruct its success; and which were happily counteracted by the joint effects of ministerial influence, the dictates of sound policy, and fortunate external circumstances."
Dr. S. enumerates the causes of the aversion to Union ; the jealousy and hatred that had long subsisted between the two nations; national prejudices and pride ; apprehension of the defertion of Scotland, and the defolation of its metropolis; difference of religious opinions; fears of the increase of taxes and the ruin of trade; a notion that the country would be drained of its money by the removal of the principal nobility and gentry to London; besides special objections to the propofed terms.
He next lays before us the means by which the Union was effected, and proceeds to enumerate the advantages which it produced :
" The advantages of the measure to both parties were so obvious and important, that it was impossible they could be overlooked or undervalued by any who were capable of judging without prejudice, or of feeling for the true and permanent interest of their country."
“ From domeftic peace and the accumulated force of the two na. tions, it was easily foreseen, that Great Britain was to derive new strength and resources, which would render her more secure against the attacks of rival states; and enable her to rise in the scale of empires."
Is The present condition of Scotland rendered her fusceptible of peculiar benefits, from a participation of the trade of England, and the future consolidation of their legislatures. By the Union, all the sources of English opulence, prosperity, and independence, were thrown open to her. She was to share in every branch of a lucrative, extensive, and extending commerce; while, by a constant intercourse with her fellow-subjects in England, she would quickly attain to more advanced proficiency in agriculture, manufactures, and science. But what above all was valuable, Scotland was to enjoy, in future, what she never experienced before, a tree constitution, and the vigor. ous and equal dispensation of justice,
« Upon appreciating the benefits of the Union to England and to Scotland, severally, there can be little doubt that the balance of profit inclined to the latter ; but this did not arise from her standing upon more greedy or unreasonable demands, but merely from the inferiority of her condition, which afforded a wider scope for meliora. tion and improvement. Nor was the surplus of gain, which was allotted to Scotland, substracted from the profit of England; but was rather, like redundant stock, laid out upon a well digested scheme, and calculated to open new treasures of wealth to the persons embarko ed in it."
Although we must allow much praise to the author for the industry which he has employed in procuring authentic information on this most important subject, we cannot help thinking that a more comprehensive and more generalizing mind might, from the famne materials, have given a much more complete and instructive account of the necessity of this measure, the progress and effe&s of this momentous settleinent.
Art. VII. Ellinor ; Or, the World as it is. A Novel. By
Mary Ann Hanway. Four Volumes, Price 128. Lane,
and pleasure, the sentiment of Pope, with the change of a single word, that of blame for laugh, for it is certainly our delight to “blame only where we must, and be candid where we can;" but the latter is more soothing, and we rejoice in every opportunity of dealing it out in juftice to authors, and for the entertainment of readers, as little mixed by the other as may be. It is, hence, very grateful for us to recommend, with such drawbacks only as belong to unpractised writers, the lively, spirited, and agreeable novel of
Ellinor,” which gives a very favourable specimen of the fair author's talents for this style of composition, and justifies our expecting more entertainment from the same pen. The characters are, in general, drawn with vivacity; the events well conducted; and the fable, upon the whole, ingenously contrasted; a proof of the latter will not be unacceptable to our readers.
The heroine of this work is a beautiful, accomplished, and interesting young woman, who knows not
, till the fourth volume, to whom she is related, or by whom begot." Brought up from infancy by a Mrs. Wilmot, who takes her to France, and places her in a convent, where the wishes her
to take the veil, actuated by finifter motives that are developed in the course of the history. On finding her Eleve, firmly refolved against a life of séclusion, she is taken from this religious seminary, and sent to England; in her journey from Dover, she meets, in a stage coach, a Mr. Howard, a worthy man, who, while commiserating her early misfortunes, yields his heart a willing captive to her fascinating agrémens ; he sees her safe to the residence of Sir James Lavington, to whose daughter she was recommended as a companion. This gentleman was a man of profound erudition, Itrict honour, and divine philanthropy. Under his protection she might have been happy, but a persecuting fate pursued her; by the artful machinations of Lady Fanny Flutter, and the honourable Colonel and Mrs. Campley, the is driven from his house, her fair fame blackened by the most atrocious falsehoods.
This introduces a Lady John Dareall, a new, and singular character." She was a woman, take her for all in all, we fall not look upon her like again,”—who spurned the fear of worldly opinion, when injured innocence, and oppressed merit, claimed countenance and support. Complying with the dictates of those obsolete nations, the receives Ellinor as an inmate: Here smiling peace once more visited the deserted orphan, till it was driven from her bosom by the return of her Ladyship's fon from his travels, who forms dishonourable designs against her protegée. As soon as he avows them, the quits his mother. Ellinor's guardian dying, at this period, without explaining who were her parents, she once more is fated to become a wanderer, again exposed to feel all those “ stings that patient merit from the unworthy takes." She meets a Miss O'Neil, the friend of her childhood, goes with her to Ireland, which to her is no place of reft. Pursued by her Evil genils, under the form of Mrs. Campley, she leaves it to return to England; the packet is lost on the coast of Wales. Frantic with the preffure of accumulated misery, the looks on death as her only resource, and meditates self destruction ! At the moment the is about to execute her horrid purpose, she is miraculously preserved by a lady, who proves to be her mother, and the worthy Sir James Lavington, her father ; by them the is adored, and every wish the can form, gratified. Her present opulence, consequence, and splendour, are an ample compensation for her past sorrows.
The author has made her heroine act diametrically opposite to those of her contemporary novelists, by making her refuse a dural coronci, offered by the man who once pofleffed her heart, because when she was poor ard dependent, taking advantage of her situation, he dared to degrade her still lower, by offering