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Osite 28th of January was published, the SUPPLEMENTARY NUMBER to the Fourteenth Volume

of the MonthLY MAGAZINE, containing--A comprehenfive. Retrospect of the Progress of BRITISH LITERATURE during the last Mix Monshs--and similar Retrospects of GERMAN, FRENCH, SPANISH, and AMERICAN LITERATURE ; with INDEXES, TITLE, &c.



No. 97.]

FEBRUARY 1, 1803.

[No. 1, of Vol. 15.



ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. To ibe Editor of the Monthly Magazine.

pamphlet, calculated to sew the injifice

and impolicy of a war with the Colonies, SIR,

previous to the meeting of a new ParliaHAVE just read in the Monthly Re

As I then lived at Leeds, he corview, vol. 36, p. 357, that the late Mr. rected the pres himlelf; and, to a yaslage Pennant said of Dr. Franklin, that, “ liv- in which I lamented the attempt to estaing under the protection of our mild Go- blish arbitrary power in fo large a part of Verament, he was fecretly playing the in- the British Empire, he added the foilowcendiary, and too fuccessfully inflaming ing clause, “ To the imminent hazard of the minds of our fellow-subjects in Ame our most valuable commerce, and of that Tica, till that great explosion happened, national trength, fcurity, ani felicity, whico for ever disunited us from our once which depend on union and on liberty." happy colonies.”

The unity of the British Empire in all As it is in my power, as far as my teßi- its parts was a favourite idea of his. He mony will be regarded, to refute this used to compare it to a beautiful China charge, I think it due to our friendship to .vale, which, if once broken, could never do it. It is probable that no person now be put together again : and so great an living was better acquainted with Dr. admirer was he at that time of the B.itish Fa-klin and his sen:iments on ak fub. Constitution, that he said he law no injilts of importance, than myself, for seve. convenience from its being extended over sal years before the American war. I a great part of she globe. With these I think I knew hin as well as one man can sentiments he left England; but when, generally know another. At that time I on his arrival in America, he found the ipent the winters in London, in the family war begun, and that there was no recedof the Marquis of Lansdown, and few ing, no man entered more warmly into days passed without my seeing more or lets the interelts of what he then considered as of Dr. Franklin ; and the latt day that he his country, in opposition to that of Great palled in England, having given out that Britain. Three of his letters to me, one he should depart the day before, we spent written immediately on his landing, and together, without any interruption, fion published in the collection of his Miscellamorning till night.

neous Works, p. 365, 552, and 555, will Now he was

so far from withing for a rupture with the Colonies, that he did more By many perfonis Dr. Franklin is confithan most men would have done to pre. dered as having been a cold-hearted man, Ven: it. His constant advice to his coun so callous to every feeling of humanity, trymen, he always said, was “to bear that the prospect of all the horrors of a every thing from England, however un. civil war could n t affedt him. This was just;" faying, that * it could not lait far from being the case. A great part of long, as they would foon outgrow all their the day above-mentioned that we spent tohardhips.” On this account Dr. Price, gether, he was looking over a number of who then corresponded with some of the American newlpapers, directing me what principal persons in America, faid, he be to extra&t from thein for the English ones; gan to be very unppalır there. He al. and, in reading them, he was frequently *3x3 said, “If there must be a war, it not able to proceed for the tears literally will be a war of ten years, and I thall not running down his cheeks. To ftranger's live to see the end of it." This I liave he was cold and relerved; but where he heard him fiy many times.

was intimate, no man indulged to more It was at his requelt, enforced by that of plealantry and good humour. By this he Dr. Fothergil, that I wro:e an anonymous was the delight if a club, to which he alMONTHLY MÍAG: No. 97.


prove this.

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