The Constitution at the Cross Roads: A Study of the Legal Aspects of the League of Nations, the Permanent Organization of Labor and the Permanent Court of International Justice
The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd., 2003 - 274 sider
Harriman, Edward A. The Constitution at the Cross Roads: A Study of the Legal Aspects of the League of Nations, The Permanent Organization of Labor and the Permanent Court of International Justice. New York: George H. Doran Company, . xv, 274 pp. Reprinted 2003 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN 1-58477-314-6. Cloth. $75. * With the adoption of the Constitution, the original states lost their right to settle disputes between themselves by means of war. Harriman enlarges this discussion to the United States' place in the world and the maintenance of its independence following the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Written in 1925, Harriman offers a thorough, organized treatment of the extent of the legal consequences in which the Constitution of the United States may be affected by the Treaty of Versailles and the United States' resulting membership in the League of Nations and the Permanent Court of International Justice. He presents his study with this statement: "The Constitution is at the cross roads. In one direction leads the way of national tradition and absolute independence; in the other, the way of surrender of absolute independence of action in some degree, to a federation of the world." (Preface, v.)
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vision of certain international traffic
To contribute armed forces to protect the Cov
b Negative Obligations
The Constitutional Rights of Members
In the Covenant of the League
Procedure of the Court
The Judicial Power in the Permanent Organization
The Advisory Function of the Permanent Court
The Obligations of Members
Permanent Organization of Labour Part XIII of the Treaty
Permanent Court of International Justice
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accordance with Article action adoption advisers advisory opinion affecting the peace amendment apply appointed armaments Article 16 Article 405 Article 411 Article 423 Articles of Confederation Assembly bers Commission of Enquiry communicate complaint comply compulsory jurisdiction Conference Congress Constitution Council Court of International Covenant covenant-breaking decided decision defaulting Government defaulting Member Delegates present deputy-judges dispute draft convention effect elected established executive Governing Body High Contracting Parties International Justice International Labour Office international law interpretation judges judgment judicial League agree League of Nations League represented legislative powers limited Mandatory matter measures meeting ment Monroe doctrine nominated obligations of membership Organisation Organization of Labour Permanent Court Permanent Organization persons present Treaty President proposal provisions of Article question ratified recommendation or draft referred regard repre rules sanction Secretariat Secretary-General Statute submit taken territory tion tional Treaty of Versailles United United States Constitution Universal Postal Union votes cast
Side 51 - The Council shall formulate and submit to the Members of the League for adoption plans for the establishment of a Permanent Court of International Justice. The Court shall be competent to hear and determine any dispute of an international character which the parties thereto submit to it. The Court may also give an advisory opinion upon any dispute or question referred to it by the Council or by the Assembly.
Side 88 - The United States, in Congress assembled, shall have authority to appoint a committee to sit in the recess of Congress, to be denominated "a Committee of the States," and to consist of one delegate from each State ; and to appoint such other committees and civil officers as may be necessary for managing the general affairs of the United States under their direction ; to appoint one of their number to preside, provided that no person be...
Side 88 - States under their direction; to appoint one of their number to preside; provided, that no person be allowed to serve In the office of president more than one year in any term of three years; to ascertain the necessary sums of money to be raised for the service of the United States, and to appropriate and apply the same for defraying the public...
Side 156 - The Members of the League recognize that the maintenance of peace requires the reduction of national armaments to the lowest point consistent with national safety and the enforcement by common action of international obligations.
Side 182 - If the Council fails to reach a report which is unanimously agreed to by the members thereof, other than the representatives of one or more of the parties to the dispute, the members of the League reserve to themselves the right to take such action as they shall consider necessary for the maintenance of right and justice.
Side 174 - The Members of the League agree that they will carry out in full good faith any award that may be rendered, and that they will not resort to war against a Member of the League which complies therewith. In the event of any failure to carry out such an award, the Council shall propose what steps should be taken to give effect thereto.
Side 61 - If there should arise between Members of the League any dispute likely to lead to a rupture, which is not submitted to arbitration in accordance with Article 13, the Members of the League agree that they will submit the matter to the Council.
Side 118 - The Mandatory agrees that, if any dispute whatever should arise between the Mandatory and another Member of the League of Nations relating to the interpretation or the application of the provisions of the mandate, such dispute, if it cannot be settled by negotiation, shall be submitted to the Permanent Court of International Justice provided for by Article 14 of the Covenant of the League of Nations.