« ForrigeFortsett »
both poiled and horned ; the polled are the largest fize. There is a curious breed of black sheep at Mount Edgcumbe, The farmers are frequently not fufficiently attentive to the pasture. The forest and red deer are found in great plenty among the woods and high grounds ; as goats are in the higher part of the mountains. At one time, Devon!bire appears to have been over-run by wild beasts; but these have been, gradually, either tamed or extirpated..
! In proportion,” says Polwhele, concluding his account of ani. mals,
as man extends his demesnes, the beasts of the field retire within a narrower circle ; the fierce, or timorous animal, becomes the object of the chace ; and the generous beast is subdued and domesti, cated; and, where agriculture prevails, every effort is made to destroy the more obnoxious. That the ancient Britons pastured valt herds of çattie, is a fact confirmed by the attestations of Cæsar, Mela, and Strabo ; and, as they attended very little to tillage, and the greater part of their time was devoted to hunting, they, probably, made continual additions to their stock, by bringing into subječtion the horned beasts that inhabited the wilderness. At this moment, the horses of Exmoor and Dartmoor are almost in a state of nature, scarcely owning the protection of man, and dying his approach like the wildest animals. These, surely, were the original natives of Devonshire; and our cattle, in the northern parts of this county, might have been derived, in the same manner, from the kine of the forest. In the time of the Romans, and during a great part, perhaps, of the Saxon Heptarchy, when agriculture was till in its infancy, the wild boar, and the bear, were not unknown to the westem Britons. That the wolf and the wild cat, checked, probably, in their rapacity by our earlier fathers, had again become so destructive, as greatly to annoy the inhabitants of Devonshire, is a fact which hath already appeared ; and they were extirpated by authority of the Legislature': this was a recent event. Thus, while some animals are hunted for the purpose of sustenance and pleasure, others are trained with a view to their fervices, or pursued in order to their destruction, according to the different stages of human society—in proportion to the prevalence of the savage, the semi-barbarous, or the agricul. tural life."
Having accompanied the learned author through the Na. tural History of Devonshire, we shall next attend him through his history of Man, in that county, from the first settlements in Britain to the present time; but this we defer to our next number.
(To be continued.)
Art. 111. Saint Guerdun's Well: a Poem. By Thomas
White, Master of the Mathematical School of Dumfries.
'HE Analytical Review has twice noticed this poem ; and
its conductors, having an opportunity of thewing the mutability of their judgement, have preserved their usual consistency of opinion. In January, 1796, it was represented as
“ A pathetic tale, told in verse, of no ordinary merit. The writer, though he modestly chooses to remain concealed, and pub. lishes his production in an unoftentatious form, is entitled to a confi. derable portion of that approbation, which is the poet's belt reward. He possesses a glowing fancy and a feeling heart, and is not deficient in the appropriate language of poetry. The ancient days of super. ftitious credulity are poetically described in the following introductory lines :
• What time dank caverns, and the basky sale,
And the roused vengeance of vindictive foe." In July, 1798, the very same lines are selected as a specimen of an affected phraseology, which displeases nis," and dank and basky are printed in italics. But it appears that, in this second edition, the author has attacked jacobinical wickedness, and supported the cause of religion, whenever his subject presented an opportunity of introducing allusions to such topics. Such a line as, “ I ever lived in awe of the Supreme,” will, constantly, subject a writer to the censure of the Analytical Review; and, as Mr. White concludes the second edition of his poem, by references to holy writ, we can easily account for the revolutionary judgement of such critics. As a fair specimen of this poem, we shall exhibit the conclusion:
Long be the wild remembered, where the grave
Seeming designed the everlasting hills
To pious refignation and to peace.” Pp. 39, 40. In the first edition, a confiderable portion of the poem was written in dialogue ; the author has now, judiciously, adapted the narrative form throughout the whole.
Mr. White has introduced an ode of Grerdun, fierce Bardold's divine daughter, where the fings" in strains, like one of the celestial quire.” Milton's Paradise Lost was, probably, brought to the mind of the reader by the preceding extract, and he will here recolleet some refemblance to parts of the Allegro and Penserofo :
« Now the orb of day descends,
Fairy elves shall dance the green
“ Here I rest beneath my bower,
Spent in due obeying thee." Pp. 25-27. The fable of this poem is beautiful, and displays a glowing imagination ; the whole is replete with pathetic paffages, and will be read with great pleasure. Occasionally, however, the stile is involved, and the phraseology exceptionable, as “ Sounds preternal from the tomb.'
“ Nor, till a fatal dart,
And reached his heart, fled his;" The word “smouldering,” though used by Dryden, is little known, and potence, enfanguined, detonation, subliniated, use borous, are not in general use.
Arr. İV. A Short Address to the Public, on the Monopoly of
Small Farms, a great Cause of the prefent Scarcitv und Dearnefs of Provisions, with the Plan of un Insitution to remedy the Evil, and for the Purpose of increasing Small Farms throughout the Kingdom. By Thomas Wright, of Mark
Lane. 8vo. Price 6d. Richardson. London. 1795. Art. V. Large Farms recommended in a National View; a Reply
10 Mr.Wright's Address to the Public on the Monopoly of small Farms. 8vo. Price is. Scatchard. London.
HE first of these pamphlets has been strongly recomwriter's “ Plan of increasing the Number of small Farms by a Subscription Fund,” with“ success to such a philanthropic experiinent,” and observe, that “the monopoly of farms has been long and justly a theme of complaint among those who consider the encouragement of agricultural industry, and the cheapness of the neceflaries of life, as objects of importance to the cominunity.” (vol. XVI. P. 353.)
We might expect a Mark Lane cornfactor to talk about monopolies, but a critic should know the meaning and derivation of the words novos folus, and monea vendo, so that if words convey an idea, the term monopoly must import either that there is only one person that can let farms, in their application of the term, or one person that can rent them, or in its most extended sense, one affociated body that have united together to engross the agriculture of the kingdom.
The writer and reviewer, however, may mean fome farmer or farmers in different districts, that are continually encreafing the extent of their land, and, certainly, if a man be industrious and successful, there ought to be no reitriction or limitation to his exertions, or the employment of his capital, in a free, commercial, opulent, and agricultural nation. The man that produces molt grain and necessaries of life from an acre, is the best cultivator of an estate for the proprietor, and for the community in general; and the reply of the merchant to Colbert, relative to commerce, laissez nous faire, may be adopted by English farmers to our legillature, for the Mark-Lane Wright withes the interference of our legislature to “ increase small farms," and the Critical Reviewers think that some regulation in the way of exeise, would be peculiarly efficacious" for such purpose. (VOL. X. P. 343.) If he could increase small farnts, that is, make them larger, it would be a great delideratum, but to divide a compact estate into small pittances, is to diminish the produce of the whole.