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had entered at the head of an armed body of rude undisciplined Calabrians, is secured, and the lawful monarch restored to the throne of his ancestors.
There now remains to be reduced the maiden fortress of Coni, which has never yet been fubdued, and Tortona, which cannot be expected to make any long resistance, in order to complete the expulsion of the French from Italy; for MOREAU, or rather JouBERT, who has, 'ere this, succeeded him in the command, has too great an inferiority of numbers to make head against the allies, strengthened as they are by the accetion of the besieging armies of Mantua and Aleksandria. We conceive the difpro ortion of force to be not less than 10,000 to 30,000. Marthal Suw IEROW, therefore, will now be enabled to co-operate effectually with the Archduke CHARLES, confequently to enable him to resume offenfive operations. Since the occupation of the entrenched camp at Zurich, the Austrians have re rained nearly inactive; while Malfena, poffeiled of a position, at a very small diftance, equally strong by nature and by art, has observed a similar inactivity. The conduct of the ARCHDUKE has been highly prudent, fince, inferior in free, to the enemy, every wee 's delay produced an augmentation of 1trength. He has, 'ere this, been joined by the furft column of troops from Ruflia, besides a powerful reinforcement from the hereditary dominions of Austria. MASSENA's inactivity must be imputed to orders received from the Directory not to risk, without the greatest probability of luccels, that arıny, which now, Heaven be praised! conftitutes to the sole prop of the Regicide Republic. Massena is suppored to have been replaced by MOREAU, who, as we before observed, has probably be n fucceeded by JOUBERT. It the allies content themselves with blockailing Coni and Tortona, the state of affairs in SwitZERLAND must toon experience a material change, and JOUBERT's army must either risk an action with a superior force, which is not probable, or, evacuating the Genvere territory, hasten to the support of MREAU. But thould the allied army persist in forming the pige of these two fortretics, jix weeks may probably elapse before the fate of Switzerland will be decided. The last body of Ruflians is not expected to reach the scene of action before the tenth of September, and the gallant liile army of Cond', which we have fome reason to believe will be headed by it. SoveReign, cannot arrive on the frontiers of France before the end of that month.
The conduct of the Swiss, in not joining the Austrians in expelling the ferocious banditti who a athinaied their kindred, violated their wives and daughters, and deluged their country with the blood of its loral inhabitants, has afforded much ground for altonishment. This buckwariunfs has been afcribed to the exhausted state of Switzerland, and the cagerness of the people for the enjo;ment of a tranquillife. The rcaton alligned may be par icily true, but we much tear, that he iFrench hare fucceeded too weli in in fusing the poison of anarchy into the minds of the 'wiss. At all events, the utmost caution and care are requisite to rolize this worlike
nation to a just sense of its own wrongs, and, we will add, of is own duty; for it is the duty of every friend to religion, morais
, and social order, to atlift in crushing a misanthropic hords, wbe, under the veil of philanthropy, have sought to dettroy them all with fire and lword. We are concerned to state, that we have not discovered, on the part of some of our own agents, the species of caution to which we allude. The command of one of the regiments of loyal Swiss, raised for the service of this country, has been actually given to a man, who, when the French took poiieffion (f Piedmont, exhorted his troops, (he was then in the Sardinian tarvice,) to enlist under the banners of liberty, and to join the marrauders of France in inflicting punishment on the depts of Europe! This demands a serious enquiry; for a plan, however wisely conceived, may be totally frustrated, by the negligence of agents; and government cannot pay too much attention to the conduct of its agents on the continent. The recruiting fervice, in Suvitzerland, we are forry to say, goes on very Nowly; indeed, the bounty ofered forms a very inadequate temptation to enlift; we believe, it does not now exceed a guinea ! Needleis profusion, at firti, when productive of no poflible advantage, bas neceflitated a dangerous partimony, at a time when liberality is highly neceilary. In the council of Vienna, we defcry a greater portion of energy and decifion than have distinguished their conduct of late ; and the party of the ARCHDUKE, which is the party of the country, has, we are credibly informed, recently acquired that preponderance to which it is so well entitled, and from which we augur the inost beneficial confequences.
If we turn our eyes to a different quarter, and conteniplate the cities of British valour on the thores of Palettine, we thall find grounds for honeft exultation that leldon have been equalled, never exceeded; we shall there see the hero of France, the conqueror of Italy, theboasted legislator of Europe, accustomed to dictate laws to fubjugated nations, leading a band of chosen followers, exceeding twelve tliousand in number, and poiittied of a stafl, eminent for military ikill and experience, laying fiege to a small town in Afia, wretchedly fortified, and defended only by two thousand English and Muilulmans, under the conımand of a nural officer; detained before it fixty-nine days ; foiled in elvvin different attempts to carry it by alfault; and ultimately obliged to retreat, defeated and din graced, leaving eight of his Generals, eighty-tive of his beft vificers. all his heavy artillery, and one buif of bis urniy behind him. Polierily will not forget, in advering to this memorable event, the complicated difficulties which the befieged had to encounter ; nor will tbey cease to remember that the vanquished General was BưON:PIRTI, the victor SiR SIDNEY SMITH, But the fuperiority of the Briten over the Gaul was full more fully displa ed, in conduct than in courag“; the true magnanimity evinced by the former, his temperate replies to the audacions calumnies and atrocious fuliehoods of luis adversary, and the moderation and humanity which characterize liis dispatches, and which invariably marked his behaviour lo thuic
whom the fortune of war subjected to his power, give additional lustre to the brilliant victory, which his valour, his energy, and his 1pirit 10 essentially contributed to tecure, while they reflect honour on the country that gave him birth. * BUONAPARTE also betrayed bis true character; haughty, insolent, rapacious, and cruel in profperity ; abutive, vulgar, malignant, and falte, in adverfity; he unites, with the courage of a partisan, the sentiments of a pirate. In thort, he has convinced every man who is oven to conviction, that he pofleties every quality of a little, and no one quality of a great, mind. His fcandalous rapacity in Italy, his wanton cruelty in Egypt, when he maffacred the innocent inhabitants of Alexandria, in cold blood, without distinction of age or sex, his accumulated crimes of every denomination, all give the sanction of humanity to the wish that his licad may speedily decorate the walls of the Seraglio, in the capital of that empire, which he had resolved to desulate, without pity as without provocation. His defeat at Acra, wliich has effectually stopped his destructive career, will be confidered as important indeed, when it is known, that his arts of intrigue had so far lucceeded, (contrary to our expectations,) as to prevail on the numerous tribe of the Druses to join his standard with fixty-thoufind men, immediately after the reduction of that town. Had this junction been effected, it was intended to proceed to Conftantinople, (and what, then, could have impeded his progress?) and, after plundering the city, to lay it in athes ! It is scarcely poilible to calculate the dreadful consequences of luch an event on the political state of Europe. If services are to be estimated in proportion to their effects, we know of none during the present war, fertile as it has been in brilliant atchievements, that deserves a higher reward, than the defeat of Buonaparte at Acra! With his popularity this vain-boaster has lost his newly-acquired partizans, and nothing now awaits him in Egypt, but disappointment, misery, and dilgrace.
While the French Directory thus see all their hopes of foreign conqucft frustrated, and all the spoils of succeflive campaigns wrested from them, in the thort space of three months, they are
* But while we pay a tribute of justice to the merits of a gallant countryman, we must not omit to notice the “high deserts” of the brave, the loval, the virtua ous PIILIPPEAUX, his gallant comrade, the partner of his toils, and the partaker of his glory. To the efforts of this worthy nobleman, made at the imminent hazard of his own life, was Sir SIDNEY SMITH chiefly indebted for his escape from his prison, at Paris ;-these two officers, equal in courage, and in the more noble endowments of the human mind, left France together; and repaired together to Conftantinople, and from thence to Palestine. Colore Phill PEAUX's skill, as an engineer, was most successfully displayed, in the defence of Acra; and indeed his exertions on that memorable occation to far surpatiesi h s strength that he actually. perished through fatigue. His loss was deeply deplored by his tiend, Sir Suriy Sutil, and by every Englishman engaged in the expedition, who had oorne tefti. mony to the ardour of his zeal, and the extent and importance of his services. He died in the bett of causes, combating the enemies of his king, his country, and his God ;-and his memory will be revered by all who know how to appris ciate honour and virtue.
not less alarmed by the fituation of affairs at home. Torn de contending factions, the various ramifications of Jacobiniti, all agreeing in principle, and differing only in means, Paris, the center of regicide and rebellion, trembles in the expectation of new conmotions and fresh mailacres. The four Ex-Directors have been formally accused of the most serious crimes, of which they are ce. tainly guilty; but it is also certain that their accuícrs thenfelves are equally guilty of the same crimes. The charges, bowever, if they antwer no other purpote, will terve as an official ccnfetlion, on the part of the French Legislature, that their system of internal government, however free in theory, has been most tyrannical and oppreflive in practice ; and that in their conduct to foreign powers, they have not only violated the most folemn treaties, but every principle of public law and public juftice! Discontents prevail, as may naturally be suppored, in every part of the Republic; and a difpjit 0:2 to rise has evinced itself in different places. At Koren, the capital of Normandy, a fingular event recently occurted. A large bill was stuck up, during the night, in a conípicuous part of the city, bearing this infeription :--A bas la République !-Vive le Roi de France, Louis XVIII! 2-beur à celui qui ofera attacher cet affiche! :uch a bill, of c. urse, attached immediate notice; the municipal officers were fummoned; but, either pleated with the fentiments, or alarmed by the threat, each of thein refutel to remove it. At length, however, a man, who had been fent from Paris, to haften and superintend the march of the conscripts, arrived, and, reproaching t.e citizens with their cowardice, pulled down the offensive paper. The next morning this repubiu.ln karo was found dead in bis roum, liberally covered with wounds. In the night another bill was placed, exhibiting the same words, and repeating the same threat. The retult is not known, as the perfon from whom this intelligence was received, immediately left the place. All these circumstances, connected with the liicceries of the allics, may fairly be considered as favourable symptoms for the caule of royalty. But the presence of a powerful foreiga army, on the French territory, is indispenfibly neceilary to the formation of a juft opinion of the real dispofition of the people at large. We have, ourlelves, no more doubt that royalty will be ultimately reftored, th n we have of the absolute neceflity of its restoration for the tranquility and lafety of Europe; but we are not fo fanguine in our expectations, as to believe that the fall of this coloifal republic, all mained and enfeebled as the is, will be the work of a fingle campaign. Whichever faction shall prevail, at Paris, unles, indeed, the government be totally disolved (which we have no reason, at pretent, to expect), whatev r means of resistance remain, will be exerted, to make a latt erfort; and though the augmentation of the armies will excite great murmurs, and even experience great op, otition, fill a confiderable nuniber of men will, in all jrobabiliiy, be railed, in addition to those now on service. So mu h, however, depends on contingencies, that it would be the height of temerity to ipeak, with contidence, on such a subject.
Meanwhile the vigorous measures adopted by our Government, for co-operating with our Continental Allies, are well-calculated to accelerate the period of this aweful and momentous content. We perfectly co-incide, with Mr. Burke, in regarding a definjive war, as highly impolitic in itself, and dangerous in its effects: and we, therefore, faw, with intinite fatisfaction, the preparations made in this country for strengthening the general tyttem of ottentive warfare, conuent apon the extent, adequacy, or destination of the force embarked, and about to embark, for the Continent; would, at this period, be not only premature, but presumptuous. We thall have ample opportunity for sich investigation, when we come to consider its operations and effects.
Amidst the general prosperity of public affairs, we have only one circumstance of an adverte nature to notice; that is, the fate arrival of the French and Spanish fleets in the harbour of Breit. But here, again, prudence forbids all comment; when the time wlici elapsed between the departure of the French feet and its return to port; the extent of its cruize; its movements from place to place,
and after its junction with the Spaniards, are confidered, the event must appear to extraordinary, as to demand the infiitution of an enquiry into the causes which prevented the British flect from falling in with them. We have no doubt but the result of such an enquiry would be highly fatisfactory; but, under the inapression that it ought to be inliituted, it would be indecent in us to enlarge on the subje:1.
We have received a variety of intelligence, of a late date, from America, fome of which, respecting the finances of that country, is highly intere ing; but the accumulation of important matter which pretles upon us, and the length to wi ich we have already extended our political rentarks, compel us to reser e our transatlantic cultimunications for our next number, or for the Appendix to the present volume. Suffice it, for the present, to lay, that the three inItalments which have been paid for the Ameri an Loans (railed at the enormous interest of Eigbt per Cori.) have already created iuch a fcarci y of money as to occation the greatett inconvenience, in all commercial traníactions ;-and, we have good reason to believe, that the subscribers will be totally unable to pay the remaining inftalments, unless they can dispose of their firip in this country ?The reflections, which fuch a circunftance inut naturally luggest to a Britith mind, we leave our readers to make.
August, 2i. P. S. By accounts received froin the metropolis of France, since the above observations were written, it appears, that the spirit of difcontent, in that miferable country, daily increases. Domiciliary visits have taken place in Paris; military law has been ettablithéd in fome of the provincial towns, particularly at Bordeaux; and the Executive Directory, threatened as it is, by its enemies, has atšuined an arbitrary power. in ihort, the parties in the prelent struggle appear to be the Jacobins, including fome meinbers of the Directory, a great majority of tie council of elders, and a.