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of the pestilence, and the virtue of the agent by which it was in many places subdued, mitigated, extirpated. On the other side, let us remember his trials, his mortifications, the attemps to depreciate his discovery and to check its progress, together with the personal injuries which he endured from those who affected to do him honour, and we shall find many things to counterbalance the bomage and gratitude which he derived from other

Under all these changes, he sustained the equanimity and consistency of his character; humble when lauded and eulogised, patient and forbearing when suffering wrong; and, if it be an assured sign of a worthy and generous spirit to be amended by distinction and renown, no man ever gave stronger proofs of possessing such a spirit. Again, we have to view him in the character of a physician, exercising all the resources of a painful and anxious profession with extraordinary humanity, ability, and perseverance ; cultivating his beautiful taste for natural history and all the poetry of life, in connexion with labours so arduous and important. While interpreting nature, he enjoyed a pleasure surpassed by none of his predecessors; but he did not rest there, and might have exclaimed with the great Linnæus, :: O quàm contemta res est homo nisi supra humana se erexerit!'”

But Jenner is but one of a host of scientific and philanthrophic Medicalists who have exalted and adorned human character and life in byegone and present times. There is a long list of illustrious names and histories ready for the selection of our Portrait Gallery people. We are glad, indeed, to see a high-minded, intellectual, and influential class receive for the celebration of their virtues, their talents and their triumphs, the far-renowning aids of the artist, the scholar, and the man of science : and all these are brought beautifully and efficiently forward in the publication before us.

In the present five parts we have portraits, together with biographical and critical notices, of Sir H. Halford, Albinus, Sir A. Carsisle, Haller, Ruysch, Sir Ch. M. Clarke, Akenside, Linacre, Dr. James Blundell, Caius, Morgagni, &c. The plates are finished in the finest and most elaborate style of art; they are not surpassed by any one of the many works on a similar plan that have appeared in recent times. The literary notices are conceived in an enlightened and liberal spirit by one who is extensively known to be a proficient in the branches of science of which he particularly treats. In short, while we have in this beautiful publication a popular and deeply interesting account of many great men, there is also traced in those elegant and condensed biographies the history, the progress, and prospects of Medicine itself.

To the student of the healing art, and to the practitioner, as well vas to the general reader or collector of a choice library, the Medical Portrait Gallery presents much solid value besides singular attractions. A part appears every month, price three shillings, which must be pronounced cheap. We should say that the English physician or sorgeon who is not a subscriber, evinces a deficiency of taste as well as an apathy in regard to professional knowledge, which ought at once to affect his practice significantly.",

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ART. XV.-An Introduction to the Study of Animal Magnetism. By

the BARON DU POTET DE SENNEVOY. London: Saunders and Otley.

1838. Had this volume come to hand before the preceding article on the same subject in our present number had gone to press, we should have had something more to say of the book and of its author than we can now make room for. We must, however, take time to confess that Mr. Lee's representations of the extravagancies and absurdities of the Magnetisers fall considerably short of the buffoonery and charlatanism, the jargon and the folly which the Baron's work exhibits from beginning to end. It is idle to argue with him, or any one who indulges in such assertions as the following, when speaking of the phenomena of somnambulism, and the persone brought under magnetic influence.

“ 1st. They converse clearly and intelligently with all those persons with whom they are en rapport, or in mental relation. 2nd. They perceive the relations of external objects through some other channel than the organs of sense, through which such impressions are usually conveyed. 3rd. Their perceptions in regard to the objects of their attention are more than ordinarily acute: but the organs of the senses are closed against other impres. sions. 4th. They manifest a clearness or lucidity of ideas, and a temporary knowledge and intellectual activity, beyond that which they possess in their ordinary waking state. 5th. They forget, when they are awakened, everything which may have taken place during their somnambulism; but on returning into the same state, they recollect everything which occurred during their former fits."

Animal Magnetising has not been confined, we are told to believe, either to one age or to one country. People have magnetised and been magnetised when neither party were conscious of the cause, and long before, in fact, Mesmer or the system was ever heard of. Virgil's Sibyls, if we are to credit our veracious Baron, prophesied when under the magnetic charm and ecstatic somnambulism. Nay,

"When the Laplanders wish to know what occurs in places remote from their habitations, they send out their familiar spirits in search of intelli gence; and when they bave sufficiently excited their own imaginations by the sound of drums and other musical instruments, they feel a kind of in. toxication, during which certain things are revealed to them which they never could have known in their natural state.”

Of course the explanation is at hand.

Where assumption, assertion, and absurdity are so redundant and more. strous, it may appear impossible to go further in folly and into the ridiculous. But let us search, and perhaps beneath the lowest depths a lower still may be discovered.

"A magnetised vitreous body, which had put a somnambulist to sleep in a few seconds, was afterwards rinsed with water, and wiped with a linen: cloth ; on being again presented to the same magnetic subject, he fell asleep in one minute and a half. The same magnetised glass, rinsed with alcohol, produced sleep in half a minute. Another magnetised glass, rinsed with: ammonia, elicited somnambulism in fifteen seconds. The same glass was plunged into fuming nitric acid. After an immersion of five minutes, it was put into a China cup with water, out of which the young somnambulist having taken it, fell immediately asleep. The same experiment was repeated with concentrated sulphuric acid, and the result was exactly the same. In all these experiments no chemical re-agent could destroy the magnetic power of the magnetised glass. Hence it follows that this

power, unlike colours, electricity, and other similar fluids, does not reside merely at the surface, but that it penetrates the whole mass."

Some simple and unlearned persons may derive comfort from believing that it is only a vitreous body which, among inert and inorganic substances, is susceptible of imbibing such power and influence. But be not deceived, and remain no longer ignorant, for

"A large sheet of paper, twisted and magnetised, was burnt in a faïence plate; the carbon and cinders which remained were presented to the som, nambulist, who took up as much as his band could hold, and fell asleep in a few moments. Many cross experiments were tried with objects which were not magnetised; but no effect whatever by them was produced; but those which were magnetised being preserved with care, produced the same effects six months afterwards ;--they seemed to have lost none of their magnetic power."

Might not Animal Magnetism be turned to good account by love-letter writers? To the study of such persons as believe in it, we recommend these directions:

11.“ On the part of the magnetiser, the most important rule he can adopt is to exert the greatest energy of volition he can command. As, when the light of the sun is transmitted through a burning-glass, even in the depth of winter, the solar rays, which previously gave little or no warmth, being concentrated, and thus brought to a focus, ignite the combustible substances exposed to them ; so likewise the human mind, which is the mirror of the soul, by converging its rays into one focus, affects the soul brought into juxta-position with itself. I repeat, the magnetiser must will with the utmost perseverance; he must not pity when he can succour the afflicted; he need offer no vows; but let him believe in his power, and act with energy. I do not mean with violent mental excitement, for this will neutralise the effects, by absorbing the principle which ought to produce them. He should, on the contrary, enjoy perfect ease and freedom ; and though he is to send to his extremities a momentum or force sufficient to raise a considerable weight, he must have nothing but his own limbs to raise. It is the excess of this momentum which strikes the patient, and produces all the magnetic phenomena."

If any of our readers have a taste for more of this offensive nonsense let them have recourse to Baron Dupotet's duodecimo, which contains three hundred and eighty-eight pages of similar stuff, and, we warrant it, they will have a sufficiency, and to spare. We can only now say that it is matter of satisfaction to us, but by no means matter of marvel, that the nonsense of which we have been speaking has had its day amongst us—that it has nearly ceased to be a topic of conversation, or thought worthy to be laughed at; that the Council of the London University College, it is reported, have forbidden the initiated to hold their exhibitions in any place over which the authority of the establishment extends ; and, what is more amusing still,

that certain confessions, on the part of the somnambulists, the magnetised patients, have been threatened and to some extent made, which, we sus. pect, if our information be true, will cover some high and proud beads among us with ridicule, beyond any degree yet expressed or measured out.

Art. XVI.--Romantic and Picturesque Germany. Nos. I. and II.

London: Schloss. 1838. A work which promises to possess no ordinary degree of interest for the English reader. It has, we believe, been well received in the countries which it professes to illustrate ; and this is an argument in support of its accuracy and tasteful selection. The engravings are to extend in number to no fewer than two hundred and sisty, by English artists, from drawings taken on the spot, traversing the length and breadth, the mountains and the valleys, of Germany; its rivers, its towns and cities, its antiquities, and whatever recommends itself on account of awakening and wonderful recollections, obtaining special notice. The letter-press has been contributed by a variety of German writers, and the English translation is furnished by Miss Henningsen.

From the specimens before us, we are enabled to state that in point of art, the work will rank with others on a similar plan which have been extremely popular in this country. In as far as a royal octavo scale can admit, and steel can impress, the beautiful, the picturesque, and the majestic will be represented. We cannot say that the literary portion of the first two numbers has pleased us so well as the illustrations. A sort of boarding-school sentimentality seems to have oppressed the writer, that is, of a very commonplace order. It is blown, yet feeble, and, to us, rather sickening.

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Art. XVII.-Plain Advice on the Care of the Teeth, 8c. By D. A.

CAMERON, Surgeon-Dentist, Glasgow. London : Tegg. 1838. The title, besides that part which we have already copied, announces that the volume contains a popular History of the Dentist's Art, and a Chapter to Mothers on the Management of Children during the first Dentition, all which we regard as a fair and nothing more than a correct account of the work, on a subject which to every human being is more or less, sooner or later, of importance.

Art. XVIII.-The Missionary's Farewell. London: Snow. 1838. Here we have the Valedictory Address to the British Churches and the Friends of Missions, (together with other notices,) of the zealous, able, and tried Apostle of the South Sea Islanders, the Rev. John Williams, previous to his recent re-departure, to re-pursue his labour of love in the same regions. The occasion which called forth the contents of this publication, the paramount interest of the subjects treated of, and the character of the parties and persons who figure in its pages, require no description or notice at our hands. The life, adventures, and triumphs of Mr. Williams himself, as given in his history of his Missionary exertions, formerly reviewed by us, confer an extraordinary value on anything that is said of or by him.

INDEX

TO THE

SECOND VOLUME OF THE MONTHLY REVIEW, FOR 1838.

B.

A.

Arts, fine, state of the, in Germany, 357
Abuses in lunatic asylums, scope for, 379 Arthur Wellesley, Sir, and the Spaniards,
Account-Book of Isabella Grafton, extracts 52
from the, 435

Assassination of Henry VI., notices regard-
Acuteness of the Chinese, 416

ing, 574
Adam, fabulous account of the creation of, Astronomy Simplified, Burton's, 305
128

Asylums for the insane, their origin modern,
Administration of the Army, defects of the 373
system, 268

Athenian Captive, Talfourd's, 173
African slave-trade and Denmark, 192 Athunree, Lord, character of, 327
Ages of credulity not gone, 478

Atkinson on Political Economy, 306
Alexander of Russia, anecdotes of, 585 Austin, Mr., and Malta, 223
Alice, or the Mysteries, 34

Autobiographical Poems of Shakspeare,
" All's Well that ends Well," Brown on, Brown on, 617
618

Awful scenes at sea, 422
Almsgiving, indiscriminate, its evils, 523
Ambition and Wilberforce, 156
Amiability of George IV., 93

Bacon's Six Years in Biscay, 252
Ammunition of the Carlist army, notices Bacon's aphorism, “ knowledge is power,"
concerning, 255

considered, 550
Amphibious Chinese, description of, 403 Back, Captain, his Arctic Expedition, 592
Amsterdam, Standish on pictures at, 530 Baily the Sculptor, his merits, 6
Anaya, Stewart's, a poein, 263

Ballinghall, Mr., his evidence on Ship-
Ancient fables, their relation to Scriptural building, 134
records, 128

Bandaged, eyes, reading with the, 483
Anecdotes of Jenner, 624

Banker's clerk, drudgery of a, 556
Angoulême, Duchess of, and pretended son Barbaric etiquette, specimens of, 121
of Louis XVI., 442-444

“ Barbarians,” British, and the Chinese,
Animal Magnetism, Lee on, 471

415
Anne's Coronation, notices of Queen, 111 Barlow, his Causes and Effects of Disease,
Apennines, verses on the, 457

78
Approximation, signs of English and French, Barn Owl, Watterton's protection of the,
342

76
Archer, Mr., evidence of, concerning the Baron's Life of Jenner, 622
Commissariat department, 279

Bastile, The, and M. Tussaud, 249
Arctic Expedition, Back's, 592

Bath, Waagen's description of, 13
Areopagitica Secunda, 303

Beckford's treasures of Art and Virtu, 14
Aristocracy of Spain, ecclesiastical, its sup- Bee and bees-wax, and Shakspeare, 613
port, 253

Beer-shops, doom of the, 526
Army, recommended reforms in the ad- Beetle, The, and Shakspeare, 612
ministration of the, 277

Berkely, Mr. Grantley, as a Senator, 297
Arriyall of Edward IV. in England, His. Berkhamsted, notices of, 564
torie of, 568

Berkley, Bishop, his letter to Hanmer,
Arrigorriaga, British Legion at, 263

433
Arrogance of Clarendon, 391

Berlin, treatment of lunaties in, 377
Art, its decline in modern times, 8

Berna, M., and his somnambulist, 480
Arts and Artists in England, I

Bernstorff, notices of Count, 192
VOL. II. (1838.) NO. IV.

TT

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