The side, or parallel branch lines, are as follows: From Troy to Schenectady..

Syracuse to Rochester, via Auburn.

Rochester to Suspension Bridge.
“ Lockport Junction to Tonawanda.

Rochester Junction to Charlotte.
Batavia to Attica
Buffalo to Lewiston.

21 miles. 101 74.75 12.25

7 11 28


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258 miles

Making a grand total of ...

556 miles. Total cost of road and equipment, to 1857

$30,515,815 The length of double track, including sidings, is 311 miles. The weight of rail per lineal yard, on main track, is from 56 to 75 lbs. Average rate of speed adopted by express trains, 29 miles per hour. Rate of fare for firstclass passengers, 2 cents per mile.

This road forms the great line of travel from Boston and New York to Upper Canada and the Western States, connecting with numerous lines of travel running North and South along its line.

DOINGS OF THE YEAR, ENDING SEPTEMBER 30, 1857. Miles. Miles run by passenger trains.

1,836,212 Miles run by freight trains

1,811,109 Aggregate miles run by the passenger cars

6,383,458 The same by luggage, mail, and express cars.

2,415,588 The same by freight cars in passenger trains

3,769,402 Total aggregate miles run by all cars in passenger trains .. 12,568,448 Number of passengers (all classes) carried in cars..

2,609,947 Number of miles traveled by passengers (all classes)

.160,423,541 Number of tons (2,000 lbs.) of freight carried in cars.


Total movement of freight, or No. of tons carried one mile. . 145,873,776 EARNINGS FROM PASSENGER, FREIGHT, AND ALL OTHER SOURCES.

For year ending.



Other sources.



Sept. 30, 1853 $2,829,668 741 $1,835,572 25 $ 122,279 18 $4,787,520 17

1854 3,151,513 89 2,479,820 06 286,999 95 5,918,334 50 1855 3,242,2:29 19 3,189,602 90 131,719 0.5 6,563,581 14 1856 3,207,378 32 4,328,041 36 171,928 50 7,701,318 18 1857 3,147,636 86 4,559,275 88 320,338 67 8,027,251 41

1858 Total increase for 4 years..

$317,968 12' $2,723,703 63 $198,059 491 $3,239,731 24


Erastus Corning, President, Albany.
Dean Richmond, Vice-President. Buffalo.
John V. L. Pruyn, Counsel and President, pro tem., Albany.
Gilbert L. Wilson, Treasurer and Secretary, Albany.
Chauncey Vibbard, General Superintendent, Albany.
George E. Gray, Chief Engineer, Albany.
N. Chamberlin, Agent, 207 Broadway, New York City.

New York and Erie Railroad Company.-Office, Erie Place, foot of

Duane Street, New York. This Company was incorporated April 24, 1832, with a capital of $10,000,000. Shares 100 dollars each. It extends from Jersey City, op. posite the city of New York, to Dunkirk, situated on Lake Erie, 40 miles south of Buffalo. It is 460 miles in length, with a branch road from Chester to Newburgh, Orange County, 19 miles in length, and a branch terminus at Piermont, 24 miles north of New York, 18 miles in length--making a total of 502 miles, broad guage. In addition to the through travel, from the city of New York westward, it commands the travel and business of a large section of country bordering on the States of New York and Pennsylvanii, making it one of the most important thoroughfares in the Union. The total cost of this road, equipments, etc., to September 30, 1857, amounted to $39,081,468. It was finished in May, 1851, and runs through the counties of Rockland, Orange, (part of Pennsylvania), Sullivan, Delaware, Broome, Tioga, Chemung, Steuben, Allegany, Cattaraugus, and Chautauque to Lake Erie, thus uniting, by one direct route, the Atlantic with the great lakes of America-passing through a section of country justly celebrated for its grand and picturesque beauties. Its connections are numerous and important, affording facilities for almost any required amount of transportation.

The New York and Erie Railroad forms one of the four great lines of road, reaching from the sea-board to the great lakes and the Ohio River. The Pennsylvania Railroad, and Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, as well as the New York Central Railroad all being competing lines of travel, connecting with a system of railroads traversing the valley of the Mississippi, from the lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. Charles Moran, President, New York. Nathaniel Marsh, Secretary.

Herman Gelpoke, Treasurer. H. Riddle, Superintendent, Port Jervis, N. Y.

J. A. Hart, Superintendent, Hornellsville, N. Y. New York and Harlem Railroad.–Office, 4th Avenue, cor. 26th Street.

Incorporated April 25, 1831, since amended by Acts of the Legislature. This road extends from the city of New York to Chatham Four Corners, Columbia County, a distance of 1303 miles, running through Westchester, Putnam, and Dutchess counties into Columbia County, where it unites with the Albany and West Stockbridge Railroad, 22 miles distant from East Albany. The present paid capital is $5,717,100, and can be increased to $8,000,000. Cost of construction, $10,128,765

This road forms a through line of travel from the city of New York to Albany and Troy, and in connection with other roads a through line of travel to Montreal and Quebec.

Allan Campbell, President. William C. Wetmore, Vice-President. Wm. H. Emerson, Secretary. William A. Whitehead, Treasurer.

William J. Campbell, Superintendent, New York. New York and New Haven Railroad.-Office, No. 1 Hanover Street,

New York Incorporated in 1844, by the Legislature of the State of Connecticut, and in May, 1846, the Legislature of the State of New York gave permission to this company to extend their road into the State and to the city of New York. The road proper is 624 miles in length, extending from the city of New Haven to the Bronx River, near Williams' Bridge, 14 miles from the city of New York. At Williams' Bridge, this road forms a junction with the New York and Harlem Railroad track, over which the cars run to the depôt on the Fourth Avenue in New York, under a permanent agreement with the above company. The whole distancetraversed by the cars is 76 miles ; 62 miles of this is double track. Length of road in Connecticut, 47 miles, and in the State of New York, 15 miles. At Norwalk, Conn., it connects with the Danbury and Norwalk Railroad; at Bridgeport, with the liousatonic and Naugatuck Railroad; at New Haven, with the Hartford and Springfield Railroad, and the New London Railroad; also, with the Canal Road, extending northerly to Northampton, Mass. This road forms an important link in the great sea-board line of railroads extending from Maine to Georgia - passing through ston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, etc. Capital, $3,000,000; cost of construction, etc., $5,483,221; being upward of $80,000 per mile. J. R. Bulkley, President, New York. William Bement, Treasurer. E. S. Abernethy, Secretary.

James H. Iloyt, Superintendent.

New York City Railroads. SECOND AVENUE RAILROAD, 9 miles in length, extends from Peck Slip to Harlem, running through the Bowery and Grand Street, thence into the Second and First Avenues. Cost, $426,323. Denton Pearsall, President.

Philip C. Rogers, Secretary. THIRD AVENUE RAILROAD, 52 miles in length. Extends from the Park, on Broadway, to 86th Street, running through the Bowery and Third Avenue to Yorkville. Office, Third Avenue, corner Last 61st Street. Cost of construction, etc., $1,170,000.

Wm. A. Darling, President. Amory Edwards, Secretary and Treasurer.

FOURTH AVENUE RAILROAD runs from the Park, on Broadway, to 32d Street. This road is part of the New York and Harlem Railroad, extending north through Westchester County.

Sixth AVENUE RAILROAD, 4 miles in length, extends from Vesey Street, corner of Broadway, to 43d Street, with a branch through Canal Street to Broadway Cost, $823,654. Office, Sixth Avenue, corner of 4th Sireet. Sidney Mason, President.

T. Bailey Myers, Secretary. EIGHTH AVENUE RAILROAD, 4 miles in length, extends from Vesey Street, corner Broadway, to 59th Street. Office, corner Eighth Avenue and 49th Street. Cost, $800,000.

George Law, President. David Palmer, Secretary and Treasurer.
Ninth AVENUE RAILROAD. (Building.)
Oswego and Syracuse Railroad.-Office in the City of Oswego, N. Y.

This Company was incorporated in 1839, with a capital of $500,000; completed in 1848. The road runs from Syracuse, where it forms a junction with the New York Central Railroad, and Syracuse, Binghamton and New York Railroad to the city of Oswego, situated on Lake Ontario. The track extends along the west side of Onondaga Lake, crossing Seneca River near Baldwinsville; from thence it runs north on the west side of Seneca River, to Oswego; forming in part a through line of travel from Lake Ontario tó the cities of Boston and New York. Length of road, 36 miles. Total cost, $741,618. F. T. Carrington, President, Oswego. Luther Wright, Treasurer.

George Skinner, Superintendent, Syracuse. Syracuse, Binghamton and New York Railroad.- Office in Syracuse,

N. Y. Organized under the General Railroad Law in 1848, and completed in October, 1854. This road extends from Syracuse to Binghamton, running

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through the counties of (monlaga, Cortland, and Broome. It connects on the north with the ()sw. go and Syracuse, and New York Central Railroad, at Syracuse; and with the New York and Erie, and Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad on the south; thus förming, in part, a through line of travel from Lake Ontario to the city of New York, and the coal-fields of Pennsylvania. Length, 81 miles, broad guage. Capital paid in, $768,369; cost of construction, $2,600,000. J. M. Schermerhorn, Homer, Pres. E. B. Wicks, Syracuse, Treas.

C. F. Paige, Secretary and Superintendent, Syracuse.

Rochester and Genesee Valley Railroad.-Office in Rochester. Organized in 1852. Capital, $1,000,000. This road was completed from Rochester to Avon, in Livingston County, in August, 1885, a distance of 18 miles, connecting with the Buffalo, New York and Erie Railroad, forming a through route of travel from Rochester to the cities of New York, Philadelplin, etc. From Avon this road is nearly completed to Mount Morris, 18 miles farther, and will extend south toward the Pennsylvania State Line, and connect with the Alleghany Valley Railroad, now building from Pittsburgh northward, forming a through line of travel from Rochester, or Lake Ontario, to the navigable waters of the Olio River at Pittsburgh, a total distance of about 200 miles.

Jas. S. Wadsworth, President, Genesee.

Isaac Hills, Secretary and Treasurer, Rochester. Rensselaer and Saratoga Railroad.-Office in the Union Depôt, Troy,

N. Y Incorporated in 1832, with a capital of $600,000; extends from the city of Troy to the village of Ballston Spa, 25 miles. It crosses the Hudson River at Troy, by means of a substantial bridge, about 1,600 feet long; then crosses several branches of the Mohawk below the village of Waterford. It was finishel and put in operation August, 1835. Total cost to September 30, 18:57, $900,000. This road, in connec ion with the Saratoga and Schenectady, and Saratoga and Whitehall Railroads, forms a through line of travel from Albany and Troy to Saratoga Springs, Whitehall, Rutland, and Montreal, on the north ; also to Boston, on the east.

Edmund Shriver, President, Troy.
Levi II. Tupper, Superintendent, Troy.

Saratoga and Schenectady Railroad --Office in Troy, N. Y. Incorporated in 1831, with a capital of $300,000. Extends from the city of Schenectady to the village of Saratoga Springs, 22 miles Finished in 1832, at a cost of $480.000. This road unites at Schenectady with the New York Central Railroad, and Saratoga Springs with the Saratoga and Whitehall Railroad, forming a through line of travel from Albany and Schenectady to Vermont and Canada. Leased and run by the Rensselaer and Saratoga Railroad Company. Saratoga and Whitehall Railroad Company.-Office in the village of

Saratoga Springs. Chartered in 1834, for 50 years. Capital, $900.000. Shares, $100 each. This road extends from the village of Saratoga springs to Whitehall, at the head of Lake Champlain, there connecting with steamboat navigation. Length, 41 miles. A branch road runs from Whitehall to the New York State Line, 7 miles, connecting with the liUTLAND AND WHITEHALL RAILROAD, of Vermont, extending 7 miles farther to Castleton. The latter road unites with the RutLAND AND WASHINGTON RAILROAD), running from Eagle Bridge to Rutland, Vt., where it intersects the great line of railroads running from Boston to Burlington, Vt.; thus forming, with other roads, a continuous line of travel from Montreal to Boston and New York.

John M. Davison, President and Superintendent, Saratoga Springs.

Troy and Boston Railroad.-Office, Union Depôt, Troy, N. Y. This Company was organized under the General Railroad Law of 1850, with a capital of $1,000,000, of which $531,492 is paid in. The road commences at the Union Depôt, Troy, and runs through the county of Rensselaer, connecting with the Rutland and Washington Railroad at Eagle Bridge, 23 miles north of Troy, and at the State Line, 30 miles, with the Western Vermont Railroad, now forming, in part, a through line of travel to Boston and Montreal, via Rutland, Vt. From Hoosick Falls, eastward, this road will extend into the State of Massachusetts, passing through a tunnel four miles in length, terminating at Greenfield, Mass., a distance of about 100 miles from the city of Troy. It will here connect with a direct line of railroads running to Boston, 200 miles, and also with other railroails running up and down the valley of the Connecticut River. Length of road finished Jan., 1858, 34. miles. Cost of construction, etc., $1,251,282.

D. T. Vail, President, Troy, N. Y.
Isaac V. Baker, Superintendent, Troy.

Northern (Ogdensburgh) Railroad. This road was incorporated May, 1845, with a capital of $2,000,000. It extends from Ogdensburgh, situated on the St. Lawrence River, to Rouse's Point, at the foot of Lake Champlain, and is 118 miles in length, running through the counties of St. Lawrence, Franklin and Clinton. This road runs through a fertile section of country, and connects at Mooers Junction with the Plattsburgh and Montreal Railroad, and at Rouse's Point with the Champlain and St. Lawrence Railroad, running to Montreal, and with the Vermont and Canada Railroad, forming, in connection with other roads, a through line of travel to the cities of Boston and New York. Cost of construction, etc., $4,734,208.

Wm. A. Wheeler, President, Boston, Mass.
Geo. V. Hoyle, Superintendent, Ogdensburgh.

S. C. F. Thorndike, Treasurer, Malone, N. Y. Plattsburgh and Montreal Railroad.-Office in Plattsburgh, N. Y. This road, in connection with the Montreal and New York Railroad, of Canada, forms a through line of travel from Montreal to Plattsburgh, etc. Distance from Plattsburgh to Canada line, 23 miles; total distance to Caughnawaga, Can., 52 miles. The line of travel is continued by means of a furry across the St. Lawrence River to Lachine, and thence to Montreal, a total distance of 62 miles. At Mooers, in Clinton County, N. Y., a junction is formed with the Northern or Ogdensburgh Railroad. This road forms in part a through line of travel from Montreal to New York, etc.

M. K. Platt, Lessee, Plattsburgh, N. Y.

F E. Parker, Superintendent, Plattsburgh. Potsdam and Watertown Railroad.-Office in Watertown, N. Y. This road extends from Watertown, Jefferson County, and runs in a northerly direction to Potsdam Junction, St. Lawrence County, connecting

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