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THE

HISTORY

OF THE

RISE, PROGRESS, And ESTABLISHMENT,

OF T H E

INDEPENDENCE

OF THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA}

INCLUDING

AN ACCOUNT OF THE LATE WAR}

AND OF THE

THIRTEEN COLONIES,

FROM THEIR ORIGIN TO THAT PERIOD.

By WILLIAM GORDON^ D,D.

(JUID VERUM **** CURO, ET ROGO, ET OMNIS IN HOC SUM,

Hon At. i Ep, i Lib,

IN FOUR VOLUMES,

V O L, III.
LONDON:

PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR;

AND SOLD BY CHARLES DILLY, IN THE POULTRY; AND

JAMES AUCKLAND, IN PATER-NOSTER-RQW.

KDCCIXXSTIII.

The General Contents Of The Several Letter*
In Vol. Hi.

Letter I. P. i—53.

pOUNT Donop repulsed in the attack upon Red-bank, p. 1.

*-' The American and British force under Wajhington and

Howe, p. 3. Mud-ifland, p. 4—reduced, p. 8. The Ame-

rican army at White Marjh, p. 10—hut at Valley-forge, p. 11—*

their distress, p. 12. Complaints of prisoners being ill-used,

p. 15. Mr. president Hancock takes leave of congress, p. 18.

The confederation, p. 23. Acts of congress, p. 36—resolve to

recall Mr. Silas Deane, p. 38—resolve respecting a loan from

France and Spain, p. 40—respecting the deputy clothier general

at Boston, p. 42. The convention troops at Cambridge, and the

resolutions of congress for their detention, p. 44. Naval cap-

tures, p. 51.

Letter II. P. 54—92.

A design to remove general Wajhington from the command of

the American army, p. 54. Congress receive a packet of blank

papers, p. 60. The distresses of the Americans at Valley-forge, p.

62. Wajhington's thoughts upon providing half-pay for the

officers, p. 63. Defects in the American medical department,

p. 70. Acts of congress, p. 73. They receive the treaties

concluded between the king of France and the United States, p.

80—address the inhabitants of the United States, p. 83. The

South Carolinians new model their temporary form of govern-

ment, p. 85. The Randolph frigate blown up, p. 87. The

Mifchianza in honor of Sir W. Howe, p. 90. . The marquis de **

la Fayette, with 2500 men, narrowly escapes being cut off by the

Britijh forces, p. 91.

Letter III- P. 92—115.

The conduct of the French, p. 93. Upon the news of the

Saratoga convention, the American commissioners are received

by the court in their public character, p. 96. Preliminaries of

a treaty are delivered to them, p. 98. The London merchants

raise money for the relief of the American prisoners, p. 99. Mi-

nisterial attempts for raising a body of troops, by a voluntary

supply from the people, p. 100. The treaties between France

and the United States are signed, p. 103. Lord North's conci-

liatory propositions, p. 104. General Gates's letter to the earl

of Thanet, p. 106. The French rescript informing the Britijh

court of the treaty between France and the United States, and

A 2 the

she sartife laid before the house of commons, p. 108. The Airte^

fican commissioners have a public audience of the French king,

p. no. 'Lord Chatham seized with a fainting, while engaged

in speaking against the acknowledgment of American independence.

p. in. Count d'Ejlaing sails from Toulon, p. 112. An act:

passed for relieving the papists, p. 113. Admiral Keppel fails on

a cruise off- UJhant, p. 115.

Letter IV. P. 116—127.

Accounts of admiral Keppel, p. 116. He engages the French

fleet under count d'Orviliiers, p. 122—returns to Plymouth,

p. 125.

Letter V. P. 127—203.

The Britijh commissioners for restoring peace arrive at Phi-

ladelphia, p. 129. The Britijl) army under Sir Henry Clinton

evacuate that city, p. 131. The American army pursue them,

p. 133. Sir H. Clinton changes the disposition of his troops,

p. 135. General Lee, with the advanced American corps, or-

dered to fall upon the^rear of the Britijh, p. 136. Some firing

between them, p. 141. Lee's corps retreats, p. 144. Wash-

ington meets the troops, and orders them to make a stand, p.

146. The Britijh are checked, p. 147—and at length com-

pelled to give way, p. 148. They arrive at Sandy Hook, p. 150.

General Lee has charges exhibited against him, and is tried, p.

151. Lord Howe arrives at Sandy Hook with the fleet from Phi-

ladelphia, p. 154. Count d'Ejlaing's fleet anchors without the

Hook, p. 155. The count fails for Newport, p. 156. Gene-

ral Sullhan, with a body of Americans, crosses over to Rhode

Island, p. 159. A violent storm prevents an engagement be- •

tween lord Howe and count d'EJlaing, p. 160. The French

decline prosecuting the expedition against Newport, p. 162.

Sullivan's troops engage the Britijh, p. 165—and then retreat
from off the island, p. 168. The Britijh expedition against
Bedford, p. 169. Governor John/lone's attempts to corrupt
certain members of congress, p. 171. Congress resolve to hoM-
no intercourse with him, p. 172. The Britijl) commissioners
appeal to the people, p. 173—publish a valedictory manifesto
and proclamation, p. 174. Acts of congress, p. 177. Mr.
Gerard, the French plenipotentiary, has a public audience, p.

• 178. The choice of Dr. Franklin by congress for their mini-

ster plenipotentiary at the court of France, and their instructions

to him, p. 179. The Indian expeditions against the Connecticut

settlers at Wyoming, p. 185. Colonel Clarke's expedition into

the Indian country, p. 191. The Britijh expedition to Egg

harbour, p. 1.93. Quarrels between the Americans and French

at

at Charlestown, in South Carolina, and at Boston, p. 197. Count

d'EJlaing and his officers entertained at Boston, p. 198—he fails

from thence, p. 200. President Laurent's letter to governor

Houston, p. 203.

Letter VI. P. 204—238.

The American colonel Butler's expedition, p. 204. The

British colonel Butler's expedition to Cherry Valley, p. 207.

Two quakers executed for high treason against the common-

wealth of Pennsylvania, p. 207. The plan for reducing Canada

considered and laid aside, p. 209. The Britijh operations against

Georgia, p. 211. Mr. Silas Deane and congress, p. 216. Mr.

Payne addresses him under the signature of Common Sense, p. -

218. Mr. Gerard alarmed by the publications ; and the resolves

of congress concerning them, p. 221. The affairs of the United

States in a deplorable condition, p. 223. The committee of

congress report the communications of Mr. Gerard, p. 225.

The count de Vergennes's policy, p. 226. General Lincoln sent

to South Carolina, p. 228—proceeds to Georgia, p. 229. The

South Carolina tories routed, p. 231. General Ashe surprised

and defeated, p. 233. A number of loyal refugees at New

York imbody, p. 236. Dominica taken by the French, p. 237.

Letter VII. P. 239—253.

Admiral Keppel tried and honorably acquitted, p. 240. Sir

Hugh Pallifer tried and acquitted, p. 241. Admiral Barring-

ton, with a body of Britifl) troops, engages in an expedition

against St. Lucie, and takes it, notwithstanding count d'Estaing's

efforts to save it, p. 243- Riots at Glasgow and Edinburgh, p.

248. The Britijh cruisers seize Dutch vessels, p. 249- Gene-

ral Munro takes Pondicherry, p. 252.

Letter VIII. P. 253—287.

Upon General Lincoln's marching far up the Savannah, ge-

neral Prevost enters South Carolina, and pushes on for Chat-les-

town, p. 254—he retreats from before the place, p\ 257. Lin-

coln attacks a part of the Britijh army at Stono Ferry, p. 258'.

General Matthew makes a descent on Virginia, p. 260. Sir

Henry Clinton takes Stoney Point, p. 261. Colonel Clarke's ex-

pedition against lieut. governor Hamilton of Detroit, p. 263.

Governor Tryon's expedition against New Haven, Fairfield, and

Norwalk, p. 265. General Wayne retakes Stoney Point, p.

268. Acts of congress, p. 271. The minister of Prance has

a conference with cpngress, p. 273. Major Lee's expedition

against

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