« ForrigeFortsett »
♡ As we have been speaking on the sub “ If these were solitary instances of ima ject of the patronage oj livings, it may be proper proceedings in church matters, it worth while still further to observe, thai the would not be worth while to notice them in bishop of
enjoys very considerable pri- this manner, but, alas! they are only'specivileges of this nature, which have, on a late mens of what is by no means uncommon, occasion, been shamefully abused. Not less where valuable livings are concerned. Oh! than 130 presentations belong to him! A were the business of private patronage and certain episcopal gentleman of that diocese, presentation thoroughly investigated, and laid knowing the extensive emoluments he was before the public, the picture would be high: likely to be possessed of in this way, brought ly disgusting to every serious mind, and call his son up to the church; and, when he for reformation with a tone not easy to be came of proper age, bestowed first one living resisted." upon him, and then another, as they became vacant, to a very considerable amount, which In the second appendix the author as, this son enjoys at this day. He is now one signs the reasons which havę indụced him of our dignified clergymen, and in possession of to form a determination to relinquish his a very unreasonable number of valuable pre- situation in the church, ferments, to most of which he pays extremely ļittle personal attention. He takes care, " After what has been said in the forehowever, to secure the fleece, the devil may going papers, I do not see how I can, either take the flock." John x. 1–18.
in honour or conscience, continue to offici“ Another son of Aaron, in a neighbour- ate any longer as a minister of the gospel in įng district which might be named, possesses the establishment of my native country. It preferments in the church, by the procure- appears to me, in my coolest and most conment of his episcopal father, to the amount siderate monients, to be, with all its excel. of 2000 pounds a year. He has for a long lencies, a main branch of the anti-christian season been extremely attentive to his tithes; system. It is a strange mixture, as has been but hardly ever man paid less attention to already observed, of what is secular and what the salvation of the souls
of his people, and is spiritual: and I strongly suspect the day the sacred duties of his office. Seldom, in- is at no yery great distance when the whole deed, does he appear among the former, less fabric shall tumble into ruins, and the pure frequently still does he attend the proper du- and immortal religion of the Son of God ties of the latter. Fifty or sixty pounds a rise more bright, lovely, and glorious from year he reluctantly, pays to a journeyman its subversion. The several warnings of the parson to supply his own lack of servicq; sacred oracles seem to be of vast importance, but like master like man, they are a misera- and necessary to be observed. Flee out ble couple together; the one is penurious, of the midst of Babylon, and deliver erery the other dissoluic. What must the condi- man his soul; be noi cut off in her iniquity, tion of the flock be, under the care of two for this is the day of the Lord's vengeance; such wretched shepherds?
he will reuder unto her a recompenee." Jer. “I will mention a third curious instance of li. 6.' “We would have healed Babylon, but clerical sagacity. A certain rectory, not fifty she is not healed ; forsake her, and let us go miles from this place, is said to be of the ya every one unto his own country." Ibid. li. 9. lue of near 2000 pounds a year.
A kind " When ye shall see the abomination of deyoung lady, whose friends haşe sufficient in- solation, spoken of by Daniel, the prophet, trest with the patron, falls in love with a stand in the holy place, then let them wicked, swearing, dashing officer in the which be in Judea flee to the mountains." ariny, and marries him. That a comfortable Mart. xxiv. i5, i6. These are only remaintenance may be secured for the happy notely applicable to the business in hand. pair, it is agreed, that the gentleman shall The following is more directly so : “I heard change the colour of his clothes, apply him- a voice from heaven, saying, Come out of self to the attainment of a smartering of Latin her, my people, that ye be not partakers of and Greek, and admit himself a member of one ber sins, and chat ye receive not of her of our famous universities. There he actually plagues." Rev. xviii. 4, now is, qualifying himself to take possession " In obedience to these injunctions, and of the bouncing ke nefice. The incuinbent be- under a strong disapprobation of the several in : dead, a pliabile parson is put in for a time anti-christian circumstances of our own estaas a locum tenens. And when the quondam bļished church, ruÉ GENERAL DOCTRINES OF ollicer bas attained his proper credentials, which! VERY MUCH APPROVE AND ADMIRE, ruis woệthy Le vite must resign all
his far rig's I now, therefore, withdraw, and renounce a siin favour of this son of Mars. The white- iuation which, in some respects, has been exz washed officer will then come forward, and iremely eligible. I cast myself again upon declare in the face of God and man, with a the bosom of a gracious Providence, which lie in his mouth, that he trusis he is · has provided for me all my life long. Hithers mored by the lluty Ghosto preach the 10, I must say, the Lord hath helped me.
have neve; wanted any inanner of thing that
has been necessary to my comfort, and die in the same faith, and to find them the though I neither know what to do, nor whi- power of God unto the salvation of my own ther to go, yet
soul in eternal glory by Christ Jesus. I “ The world is all before me, where to
mean to preach the same doctrines, the Lord choose
being my helper, during the whole remain“ My place of rest, and Providence my
der of my life, wheresoever ny lot may be guide."
cast. I am not weary of the work of the
sacred ministry. I have, indeed, often been “ This extraordinary step the sacred dic. weary in it, but never of it. I pray God my tates of conscience com pel me to take. I am spiritual yigour, life and power, and love, truly sorry for it. To' me few trials were and usefulness, may abound more and more ever equal. I have loved the people among to the end of my christian warfare. whom I have so long lived and laboured ; “ Awake, my dormant zeal! for ever and I have every reason to be satisfied with Aame, their conduct towards me. Neither hath “ With gen'rous ardours for immortal the Great Head of the church left us without souls; seals to our ministry. The appearance of “ And may my head, and tongue, and fruit, at times, has been large ; and there are heart, and all, some, no doubt, among the people of our “ Spend and be spent in service șo charge, who will be our joy and crown in divine." the great day of our Redeemer's coming. My friends must consider me as called away
Concerning the validity of these rea. by an imperious providence; and, I trust, sons, it is not our province to judge; to they will be provided with a successor more different minds they will inevitably carry than equal, in every respect, to their late af- different degrees of conviction.' That fectionate pastor. I think it necessary to man, however, must ever be the object say, in this place, that the doctrines I have of our applause, who, in the important preached unto them for six and twenty years, concerns of religion, has the courage to 1 still consider as the truths of God. I have follow the dictates of his own conscience; lived in them myself, and found comfort and who suffers no considerations from them. I have faithfully made them known to others, as thousands can bear me worldly interest, of personal ease or witness; we have seen them effectual to the fame, to induce him to resist the call of pulling down the strong holds of sin and duty, and openly to profess what his Batan, in a variety of cases : and I hope to heart condemns,
DOGMATICAL AND CONTROVERSIAL THEOLOGY.
Art. XIX. Eight Discourses on the Connection between the Old and New Testament,
considered as two parts of the same divine Revelation ; and demonstrative of the great Ductrine of Aronement, accompanied avith a preliminary Discourse, respectfully addressed to ibe younger Clergy : containing some Remarks on the late Professor CAMPBELL'S Ecclesiastical History. By the Rev. CHARLES DAUBENY, LL. B. Fellow of Winchester College, Minister of Christ's Church, Bath, and Author of " A Guide to the Church." Svo. pp. 481.
THE preliminary discourse occupies upon accordingly. The first is, that natural Tiearly a third part of the whole volume, religion constitutes the basis of revelation ; and may be considered as embracing the second, that the Jewish dispensation had two objects; the one, a refutation of relation only to temporul objects, it is more
to be wondered at that positions, demonthose who maintain the existence of na
strably false in themselves, should originally tural religion, and of those who deny that receive the sanction of the first literary abilithe revelation of a future life made any ties; than that, on the ground of such sancpart of the dispensation by Moses, the tion, they should continue to pass current other, a defence of the episcopalian form in the world, But a very moderate exercise of church government,' against the at- of the intellectual powers will be sufficient tacks which are made upon it in the lec. to convince us, that no authority, however tures of the late Professor Campbell.
respectable, van establish positions which
have neither reason nor revelation to support “ By attending to the writings and dis- them. courses of many, otherwise well-informed, “ In fact, from the commencement of disines, we shall find two points, generally revelation in Paradise, one revelation has speaking, taken for granted ; and argued succeeded to another, and one degree of spi
ritual information has been, as it were, built tury. It was then revived, and considered on that which preceded it, as the circum as a new discovery by one Clarkson, under stances of mankind from time to time re the bold title of “ No Scripture Evidence quired, and the accomplishment of the gra- for Diocesan Bishops ;" which speedily drew . cious object the Deity had in view in com after it a complete answer from Dr. Maurice, municating divine knowledge to the world, in his admirable defence of Diocesan Epis: rendered necessary.”
copacy, which again laid the subject to rest
for some time. This same subject, thus (if Concerning the notion which divines we may so say) repeatedly nonsuited, was have generally adopted of the ignorance again brought to trial about the beginning of of the Jews respecting a future ļife, the last century, under the title of “ An Mr. D. observes,
Enquiry into the Constitution, Discipline, « The second position, which frequently Church, within the first Three Hundred
Unity, and Worship, of the Primitive presents itself to notice in modern sermons; Years after Christ." Having attended to the and which proves that the Old Testament is less understood than it formerly was, re
progress of this controversy, and particularly spects the spiritual blindness and ignorance marked the ground on which from time ta of the Jewish nation. When the subject of time it has been placed, I have no difficulty the Jewish dispensation is introduced into in tracing the road in which the Professor
has travelled ; and there is little doubt on sermons, the hearers are generally given to understand, that the Jews lived under a
my mind, that the publication last-mentemporal covenant; that consequently
, they before him, when he put together that part
tioned was the one which the Professor had the land of Canaan; and that the doctrine of of his lectures which is now more immedià future state, if revealed at all, was so
ately under consideration : because the same faintly revealed under the law, as to make arrangement of argument and proof; the little or no impression on the public mind. same mutilation of extract ; the same want This notion has frequently led to a false com- of appeal to that evidence which the Scripparison between the Jewish and Christian tures are competent to fuļnish, together with dispensations; calculated to prevent a pro with in the publications of both writers ; a
the same turn of expression, are to be met per judgment being formed of either."
circumstance not to be accounted for but on This notion, therefore, he attempts to the supposition of one having copied from refute ; but his arguments, chiefly bor
the other. Indeed the chief marks by which rowed from what he supposes the typical be distinguished from that of most
the publication of the Professor appears to nature of the Jewish religion, will be vocates in the same cause, are that unqualifound, we apprehend, insufficient to fied boldness of assertion, and peremptorioverthrow the elaborate reasoning of ness of decision, which certainly prove, not sound divines who have appeared on so much the truth of a cause, as the confia the other side of this much-agitated dence of its supporter, question.
“ Now, if Dr. Campbell did not know Mr. Daubeny next advances to the that the publication above mentioned, entiattack of the Presbyterian Professor ; in the Primitive Church,” &c. from which it
tled " An Enquiry into the Constitution of which we think he discovers more of boldness than of skill. Through the had been so completely answered by the aus
is here presumed, that he closely copied ; whole of this necessarily irregular de- thor of “An original Draught of the Prifence of episcopacy we cannot pretend mitive Church ;" as to bring over the into accompany him; especially as we quirer to that author's opinion; he was cerhave not the Professor's work at hand. tainly not fully qualified to read lectures on We shall, however, select one passage, ecclesiastical history ; because, having taken which will shew the author's opinion of but a partial view of the point on which the the lecturer; and at the same time con posed to turn, his history of church matters
government of the Christian church is supvey some literary information that may must be considered rather as the history of not be generally known.
his own prejudices, than a detail of authen“ The turbulent Cartwright, in Queen ticated facts. On the other hand, if the Elizabeth's days, was the first who wrote a Doctor had made himself acquainted with book to prove the very position that has per the answers which have been repeatedly cupied so many pages of Dr. Campbell's his- given to the positions which he has sa con. tory, namely, that primitive churches, with fidently produced ; which, in such case he their bishops, were parishes only; and that must have known, completely overturned each city contained but one parochial con- the foundation on which he builds on this gregation. A full and learned answer to this occasion; by withholding iuformation so Book, which soon followed its publication, necessary to qualify his pupils to form an laid this controversy to rest for about a cen impartial judgment on the subject before
them, he was acting that disingenuous part been understood; because it was written in which is not to be reconciled with the cha- that language to which the world had been racter of an honest man. Indeed it should long accustomed; which was, in fact, as seem (and we are very sorry that such an im- old as Adam ; that language of signs, shaputation should even seem to appear to lie dows, and figures, of visible things, of which against Dr. Campbell) that the Professor, hav- God had been pleased to make use, in the ing long since made up his own mind to the communication of the divine scheme of represbyterian standard, determined either not demption to man. For sacrifice, as the type to meet this subject fairly; or having pri- of the Lamb of God slain from the foundasately met it, thought it most adviseable in tion of the world, had been in use from the his public lectures to pass over such a cir- beginning: and there was scarce a ceremony cumstance unnoticed. According to which in the Mosaic ritual, which is not to be plan of proceeding, controversy must be traced to an higher origin: and although, as endless : we have but to adopt the motto of it was to be expected, when we consider the pride and self-sufficiency, “'Non persuade- length of time from Adam to Moses, corrupbis, etiamsi persuaseris;" and we'may dis- tion and abuse might have rendered some pute the ground without an inch being additions necessary to be made to the original gained on either side from generation to ge- established ritual of religion: still the object peration."
of every appointed ritual, whether in a more
simple or complicated state, being to preserve This passage contains a very heavy a representative memorial of that covenanted charge, which Dr. Campbell's friends, redemption, to which fallen man was to if they have it in their power, will deem look for salvation ; it follows, that the scre themselves bound to repel.
vice of the church was for sum and sube We now proceed to the eight dis- stance the same from Adam to Christ : and courses which form the main object of if that service of the church from Adam ta this work. The three first are from the not be different; for the service compre
Christ was the same, the doctrine of it cansame words, Heb. xlii. 8,
hended the doctrine, and was designed to Christ, the same yesterday, to-day, and preserve it. Hence it is, that with reference for ever." In these it is Mr. Daubeny's to his religion it may be said, “ Jesus Christ design to prove, that the subject of re- is the same yesterday, to-day, and for ever.” relation has been uniformly the same ; that salvation by Christ was pointed out tree of life in the garden of Eden was
In conformity with these notions, the by the mystic representation in Para- the emblem and pledge of eternal hapdise; was the doctrine inculcated upon piness; and Adam was driven out from the antediluvian world, and a leading the earthly Paradise, because that free feature in the Jewish dispensation.
communication with the tree of life, “ To this end the types exhibited under which as an innocent creature he enjoy. the patriarchal and Jewish dispensation were ed, had been forfeited by transgression, designed to minister. They were pictures and the only remaining access to what drawn by the hand of a master, delineative that tree represented was through the of some future original : patterns or shadows, sketched with a greater or less degree office of a promised redeemer ; p. 294, of precision, of some future reality; calou- 296. The cherubim set up at the east of lated to prepare and predispose the parties, the garden of Eden, Gen. iii. 24 ; and for whose use they were appointed, 'for the afterwards made to be placed in the acknowledgment of the object to which they Holy of Holies, were designed as an referred. And as their principal reference emblematic representation of the cove. was to the character and office of that Divine Person who was to be the true propitiatory
grace entered into by the three sacrifice for sin, that " Lamb of God with great ones in the godhead; p. 300. The out spot or blemish,” who was to be mani bondage of God's chosen people in fested in the last days; a proper acquaintance Egypt was an emblem of the state of with them will be found to furnish an evi- fallen man; and their delivery from the dence, in support of the uniform doctrine of destroying angel through the sprinkling Christianity, as strong as prophecy, which of the blood of the paschal lamb, was a relates chiefly to the fortunes of Christ's type of the deliverance of the redeemed church in the world, can furnish, in sup- from the bondage of sin and Satan by port of its divine establishment. For type Jesus Christ; of which great event the and prophecy, however the nature of their ritual service of the law was designed to evidence may differ, are in this respect agreed; that the testimony of Jesus is the furnish a more circumstantial represenspirit of both."
tation, p. 349, 350. The tabernacle, “ 'The law of Moses then had its appro- and afterwards the temple, were types priate signification: and it ought to have of Christ, p. 474. The year of jubilee
had a reference to the spiritual redemp- Hence it is, that justice is emblematically tion which was, in the fulness of time, represented with a pair of equal scales in her to be effected by our great Redeemer; hand, to signify that the essence of justice p. 350 : and the law is the gospel typi consists in an equal distribution. fied and foretold, p. 200.
“ The object of the covenant entered into If there be any to whom this mode by the Divine Persons in the Godhead was, of interpretation does not appear satis- by which the rewards of a just God were to,
to restore to its proper standard, the scale factory; let them await with patience be measured out to his reasonable creatures, the irresistible evidence which is soon to The fall had rendered man's payment so be afforded : for Mr. D. assures short of the divine demand, and thereby inthat,
clined the scale so much against him, that “ The time is coming, when a review of thrown in, to bring it back to its just equie
it required an extraordinary weight to be all those parts of revelation which relate to
librium. the office of the promised Messiah in the Old
“ That Divine Person who undertook to Testament, compared with the acts of Jesus do this for man, was, therefore, distinguish. recorded in the New, will prove, to the con- ed by the title of the “ Lord our Justifier :" fusion of every species of infidelity, that in
“THE JUST ONE," or “the Giver of Justice." Christ they have all been punctually fulfil... led: when, in consequence of the veil of type We have often been surprised at the and prophecy, which for wise reasons has accurate acquaintance which some dibeen thrown over the scriptures, being, removed, it will be clearly seen, that ever since
vines seem to possess of the very thoughts the church had a being in the world, Christ
and purposes of the arch-deceiver. Mr, was the teacher of it, and the object of faith Daubeny appears peculiarly knowing in to its members; and that on this account he this subject ; and from the following is called “ the same yesterday, to-day, and curious passage, might be thought to for ever." That, in fact, he is the sum and have assisted at the councils in Pandæ. substance of both Testaments; which do monium, not differ from each other with regard to him, considered as the principal subject of
« Such is the account of man's original both, but with regard to the manner of his condition, prior to, and immediately subsebeing exhibited under cach. Under the Old quent to the Fall; as it is to be collected Testament, by sacraments and visible signs from the pages of divine revelation. The which pointed to him as yet to come ; under devil
, in consequence of rebellion, had lost the New Testament, by such as comme
his first estate; and was left without any morate and declare him already coine."
hope of its recovery. His sin, in considera
tion of his exalted nature, it is presumed, The fourth, fifth, and sixth discourses was of that aggravated kind as to preclude relate more immediately to the character all idea of pardon. The devil, therefore, and office of Christ. The text which found no redeemer, Thus circumstanced, Mr. Daubeny has selected for illustra- his malice and envy were exerted against tion in these is 1 Cor. i. 30, “ Who of God's newly-favoured creature, with the God is made unto us wisdom and righ- Having therefore succeeded against Adam in
view of frustrating the design of his creation. teousness, and sanctification and re
drawing away his allegiance from his Maker, demption."
he triumphed in the thought, that he had It is not in our power to follow our
rendered his condition equally desperate with author through the whole of his expla- his own. To the justice of God, under nation; but we can afford the reader a which he was suffering, he found himself specimen of his judgment and talents as unable to make any satisfaction; he flattered a theologian, which cannot fail to excite himself therefore that his rival creature man,
whom he considered less able to do it, was the highest admiration. Having explained how Christ was made wisdom, rendered at least as miserable as himself. Mr. D. proceeds;
“ But the event of the devil's malice hav,
ing been foreseen, a remedy had, in the wis“ But Jesus Christ is not only made unto dom of the divine councils, been prepared us wisdom, that is, he is not only the anthor against the effects of it. According io an of all true wisdom ; but he is also made unto eternal purpose, the great mystery of godlius rigbteousness, in the proper
. sense of that ness, settled before the foundation of the expression; to the end," that every one dis- world, had for its object, to counteract the posed to glory, "might glory in the Lord." evil the devil should work; by providing for With reference to this part of our Saviour's the recovery of God's fallen creature. It office, one of the names, by which he was had been graciously determined, that man distinguished in the Old Testament, was should be delivered from his bondage under that of the JUST ONE. The idea is taken Sin and Satan; and restorel on certain cone from the equality of scales and weights, ditions to his forfejled inheritance,