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COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES IN THE EXECUTIVE
CLARE E. HOFFMAN, Michigan, Chairman GEORGE H. BENDER, Ohio
CARTER MANASCO, Alabama. WALTER H. JUDD, Minnesota
JOHN W. McCORMACK, Massachusetts ROBERT H. RICH, Pennsylvania
WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois HENRY J. LATHAM, New York
JOHN J. DELANEY, New York JAMES W. WADSWORTH, New York CHET HOLIFIELD, California FOREST A. HARNESS, Indiana
HENDERSON LANHAM, Georgia CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio
W. J. BRYAN DORN, South Carolina ROSS RIZLEY, Oklahoma
PORTER HARDY, JR., Virginia J. EDGAR CHENOWETH, Colorado
FRANK M. KARSTEN, Missouri
J. FRANK WILSON, Texas
HELEN M. BOYER, Clerk
CABL E. HOFFMAN, Counsel
Peyser Act, submitted by Mr. Webb...
Labor regulations: Chapter 1, United States Employment Service,
Department of Labor, part 21— Cooperation of the United States
national system of public employment offices..
House Document No. 499: Message from the President of the United
States transmitting Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1948.
R. Shaw, director, Indiana Employment Security Division..---
mitted to the Senate and the House of Representatives in Congress as-
zation Act of 1975, approved December 20, 1945.
Argo, R. K., in behalf of the Associated Industries of Alabama ----
Chamber of Commerce and the Automobile Dealers Association of
ation, Houston, Tex.-.
rity of the State of Minnesota -
Industries of Massachusetts..
mission of Austin, Tex_
American Federation of Labor.
Horton, Dwight, employer representative, Texas Employment Com-
Johnson, Clayton E., UAW-CIO, unemployment compensation de-
Lunt, W. K., Chicago, representing the Chicago Association of Com-
merce and Industry and the Associated Employers of Illinois--- 170
Pendergast, Harry, executive director, Oklahoma Employment Se-
Smith, Raymond C., Michigan Manufacturers' Unemployment Com-
Milwaukee, Wis., appearing as member of the social security com-
REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 1 OF 1948
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1948
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
Washington, D. C. The committee met at 10 a. m., Hon. Clare E. Hoffman (chairman) presiding.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.
(Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1948 will be inserted in the record at this point, following which will be inserted H. Con. Res, 131.)
(H. Doc. No. 499, 80th Cong., 2d sess.) MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES TRANSMITTING RE
ORGANIZATION PLAN No. 1 OF 1948, UNDER THE REORGANIZATION ACT OF
1945 To the Congress of the United States:
I transmit herewith Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1948, under the Reorganization Act of 1945, which transfers the United States Employment Service and the Bureau of Employment Security to the Department of Labor. The United States Employment Service is now in the Department of Labor by temporary transfer under authority of title I of the First War Powers Act, 1941, while the Bureau of Employment Security is at present a constituent unit of the Federal Security Agency. This plan will place the administration of the employment service and unemployment compensation functions of the Federal Government in the most appropriate location within the executive establishment and will provide for their proper coordination.
I find that this proposed reorganization is necessary, to accomplish the following purposes of the Reorganization Act of 1945.: (1) To group, coordinate, and consolidate agencies and functions of the Government according to major purposes, (2) to increase the efficiency of the operations of the Government, and (3) to promote economy to the fullest extent consistent with the efficient operation of the Government.
The United States Employment Service was established in the Department of Labor by the Wagner-Peyser Act in 1933. It was later transferred under Reorganization Plan No. 1, effective July 1, 1939, to the Social Security Board in the Federal Security Agency. After the creation of the War Manpower Commission, the United States Employment Service was placed under that Commission by Executive Order No. 9247 of September 17, 1942. Shortly after the Japanese surrender the Service was transferred to the Department of Labor by Executive Order No. 9617. Both of these transfers were made under the temporary authority of title I of the First War Powers Act.
The provision of a Nation-wide system of public employment offices, which assists workers to get jobs and employers to obtain labor, belongs under the leadership of the Secretary of Labor. Within our Federal Government the Department of Labor is the agency primarily concerned with the labor market and problems of employment.
The Department of Labor already has within its organization many, but not all of the resources needed for the full performance of this role. It has a broad understanding of working conditions and the factors in labor turn-over. Through the Bureau of Labor Statistics it develops extensive information on the long-term trends in employment and on the occupational characteristics of the labor force.