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The authority and powers of the Governor, were vested in the Lieutenant Governor, in the absence of the Governor, and devolved upon the Deputy Governor and Council of Safety, to be executed.
A committee was appointed in the year 1775, to work the ore at the lead mine at Middletown, and the sum of £500 appropriated for that purpose ; but the Assembly were informed that the manufacture of said ore was unprofitable to the State. The committee were therefore directed to discontinue any farther smelting of lead at said mine, after having finished the ore, then on hand.
The General Assembly, in October, 1777, ordered £5250, in bills of 2 pence, 3 pence, 4 pence, 5 pence, and 7 pence, 60,000 bills of each to be issued ; and appointed John Chester and others, a committee to sign said bills, without fee or reward, And with such pay, it was found burdensome; therefore the Assembly added to said committee, Col. Isaac Lee, Maj. Gad Stanly, Mr. Pierpont Edwards, Mr. Ezra Brownson, Ephraim 'Root, Constant Southworth, Lynd Lord, Reuben Smith, Esq., Mr. Thomas Hayes, Maj. Hezekiah Bissell, Col. C. Sage, and Joseph Webb, to assist in signing said bills, without fees for said service.
It was resolved by the Assembly, that Richmond Berry, Philip Buck, Thomas Silk, Edward Hicks, Edward Hicks, Jr., John Young, Jacob Bowman, Adam Bowman, Jr., Jacob Brenner, John Henry Short, Henry Hover, John Hover, Nicholas Philips, Nicholas Philips, Jr., John Philips, Jacob Anguish, George Rentner, and Frederick Frank, who were taken in arms against the United States, by the militia of Westmoreland, and sent to the deputy commissary general of prisoners in this State, were ordered, received, and treated as prisoners of war: Provided that nothing in the aforesaid resolve, should be construed to excuse said prisoners from any treasonable offence against the laws of other States.
A resolution passed to immediately raise a company, consisting of 1 subaltern, 3 sargeants, and 30 privates, by voluntary enlistment, to guard the treasury and loan office, the secretary and pay table offices, agreeable to an order from the Treasurer, Secretary, and committee of pay table ; to receive half pay, and be exempt from other military duty, while continued in service, and to continue in said service until the 1st day of June, 1778.
By a letter from Gen. Parsons, of the 27th of February, 1778, stating that a number of teams were absolutely necessary, for the transportation of provisions from the line of the State of New York, to King's Ferry, and other places on the North river, for the use of the troops under Gen. Washington, which could not be procured in the ordinary way. The Assembly therefore resolved, that upon application made by Gen. Parsons, to any assistant or justice of the peace, in Fairfield or Litchfield counties, praying that teams might be impressed, &c., that warrants should be issued to impress such number of teams as Gen. Parsons should direct, and apply to the quarter master general for payment of the expenses.
It was resolved, that each lieutenant, adjutant, and quarter master in the regiments of Col's. Enos and Ely, (who were ordered out of this State, and subjected to great hardships and expense,) should receive the sum of £6; and each ensign the sum of £5, for their extraordinary marches and expenses.
The three regiments of light horse of this State, west of Connecticut river, marched in the summer of 1776, under Lieut. Col. Thomas Seymour, to aid the continental army then at New York, for which service they had received no pay. The Assembly directed Col. Seymour, forthwith, to procure from the captains of each troop in said regiments, a pay roll of the troop while in service, and make a pay abstract, and present the same to the commander-in-chief of the continental army, or other proper officer, for acceptance and payment, and pay over the same to the captain of each troop, and by said captain to be paid to the troops in their several companies their several dues.
The Assembly appointed Roger Enos, Esq., colonel ; Howell Woodbridge, lieutenant colonel ; and Abel Pease, major, of one of the six battalions, to be raised for the defence of the State and United States,
Thaddeus Cook, colonel ; James Arnold, lieutenant colonel; and Abraham Tyler, major, of one of said battalions.
Samuel Mott, colonel ; Nathan Gallop, lieutenant Colonel ; and Joshua Hun. tington, major, of one of said battalions.
John Mead, colonel ; Ely Mygatt, lieutenant colonel; and Eleazer Curtiss, major, of one of said battalions.
Noadiah Hooker, colonel ; Seth Smith, lieutenant colonel ; and Bezaleel Bebeo, major, of one of said battalions.
Samuel McLellan, colonel ; Thomas Brown, lieutenant colonel; and Levi Welles, major, of one of said battalions.
It was found by the Assembly, that the transporting of private property, the goods and effects of particular persons from place to place, in and through this State, had greatly increased and employed so large a number of oxen, as was likely to lessen the business of agriculture, particularly the raising of grain and provisions, and shorten the supply of beef for the use of the army
To prevent which, it was enacted, that after the 1st day of April, 1778, no private property, (i. e.) no goods, wares, merchandise, or effects, not the property of the United States, or any of the States, unless by the order of some lawful officer of the State or the United States, should be transported from place to place in this State, or through the same, by any inhabitants, or oxen owned in this State, in or on any wagon, cars, carts, or carriages, wherein should be used more than one pair of oxen, on penalty of forfeiting all such goods, &c. as aforesaid, and all oxen more than one pair. It was made the duty of all continental officers, and other persons, who should employ any teams or carriages for tansporting goods, &c., where more than one pair of oxen were used, to furnish the driver of such team, or the conductor of any number of teams, where more than one yoke should be employed, with a written permit, signed with the name and office, date and time when given, place from and to which, such goods were destined, the owner and number of teams employed therein ; without which no leam was allowed to pass in this State. It was made the duty of grand jurors and constables of the towns, and of freeholders, who had taken the oath of fidelity, to inquire and take up any such suspected teams, and make due inquiry of the drivers or conductors of such teams, as to the ownership, &c. of such goods and teams; and if it should be found that said goods, &c., were transported contrary to said law, the court before whom an examination should be had, was to give orders for the safe keeping of such goods, and all oxen, more than one pair as aforesaid. And it was the duty of such court, to certify all the proceedings to the next county court, in the county where said teams were stopped ; and if no person appeared at said court to claim said oxen, &c., or satisfy the court that said goods, &c., were, when seized, transporting within the liberty of this law;
such court should sentence said goods and oxen forfeited to the Treasurer of the State, and one-half to be paid the informer, (all costs first deducted,) and sold by the sheriff, &c., at public vendue, or as said court should direct. It was also provided, that in case such driver or conductor should neglect or refuse to produce his permit, when required, no costs should be allowed him on the trial of his case.
Which said act was not to extend to teams transporting masts, mill stones, iron ore, and pig iron, wood, or to any person using his own or neighbor's oxen in or about his usual and lawful business within the town where he resided, or carrying his provisions to market to a convenient town, for the use of such town, o returning home with such effects as he should have occasion to carry; which act was to continue in force until the rising of the Assembly, to be held in May, 1778.
Amos Hubbell, and others, shewed the Assembly, that the guard of 25 men, under Lieut. Aaron Hawley, stationed at Newfield, in Stratford, had been confined in a place illy calculated to discover the enemy, or prevent their landing, should they attempt ; and that great uneasiness had been given to the inhabitants at Newfield ; and prayed that a sargeant's guard might be appointed, and staa tioned on the sound, near the dividing line between Fairfield and Stratford ; and that said Hawley and his company should be dismissed. The Assembly directed the colonel of the 4th regiment to order a sargeant's guard stationed in the most convenient place, near said dividing line, on the sound, and continue there during the pleasure of the Assembly. And said Hawley was directed to deliver the two field pieces, and public stores in his custody, to the commanding officers of the 4th regiment, when said Hawley and his party were to be dismissed.
Maj. Thomas Bull complained against cornet Asahel Hays and cornet William Wadsworth, for disobedience of orders. The Assembly disinissed said Hays and said Wadsworth from office, with costs, being £11:11: 2.
Capt. Eliphalet Curtiss complained against Lieut. Elijah Case, for desertion, &c. The Assembly cashiered said Case, and ordered him to pay the cost, taxed at £5:9.
Samuel Chapman, Esq., colonel of the 22d regiment of militia, in this State, complained against Paul Blodget, captain of the 6th company, in said regiment; stating that said Blodget, when ordered into public service near New York, in the year 1777, attempted to desert said service, and occasioned uneasiness in said company, &c. The Assembly ordered said Blodget cashiered of his office, and to pay the cost, taxed at 15 shillings, lawful money. And the colonel was directed to lead the company to the choice of another captain.
The town of Guilford, stated to the Assembly, that in pursuance of a recommendation of the Assembly, in October, 1776, they, at the expense of said town, set guards, equal in respect to time and numbers, to 51 men, eight months, and prayed relief therefor. The Assembly ordered paid to the selectmen of said Guilford, to defray said expenses, the wages and rations of 2 lieutenants, 2 sargeants, 4 corporals, and 43 privates, for four months, and the rations estimated at 8 pence per ration.
The sum of £21:2:6 was allowed Lemuel Deming, for expenses of the sickness of his son, with the small pox and dysentery, in the army, in the year 1777.
James Hinman and Israel Burritt, of Durham, were employed in October, 1777, by the seletmen of Durham, to transport articles of clothing to the companies of captains Robinson, Camp, and Norton, in the regiment then commanded by Lieut. Col. Baldwin, at Fishkill ; for which services they asked compensation of the Assembly ; and the pay table were ordered to adjust their accounts, and give orders for the payment thereof.
Joshua Stone, who was confined in New York as a spy, and escaped, and was apprehended in Stamford, tried, imprisoned, and fined £20. The Assem. bly ordered the release of said Stone from prison, on his taking the oath of fidelity, and paying the State Treasurer £30 lawful money, and enlist into the continental army, in any regiment raised by the State, to serve during the war, or for three years.
Michael Towsley, of Suffield, askod the Assembly to remunerate him for £20 of public money burned in his mother's house, which was allowed him.
On the memorial of the inhabitants of the town of Fairfield, it was shewn, that the British troops, on their march to Danbury, plundered a great number of families of every thing in their houses, that was subject of plunder, as well as thoir cattle, horses, and teams, and took the same away with them ; whereby some persons were reduced to abject poverty and distress, who previously had lived comfortably, &c., prayed the Assembly for some allowance. The Assem. bly appointed Col. Thomas Fitch and Thaddeus Bells, Esq., of Norwalk, and Lemuel Sanford, Esq., of Redding, a committee to enquire and estimate the losses of each individual in said Fairfield, by tho British troops on their route to Danbury, and report the same.
David Manvill, Jesse Tuttle, and Ephraimn Warner, of Waterbury, stated to the Assembly, that they had been induced to join the enemy, and served them until November, 1777, when they escaped, returned, and were committed to prison, and prayed the Assembly to be pardoned therefor. The Assembly granted a pardon to each of them, and allowed them to receive so much of their goods as consisted in household furniture, and tools of their trades, from the officers who held them in custody, notwithstanding seizure and condemnnation, by their paying all costs that had arisen.
The Assembly allowed Edward Hinman, Esq., £22:16:9 for taking care of nine prisoners of war, sent to the committee of inspection at Woodbury, by the Committee of Safety of the State of New York, on the 22d day of Octo. ber, 1776.
Samuel Dickerman and George Dudley, of New Haven, shewed to the Assembly, that in pursuance of orders, in Augusi, 1776, they marched to New York, for the defence of that city, under Capt. Goodyear, in Col. Thomson's regiment, and did their duty in their stations while in New York; and that during the cannonade, they were ordered to take care of a sick soldier of said company, which they did in great hazard to themselves ; that they attempted 10 get said sick soldier into some hospital or private house, both of wbich they failed in accomplishing; and as they supposed his recovery depended on his returning home, they procured carriage, and conveyed him home, &c.; in consequence of which they were returned as descrters, and deprived of their wages, &c. The Assembly ordered the pay table to examine and adjust their account of wages, and draw on the Treasurer for payment.
Moses and Patience Northrop and Eunice Northrop, shewed the Assembly, that said Patience and Eunice were confined in Litchfield gaol, upon suspicion of treason against the State, and prayed to be admitted to bail ; which was
granted, by each of them giving bail, with good sureties, for the sum of £200 lawful money, in the usoal manner.
Cornelius Higgins, Jr., of East Haddam, an ensign in captain Tyler's company, under Col. J. Huntington, in 1776, shewed the Assembly, that by the fortune of war he was made a prisoner on the 27th day of August, 1776, and so continued until the 13th day of April, 1777 ; during which time ho was robbed of his watch, and some money, and expended a considerable sum for his support, and asked the Assembly for allowance. The Assembly allowed him £11:10 lawful money.
The selectmen of Preston, showed the Assembly, that on the 13th day of January, 1777, one Matthias Button, a soldier in Capt. J. Brewster's company, under Col. Huntington, arrived in Preston from his captivity in New York, having been taken on Long Island, in an action with the British troops, on the 27th of August, 1776, who was sent out of New York in a flag of trúce ship, and landed at Milford, and on his return was taken sick with the sinall pox in said Preston, and was taken care of until he died, and the said town had expended £16:0:9 in doctoring, nursing, &c. The pay table were directed, by the Assembly, to adjust said account, and charge the same to the United States.
Jonathan Bill, of Lebanon, informed the Assembly, that he was a soldier under Col. Arnold, in the expedition against Quebec, in the year 1775, that his captain, and all the officers of the company were killed, and taken prisoners in the unsuccessful attempt made upon that city, in December, 1775, and he only escaped with the loss of his clothing, arms, &c., while assisting to carry off the wounded ; and by the death of all the officers, no pay roll had been or could be made for said company; and prayed the Assembly to pay him his wages, and make compensation for his losses in his tedious and distressing service. The Assembly ordered the pay table to adjust said account for wages and losses, and charge the same in the account against the United States.
Jehial Bryan, of Milford, shewed the Assembly, that on or about the 20th of March, 1776, the inspection committee of Milford, received intelligence that a sloop had come to an anchor, at Oyster river, and that he was desired to muster and march 20 men to said place, in a stormy night; that he did so, and took possession of said sloop, which had on board a quantity of pork, &c., (contrary to the embargo act,) to transport to the West Indies; that he took said sloop into the port of New Haven; and at a special county court, held on the 22d of April, 1776, forfeited to the treasury of this State, (the cargo of said sloop) 224 barrels of pork, 60 barrels and 20 tierces of flour. The Assembly ordered £13 lawful money to be paid said Bryan by the Treasurer.
Noah Skinner, of Coventry, was enlisted 7th of May, 1775, and served a campaign under Capt. J. Putnam, Jr., in Gen. Putnam's regiment, at Cam. bridge, for which he had received no pay, which was allowed him by the Assembly.
John Morehouse, of Danbury, stated to the Assembly, that when the British troops went iifto Danbury, he through surprise, joined them and went away with them, but soon made his escape, and returned home, and was committed to gaol; and prayed pardon for the offence, which was granted him, by his taking the oath of fidelity, and paying the cost of prosecution.