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X. March 4th, 1895. The President, Dr. J. Birkbeck Nevins, in the chair. A communication by Mr. Edward Davies, “A sketch of Lavoisier : his claims to eminence, and the proposal of the Institute of France to erect a monument to his memory by international subscription. Paper by Professor Edward Jenks, M.A., entitled “A Dialogue on Politics."
XI. March 18th, 1895. The President, Dr. J. Birkbeck Nevins, in the chair. Paper by Mr. Austin Taylor, B.A., entitled “Some aspects of Edmund Burke.”
XII. April 1st, 1895. The President, Dr. J. Birkbeck Nevins, in the chair. Paper by Mr. John Lee, B.A., entitled “ The Lighter Side of English Verse, from Hood to Kipling.”
XIII. April 29th, 1895. The President, Dr. J. Birkbeck Nevins in the chair. Paper by Mr. Alfred H. Frazer, entitled " The Influence of Art."
Ordinary Members elected during the Session : Mr. Charles Alcock, Mr. D. P. Anderson, Mr. Jeffery Beavan, Mr. G. H. Beecheno, M.A., Mr. Max Blochwitz, Mr. J. L. Bowes, Mr. Harry Brakell, Mr. E. J. B. Breckell, Rev. R. G. Brearey, Mr. James Brown, Mr. H. Roscoe Brunner, Mr. W. J. Candlin, Miss Edith Cannings, Mr. Housi M. Dadina, Miss Minnie Dawson, Mr. Thomas Duncanson, Assoc. M. Inst. C.E., Mr. William Fallows, Mr. James Henry Fawcett, Miss Maude Flinn, Mr. B. C. Fothergill, Mr. C. G. Fothergill, Mr. Charles Bird Grundy, Dr. A. E. Hawkes, M.D., Mr. Thomas Hepton, Miss Maude Longuet Higgins, Rev. Edward N. Hoare, M.A., Mr. Richard Holt, Mr. Stevenson Jones, Mr. George Lawson, Mr. John Lea, Mr. John Lee, B.A., Mr. Thomas Drake Leigh, M.R.C.S., Eng., Mr. Thomas Leslie, Mr. T. Rice Lewis, Mr. R. K. Mackenzie, Mrs. Florence Macpherson, Dr. J. Ernest Nevins, M.B., Lond., Mr. Victor E. E. Nevins, Mr. Joseph Parry, C.E., Mr. George Philip, Jun., Mr. Thomas N. Philip, Mr. Arthur Rutherford, B.A., Mr. Charles H. Rutherford, Mr. T. E. Sampson, J.P., Mr. James Hope Simpson, Mr. W. J. Stewart, B.A., J.P., Lieut. Mark Sweny, R.N., Mr. Valentine Tatlock, Mr. Austin Taylor, B.A., Miss Lilian Taylor, Mr. H. D. B. Wall, Mr. A. Wands, Dr. James Wilson, M.D.
Numbers present at the Annual and the Thirteen Ordinary Meetings : 153, 108, 133, 72, 125, 187, 75, 133, 184, 63, 67, 60, 130, and 74. Average attendance, 111.7.
PICTURE OF MEDIÆVAL EUROPE DURING THE
THIRTEENTH CENTURY, ILLUSTRATED BY
By J. BIRKBECK NEVINS, M.D. LOND.,
The thirteenth century has been selected for our survey this evening, not only because it was the date of the life of St. Elizabeth, who will be the central figure in the “Picture," but also because it was so important a period, geographically, politically, and spiritually in European life, as to deserve our thoughts even at this present day; for there were giants in those days, and the impress of their actions is still felt in our own.
Geographically the period is exhibited before us in the map of Europe of that date, which shows the changes that have taken place from the extreme west to the extreme east. Ireland remains unchanged, geographically, as well as England. But even at that time our Sister Isle occupied the thoughts of statesmen, and a few moments must be devoted to explain her relations with England at that date. Although Henry II had invaded Ireland, and made himself master of a limited portion of the country, neither he nor his successor, Richard I, left any record of it, either in their titles or upon their coinage. But when Richard was absent from England on his crusade, he appointed his brother John to be Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, and John afterwards commemorated this connection by issuing a coinage in which he styled himself King