The Metric System of Weights and Measures

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Side 5 - States may be induced to undertake a thorough reformation of their whole system of measures, weights and coins, reducing every branch to the same decimal ratio already established in their coins, and thus bringing the calculation of the principal affairs of life within the arithmetic of every man who can multiply and divide plain numbers, greater changes will be necessary.
Side 5 - Congress will call to mind that no adequate provision has «yet been made for the uniformity of weights and measures also contemplated by the Constitution. The great utility of a standard fixed in its nature and founded on the easy rule of decimal proportions is sufficiently obvious. It led the Government at an early stage to preparatory steps for introducing it, and a completion of the work will be a just title to the public gratitude.
Side 5 - Considered merely as a labor-saving machine, it is a new power, offered to man, incomparably greater than that which he has acquired by the new agency which he has given to steam. It is in design the greatest invention of human ingenuity since that of printing.
Side 32 - But if man upon earth be an improvable being; if that universal peace which was the object of a Saviour's mission, which is the desire of the philosopher, the longing of the philanthropist, the trembling hope of the Christian, is a blessing to which the futurity of mortal man has a claim of more than mortal promise; if the Spirit of Evil is, before the final consummation of things, to be cast down from his dominion over men, and bound in the chains of a thousand years, the foretaste here of man's...
Side 34 - ... scale ; but at this time it would be vain to propose a change in the radix of the numerical scale. The number ten is the recognized starting-point, and gives its name to the scale. It only remains for us at present to follow other nations in applying it to an improved system of weights and measures. A system of weights and measures born of philosophy, rather than of chance, is what we now seek. To this end old systems must be abandoned. A chance system cannot be universal : science is universal...
Side 39 - In our present system there exists no such relation between the weights and measures'. As a result of this relationship in the Metric System, the unit of weight is easily obtained and becomes as unalterable as the unit of length, the gram or unit of weight being the weight of a cubic centimeter of distilled water at 4° Centigrade. A cubic meter of water weighs a ton or 1,000 kilogs. In ship-building it is a special advantage to have a unit which bears an exact proportion to a ton of water ; a ton...
Side 31 - Brussels." From this epoch dates a new era in the history of the world's legislation. For the enlarged views of the reciprocal duties, as well as of the true interests of nations, in which this great general movement originated, are destined, through its instrumentality, to impress themselves more and more completely upon human institutions ; until statutes shall at length cease to be monuments of ignorance, prejudice, or ignoble jealousies, and the aim of all laws shall be the greatest good of the...
Side 44 - Russian is the sagene, more than twice as long. Capt. PIAZZI SMYTH almost fanatically attaches himself to the inch, a measure which he believes with implicit faith to have been divinely given to CHEOPS, builder of the great pyramid, and again to MOSES in the wilderness ; and in what he, no doubt, regards as the great work of his life, he uses no other to express the largest dimensions.
Side 31 - ... legislation. For the enlarged views of the reciprocal duties, as well as of the true interests of nations, in which this great general movement originated, are destined, through its instrumentality, to impress themselves more and more completely upon human institutions ; until statutes shall at length cease to be monuments of ignorance, prejudice, or ignoble jealousies, and the aim of all laws shall be the greatest good of the greatest number. One most important result has already been secured...
Side 35 - ... etc., notwithstanding the assertion to the contrary of those who grieve to give up the ' short and sharp Anglo-Saxon words used in our present familiar old tables of weights and measures." Practically, moreover, for physicians, the whole system is reduced to grams and centigrams, just as, in money, to dollars and cents. On the right side of the prescription paper draw a perpendicular line from top to bottom. This decimal...

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