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good arguments, every where claim, and are every where entitled to, attention and respect, there is no country where such a Sermon might not have been listened to both with profit and pleasure. Its scope is to thew, that as the people of America have been distinguished by Providence, like the I fraclites of old, by signal bleflings, it is incumbent on men to shew their gratitude for such unmerited mercies, by becoming, at length; no less distinguished for their piety and goodness.
As a specimen of the author's style and manner, we now subjoin a few extracts from the Discourse.
" In such tumultuary times as the present, when so great a part of the world is in a state of war, insubordination, and anarchy, and torn by bloody inteftine divisions, to be permitted to enjoy uninterrupted order and tranquillity, is a blesïing which ought moft gratefully to be recognized. This is a blessing, with which, under Di. vine Providence, we have been favoured. A difference in political and religious opinions, indeed, unhappily; exifts among us. Party zeal and animosities have, in some inítances, marred our happiness. Prejudices have too often blinded the eyes of the mind against the perception of truth. Bat, God be praised! these differences have ' not yet been suffered to raise so high as to burst the bonds of civil society, and rage in civil war and bloodihed. Hitherto it has been a war of words ;-of words, however, too often calculated to bring on a more serious contest, &c. &c.”
Some of the peculiarities of the American style of writing are still more visible in the following extracts:
“ Our free contitution has been endangered by our vices and demoralijing principles. Vice is hostile to freedom. A wicked people cannot long remain a free people. If, as a nation, we progress in impiety, demoralization, and licentiousness, for twenty years to come, as rapidly as we have for twenty years past, this circumstance alone will be sufficient, without the aid of any other cause, to subvert our prefent form of
In this case the people would not bear quietly as much freedom as we now enjoy. We know that men yield to the restraints of good government with increased obfti. nacy, as they advance in wickedness. With difficulty, even now, are the wholesome laws of our country executed on the guilty.” P. 12,
The vices which he enumerates as particularly prevalent,
rit. “ A selfish fpirit, or an insatiable order to get rich.”
2d. “ The spread of infidel and atheistical principles in all parts of the country.”
3d. “ The increase of luxury, extravagance, and difipation."
On all these points, what he says proves him to be, in all cases where his particular prejudices do not blind his judge. ment, an accurate observer, and a careful reasoner. In a note in p. 21. he communicates to the public a curious declaration made at Boston, in 1997, by Volney.
“ England, faid he, will be revolutionized: the same spirit will run through Italy and the German ftates, and all the enlightened parts of Europe : and then he added with the highefl exultation) Christianity will be put in the back grourd. Already has it received its mortal blev. The Revolution ( neaning, no doubt, to include iis religious and moral, as well as political, effccts) will go over the
whole world. It does not depeni on the continuance of power in the “present hands at Paris. Its progress is irresitible; and it will proceed, till it has changed the face of every society on earth !"
The following striking proof of the existence of illuminism in America is given as an indisputable fact in another noie,
“ In the nor hern parts of this State (Maffichusets) there has lately appeared, and fill exills, under a licentious leader, a company of beings, who diluard the principles of religion, and the obligations of morality, trample on the bonds of matrimony, the feparate rights of propriy, and the laws of civil fociety ; spend the Sabbaih in labour and diversion, as fancy dictates, and the nights in riotous excess and promiscuous concubinage, as lut impels. Their number confits of about forty, fome of whom are persons of reputable abilities, and once of decent characters. That a fociety of this description, which would difgrace the natives of Caffraria, fhocll be found in this land of civilization and Goppel ligh, is an evidence that the devil is at this time gone forth, having great influence as well as great wrath."
To this Sermo, confifing of 29 pages, there is added an Appendix of 50 more; full of curious, important, and interelting matter. Its object is, as the author states, to fubftantiate from facts feveral positions advanced in his discourse. For this purpose he adduces several original and undoubted authentic papers, as documents; many of which, as far as we know, have never before been pub ished; though absolutely necefiary for every man to be acquainted with, who is solicita ous to come at an accurate knowledge of the true History of the Interference of France in the American Revolution : and as such, there can be no question they will be highly valued by the future inpartial Historian of that great event, should such an one ever arise.
Dr. Morse confcifes hinself to have been one of the many thousands of his countrymen, who have felt an honest esteem foi, and a sincere gratitude to, France for the aid the afforded
them during the war (of which even this respectable writer is so inconsistent with himself as to approve of, even whilst he disapproves of the very same principles which, it can admit of no question, are at the bottom of the French revolt) with this country; and who unfeignedly rejoiced with her at the commencement of her revolution, in the prospect of her enjoying the sweets of freedom, and the blessings of an equal government. But he is not ashamed now to acknowledge (and thousands have done the same) that his esteem, gratitude, and joy were the oifspring of ignorance, see p 31. This is in. genuous and manly: and whatever discredit it may seem to throw on his discernment and political fugacity, it certainly does great honour to his present candour.
In this country also, and in every country, there are thousands whom it would become to make the same honcft confeffion; and none more than the great seceding orator, the oracle of revolt and opposition, who, weak like Dr Morle, or wicked like the now infamous revolters who were the objects of his extravagant panegyric, once called the French Revolution the greatest effort of human wisdom that had ever been manifested to the world. Shallow man! that thy name, now no longer huzzaed even by mobs, may not be handed down to posterity, stigmatised as it assuredly will be with the odious charge, that he to whom it belonged, was not more capable of duping others, than easy, himself, to be duped, condescend to emulate the magnanimity of this Trans-Atlantic seceder; who has feceded from a body of desperate rebels, the most dreadfully wicked of any that Providence heretofore ever permitted to scourge mankind.
Much as, upon the whole, we have been pleased with this Discourse, we are not so partial as to recoinmend it to our readers as a model either of correct or elegant composition ; or as being the result of such sound principles as alone can give prospects of permanancy to a state. We were no less pleased, and (we may add) instructed by his valuable book of American Geography; though we were, and are, far from subscribing to all his statements, and can descry the heightened colouring of a party man in almost every page.
Art. XV. The Baviad and Maviad. By William Gifford,
Esq. To which is prefixed, a Poetical Épiftle to the Author. By an American Gentleman. London, printed ; Philadelphia, re-printed for William Cobbett. 1799.
"HE merits of thefe fpirite! Satires, which were published
long before the eftablishment of our Work, and which contributed effentially to correct the horrid de pravity of taste which the frantic disciples of the Della Crusca School had introduced in this country, are so well known that any expla. nation of them would be a work of fuperogation. We have only then to express our satisfaction at the notice which they have attracted in America, and to quote, for the gratification of our readers, the elegant address of an American bard, to the learned, worthy, and respectable author.
" To WILLIAM GIFFORD, EQ,
While this delirious Age enchanted seems
No Venal critic fatten'd on the Trade,
Then, if some thoughtless Bavius dared appear,
Still, as from famed Ilyffus' classic shore,