without referring to any special treatise on Projection. The ordinary pseudo-perspective diagrams usually given in books on Conics are I think unsatisfactory, and the method of referring the solid to two rectangular planes seems to me in every way preferable. When the mental conception of a plan and elevation is once thoroughly realised the student is well repaid by the exactness with which he is able to lay down on paper any point or line on the surface of the


The later chapters cannot be read without some knowledge of trigonometry, but the practice of translating a trigonometrical expression into something which can be represented to the eye is a valuable one, and the hints given in the chapter on the Graphic Solution of Equations will I trust be found useful.

My warmest thanks are due to my friend and colleague Professor Minchin for much valuable advice and assistance most freely and readily given: without his help the book would have been much less complete than it is, whatever its imperfections may be found to be.

It would be too much to hope that a work of this character should have been compiled and gone through the press without some errors creeping in. I hope they are not more numerous than from the nature of the case may be considered unavoidable, and I shall be thankful for any such being brought to my notice.

Oct. 1885.


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To describe a circle to pass through a given point and to touch

two given lines

To describe a circle to touch three given lines

To describe a circle to touch a given circle and a given straight
line in a given point.




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