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INTO THE

VARIOUS SYSTEMS

OF

POLITICAL ECONOMY;

THEIR

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES;

AND

THE THEORY MOST FAVOURABLE TO THE INCREASE

OF

NATIONAL WEALTH.

BY CHARLES GANILH, ADVOCATE,

TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH

BY, D. BOILEAU,
Author of " An Antroduction to the Study of Political Economy," &c.

Hanc veniam damus, petimusque vicissim.

HORACE.

NEW-YORK:

PUBLISHED BY PETER A. MESIER,

NO, 107 PEARL-STREET.

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ADVERTISEMENT.

No study can be more attractive to a benevolent mind than that which investigates the means of providing a plentiful national income, and insuring the happiness of the individual members of the community, by enabling them to obtain the supply of their wants through the exertions of their industry. That commerce is one of the most powerful of those means has long been acknowledged in this country : but that this truth should find an able advocate in France, at a time when her ruler is bent upon destroying commerce, is a circumstance as extraordinary as it is honourable, to the author of the Inquiry into the various Systems of Political Economy. The impartiality and the soundness of the views which he displays in his work give it a particular claim to the attention of the English nation; and it is with the view to render its circulation more general, that I have attempted a translation, in which I have chiefly aimed at fidelity and perspicuity.

D. B.

Brompton Road, March 6th, 1819

AN

INQUIRY INTO THE VARIOUS SYSTEMS

POLITICAL ECONOMY.

PLAN OF THE WORK.

EVER since modern countries have reached a degree of opulence unknown to the nations of antiquity and the middle age, and particularly since Wealth has been discovered to be altogether the basis and measure of the relative and absolute power of states; the sources whence Wealth is produced, the measures which accelerate its growth, the laws by which it is distributed and circulated, and the means of regulating its employment, increasing its abundance, and insuring its constant progress, have frequently been investigated.

This subject, known at present by the name of Political Economy, (no doubt, because it embraces individual efforts and national regulations, and blends them in one point of view,) has been amply discussed in all its bearings and applications. Several works published in England, Italy, and France, mostly of great merit, and all of them more or less

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