The Fundamental Problems of Western Metaphysics
University Press of America, 27. okt. 2009 - 244 sider
This book introduces the profound reflections of Xavier Zubiri (1898-1983) on the history of philosophy to English-speaking audiences. As a philosopher who rethought much of philosophy and theology, Zubiri felt it necessary to be in continuous dialogue with earlier thinkers both to avoid past mistakes and to extract all that is valuable from them. The theme of the present book is the transcendental in Western philosophy and how a firm grasp of it reveals underlying unity in Western philosophy, but also fundamental problems that Zubiri believed require a complete rethinking of certain basic notions and theories. Zubiri develops this theme by analyzing the work of six major philosophers: Aristotle, St. Thomas, Descartes, Leibniz, Kant, and Hegel. To conclude, he sketches his own resolution of the problems of Western philosophy, a subject addressed in greater depth in his major work, Sentient Intelligence. This translation was made possible by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Culture.
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Absolute spirit actually affirmation aliquid Anaximander appears Aristotle Aristotle's beginning called cept certainty characteristic conceiving thinking consciousness consists constitutes created things creation Democritus Descartes determined dialectic diaphanous divine reason entity essence ex nihilo existence fact finite formal framework of nothingness G. W. F. Hegel given going Hegel says Hegel tells here-and-now human reason idea insofar intel intellection intuition Kant says Kant tells Kant's Kantian knowledge Leibniz logic logos losophy Markus Herz means meta monad moral motion movement nature objective spirit oboio pantheism Parmenides philosophy Plato possible precisely predicate present principle problem purely and simply question radical rational reality refers respect second place sense sensible sentient intelligence speculative reason synthesis term theology thing-in-itself Thomas Thomas says thought tion tive toutóv tran transcendent transcendental order translation true unity unmoved mover verum transcendentale Western metaphysics Xavier Zubiri Zubiri