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of mankind-the first burners of castles, the first dividers of property, the first beheaders of priests and nobles, the first reformers of taxes and tythes, the firtt apoftles, and the first martyrs too, of equality!

“ It is not too much to expect of my countrymen that they will not be made the dupes of the most ignorant, perverse, and wicked of mankind; that they will not be persuaded to fraud by rebels and conspirators, whom they defpise and deteft :--and, in feriously calling upon every man, who disclaims this abominable motive, to examine the question deliberately in his own study or upon his pillow, I have no hesitation to anticipate the ready answer nf his coulscience, and to pronounce, that, excepting difiiffiction to the government and conftitution of the realm, no rational cause can be atiigned for evading the public contributions ;-that there are debts as sacred, if not more sacred, and prior to every other ;—that to elude or avoid their payment, (besides a guilt peculiarly its own,) is equal in depravity to any other fraud ;--and that whoever shall continue, after warning and reflection, in that bale and immoral praćtice, must sacrifice the enjoyment of a tranquil mind, and the advantage of public efteera and reputation-undiscovered, lie will be wretched; and detected, infamous." Pp. 31-36.

The judicious reader will instantly perceive, from such specimens, that this pamphlet is the production of an eminent scholar, a true friend to the constitution, and a teacher of pure religion.

Art. XIII. Union or Separation. By R. Farrell. 8vo. Pp. 40.

Byrne, Dublin. 1799. OF this little pamphlet perspicuity is the distinguishing character. iftic. We find in it the state of Ireland, absolute and relative, well considered ; and, from those considerations, the necessity of a change justly inferred. That an Union is the only possible and advantagecus change is undeniably proved; the absurdity and chimerical extravagance of Parliamentary Reform are exposed; and the consequences, the abhorred consequences ! of separation by the gripe of France, are enforced, to the conviction of the most obftinate and perverse. For who will deny that England will relift French dominancy in Ire. land with the laft drop of British blood ? If, therefore, the separa. tion be effected, the power of England must be no more, and what shall then restrain the lawless power of France ! Will the increased luit of power and the infolence of victory procure to Ireland a milder treatment, then, than Switzerland, &c. have already experienced, in circumstances that have admitted only a flight specimen of Jaco. binical rapacity and dictatorship? The writer deduces the present and the pait evils from the present system, and points out an approxi. mation to the Crown, as the only remedy for the past, and prevention for the future. We have only to remark, that his language is some. times tinged with the cast of factious opposition, but we must ac. knowledge that the goodness of his head and heart has conquered what appear to us to have been his prejudices. Experience will correct his puerilities, and restrain his style to a better unison with the flow and deliberate steps of reason and judgement,

NO. XI. VOL. III,

E

ART.

Art: XIV. An Examination into the Origin and Continuance of

the Discontents in Ireland, and the true Canses of the Rebellion ; being a faithful Narrative of the particular Sufferings of the Irish Peasantry; with a Plan which, if adopted, cannot fail to bring back the Roman Catholic Infitrgents to their Allegiance ; without Injury to the Protestant Intereft, or, what they never asked, Emancipation. To which is annexed, a Specimen of Irish dmcdotes, which the Editor proposes, on a future Occasions to enlarge. By William Bingley, fourteen Years a Resident in Ircland.

400. Pp. 50. Price zs. 61. Sold by the Editor, No. 2, Red Lion Pafiage, Fleet Street, London. 1799.

THE name prefixed to this pamphlct was, if we mistake not, very well known, during those political tumults in which the late Mr. Wilkes played so distinguished a part, fome thirty years ago. Mr. Bingley bespeaks the indulgence of the critics, by declaring himself unaccustomed “to literary composition and arrangement;" but we have found no reason to think any such indulgence neceffary ; the compofi tion porlesing every requisite in point of style and arrangement which the subject required-plainness and pesfpicuity.

The author considers the cause of the dreadful insurreciions in Ire. Land to be the hardihips under which the peatentry labour in respect of tythes. It is polible that this may have occa tioned that degree of irritation which prepares minds, unrestrained by a just sense of duty, for the reception of seditious principles, but surely a perusal of the reports of the Irish Parliamentary Committees, and of the recorded confessions of Arthur O'Connor, and other felf-convicted traitors, might have convinced Mr. B. that the horrid rebellion which has disturbed the peace of Ireland had a very different origin.

Huving advanced this position, the author naturally concludes that the abolition of tythes, by removing the ground of discontent, would promote the restoration of tranquillity. He accordingly suggests a plan for shat purpose, which, if the reader have a with to fee, he must consult the book itself. Though we cannot adopt the conclu. fions of Mr. B. we must do justice to liis motives. During his resi. dence in Ireland he experienced inany marks of kindness from the pafantry, and therefore he undertakes to plead their cause, with a Tiew to meliorate their condition. Some measures, most certainly, mutt be a topted, for the attainment of this neceffary and defirable end, and we truit the country gentlemen of Ireland, and of her great proprietors of land in the filter kingdom, will feriously turn their thoughts to the subject.

Lo. Pp. 4, 5, there is an unfair attack on Mr. Arthur Young, whose writings are taid to "lave a pernicious tendency.” The carly , productions of that writer were certainly, in many respects, objectionable, but is it just to draw a general inference from a partial view of his productions ? 1: Mi, B. will confiut his later composia

tions, he will find much valuable matter, untinged with any of that leaven which he professes so loudly to reprobate. Serious subjects are occasionally treated, in the pages before us, with a degree of levity that is highly reprehensible; and the indecent anecdote, in the note to p. 5, is a disgrace to the book.

DIVINITY.

Art. XV. The Sword of the Lord and of Gideon. A Sermon,

preached in the Parish Church of Great Dunmow, Elex, on Tuesday the urth of September, 1798, at the joint Requijt of the Righe Hon. Lord Viscount Maynard, and Michael Pepper, Esq. before their trvo Volunteer Troops of Yeomanry Cavalry. By the Rev. J. Howlett, Vicar. 8vo. Pp. 18. Richardson,

London. This is 'HIS is a spirited and judicious discourse, well adapted to the

occasion for which it was composed. The propriety of confe. crating our arms and our banners to to the Lord of Hofts, the God of Britles," is clearly demonstrated and strongly enforced ; and we therefore strenuoully recommend the perusal of the sermon before us to those fectarian critics, who, enraged at the spirit of resistance to French arms and French principles, which so generally pervades the conmunity, constantly vent their abominable spleen against the Mi. nifters of the etablished church, for exhorting the defenders of their country to discharge their duty, and, combining their religious and political prejudices, dare, in direct defiance of scripture authority, deny the lawfulness of appealing to God for protection, when fighting in a just and virtuous cause. To the wretched conductors of the Nezu Analysical Review these remarks more particularly apply, and, for their gratification, we shall extract a passage from this excellent discourse, which reflects great credit on its author :

“ And if heaven could ever be appealed to for the justice of any cause, it is Surely that in which we are now engaged; it being not for the extension of conqueft, or the enlargement of power and dominion, but merely to defend and Secure ourselves, and to avoid depredation and plunder, murder, massacre, and ruin. Europe and the whole world are witness that we have adopted every fair and honourable means to procure a fafe and permanent peace, and that all has been utterly in vain. Unable, therefore, to appease the wrath or assuage the malice of our enemies, it only remains that we use our best endeavours, under the guidance of God, to confound their devices and defeat their machinations; and, îhould their threatened invasion really take place, we may go forth undismayed, confidentially adopting the exprefsion of our text. 'the sword of the Lord and of Gideon;' not need we despair of success similar to that which artended the efforts of the army of Israel. We are told that Gideon, and ihe men that were with him, came to the outside of the cnemy's camp, about the beginning of the middle watch, and bleto the trumpets, and food every man in his place round about the camp, and all the hot of the enemy RAN, AND CRIED, AND FLED."

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Art. XVI. A Sermon proached in the Parish Church of Great

Dunmou, Efex, on the 29th of November, 1798, the Day of
General Thanksgiving. By the Rev. J. Howlett, Vicar. 8vo.
Pp. 25. Richardson, London,

THIS is the production of the same pen to which the public are indebted for the discourse reviewed in the preceding article, and it breathes the same spirit of devotion, piety, and patriotism. The text is taken, very properly, from the pious ejaculations of Moses, after the people of Israel had been delivered from their enemies by the gracious interposition of the Lord. The religious mind natu. rally connects this miraculous event with the glorious victory of Lord Nelson, obtained within ninety miles of the very spot where the Israelites marched through the Red Sea. The author even defcries a fimilarity between the end and consequence of both."-The overthrow of the Egyptians in the Red Sea completed the escape of the Israelites from horrid and abominable vassalage, and paved the way for the final introduction of the Christian Religion, with its several blessings. The victory of Lord Nelson was over enemies solemnly leagued to extirpate that religion from the earth, and it may prove the occasion, not only of freeing ourselves and all Europe from more wretched slavery than even the hardened heart of Pharoah ever suggested, but afford fresh confirmation of the truth of Christianity, with all its great and precious promises, may add strength to our general faith, animation and confidence to our future hopes, and make us more zealously rejoice in the Lord and joy in the God of our salvation."

MISCELLANIES.

Art. XVII. A Defence of the Cesarean Operation, with Obser.

vations on Embryulcia, and the Settion of the Symphysis Pubis, addressed to Mr.W. S'immons, of Manchester, Author of Reflections on the Propriety of performing the Cæfarean Operation. Containing some new Cales, and illuflrated by seven Engravings. By John Hull, M. D. Meinber of the Corporation of Surgeons, &c. 8vo. Pp. 230. Price 5s.6d. Bickerflaff, London. 1798. Y this publication, Dr. Hull has, in foine measure, anticipated

his original design. He felt it necessary to vindicate himself against some insinuations thrown out by a medical practitioner at Manchester, in a recent work, entitled, “ Reflections on the Propriety of performing the Cæsarean Operation," decidedly disapprove ing of that operation, and apparentlys written in consequence of Dr. Hull having performed it in a case which terminated fatally. He

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has shewn both knowledge and ingenuity in commenting on his opponent's “ Reflections,' and has detected several errors in his state. ment of facts and evidence, and in his deductions from them. It is confeffedly an important subject, upon which the medical world is not altogether agreed ; and, for the interest of humanity, it would be

very desirable to ascertain under what circumstances, (as Dr. Hull brings forward arguments to prove, contrary to the opinion contained in the “ Reflections,” that such circumstances may occur,) an operation so hazardous must be adopted, as the only resource. This work conveys the author's ideas on that point, but our limits will not per. mit us to enter into a detail of the controversy. We must, there. fore, recommend the book to the medical reader's attention, who will probably perceive, with us, that Dr. Hull reflects with acuteness, and writes with judgement, and, from this specimen, we should be induced to consider him competent to undertake a more enlarged work, which he gives us reason to expect, and in which this subject may receive farther illustration,

ART. XVIII. Dancing Materiana; or, Biographical Sketches

for an Inquisitive Public: Being the true Style of a DancingMafter exhibiting his Pupils to an elegant Ball. To which are added, Five Letters, none of which have any Thing to do with the Dancing Master's Ball. 8vo. Pp. 32. Price is. London, 1799. Sold by the Author, No. 5, King's Row, Pimlico.

THOUGH the title-page of this book be wi.imsical, the subject of it is most ferious to the author. It is the produce of a wounded mind, goaded by ill treatment, and suffering under calamity. It is sufficient for us to announce it to the public, as it admits not of analysis, and indeed comes not properly within the province of criticisin. The author is Mr. Bryan Blundell, whose former tract on the same subject was noticed in our second volume. * He here acknowledges his gratitude to Mr. Wyndham, and Lord Kenyon, for the kind and liberal attention which they paid, in their respective situations, to the applications which he made to them. He thus concludes his last letter :

“ Yefterday, the 18th, I had the honour to present his Majesty with a copy of muy pamphlei, to which there was a caricature annexed; it was quite casual; his Majelty was getting on horseback as I palled the Park-gate, and, with many others, I stopped to lee himn., As he rode by ma, I addressed him thus :—Will your Majesty be pleased to accept of a pamphlet from your subject, Sire?' His Majelty graciouily received it, I bowed low, and went away.”

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