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Knowledge is power
Many are the advantages of learning to write.
You will wonder to recir a Note from me, but the truth is I have
Vom Dearest yosh
Engrared for Barttelt & Newman Young Woman's Companion
too far. Then enter your knife, sloping, on the other side above the slit, about twice the breadth of the quill, and cut away the cradle-piece; then turn the back upwards, and cut down to the end of the cheek or shoulder pieces, and in so doing turn the knife on both sides towards the back. Then place the inside of the end or nib of the pen upon the nail of your left thuinb, holding the quill fast between the fore and middle finger of that hand. To finish the nib, enter the edge of the knife on the back, and near the end thereof, sloping, and in mediately turning the edge. almost downward, cut it off.
TO MAKE THE BEST BLACK INK.
To six quarts of rain water put one pound and a half of fresh blue galls of Aleppo, bruised small; eight ounces of copperas, clean, rocky, and green; eight ouncey of
gum arabic; and two ounces of roch-alum. Let these stand together in a large stone bottle: shake it well once every day, and you will have fine ink in about a month's time: and the older it grows the better it will be for use.
Ingredients for a Quart. One quart of water, four ounces of galls, two ounces' of copperas, and two' ounces of gum, mixed and stirred as above.
To make red Ink. Take three pints of vinegar, and four ounces of ground Brazil wood, simmer them together for half an hour; then put in four ounces of roch-alum; and these three are to simmer together for balf an hour: then strain it through a flannel, and bottle it up, well stopped, for use.
A second Method. Take half a pound of quick lime and two quarts of water; mix them together, and let them stand a day and a night; then pour off the clear water, and put a pound of Brazil wood shavings into it: boil it half away, or till upon trial the red liquor is strong enough to write with; this done, put in two ounces of gum arabic, and one ounce of alum: when these are dissolved, strain of the ink, and keep it for use.
A third Method.
Take a pint of stale beer, two ounces of shavings of Brazil wood, half a quarter of an ounce of cochineal, two ounces of roch-alam; boil them together, pour off the clear liquid, and add thereto an ounce of gum arabic.
To keep Ink from freezing, or growing mouldy. In hard frosty weather ink will be apt to freeze, which, if once it doth, will be good for nothing; for it takes away all its blackness and beauty : to prevent which, if you have not the convenience of keeping it warm, or froin the cold, put a few drops of brandy, or other spirits, into it, and it will not freeze: and to binder it froin growing mouldy, put a little salt therein.
SUPERSCRIPTIONS FOR LETTERS.
To the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
To Archbishops. To bis Grace the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury; or, To the most Reverend Father in God, &c.
To Bishops. To the Right Reverend Father in God, &c.
To Deacons, Archdeacons, 8c. To the Reverend A-BD. D. Dean of W-
To the inferior Clergy. To the Rev. Mr. A-, &c. or, To the Rev. Doctor, &c.
To the great Officers of State. To the Right Honourable R-Lord H, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain. Lord President of the Council. Lord Privy Seal. One of his Majesty's principal Secretaries of State, &c.
To temporal Lords. To his Grace the Duke of, &c. To the most Honourable the Marquis of, &c. To the Right Honourable the Earl of, Sc. To the Right Honourable the Lord Viscount, &c. To the Right Honourable the Lord, &c. • The eldest sons of Dukes, Marquises, and Earls enjoy, by the courtesy of England, the second title belonging to their father: ihus the eldest son of the Duke of Bedford is called Marquis of Tavistock; of the Duke of Grafton, Earl of Euston; of the Earl of Macclesfield, Lord Viscount Parker, &c.; and their daughters are called Ladies, with the