« ForrigeFortsett »
life and incorruption' were illustrated by Jesus Christ the first fruits'.--the sample and the pledge of the re-union of the souls of the faithful to incorruptible bodies :-.-as fo finely explained in that mot sublime and mysterious chapter on the resurrection, (1 Cor. xv.) con. taining a masterly and ftupendous outline of the grand evidences and scheme of Chriftianity.
A Sabbath-day, therefore, constitutes an essential part of Chriftianity, both by positive command, and by all the ties of private gra. titude and public thanksgiving,---' for our creation, for our prefervation, and for all the blessings of this life ; but above all, for the inestimable love of our Heavenly Father, in the redemption of the world, by our Lord Jesus Christ'; for the means of grace [by the inspiration and guidance of his Holy Spirit,] • and for the hope of glory,' [honour and immortality-referved in the heavens for then that love God.]
“ Although, therefore, to a 'true Christian,' living under an habitual fenfe of the Divine presence, every day is a Sabbath,' a
tion of which he will devote to the duties of private devotion, and public, when occafion will serve-yet the Lord's day is paramount to every other, and accordingly was fanctified by the undeviating usage of the Christian church since the resurrection ; our Lord's mani. festations to his Apostles having been remarkably limited, on many occasions, to that day, on which they “ assembled together,' for the purpose of public worship to the Father Almighty, and of celebrating the Lori's Supper, according to his own express and dying injunction, fignified, by the act of breaking bread,' to be celebrated often thus 'Thewing forth the Lord's death until he come ;' surely not only until the destruction of the Jewish polity' (with Doctor Hammond and Archbishop Newcome)---but until his re-appearance in power and great glory : an old patriarchal rite, even in Abraham's days, who was entertained with bread and wine, and solemnly blessed, by Melchizedek, King of Salem, and Prieit of the most High God, whose royal priesthood was revived upon an extended and infinitely enlarged scale, by the apostle (Shiloh) and High Priest of our profeflion'--. Jesus Christ.
« But the celebration of the Lord's Supper, alas ! makes no part of Unitarian worship, and is too fatally and too generally neglected by profefled Christians of the eftablished Church: not considering that they thereby disclaim their allegiance, as his faithful subjects, and bar themselves from all legal right and title to the propitiatory ' facri. fice of the death of Christ, and to the benefits which we receive thereby:" Pp. 87---91.
« And now, after this summary (and, I trust, not unfair nor in. temperate,) inspection of only two leading articles in Mr. Beltham's letters, fent forth, like Pandora's box, for a new year's gift to an unsuspecting public, let the whole assembled corps of Monthly Reviewers revile, with what complacency they may, fitting in their 6 armed chairs' (forinerly arm-or elbow-chairs)--their general com. mendation of this publication :
« Taken altogether, (say these liberal Reviewers,) Mr. Belfham's letters are not only extremely candid, but they evince a critical knowledge of the Scriptures, and a profundity of thought and reflection ; and those who have read the • Practical View' (of Mr. Wilberforce) ought, in justice to themselves, to peruse this spirited examination of it; which is written without any fear of man's judgement, but in an entire confidence in the truth of the Christian religion !!!) challenges the fullest enquiry.'
• Mr. Belsham (who, we are informed, is 'a ftrenuous Unitarian,') strongly resents Mr. W.’s severe reflection on Unitarianism, as "a fort of half-way house between orthodoxy and infidelity,' an expression which the Reviewers also reprehend as ó beneath Mr. Wi-What will both say to the INSPECTOR? who reprehends it also, as not half strong enough. Mr. W. might safely have gone the whole way, without mincing matters. In these dangerous days,' and in the urgency of this pressing hour, when not the outworks but the citadel of Christian faith is assailed, by all the combined and formidable powers of genius and learning, wit, ridicule, methodism, ribaldry, calumny, and blafphemy; we may well exclaim, like the intrepid Elliot during the last unrivalled defence of Gibraltar, waving a falute while the enemy's balls were whistling around : _Mind your business, gentlemen, there is no ceremony on a battery.'
« And what is Unitarianifin? After the most diligent infpection, for some years pait, I can compare it to nothing but the heterogeneous monster, or Mermaid, described by Horace, with a fair face and filh's tail:--
-ut turpiter atrum Definat in pifcem, mulier formoja superne.' Whence Milton appears to have borrowed his famous description of Sin.” Pp. 97---99.
After this, he proceeds to farther disquisitions on Unitarianism, that are well worthy the attention of the reader.
The writer of this work is, unquestionably, a person of learning and acuteness (if we mistake not, he is a dignitary of the established Church in the fifter-kingdom); he appears to be well read in the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures, and in all the erudition belonging to biblical pursuits ; he is versed in mathematics, and potfelles a competent knowledge of general literature. It seems, that an abundance of reading, an easy retirement, and a love for religion and his country, have spurred him on to the present work ; and we hope it will be so received as to encourage him in proceeding. It is, in the main, very good; and few perfons can lay it down, without having received instruction or amusement, but we must repeat, it has a quaintness that will not generally please, nor entitle it to the character of good writing: this singularity, however, may be more impressive than more
legitimate composition; and, if so, may better answer the virtuous designs of the author.
We admire the passage which the author translates in Pp. 4, 5, of his Address, and gives as a quotation from D-mofthenes. We saw the passage in Greek, where he, no doubt, faw it, in the “ Pursuits of Literature," where it is quoted, as trom the oration tegu Teuve : but, upon looking to that oration, we could not find, as far as Reiske's Index would assist us, any more than the latter words of the sentence, wmv! VELP TIS Arneses 2npißoãoyeu.cbl, met die samel. It seems, that the author of the Pursuits, &c. has fabricated all the rest of the paisage, to adapt it 10 his purpose. We think he has made a good piece of Greek of it ; and we have adopted it, without Icruple, as the motto to the present number of our Review: it expresses the humble attempt made, in our periodical labours, to support the laws, religion, and government of our country.
ART VI. A Voyage to the South Atlantic and round Cape
Horn into the Pacific Ocean, for the Purpose of extending the
and much service. So early as the year 1569, he served on the quarter deck of the Royal Navy; he acted as midshipman in Cooke's second voyage ; he was first lieutenant to Captain Marshall for many years; has a long time been acquainted with the North West Coast of America, and was one of the officers detained at Nootka Sound by the Spaniards, and imprisoned fifteen months by them, at St. Blas, in the Gulf of California. At the conclusion of the year 1792, in conjunction with Messrs. Enderley and Son, he purchased the floop Ratller, from the Commissioners of his Majefty's Navy, and, with the concurrence of the Lords of the Admiralty, by whom Captain C. was furnished with some inttructions, he sailed from England, in January, 1793, on a voyage to the Southern Ocean, in which both the advantages of the whale fishery, and the advancement of navigation were consulted. The burthen of the Rattler was 374 tons, and was only manned with seventeen.officers and seamen, thr-e landsmen, and five boys; though the complement of the crew of a
vessel of such dimensions in the Royal Navy, consists of 130 men. Captain Colnett was supplied with the best nautical and astronomical apparatus, two of Arnold's chronoireters, a marine barometer, which he found of great advantage in enabling him to carry proportionate fail when tempestuous weather approached; and it was his practise on every opportunity during the voyage, not only to give the longitude and latitude of places, by reckoning and the time-pieces, but to correct such account by observations on the sun, moon, and ftars. The two great objects which Captain Colnett was instructed to ascertain, and which he appears in a great meafure to have accomplished, were the best means of sailing round Cape Horn, and the place where the spermaceti whales are found in the greate't abundance. On these two points then, we will give some extracts from the publication.
“ I have doubled Cape Horn in different seasons; but were I to make another voyage to this part of the globe, and could command my time, I would most certainly prefer the beginning of winter, or even winter itself, with muon-light nights; for, in that season, the winds begin to vary to the eastward, as I found them, and as Captain, now Admiral, Macbride, observed at the Falkland Illes. which, in my opinion, the commanders of vessels bound round Cape Horn commit, is, by keeping between the Falkland Ines and the main, through the Straits Le Maire; which not only lengthens the distance, but subjects them to an heavy, irregular fea, occasioned by the rapidity of the current and rides in that channel, which may be avoided, by pafling to the eastward. At the same time I would recon mend them to keep near the coast of Staten Land, and Terra del Fuego, because the winds ate more variable, in with the shore, than at a long offing.
" If it ihould be observed, that a want of wood and water may ren. der it necessary for vessels to stop in the Straits Le Maire, I shall an. swer, that there is plenty of water at the Falkland Isles; and Staten Illand not only abounds in both, but pofleffes several excellent har. bours. I first visited this place with Captain Cook, in the year 1774; and, on my out-ward-bound passage to the North West coast of Aine. rica, in the year 1786, as commander of the merchant ship, Prince of Wales,* I wooded and watered there, and left a party to kill feals. For my own part, I do not perceive the necesity, according to the opinion of different navigators, of going to 60° South. I never would myself exceed 57° 30', to give the Isle of Diego Ramieres a good birth, or, if winds and weather would permit, make it, for a freth departure, had I not taken one at Cape St. John, Staten Land, or the eait end of Faikland Isles. Staten Land is well situated as a
* To the owner of this ship I was first introduced by one of the most eminent merchants of the city of London,
place of rendezvous both for men of war and merchant ships ; while The harbours on the north and south sides, which are divided by a small neck, would answer the purpose of ships bound out, or home. But the north side offers the best place for an establishment, if it should eier be in the view of our government to form one there. *» Pp. 19, 20.
The Iands of Galapagos are represented as the general rendezvous of the spermaceti whale, from the coasts of Mexico, Peru, and the Gulf of Panama. These islands are fitua. ted betwixt 89 to go degrees longitude, west of Greenwich, and from one degree northern to two degrees southern latitude, or in other words, exactly under the equator. Of this cluster of illus, an excellent map is executed by Arrowsmith, from the drawings of Captain Colnett, on a very extensive scale. The following is the description of the centre of the fpermaceti whale fishery.
Narborough Ille is the highest land among the Gallipagoe Ilands, lying near the centre of Albemarle Ille, which almost sur. rounds it, in the forin of two crescents, and making two bays. The apparent point of division of these islands, is so low on both, that I ain in doubt whether they are separated. On the next morning we faw spermaceti whales, we killed seven and got them along fide; Rock Rodondo bearing east 22° south, the northernmost land bearing east 18° south, and the south west land bearing fouth 28° east. The weather was hazy, and the latitude by observation 00° 27' 13." north. Here we cruised till the eighth of April, and saw spermaceti whales in great numbers, but only killed five, of which we fecured four. The current ran so strong to the westward, and the winds were fo light, that after laying to, to secure the whales and cut them up, we were seven days in returning to the ground from whence we drit.
** If the navigation round Cape Horn should ever become common, such a place we must posiess; and, agreeable to the last convention with Spuin, we are entitled to keep pofleffion of it, and apply it to any purpose of peace or war. Great advantages might arise from such a setilement, from whence the black whale fisheries might be carried on to the South Pole, in the opinion of all the North Greenland fisher. men, with whom I have conversed on the subjcet. Besides, it is one of the easiest land-falls a failor can make. In order to render this place a defensible, and protecting fettlement, many experienced men, lieutenanta, in his Majesty's navy, might be found, at a very little extra expence to government, to live in a situation which would be far preferable to many stations in Norway that I have seen. The officer placed there should be invested with full powers to regulate all fithers, tihing in thọfe parts, or navigating round Cape Horn, that stop at the port,"