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at Briar Creek...Brave stand of General Elbert...Lincoln is

reinforced and crosses the Savannah..General Prevost

attacks Moultrie, who retreats to Charleston...Siege of

Charleston..Prevost retires without attacking...Lincoln

arrives at Dorchester...Attacks the British at Stono...Is com-

pelled to retreat...General Prevost establishes a post at

Beaufort, and retires to Savannah...Sir Henry Clinton sends

an expedition into the Chesapeake. They enter Elizabeth

River, and destroy the American shipping and stores, and

retire to New-York.

226

CHAP. X. Events of 1779 continued...Sir Henry Clintoni

sends an expedition up the Hudson...Takes Stony Point, and

,

Fort La Fayette...Gallant attack and recapture of Stony

Point, by General Wayne...Surprise of the British garrison

at Powle's Hook...Expedition of Governour Tryon against

the Coast of Connecticut... Destruction of the towns of Fair-

field and Norwalk...Unexampled enormities of the British

army..Tryon is recalled by Sir Henry Clinton... Massachu-

setts expedition against Penobscot...Proceedings of Con-

gress... Report of the Commissioners of Foreign Affairs... De-

cease of Colonel Trumbull... Washington is empowered to

draw on the Treasurer... Instructions to Dr. Franklin...Con-

férence with M. Gerard...His ideas on the prospect of peace.s.

Retaliatory resolutions...Thanks voted to Washington,

Wayne, and other officers... Distribution of money to the

troops of General Wayne.

241

Gilap. XI. Events of 1779 continued... The Count D'Estaing

arrives on the coast of Georgia with the French fleet...Lands

his

army and is joined by General Lincoln before Savan-

Þah..The Siege of Savannah... The Confederate Generals

attempt to storm the works and are repulsed...Count Pu-

laski is mortally wounded... The Siege is raised and the allied

armies retreat...Count D’Estaing sails for the West Indies...

Extraordinary enterprise of Colonel White...Expedition of

Colonel Clarke against Lieutenant Governour Hamilton...

Of Colonel Goose Van Schaick...General Sullivan sent

against the Six Nations...Attacks the Indians and Tories at

Newtown, and suffers them to escape..Lays waste the In-

dian Country, and returns to Head Quarters... Resigns his

commission...Brandt destroys the Minisink Settlements...

PAGE,

Captain M‘Donald captures Freland's Fort...Expedition of

General Williams against the Creeks...Spain declares War

against England...Expedition of the Spanish Governour of

Louisiana, and his recognition of American Independence. 264

CHAP. XII. Events of 1779 continued...Proceedings of Con-

gress...Ultimatum of Negotiations for Peace... Instructions to

the Ministers at foreign Courts...Mr. Jay appointed Minis:

te” to Spain..Mr. Adams to negociate a peace with Great

Bicain...Further emission of Bills of Credit...Lieutenant Co-,

lonel Talbot made a Captain in the Navy...Gold Medal

presented to Major Lee...Mr. Huntington elected Presi

dent...Convention Troops ordered to be fed with Indian

Corn...Chevalier de la Luzerne presents his credentials to

Congress, and is received as Minister from France... Regua

lation of prices...Loans from Spain and Holland...Commu.

nication from the French Minister...Cruize of Captain Paul

Jones...Action between the Bon Homme Richard and Sex

rapis. The Countess of Scarborough surrenders to the Pal:

las...Jones enters the Texel...Remonstrance of the British

Ambassadour, and reply of their High Mightinesses, the

States General.

CHAP. XIII. Events of 1780...Sir Henry Clinton evacuates

Rhode Island, and prepares an expedition to the South

The British fleet arrive at North Edisto, and disembark the

army... Rencontre between the British and American Cai

valry...Sir Henry appears before Charleston... Situation of

General Lincoln...Earl of Caithness wounded in a skir-

mish...Charleston is summoned to surrender, and the sum-

mons rejected... The enemy's batteries are opened...Dan-

gerous situation of Lincoln...Terms of capitulation ofterede

by Lincoln and rejected...Movements of the Cavalry.Sur-

prise of Lieutenant Colonel Washington at Monk's Cor-

ner...Success of Lieutenant Colonel White against a forag:

ing party of the enemy.Disappointment and discomfiture

at Lerew's ferry...Sir Henry again demands the surrender:

of Charleston, which is given up, and Lincoln and his army.

become prisoners of war... Terms of capitulation, and Ame

rican lost...Treachery and punishment of Colonel Hamil-

ton Ballendine...Route and butchery of an American-party

at Waxhaw by Lieutenant Colonel Tarleton...Measures of

PAGE

Sir Henry Clinton to secure the submission of South Caro-

lina...He sails for New-York...Lord Cornwallis succeeds

to the command... Manifestations of revolt against the

Royal Authorities in South Carolina... The Baron de Kalb

and Major General Gates arrive in North Carolina... Two

battalions of militia leave the enemy, and rejoin the Ame-

rican standard...General Gates advances towards Cambden...

Skirmish of Brigadier General Sumpter...Gates and Corn-

wallis meet between Clermont and Cambden...Battle and

defeat of Gates...Losses of the American army...Surprise

and discomfiture of General Sumpter...Retreat of the rem-

nant of the American army to Salisbury and Hillsborough...

Their wretched condition.

296

CHAP. xiv. Events of 1780 continued... Proceedings of Con-

gress, their reply to the communications of the French mi-

nister... Second communication of the French Minister...

Congress resolve to issue a new species of paper bills...

They fix the value of loan certificates... Situation of the

American army at Morristown... Their distresses relieved

by the people of Jersey..Severity of the winter.Lord

Stirling makes an unsuccessful attempt on Staten Island...

Mutiny in the American army...Expedition of the royal

army into Jersey...Destruction committed at Connecticut

Farms...Murder of Mrs. Caldwell... The enemy move to-

wards Springfield—but retire to Elizabeth Town without

an attack... Sir Henry Clinton arrives from Charleston,

sends over reinforcements, and the army a second time

move upon Springfield, which they destroy... Brave conduct

of the American troops... The enemy evacuate New-Jersey,

and return to Staten Island...Arrival of the Count De Ro-

chambeau, and a French fleet at Newport...Joy of the citi-

zens... Washington orders the white and black cockade to

be united...Admiral Graves arrives at New-York with re-

inforcements to the fleet and army... The enemy project

an attack against Rhode Island...General Wayne is de

tached to Bergen Neck... Washington's situation at Orange-

town...his letters to Governour Reed... Treachery of Ar-

nold...Capture, trial and execution of Major Andre, a

British spy...Arnold arrives at New York, and receives the

reward of his treachery.. Makes an insolent address to the

VOL. II.

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Americans... Resolution of Congress in favour of the three

New-York militia men... Proposition of Washington for a

change of prisoners... Congress resolve to erect a monu-

ment to the memory of the Baron de Kalb...Sir Henry

Clinton sends reinforcements to the south... Congress or-

der a Court Martial on General Gates... General Greene

appointed to the command of the south... Death of the Che-

valier de Ternay.

327

Chap. xv. Events of 1780 continued...Sanguinary conduct of

Lord Cornwallis...State of Gates's army...Colonel Mor-

gan arrives at Hillsborough...The British army move from

Cambden...Colonel Davie defeats a foraging party of the

enemy... Destruction of Wahab's house...Unsuccessful at.

tempt of Colonel Clarke against Augusta...Battle of King's

Mountain, and defeat of Ferguson...Cornwallis retreats to-

wards Cambden...General Sum ter forces Tarleton to re-

treat from Blackstock Hill... The American army move

from Hillsborough. .General Greene arrives to take com-

mand of the southern army...General Gates is kindly re-

ceived by the Virginia legislature, and retires to his farm...

Colonel Washington with his cavalry effects the surrender

of a garrison at Rudgely's Farm by stratagem...General

Greene takes a position on the Pedee... Morgan advances

to the Pacolet and Broad Rivers...Leslie arrives at Charles-

ton with reinforcements for Cornwallis, and marches to

Cambden...Half pay for life voted by Congress to their ofli-

cers... Major Lee promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Co-

lonel...is ordered to the south... The Baron de Steuben or-

dered to Virginia...Massachusetts establishes an Academy

of Arts and Sciences... Pennsylvania abolishes slavery...

The torture abolished in France... The inquisition abolish-

ed by the Duke of Modena.

359

CHAP. XVI. Events of 1781...Movements of the army in the

South... Lieutenant Colonel Lee joins the army with his

legion... Lee and Marion surprise the British post of

Georgetown... Cornwallis advances from Cambden...Battle

of the Cowpens, and defeat of Tarleton...Morgan retreats

to the Catav ba...Is there joined by General Greene...Corn-

wallis is prevented from crossing by the sudden rise of the

river...General Davidson opposing his passage, is killed...

PAGE.

Tarleton disperses the militia at Terrants..Greene retreats

to Guilford Court-House, crosses the Yadkin, and is

again saved by the swelling of the river...Greene and Hu-

ger form a junction at Guilford-Court-House... They re-

treat to Virginia across the Dan...Skirmish between Lee's

and Tarleton's horse... Cornwallis moves to Hillsborough...

Greene recrosses the Dan and advances towards the Bri-

tish...Lee disperses a large party of loyalists under Colo-

nel Pyle..His attempts to bring Tarleton to action fail..

The latter retreats to Hillsborough...Cornwallis again

moves in pursuit of Greene, forces Colonel Williams to

retreat..Maneuvres of Lee and his legion...

General Greene

retires across the Haw, and Cornwallis relinquishes the

pursuit...Greene receives a reinforcement...Moves to Guil-

ford Court-House...Battle of Guilford... Defeat of Gene-

ral Greene...Cornwallis retires to Wilmington...

Greene

pursues him as far as Ramsay's mill, where he encamps his

army.

373

CHAP. xvi. Events of 1781 continued...Revolt of the Pennsyl-

vania troops at Morristown...Sir Henry Clinton attempts to

take advantage of the discontents...His agents are deliver-

ed up by the mutineers at Princeton. A committee of Con-

gress meet them at Trenton, and adjust their claims...The

New Jersey line revolt, are reduced to obedience, and their

ringleaders executed... Views of Washington with regard to

the state of the country..Arnold's expedition to Virginia...

He destroys the stores at Richmond, Smithfield, and else-

where, and establishes himself at Portsmouth... Washington

calls

upon the French commanders to cooperate with him

in an expedition against Arnold... The Marquis de la Fay-

ette sent with a detachment to Annapolis...Engagement of

the French and English squadrons off Cape Henry..Admi-

ral D'Estouches retires to Newport...The Marquis de la

Fayette recalled from Annapolis, and ordered to Virgi-

nia..Major General Phillips is sent with a strong detach-

ment to reinforce the British army at Portsmouth, and takes

the command... His marauding excursions up the James Ri-

ver...The Marquis de la Fayette arrives at Richmond, and

is joined by the militia under Baron Steuben...General

Phillips moves with his forces to Petersburg...The Marquis

establishes himself near Richmond....General Greene moves

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