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“For the accomplishment of this gracious few quotations in proof of this, Mr. D. purpose, one of the three persons in the passes on to the vindication of those Godhead took on himself the office of Re- public schools in which this important deemer;

that in that character he might pay fact is so successfully taught. down the ransom necessary on the occasion. “ We were redeemed (says the apostle) with

The eigbıb discourse, from Heb. xii. 1, the precious blood of Christ

, as of a lamb consists chiefly of a recapitulation of the without blemish and without spot; who preceding seven. verily was fore-ordained before the founda It was not to be expected that in such con of the world (1 Pet. i. 18;) according to a work as this, unitarians would escape the divine purpose and grace which was the animadversion of the reverend augiven us in Christ Jesus, before the world thor. They have accordingly their due began," 2 Tim. ii. 9. * The devil thinking, it is presumed, dern infidel of an eccentric kind;” and

share of abuse. Dr. Priestley is “a mo. that as justice must be unchangeable, and cannot acquit without adequate satisfaction all whose creed bears any resemblance being made to it; and that satisfaction must to his, are“ proud, deluded, ignorant be proportionate to the condition of the believers in a lie," &c. &c. 'e had party against whom the sin has been com- hoped that Mr. Daubeny would have mitted; knowing at the same time that God paid some attention to their arguments, was an infinite being, and that Adam was far which we know do produce some effect from being such; consequently that no satis- upon unguarded minds; a task for faction in this case could be inade; his con- which Mr. Daubeny seems admirably clusion, it is probable, might be, that the qualified, by his prodigious knowledge medy; and that therefore he had prevailed of types and figures, his vast acquaintagainst God, in becoming instrumental to

ance with the counsels both of heaven the ruin of his new creation. But the devil and of hell, and his critical skill in the was permitted thus far to triumph, in order Hebrew language, which has enabled that the inexhaustible riches of divine grace, him to inform his readers that 717) sig. wisdom, and power, might be more fully nifies soap. But though he has disdained manifested, in the perfect recovery of fallen to employ argument, he has not reman; and the final overthrow of that spiri- frained from invective and misrepresen, tual enemy who had prevailed against him.

tation. The ever adorable mystery of God manifest in the flesh, removed all those insuperable “ The unitarian of the present day (as he difficulties which the sanguine thoughts of is commonly, though improperly, distinthe devil had thrown in the way of man's guished), is, in a great measure, what the recovery to his lost estate. For, according to blind unconverted Jew was in St. Paul's day this mystery of godliness, satisfaction was He believes in one God. So likewise did made by the same nature that had trans- the Jew. He has a zeal for God, but not gressed, and that satisfaction was full and according to knowledge. Siinilar to this was adequate to the purpose, becanse the person the record which St. Paul bare to the reliwho made it, was God as well as inan: and gious character of his countrymen; Rom. x. though the Godhead cannot die, yet that 2. The unitarian, upon the ground of a person, in whom we are told the fulness supposed moral perfection, goes about to of the Godhead dwelt bodily;" actually did establish his own righteousness; and cannot die; and by that death, in the character of submit himself to the righteousness of God, the second Adam, recovered what had been Such was precisely the case with the unbeJost by the first,"

lieving Jew." All this may appear very well as part In this very accurate comparison, Mr. of the machinery of an'epic poem ; but Daubeny has neglected to remind his is entirely out of its proper place in a readers of one very trifling difference work from which imagination ought to between the two characters: the one, be carefully excluded.

professing to receive Jesus as the pro. The seventh discourse is from these mised Messiah, and reverently acknow. words, “ The wages of sin is de:uth; but ledging his authority to reveal the will the gift of God is eternal life through of God; the other, considering him as Jesus Christ our Lord,” Rom. vi. 23. an impostor, coming in his own name, The principal subject of this discourse is and deceiving the people! The scripthe vicarious atonement for sin. A note is tures seem to lay some stress upon the subjoined for the purpose of shewing, virtues of honesty and charity; and af. that the notion of such an atonement ford us some good ground to believė, prevailed among the heathens. After a that the want of these cannot be com

pensated even by that faith which could which would enable us to understand all remove mountains; nor that knowledge mysteries.

Art. XX. Remarks on the Doctrines of Justification by Faith, in a Letter to the Rev.

JOHN OVERTON, A. B. Author of a Work entitled, The true Churchman ascertained.''

By EdwaRD PEARSON, B. D. Rector of Rempstone, Nottinghamshire. 8vo. Pp. 38. ART. XXI. Remarks on the Controversy suvsisting, or supposed to subsist, between the

Arminian and Calvinistic Ministers of the Church of England; in a Second Letter to the Rev. John OVERTON, Ece By E. Pearson, &c. 8vo. pp. 102.

THE work which is the subject of catechism; in her forms of prayer to be the remarks contained in these two let. used at sea; and in the office of the via ters, has been some time before the pub- sitation of the sick, beginning with these lic; and, as might have been foreseen, words, “ Our Lord Jesus Christ, who has occasioned much inquiry and de- hath left power to his church to absolve bate; one party, which is daily receive all sinners who truly repent and believe in ing reinforcements not only from the him," &c.; expressly declares, that relaity, but also from the younger clergy, pentance and faith, not faith only, are the considering it as an unanswerable de conditions of forgiveness, and of being fence of the calvinistic interpretation of placed in a state of favour with God, the articles of the church ; the other, Surely then, he observes, it is not cor, feeling no small degree of well-founded rect to say, that the church considers apprehension, lest the interests of the faith alone as the condition, and conse, church should suffer by the consequences quently not correct to assert that she is which the prevalence of Calvinism calvinistic. amongst her ministers does inevitably As it is not our intention to enter into produce. This controversy appears to the merits of this controversy, which, as us to render all the external danger, Mr. Pearson justly says, “ is not a new which our religious establishment has one,” though it appears to us now to been accustomed to fear, comparatively wear a more formidable aspect; we insignificant, and to make those her must refer our readers to the tracts enemies who are of her own household.' themselves; observing only, that they When men can once desert their parish evince much accuracy

of discrimination, church for the purpose of following a and a spirit highly becoming the au, calvinistic or evangelical preacher, an- thor's profession. other step will lead them to the conven Both Mr. Pearson and Mr. Overton ticle; for the discipline of the church are zealous churchmen, and consider they have no longer any reverence or even the least deviation from what the regard, and upon the death or removal church prescribes, either in doctrine or of a favourite minister, they are ready discipline, as encouraging, if not actue to join a society of dissenters already ally constituting, the “ heinous sin of formed, or to create one themselves. schism." Yet how is this sin to be They who are usually styled evangelical avoided? “ We,” says Mr. Overton, ministers may not be aware of this, but “are the true churchmen, and Mr. Dausuch indisputably is the tendency of beny and his associates are dissenters their doctrine. One instance of this na- from the church of England ;” i. e. ture has already occurred. But to pro. schismatics; lett: 2d. p. 32. But what ceed to the works now before us.

says Mr. Pearson? « All the schisms Mr. Overton has laboured to prove, which have happened among us, may that according to the doctrine of the justly be referred to the operation of church, faith only, or faith without calvinistic principles;" p. 86. Hence works, is the conditional or instrumental Mr. Overton and his associates, if not cause of justification ; also that “good already schismatics, hold principles works are neither meritorious, nor the which will lead them thither. Now, appointed condition of justification.” which of these guides must a plain man If these positions be admitted, the doc- follow? One of them certainly is wrong; trines of the church are so far calvinis. yet each asserts, that he has the church, tic. But, says Mr. Pearson, the church her articles, and her homilies on his in her homilý on repentance; in her sideMust he follow his own judge

ment? No; that is worse still : for, p. 78, « In the minds and hearts of true says Mr. P. lett. 2d. p. 78, “ if indivi- believers, indeed, it must ever reign as duals are to determine what doctrines the guide of their lives, and the ground are to be taught, and who is to teach of their dearest hopes; but, considered them, what places and times are to be as a church, as a body of men united in appropriated to public worship, and the same faith and worship, we shali what rites and ceremonies are to be ob- probably look for it in vain.” The term served in it, what will soon become of Christianity then, as explained by Mr. Christianity among us?” By which he Pearson, means the church of England; certainly means to insinuate, that Chris- and his inquiry amounts to nothing more tianity would soon be lost. What! does than this: . If the operations of private Christianity depend for its existence judgment were once allowed, what upon observances which Mr. P. allows would become of the church All her were not prescribed by Christ himself? faithful sons will not thank him for this p. 78. Does it rest no longer upon the excess of fear; and many will lament sure word of prophecy, and the testi- that he has thus extenuated, if not re. mony of miracles? The author does moved, the “ heinous sin of schism." Dot affirm this, for he then proceeds,

Art. XXII. The Articles of the Church of England proved not to be Calvinistic : by

Thomas Kipling, D. D. Dean of Peterborough, and late Felloru of St. John's Cola lege, Cambridge. 8vo. pp. 91.

THE temper in which this pamphlet for determining, whether the Liturgy of our is written, is very different from that church is in unison with Calvinism, the which is displayed by the preceding au- very best and most forcible. If the text of thor; but the writer's object is more

a work is unadulterated, and understood in clearly obtained. Dr. Kipling so far for the saine sense throughout by every reader, gets the character which he ought to sus. whether the sentiments contained in it are

the most certain method of discovering, tain as a gentleman and a Christian, as calvinistic or not, is to compare its different to impute to his adversaries falsehood parts with the publications of Calvin. By and evil intentions; but his arguments this method we produce, as it were, that are demonstrative and incontrovertible. very work, the sentiments of which we are His work is divided into three chapters. investigating, to speak for itself ; and render

The first chapter is employed in state all external testimony useless and nugatory. ing the question at issue, and the me

“ Seeing then that the learned have a corthod to be pursued in resolving it.

rect edition of all Calvin's writings, that the

text of our Liturgy is in every one's hands, “ Our calvinistic adversaries have at- and still genuine,

and that there is no distempted to demonstrate, that all the doc- pute among us about the meaning of any trines in Calvin's theory are in perfect corre- passage in it, I shall not, in this present inspondence with the Liturgy of our church. quiry, resort, as our adversaries have done, Their mode of reasoning is this: First, they to other authorities; but for the purpose of have endeavoured to convince their readers resolving this question, Whether is there an by , quotations, partly from Archbishop exact agreement between Calvin's doctrine Usher, Bishop Jewell, Dean Nowell, Proof predestination, and our book of common fessor Whitaker, and Martin Luther, partly prayer? shall closely adhere to the following from the New Annual Register and the Cri- simple plan: First, I shall shew, by extracts tical Review, but mostly from the historians taken from Calvin's writings, what this auStrype, Fuller, Heylin, Burnet, Mosheim, thor's doctrine of predestination is; and se Hurd, Hume, Robertson, and Smollet ; that condly, shall compare, not the whole of our the compilers of our thirty-nine articles were Liturgy (for this would be an endless task), Calvinists in sentiment: 'in the next place but so many and such parts of it, with this presuming, that no one will hereafter con- calvinistic doctrine, as will fully enable every trovert this point, they have inferred from person of candour and judgment to decide, it, that those ARTICLES are calvinistic: and whether this liturgy and this doctrine are in lasuy, have concluded, that, because the perfect harmony with each other." Liturgy of our church must

correspond with its articles, therefore this LITURGY is also

Confining himself to this single doc. calvinistis.

trine of predestination, because “ he be“This external evidence, it must be con lieves that there is not one of Calvin's fessed, is not without force. It is not, how pecularities which may not be comprised even, of all the evidence, which may be had, under this single doctrine," Dr. Kip

ling, in the second chapter, shews, by a and this doctrine are, as it is asserted; considerable number of extracts from in perfect correspondence and harmony the reformer's publications, “ what that with each other;" Every candid and doctrine is."

competent judge, after an attentive peIn the third chapter he“ compares so rusal of these two chapters, must, we many and such parts of our Liturgy conceive, declare, that they are not. with this calvinistic doctrine, as will We do not desire more satisfactory evienable every candid and competent dence. judge to determine, whether our Liturgy Art. XXIII. An Original Letter from a Gentleman to his Friend, giving a short Aco

count of 'a Work, entitled Psa ET CATHOLICA INSTITUTIO, or the necessary Erudition of a Christen Man," set forth in the Reign of King Henry the Eighth ; chiefly intended as a Vindication of Archbishop CranMER from the Charges of Inconsistency and off Arminianism, with particular Reference to the Bishop of Lincoln's Assertions in his Elea ments of Christian Theology. 8vo. Pp. 23.

THIS letter, written by a partisan of bigotted papist when he took part in those who affix a calvinistic interpreta. drawing up the erudition, and a sound tion to the articles of our established protestant when he compiled the artichurch, was not, we learn, originally cles; that in the formér work he was intended to be made public. It is a assisted by those sanguinary monsters pity that any circumstances should have against the reformed, Bonner and Garoccurred to alter the author's former in- diner; and that in the thirty-nine artitention. The subject upon which he cles, the homilies, and Liturgy, he had has undertaken to offer his opinion is the aid of that great luminary of the recurious and interesting, and deserving formation, Mr. John Calvin, &c.: surely of more accurate attention than this Í say, when these things are taken into conwriter seems either willing or able to sideration, we may easily account for the bestow upon it. We suspected from the striking discord between the Érudition first sight of this pamphlet that even the and the Articles.” To prove these title contained an error; and, after things however, not one argument, not much inquiry, our suspicion still re one fact is adduced. mains. The Catholica Institutio was not the same book, we apprehend, as the

Quid dignum tanto feret hic promissor

hiatu ? Necessary Erudition: the former was

“. Parturiunt montes, nascetur ridiculus printed in 1537; the latter in 1543.

mus." This is the account which is given by most of our historians. Collier tells us Our author, no doubt, found asserthat they were two different works : and tion easier than proof; and less diffi. Strype himself does not positively assert culty in making than in fulfilling prothe contrary,

mises. We should be glad to see the · But we object to more than the title subject of this letter undertaken by one page of this pamphlet. “ If we prove," qualified for the task. says the author, “ that Cranmer was a

page

Art. XXIV. Remarks on the Design and Formation of ihe Articles of the Church of Enga

land, intended to illustrate their true Meaning : a Sermon preached before the University of Oxford, at St. Mary's, on Sunday, February 14, 1802. By' WILLIAM Lord Bishop of Bangor. 8vo. pp. 34.

THIS is the second part of a dis- own church exhibited in the thirty-nine course preached before the university of articles. He endeavours to sħew that Oxford in November 1800. In the for- their meaning must be that, and that mer part, the right reverend preacher only, which was intended by the origi offered some remarks upon the origin nal imposers ; that the best means to and utility of creeds; in that now be establish the exact and true sense of fore us, he confines his attention to those them, are to consider the causes which large summaries of faith and religion gave rise to them, as well as the various called confessions, especially that of our circumstances under which they were

Composed; and above all, to compare unite ; and that one main clue to the them with other confessions made by just interpretation of these articles, is a contemporary churches: that the means cautious regard not to ascribe to them of comprehension intended were not any tenet which is not fully expressed ; any general ambiguity or equivocation especially when the language therein of terms, but a prudent forbearance in used, compared with other contempo. all parties not to insist on the full extent rary confessions, is more restricted, and of their opinions in matters not essential the doctrine less explicit. Upon these or fundamental; and in all cases to principles some of the articles are exawave as much as possible tenets which mined and illustrated. might divide, where they wished to

Art. XXV: The Athanasian Creed vindicated and erplained, in three Charges; by the

late W. DÓDWELL, D.D. Archdeacon of Berks, and Rector of Shotlesbrooke, in that County. 12mo. pp. 115.

HAD this posthumous publication, understanding be taught to regard it as instead of being consigned to the printer, an object upon which it may exercise its been buried in the grave of its author; faculties. Unexplained and inexplicable we apprehend that the Christian world let it remain among those mysteries“ at would have sustained no loss, nor the which reason stands aghast, and faith writer's name been less entitled to ho. herself is half-confounded;" and, like nourable remembrance. If the church, the sacred adamantine sphere of the notwithstanding the counsels of some Druids, who have been her brightest ornaments, will keep this creed amidst her formula

" Which mov'd obsequious to the gentlest

touch ries, it were better that the minds of

« Of him, whose breast was pure;" orthodox believers be not disturbed by any attempts to explain it. Let it be let it be reserved to try the spirits, and kept as a proof and an evidence of the to keep without the holy pale every evil great power of faith; but never let the heart of unbelief.

Art. XXVI. The Christian Guide, or an Attempt to explain, in a Series of connected

Discourses, the leading Articles of Christianity: designed principally for the Use of Families and young Persons. By CHARLES PLUMPTRE, M.A. Rector of Long Newton, in the County of Durham. 8vo. pp. 349.

THESE discourses are thirteen in next thing which I shall lay before you, will number, and their nature and design be the nature of the kingdom of Jesus Christ, may be known from the author's own which was given him because of his infinite words:

love in condescending to become man, and

making in his human nature reconciliation “ I have studied as great plainness of lan- for mankind. This will lead me to consider guage as the different subjects treated of the form and constitution of that society would allow. It may be, that some of you upon earth, which Christ called his church, may be startled at the novelty of the plan; in which I shall say a few words respecting but I will

beg the delay of opinion till I shall the appointment and office of the ministers luare made some progress in it; by which which belong to it. I shall shew that, fue time, I trust, I shall so far have opened the the purpose of assisting us in the performunderstanding as to convince all,' that our ance of our duties, we have not only a Sareligion is more than a set of disunited pre- viour interceding for us at the right hand of cepts, and ineffectual points of faith. In God, but a divine helper, ever ready to anorder that you may be apprised of what I in- swer our petitions, and co-operate with our tend to prosecute in my design, I must fore- endeavours. My next subject will be two warn you that I shall begin with considering particulars, essential to our Christian callebe sad efferts of man's disobedience in the ing, without brth which we can never begarden of Eden, which brought death into long to Christ's kingdom, nor receive ghe the world, and rendered human nature unfit benefits of it, which are therefore frequently for heavenly happiness: whence I shall shew and absolutely required of us: nainely, faith sou the nature of that covenant by which and repentance. "The nature of the two saWe were again made capable of salvation, so craments, as they are called, will come next that “as in Adarn we all die, even so in under examination; which will be followed Chriss we shall all be made alive.” The by shewing the inward principle of mind

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