considerable portion of that of 500; who wish to enjoy all the tits Sources of Jacobinism, for increasing their strength, and confirming their power, without employing its most rigorous means, for the purpose of bringing those resources into action ; and the Terrorifis, including a part of the Directory; the minority in one council; and a doubtful majority in the other; who, anxious to destroy the present form of government, with to restore the constitution of 1793, and, with it, the ambulatory guillotine, and all the other means of terror, which were fo patriotically employed in the time of ROBESPIERRE, with a view to obtain a despotic power over the persons and property of every individual in the republic. This latt faction encourages the popular clubs, the efficacy of which was io amply demonstrated in former periods of the Revolution. It will be perceived that both factions spring from the same root. In respect of foreign politics, their principles are perfe@ly the same ; they have but one object, the annihilation of every independent ftate, and the establithment of universal anarcliy, on the Gallican basis of universal plunder.

August 22, 1799.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. Our respectable correspondent,,“ Clericus," will be pleased to hear, that we not only perfectly concur with him in his opinion of the necessity of such a publication as that which he suggests, but have actually made fuch arrangements, as will, we hope, enable us to lay the prospectus before the public, in a short cime. Any farther suggestions or contributions of his will be highly acceptable; and, indeed, without the promised aslistance of such coadjutors, we should not have the presumption to undertake so arduous a task.

Miso-Tyrannus is received.
Gibson G. E. A. P. and Cr. are intended for early insertion.

Examiner informs us that he does not know that the author of Walker's Gcography ever was “ A Member of the Society of Friends.” Of the fact itself, we conceive, there is no doubt; with his knowledge of it we have nothing to do. As to the responsibility of the publisher's, Law, Justice, and Common Sense unite in attaching it. Examiner wishes to know what the “ Shade of Hooker" means, by W. Penn's fitting out privateers, and R. Benday's conduct, which was inconlistent with his profeslion.---Probably, his with will be gratified. For our own part, “ we will take the Ghoft's word for a thousand pounds." Respecting the continuance of our animadverfions on the Friends, we mall be guided, noi by the opinions of Examiner, but by our own sense of propriety.

The Latin translation of “ Crazy Jane" shall appear in our next,

TO OUR READERS. We were inadvertently led into a mistake (in our last number, p. 283) then we stated the two ingenious essays of Mr. Penn, on the Ealtera Origination of Alankind, and Conje&tures on the Egyptian Original of the mord liug, to be fiparate publications. The fact is, that they both appeared, as we stated, in the Oriental Collection; but the copies which we received were only impreffions reserved for friends during the printing of these collections. Having corrected this miltahe, we cannot refrain from expreffing a wish, that the gratification which we experienced, ourselves, in the penusul of these Eliays, were extended to the public by means of a separate publication,

spected by our ancettors: Can their primogeniture in the order of the revolution give them this tremendous power, or did they not exist anterior to it? Is it not their own work? Where then did they lurk unleen? Where were their schools, and their masters ? How thall chere be discovered ; and who shall unfold their fupre designs ? APPENDIX, VOL. 111.






Art. 1. Memoires pour servir à l'Histoire du Jacobin, at

Par M. L'Abbè Barruel, à Londres, de L'Imprimerie Françoise, 1797 et 1798. Memoirs; illuftrating ihie Hifa tory of Jacobinism, written in French, by the Abbè Barruela and Translated into Englift by the Hon. Robert Clifford, F. R. S. and A. S. 8vo. 4 Vol. Pp. about 1700. Price il. 86. Booker. Londoni 1798. NEW publications have appeared of late years that have

had lo great a run, at least in England, as thele Memoirs of the Abbè Barruel ; the object of which is the same as that of our Review, and has, consequently, an irresistible claim to our approbation. This consideration, however, will not betray us into a dereliction of duty, by inducing us to bestow on the author indiscriminate praise; nor even deter us from ens tering into a free examination of any parts of his book which may

be found deficient in accuracy of fa&s, justness of reasoning, or propriety of style and languages, all of which ought to be observed with greater rigour by the advocates of religion, than by any other description of writers.

Under the general denomination of Jacobins, M. Barruel comprehends all those sectaries who, in the first days of the Revolution, adopted this fundamental principle of the Revom lutionary Philosophy, which constitutes the basis of its code, ALL MEN ARE EQUAL AND FRER.

" Whence originated these men, who seem to arise from the bowela of the earth, who start into existence with their plans and their prom jects, their renets and their thunders, their invidious means and teica cious resolves / whence, I say, this devouring sect? whence this Twarm of adepes, these systems, this frantic tage against the altar and the throne, against every inftitution, civil and religious, so match res Spected by our ancestors? Can their primogeniture in the order of the revolution give them this tremendous power, or did they not exist anterior to it? Is it not their own work? Where then did they lurk unseen? Where were their schools, and their mafters? Howe thall chere be discovered ; and who shall unfold their future designs ? APPENDIX, VOL. 111. Kk


Will they, wlten the French revolution thall be brought to a cere's fion, ccare io desolaie the earth, to assassinate its Kings, to fanatinya its pecile?"

Such are the inportant questions which the author propolis to discuss and to resolve.

There are some men, who, having 'miltaken the causes of the French Revolution, ascribe it Tolely to a combination of circumstances which could not be foreseen, and which are lo peculiar to France, that the Revolution which they produced cannot be attended with any possible danger to other countries where the same circumstances do not exilt. There are others, who believe the authors of the Revolution to have been actuated by upright intentions, and to have had no other objeâ in view ihan the liappiness of the people, and the regeneration of empires. Thele laft impute the great calamities which have resulted from the Revolution to the great obstacles which it has had to encounter, but they consider its principles as good and useful, and they flatter themselves that the revolutionary 'horrors will ultimately terminate in a new state of things that will afford an ample indemnification to the next, if not to the present, generation. · M. Barruel, on the contrary, maintains, that the Revolution is the result of a premcditated plan, formed by men, who held in their own hands the thread of a conspiracy which had been long laid in secret focieties; that these men, profound in wickedness, availed themselves of passing events, or even gave rise to them, in order to accelerate and direct the grand explofion; that they had the art to render a number of secondary agents instrumental to the execution of their plan, who had not been entrusted with the secrets of the sect, and who, if they had known them, would certainly have had no communication with them : that all the crimes which have marked the different epochs of the Revolution, were the necessary consequences of its spirit and its principles; that the same horrors will be renewed in every part of the globe, unless it be arrested in its audacious and destructive progress; that the fectaries may be disarmed for a while by treaties of peace, but that the disorganizing principles of the sect will remain deeply impressed on their hearts; and that the momentary repose to be procured by transactions merely provisional, will facilitate their means of secretly preparing new connections, under the thelter of a falle security. Hence he infers, as an irrefiftible consequence, either that the philosophie revolutionary fect must be annihilated, or social order diffolved; a conclusion which appears to us as evident as the premises on which it is founded are incontestible.


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