Council believed they had reason to apprehend danger and hostile at. tacks from the ships and others that might be sent to distressus; they judged it of great importance to all, but more especially those at or near the sea coast, to be in a good posture of defence, and therefore desired the Governor to order the colonels of the 3d, 8th, 20th, 7th, and 2d regiments of militia, forthwith to enroll one-fourth part of their regiments, and be equipped with fire arms, powder and balls, &c.; the powder to be taken from town stocks, the cartridges made and lodged with the captains, ready for delivery on any emergency, and the men to be in readiness as minute men, to march at the shortest notice, when attacked by sea or land ; and the field officers to appoint the officers for said companies. The Council ordered one other company in Col. Webb's regiment, to march and be stationed at New Ha. ven, and that two cannon at New Haven, should be mounted for field pieces ; and ship carriages be prepared for four cannon marked by Williams and Wales, and appointed David Austin, Jonathan Fitch, and William Greenough to see the preparation immediately effected, and to improve Mr. Rice.

Mr. Skinner brought a letter to the Governor from Gen. Washing. ton, requesting the purchase of all the tow cloth that could be procured, for shirts and short coats for uniform dress, &c. for the army; and sent a sample, with a cape ruffled : Accordingly letters were sent by the Governor to all the commissaries in the colony to procure all the tow cloth they could purchase.

A letter was sent to Col. Hamlin, to inform the Governor and Council of his progress in collecting and sending salt petre and sulphur, to New York, to be made into gun powder.

In Session, August 14. Capt. F. Shaw, of Goldsborough, by order of said town, applied for leave to purchase in this colony about 1,500 bushels of corn and rye, and 50 barrels of pork, for the necessary use of the people of Golds. borough. The Governor and Council granted him license, and the Governor gave him a written permit, the embargo notwithstanding.

One Rensselaer, by an order from W. Livingston, a commissary for the New York department, asked the Board for liberty to purchase 450 barrels of pork for the troops at Ticonderoga, as it could not be had at New York,—which was granted to be purchased in the counties of Litchfield and Fairfield.

Col. Saltonstall wrote a letter to the Governor and Council, asking advice, on the propriety of taking stock from the islands, &c., which they declined giving, as it was out of the colony limits ; but remarked that great care should be taken to prevent provisions, &c. (near the water) from falling into the hands of the enemy.

Mr. Huntington reported, that he found but one small vessel, suita. ble to be a small armed vessel, and that could be purchased at £200, of Hancox, of Stonington, and her sails and rigging were unfit for service. It was ordered by the Governor and Council, that said schoo. ner, (called the Britannia,) should be purchased for the colony, and B. Huntington, Esq., Capt. Deshon, and Capt. Niles, were appointed to purchase her at said price, and have her rigged and fitted out as spee. dily as possible ; they also appointed Robert Niles, of Norwich, to be her commander. Capt. Deshon was directed forthwith to put the can. non, small arms, pistols, and every warlike instrument then at New London, which were suitable for armed vessels, into proper condition for immediate use, and to advise with Capt. Hall of the larger armed vessel (then) fitting at Middletown.

IN SESSION, August 17. The 450 barrels of pork purchased by Mr. Rensselaer, in the colo. ny, were for Gen. Schuyler's army at the northward, and the Governor and Council considered the danger too great to carry it by water to New York; therefore sent him positive orders not to ship any pork purchased in this colony to New York, but to transport it by land to the Hudson river, and from thence by water to Albany, which order was sent by Mr. Skinner.

Gen. Washington ordered Gen. Schuyler to send a quantity of lead balls, found at Ticonderoga and Crown Point to Gov. Trumbull, &c. The Governor wrote Gen. Schuyler to send the same to Commissary Phelps, at Albany, and said Phelps to be advised of it, and directed to forward them in the most safe and expeditious manner to Gen. Wash. ington.

Orders were sent to Maj. Latimer, commander of the troops at New London, to keep regular watches and guards about his camp, and see that his soldiers were properly exercised, instructed, and kept clean, and free from idleness and bad practices.

Capt. Lyon was ordered to remain at Norwich Landing, until fur. ther orders, and assist the people there, by one half of his company at a time, in building a redoubt,' at Waterman's Point, &c., and allow them spirits when in said service; and that the captain should see that proper watches and guards were kept, and the exercises be kept up in good order.

The vast quantity of pork, and other provisions used by the army, rendered provisions extremely scarce ; therefore the Council advised

to continue the embargo until the 20th of October, 1775; and the Governor was desired to issue his proclamation accordingly.

The Governor and Council granted an order to pay for 18 blankets and 9 guns, lost at Bunker, Hill; to pay Samuel Hunt £3:8:9; to pay David Trumbull for going as an express three times to the army, £8: 19; to John Alden for going as an express to Killingly to recall troops on their march to Cambridge, by advice from Gen. Washington; also to pay for a horse, purchased for the Indian Cognahue, to ride to the Oneida Indians, &c. £5.

New Haven selectmen were ordered to prepare carriages for four 6 pound cannon.

In Session, August 21. Letters had been received from Gen. Schuyler and Col. Hinman, informing the Governor of the great danger of delays from New York, &c., relating to the northern expedition, &c.; also a letter from Maj. Brown, who had been in Canada, and gave a favorable account of the country. A secret letter was shewn to the Council by the Governor, from one Brook Watson to President Livingston, which had been intercepted,-(an ill concern.)

Mr. Hazard, of Edgartown, was permitted to purchase £100 worth of rye and corn, and carry out of the colony.

A letter was sent to President Livingston, of the New York Con. gress, expressing the Governor's anxiety at their not having provided and sent the tents they engaged for Col. Hinman's regiment, and urging the danger of delays, &c.

A letter was also sent by the Governor and Council to Commissary Phelps, as to the lead to be sent him from Ticonderoga, for the use of the army near Boston, by the desire of Gen. Washington.

IN SESSION, August 24. A permit was granted James Church, of Hartford, to send to Pro. vidence, by water, 300 bushels of wheat, to be ground for the army near Boston ; which was done with great doubt of its expediency, lest it might fall into the hands of the British.

Benjamin Huntington and Ephraim Bill were appointed a committee to oversee and direct the building a battery, &c. at Waterman's Point, in New London river.

Various accounts were offered for guns, blankets, &c., which had been impressed by the Governor's order, to supply the loss of our sol. diers at Bunker's Hill. N. Frink, 6 guns and 10 blankets, procured at Pomfret, £20: 14; Wales & Bissell, 10 guns and 25 blankets, for Windham, £40: 1; Mr. Chandler, of Woodstock, 6 guns and 10 blankets, £19: 13; Capt. Bacon, of Canterbury, for guns and blan. kets, £20:1:6; Mr. Leffingwell, of Norwich, 20 guns and 40 blan. kets, £67 :9:6.

In Session, September 4. The Governor laid before the Council, a request of the General As. sembly of Massachusetts, communicated by the Hon. J. Otis, Presi. dent of their Council, informing the Governor and Council, that the gaols in that colony were crowded with prisoners, and wishing to send some of their prisoners into Connecticut. Although our own prisons were much wanted for our prisoners from the northward, and tories at home; yet for the great affection for the common cause, the Governor and Council did not refuse to receive some of their prisoners, on condition that they should apply to Rhode Island and New Hampshire Assemblies for like favors, and send as sparingly to Connecticut as possible ; and that such as they should send, should be sent to the gaols in Hartford and Windham.

Col. Saltonstall and Capt. Deshon were present as a committee from New London, and Maj. Smith and Capt. Palmer, from Stonington. The latter stated that Stonington had been lately attacked and fired upon, and asked the Governor and Council for some military companies to be stationed at Stonington ; and both committees prayed for aid to erect works for defence, &c.

Two companies, viz. : Capt. Bostwick's and Capt. Tyler's, and a part of a company under Capt. Lieut. Hubbard, were ordered to be stationed at or near Stonington harbor; and the other companies to remain at New London, under Maj. Lattimer; and the soldiers at both places were directed to make such intrenchments and works of defence as should be directed by the civil authority and field officers in those towns. It was also ordered that Capt. Rowlee's company should be sent to Lyme, under the direction of the Deputy Governor and civil authority of that town, and keep proper watches and guards.

Information was received from Maj. Lattimer, that one of the vessels taken by Capt. Wallace, of the Rose man-of-war, &c., at Stonington, was by stress of weather driven back to New London, with one white man, a petty officer, and three negroes on board, who were in his cus. tody ; and he asked how to dispose of them. Two of said negroes had been robbed and taken by Capt. Wallace from Deputy Governor Cook, of Rhode Island, the other from Capt. Collins. The Governor and Council ordered Maj. Lattimer to deliver the vessel to the actual owner; send the white man to gaol in Windham; and the three negroes to be employed by Capt. Niles, at Norwich, until notice should be given to their masters.

In Session, September 8. Ezekiel Williams, Esq., reported the armed brig Minerva nearly ready, and wished the officers all appointed. James Hopkins was appointed 1st lieutenant, instead of Horsey, declined; Jehial Tinker, 2d lieutenant, instead of Hopkins; Andrew Jehonnot, steward, in. stead of T. Larrabee ; Wm. Plummett, master ; Wm. Warner, mate; Benjamin Cranston, gunner. And she was ordered to be supplied with five barrels of powder and suitable balls, from New London, and 300 pounds of lead, from Wethersfield.

Three companies, under Col. Webb, at Greenwich, were ordered to New Haven, to erect intrenchments at five mile point, or elsewhere, as Colonels Webb and Hall should advise ; on condition that if the report in circulation, of the troops coming to New York, should appear to Col. Webb to be true, that he should remain at Greenwich until farther orders.

As this colony, at the time aforesaid, was greatly in advance as to men and money to sustain the war, and as Congress had resolved, that all expenses of the war should be borne by the united colonies in just proportions, and had emitted a continental currency to aid in the expenses ; yet this colony had loaned the colonies £15,000 lawful money, (i. e.) to Gen. Schuyler, on the request and credit of Congress; and had also advanced large sums to carry on the war; it therefore became necessary to apply to Congress for £50,000 of said continental money, in addition to the amount paid Gen. Schuyler. Wm. Williams and Nathaniel Wales, were appointed agents, to proceed immediately to Philadelphia, to procure said sum of £65,000. £2,000 was voted to be paid to N. Shaw, to purchase gun powder. £100 was voted for Capt. Niles, of the schooner Spy, to prepare the vessel and pay his


In Session, September, 14. (Six of the Council present.) A letter from Gen. Washington, requiring peremptorily and uncon. ditionally, that all the last raised troops in this colony should be sent to him, at the camp near Boston, was laid before the Council. On this there was great consideration. The troops were much wanted in the colony at their stations in New Haven, New London, and Lyme, to throw up and build works of defence against the British ships that were hovering about the eastern coast of the colony. These but a short time before, had cannonaded Stonington, and threats repeatedly made

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