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and Alpes Graiæ, or Penninæ. Aquitanica was made three : Aquitania Prima, Secunda, and Novempopulania. Lugdunensis likewise three: Lugdunensis Prima, Secunda, and Maxima Sequanorum. And Belgica was turned into four : Belgica Prima, Secunda, Germanica Prima, and Secunda. Last of all, about the time of the Emperor Gratian, three more provinces were made out of these : for Lugdunensis Tertia, otherwise called Turonia, was taken out of Lugdunensis Secunda, and Lugdunensis Quarta, or Senonia, out of Lugdunensis Prima, and the new province of Narbonensis Secunda out of the province of Vienna. And about this time, or a little after, Viennensis Secunda, otherwise called Arelatensis, was made a province also.
Some think also that Gallia had once the name of Septem Provinciæ, the Seven Provinces, because it was divided into so many: but De Marca 13 proves this to be a vulgar error; for it never was divided into seven provinces, but sometimes we meet with the distinction of · Gallia and the Five Provinces,' and · Gallia and the Seven Provinces ;' and, in the Notitia of the Empire, the word, seven provinces, is once put for seventeen, which occasioned the mistake. Now the Five Provinces were either nothing but so many parts of the old Gallia Narbonensis, viz. Narbonensis Prima, Secunda, Viennensis, Alpes Maritimæ, and Alpes Graiæ, as Berterius and De Marca and Quesnellus account them; or else the four first of those mentioned with the province of Novempopulania or Aquitania Prima, instead of Alpes Graiæ; which Mr. Pagi 14 shews to be the more probable opinion. So that when the Council of Valence, anno 374, inscribe their Synodical Epistle, Episcopis per Gallias et Quinque Provincias, these Five Provinces are to be understood. As also in Philastrius 15, where he speaks of the Priscillianists, the remains of the Manichees, 'sculking in Spain and the Five Provinces.' The like distinction occurs in the Letter of the Emperor Maximus, to Pope Siricius, and some of Symmachus's Epistles, which De Marca mentions. Afterward we meet with the distinction of Gallia and the Seven Provinces,' which occurs in the
13 De Primat. Lugdun. nn. 66... arum divisio, &c. 68. (ad calc. Oper. pp. 47, seqq.) 15 Hær. 62. [al. 33.] Manich. (ap. Concilium vero Valentinum, &c. Galland. t. 7. p. 490 b.).... Qui et
14 Crit. in Baron. an. 374. nn. 18 Hispania et Quinque Provinciis la.. 20. (t. 1. p. 538.) Quinta Galli. tere dicuntur.
ceses in the
Letters of Pope Zosimus and Boniface, and is thought to owe its name to the Emperor Honorius, who ordered seven provinces to meet in the convention of Arles 16, viz. Narbonensis Prima and Secunda, Viennensis, Alpes Maritimæ, Aquitania, Prima and Secunda, and Novempopulania. These are sometimes distinguished from Gallia by the name of Septem Provinciæ, which occasioned the mistake of those who take Gallia in the largest extent and the Seven Provinces to be the same; whereas it appears, that there were not only seven,
but seventeen or eighteen provinces in it.
The names of the bishoprics in each province, because they occur not in any modern Notitia, I will here subjoin out of Carolus à Sancto Paulo, who has collected them out of the Acts of the ancient Councils.
2. The first of these provinces was that of the Alpes Mari- Of the diotimæ, next to Italy, which had seven dioceses. 1. Ebredunum, province of Ambrun, (or rather Embrun,] made the metropolis of this Alpes Maprovince in the fifth century; for before it was not so, when it was laid to the charge of Armentarius, bishop of this see, that he was ordained without the consent of the metropolitan 17, which had been a frivolous accusation, had he himself then been metropolitan of the province. 2. Dinia, Digne. 3. Nicæa, Nice. 4. Cemelene, Cor Cemelenensis Civitas,] Cimies, which was afterwards united to Nice; for, in the fifth Council of Orleans, Magnus subscribes himself bishop of both churches. Some say it was only six, others thirty miles from Nice. 5. Sanicium, [or Civitas Saniciensium,] Senez. 6. Glandata, [or Civitas Glannatina,] Glandeves, which Baudrand says is now translated to Intervallium, Entrevaux. 7. Ventio, Vence. 3. In the second province, called Alpes Graiæ, or Penninæ, Alpes
Graiæ, or were but three bishoprics. 1. Darantasia, the metropolis, Penninæ. which see is now translated to Monasterium, or Moutiers en Tarantaise. 2. Octodurum, Martenach. 3. Sedunum, Syon
16 [Vid. Car. a Sanct. Paul. ecclesiæ ante omnia mature visum Geogr. Sacr. (p. 126.) Quæ autem est consulendum ....Ordinationem, fuerint hæ septem provinciæ, &c.— quam canones irritam definiunt, nos Ibid. (p. 131.) Sed longe fusius per- quoque evacuandam esse censuimus; fectiusque dignoscitur in Novella in qua prætermissa trium præsentia, Imperatorum Honorii et Theodosii nec expetitis comprovincialium liad Agricolam, &c. Ed.]
teris, metropolitani quoque volun17 Vid. C. Reiens. (al. Regens.) tate neglecta, prorsus nihil, quod c. 2. (t. 3. p. 1285 e.) Ebredunensi episcopum faceret, ostensum est.
en Valez, the bishop of which place is now prince of the city,
as Baudrand 18 informs us. Viennensis, 4. The next province westward was Viennensis, divided into Prima and Secunda.
Prima and Secunda. In the first were six dioceses. 1. Vienna, the metropolis. 2. Geneva. 3. Gratianopolis, Grenoble. 4. Civitas Albensium, or Vivaria, and Alba Augusta, Viviers. 5. Mauriana, St. Jean de Maurienne. 6. Valentia, Valence. In the second, called also Provincia Arelatensis, were ten dio
1. Arelatum, Arles, the metropolis. 2. Massilia, Marseilles. 3. Avenio, Avignon. 4. Cabellio, Cavaillon. 5. Carpentoracte, Carpentras. 6. Tolonium, or Telonium, Toulon. 7. Arausio, Orange. 8. Vasio, Vaison. 9. Dia, or Dea Vocontiorum, Die. 10. Tricastini, or Augusta Tricastinorum, now called St. Paul de Trois Châteaux, which Baudrand 19
reckons three leagues from Avignon, and four from Vaison. Narbonen- 5. Out of the province of Vienna eastward was also taken sis, Prima another province, called Narbonensis Secunda, or Aquensis, cunda. from the metropolis of it, Aquæ Sextiæ, Aix; beside which,
there were six other dioceses in the province. 2. Apta Julia, Apt. 3. Reii, Riez. 4. Forum Julii, Frejus. 5. Vipincum, Gap. 6. Segestero, Cisteron. 7. Antipolis, Antibes, since translated to Grassa, in Provence. On the west of Viennensis Secunda lay the province of Narbonensis Prima, which had ten dioceses. 1. Narbo. 2. Tolosa. 3. Bætiræ, Beziers. 4. Nemausum, Nismes. 5. Luteva, [or Civitas Lutevensium,] Lodeve. 6. Ucetia, (or Castrum Uceciense,] Uzes. 7. Carcaso, Carcas
8. Agatha, Agde. 9. Helena, Elne. 10. Magalona, an island of the Mediterranean, which see is since translated
to Mons Pessulus, or Montpellier. Of Novem- 6. Westward of Narbonensis Prima lay the province of Nopopulania. vempopulania, along the Pyrenean Mountains, to the Aquitanic
Ocean, wherein were eleven dioceses. 1. Elusa, Eause, Cor Euse,] the metropolis, whence the province was styled Elusana. The see is since translated and joined to Augusta Ausciorum, which
18 (Ap. Ferrar. Lexic. Geogr. Paul dicitur, in colle una leuca a Paris. 1670.- Probably this has Rhodano dissita, et media fere inter ceased to be the case. Ep.]
montem Æmarorum ad boream et 19 [Ibid. voce, Tricastini. (t. 2. Arausionem ad meridiem, 3. leucis p. 283.) Tricastini populi fuere Gal. utrimque, uti 4. a Vasione in Cirliæ Narbonensis .... Eorum urbs cium. Grischov.] Augusta Tricastinorum vulgo S.
was a second see, now called Aux. 3. Lactoratium, Lectoure. 4. Convenæ, Cominges. 5. Consoranni, Conserans. 6. Vasatæ, Basas. 7. Tarba, Tarbes. 8. Aturum, or Vico-Julia, Aire. 9. Lascara, Lescar. 10. Olero, Oleron. 11. Aquæ, , Acqs.
7. Northward of these provinces from the Garumna to the Of AquiLigeris, lay the two provinces of Aquitania Prima and Se- tania, Prima cunda, the latter of which, bordering upon the ocean, had six da. very large dioceses.
1. Burdigala, Bourdeaux, the metropolis. 2. Aginnum, Agen. 3. Engolisma, Angoulême. 4. Santones, or Mediolanum Santonum, Saintes. 5. Pictavi, Poictiers, where St. Hilary was bishop. 6. Petrocorium, Perigueux. In the other province, which lay eastward from this, were nine as large dioceses. 1. Biturige, the metropolis, Bourges. 2. Arverni, Clermont. 3. Rutena, (or Ruteni,] Rodez. 4. Arisita. 5. Cadurcum, Cahors. 6. Lemovica, Limoges. 7. Gabalum, or Mimate, Mande. 8. Vellava, or Anicium, Le Puy en Vellay. 9. Albaga, or Alba Helviorum, Alby, whence the Albigenses, who flourished in these parts, had their denomination.
8. North and east of Aquitanica lay Gallia Lugdunensis, di- Of Lugduvided into five provinces, whereof the first had five dioceses. nensis, Pri
ma, Secun1. Lugdunum, Lyons, the metropolis. 2. Matisco, Mascon. 3. da, Tertia, Cabillonum, Chalons on the Saone. 4. Lingones, Langres. 5. Maxima Se
. Augustodunum, Autun.
quanorum. The second, called Lugdunensis Secunda, had eight dioceses. 1. Rothomagum, Rouen, in Normandy. 2. Ebroica, Evreux. 3. Lexovium, Lisieux. 4. Baioca, Bayeux. 5. Constantia, Coutance. 6. Abrinca, Avranches. 7. Sagium, (or Savium,] Siez. 8. Oximum, Hiesmes, since united to Sagium, from whence it is four leagues distance.
Lugdunensis Tertia, otherwise called Turonensis, had seven dioceses. 1. Turones, Tours. 2. Andegavum, Angiers. 3. Cenomanum, Le Mans. 4. Redones, Rennes. 5. Namnetes, Nantes. 6. Venetia, Vennes. 7. Aletium, Alet, translated to Maclovium, anno 1140. Five others are added by some French writers, viz. Briocum, Dola, Trecora, Ossisma, Corisopitum ; but Carolus à Sancto Paulo makes some question about their antiquity, because, in the time of Carolus Calvus, Brittany had but four bishoprics in the whole.
Lugdunensis Quarta was that part of France where Paris stands, the metropolis whereof was 1. Senones, Sens. 2. Carnutum, Chartres. 3. Antissiodorum, Auxerre. 4. Treca, Troyes, in Champagne. 5. Aurelia, Orleans. 6. Parisii, Paris. 7. Melda, Meaux. 8. Nivernum, Nevers.
Lugdunensis Quinta was otherwise called Maxima Sequanorum, not from Maximus, the tyrant, as Carolus à Sancto Paulo and many others think, for it was called so long before, in the time of Diocletian, as De Marca 20 shews from an ancient inscription in Gruter. The ancient metropolis of it was Visontium, or Bisuntio, Besançon. 2. Aventicum, Avenche, which see was since translated to Lausanne. 3. Augusta Rauracorum, Augst, translated to Basil. 4. Vindonissa, Winich, since translated to Constance. 5. Bolica, Cor Belica,] Belley, which De Marca says arose out of the ruins of a more ancient one,
which was Noiodunum, Nion, formerly called Colonia Equestris. Of Belgica, 9. The most northern provinces of Gallia were Belgica Prima Prima and Secunda.
and Secunda, and Germania Prima and Secunda, which was all the country lying north of the river Matrona, from near Paris and Meaux to the Rhine. Belgica Prima had but four dioceses. 1. Augusta Trevirorum, Treves, or Triers, the metropolis. 2. Mediomatricum, Metz. 3. Tullum, Toul. 4. Verodunum, Verdun in Lorrain.
In the other Belgica there were ten dioceses. ). Remi, Rheims. 2. Augusta Suessionum, Soissons. 3. Catalaunum, Chalons in Champagne. 4. Laudunum, Leon. 5. Augusta Veromanduorum, Vermand; which being destroyed by the Huns, the see was translated to Neomagus, or Noviodunum, now called Noyon. 6. Cameracum, Cambray. 7. Tornacum, Tournay. 8. Sylvanectum, Senlis. 9. Bellovacum, Beauvais.
, 10. Ambianum, Amiens. Some add two more, Taruanna, Therouenne, and Bononia, Bolougne. But Carolus à Sancto Paulo thinks these were not very ancient; for he finds no mention of the former before the time of Pope Zachary, anno 750. And
20 De Primat. Lugdun. n. 64. (ad Maxima Sequanorum provinciæ nocalc. Oper. p.47.) Plane Maxima Se- mine insignitur. Unde patet eruquanorum avulsa erat a Lugdunensi ditorum error, qui Maximam dictam Diocletiani principatu; ut ostendit volunt a nomine Maximi, qui Gal. Inscriptio tunc posita apud Grute- lias invasit temporibus Gratiani cirrum, p. 166, num. 7. Aurelio Pro- citer annum trecentesimum octogeculo V. C. Prov. Max. Seq. ubi aperte simum.