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Clausius's Mechanical Theory of Heat, 367

Cremation at Gotha, 239
Clay, London, Diatoms in, W. H. Shrubsole, 132, 444, 538 ; Cresswell Cave Exploration, 1876, Prof. W. Boyd Dawkins,
W. H. Penning, 494

F.R.S., 106
Climate of England, Alexander Taylor, 131

Crevaux (Dr.), his Ascent of the Iça, 73
Climate of Eastern Asia, Dr. H. Fritsche, 175

Croll (James, F.R.S.), why the Air at the Equator is not Hotter in
Clock, a Standard, at the Observatory, Strassburg, 20

January than in July, 129; the temperature of Space and its
Clockmaker's Company, Prizes of the, 524

Bearing on Terrestrial Physics, 521
Clouds: Classification of, 265; Rev. W. Clement Ley, 207; Crookes (Wm., F.R.S.), Radiant Matter Experiments in Paris,
Eliot Howard, 444

285
Coal, Discovery of, in Western Australia, 264

Croydon, Exhibition at, in Connection with the Congress of the
Cochin-China, Remedy for Leprosy, W. T. Thiselton Dyer, 35 Sanitary Insti'ute, 18
Cocos or Keeling Islands, H. O. Forbes on, 118

Crustacea, Notes on, Dr. P. P. C. Hoek, 240 ; in the Old Red
Coffee-Leaf Di ease, Dr. Moorisoni, 51

Sandstone, 241
Cogel's and Ertborn's “Mélanges Géologiques,” 425

Cryptogamic Flora of Silesia, W. R. McNab, 391
Coins and Coinage, 574

Crystallisation of Bodies, Lagrange on, 310
Coire, Severe Earthquake at, 263

Crystallogenesis, Marangoni's Theory of, 504
Cold Weather, Remarkable Prediction of, B. G. Jenkins, 81 Crystallography of Calcite, on the, J. R. McD. Irby, 200
Cold, the Artificial Production of, Pictet on, 524

Ctenophora, the Ontogeny and Phylogeny of the, 93
Colenso (Francis E.), Intellect in Brutes, 251

Cumberland, Reported Shock of Earthquake, 19
Colladon (Prof.), Rhode's Audiphone, 426

Curlew Mountains, Silurian Fossils in the, Prof. E. Hull,
Collodion and the Electrophorus, 474

F.R.S., 32 ; G. H. Kinaban, 55
Colloids, the Influence of, upon Crystalline Form and Cohesion, Curran (W.), Perforated Stones in River Beds, 348; Suicide of
Dr. W. M. Ord, 586

the Scorpion, 325
Colours : Hering's Theory of the Vision of Sight and, Dr. W. Currents, Electro-Dynamometer for Measuring Large, W. N.
Pole, F.R.S., 14; Scale of, L. Blomefield (late Jenyn-),

Hill, 327
201 ; Sexual, of Certain Butterflies, Chas. Darwin, F.K.S., Cycles, Sunshine, E. Douglas Archibald, 393
237

Cyclone in New Caledonia and the Society Islands, 574
Colour-Blindness, John Tennant, 132 ; Homer's, 262; Regula- Cylinders, the Transverse Vibrations of, 21
tions for, in Connecticut, 596

Cyprus : Cedar of Lebanon in, 93; Experiments in Indian Seed
Colour-Vision and Colour-Blindness, Prof. J. D. Everett, Cultivation at, 286

F.R.S., 62
Comets : ihe Biela Comet Meteors, 71, 240 ; Comet of 1652,

164; Winnecke's, 264; Faye's, 331; a Great, Dr. Gould, Dallas (W. S.), the Society for the Encouragement of Literature
359 ; Comet of 1577, 383; the Southern Comet, 384, 425,

and Science, 107.
453, 475, 502, 525, 575, 597, 618; Comet observed from Dark Cavities which are Inaccessible to Direct Light, Descrip.
H.M.S. Triumph, 515; Comet 1861 I., Prof. George tion of an Instrument for Exploring, Thomas Stevenson, 14
Forbes, 562 ; a New Comet, 598; the Great Comet of 1843, Darwin (Charles, F.R.S.), Fertility of Hybrids from the
618; the Comet 1880 b (Schaberle, April 6), 619

Common and Chinese Goose, 207 ; on the Sexual Colours of
“ Comstock Lode,” John A. Church, 511

Certain Butterflies, 237 ; the Omori Shell-Mɔunds, 561
Confucius, Temple of, Walters's Guide to the Tablets in, 424 Darwin (Erasmus), Ernst Krause, 245
Congerian”. Deposits of South-Eastern Europe, the Asiatic Darwin (G, H., F.R.S.), on the Secular Changes in the Elements
Alliances of the Fauna of the, Th. Fuchs, 528

of the Orbit of a Satellite Revolving about a Planet Distorted
Conifers, Movement in the Leaves of, 241

by Tides, 235; Erratum in Paper on Tidal Friction, 276
Consolidated Beach in Ceylon, Note on a, Rev. R. Abbay, 184 Davies (D. C.), Treatise on Metalliferous Mines and Mining, 129
Constance, Lake, Tidal Phenomenon in, 397 ; Dr. F. A. Forel, Davis, Dreyfus and Holland's Sizing and Mildew in Cotton
443

Good, 298
Constantine, Fossil Horses of, 309

Dawkins (Prof. W. Boyd, F.R.S.), the Cresswell Cave Explora.
Conway (Moncure D.) Demonology and Devil-Lore," 29

tion, 1876, 106
Cook (Captain), Death of, Robert Mallet, F.R.S., 275

Daylight, Ordinary, the Spectrum of, 426
Cooke (E. W., R.A., F.R.S.), Obituary Notice of, 261

Debaize (Abbé), Death of, 332
Copeland (Ralph), Phosphorescence, 33; Solar Phenomenon, Decomposition and Heat, Favre and Thomas Woods, 493
225

Deep-Sea Dredging and Life in the Deep Sea, H. N. Moseley,
Copenhagen, the Carlsberg Laboratory at, 306

F.R.S., 543, 569, 591
Copper, Diffusion of, in the Animal Kingdom, Dr. T. II. De La Rue (Dr. Warren, F.R.S.), the Word " Telegraph,” 226
Norton, 305; Prof. Léon Fredericq, 370

* Demonology and Devil-Lore,” Moncure D. Conway, 29
Copper-Tin Alloys, W. Chandler Roberts, F.R.S., 272

Denning (W. F.), the Meteor Showers of January 2, 527;
Copper in Queensland, 474

Meteors, 537
Coppock (Chas.), Sunshine, 445

Deschmann (Ch.), on Prehistoric Sta ions in Carniola, 192
Copying Process, on a New, R. H. Ridout, 155

“Devil-Lore and Demonology,”. Moncure D. Conway, 29
Coral, an Enormous Piece of, Dredged up near Tosa, 285 Deville (Sainte-Claire), Resignation of, 381
Corals, Tabulate, Prof. Nicholson's work on, 490

Devonian Rocks, Upper, of the North of France, 164
Corinth, Isthmus of, Proposed Canal througb, 288

Devonian Rocks of Belgium, Prof. Malaise, 576
Corrigan (Sir Dominic), Death of, 329

Dewar (Prof. J., F.R.S.), on the Spectra oi Sodium and Potas.
Cos, the Island of, Neumayr on, 192

sium, 170 ; on the Reversal of the Lines of Metallic Vapours,
Cosmos, 51, 169, 530

193
Cotta (Bernard von), Proposed Monument to, 451

Diamonds : Artificial, 260, 404; Asserted Artificial Production
Cotton Goods, Sizing and Mildew in, G. E. Davis, C. Dreyfus, of, Prof. Nevil Story-Maskelyne, F.R.S., 203 ; W. Mattieu
and P. Holland, 298

Williams on, 224 ; Hannay's Artificial, 421, 426; Dr. R.
Cutton-Worm, the, Dr. C. V. Riley, 466

Sydney Marsden, 445
“ Countries of the World,” Dr. Robert Brown, 346

Diaphote or Telephote, 576
Courland, Ancient Race Living at, 386

Diastase and Ptyaline, 240
Cow's Milk, Translation of a Chinese Placard regarding the Diathermanous Power of Films of Soapy Water, 620
Consumption of, 187

Diatoms in London Clay, W. H. Shrubsole, 132, 444, 538 ;
Cox (Mr. Serjeanı), Death of, 89

W. H. Penning, 494
Cranial Measurements, Prof. W. H. Flower, F.R.S., 249 Dickins (Fred. V.), Prehistoric Man in Japan, 350; Omori Shell-
Crater, Appearance of a Small, near Paterno, 382

Heaps, 610
Crayfish, the, Prof. T. H. Huxley, F.R.S., 353 ; the “Gastric Differentiated Energy, on the Potential Dimensions of, A. V.

Mill” of the, W. E. Roth, 395; Crayfish Epidemic in the Nudeln, 185
Alsatian Waters, 408; M. Malakoff on the Ural, 454

Dinosaur, the New Wealden, J. Whitaker Ilulke, F.R.S., 135
(rehore (C. F.), Intellect in Brutes, 132

Limptrics of the Eye, 94

66

* The

Disk, Caudal, E. H. Pringle, 34

System of, 162; at Woolwich, 188 ; Edison's New Light, 187,
Dissociation of Chlorine, Bromine, and Iodine, Prof. Henry E. 202, 215, 238, 242, 261, 285, 341; Vegetation under, 438,
Armstrong, 461

456 ; Electric Spark, Method of Persorating Glass with, 189;
Dissociation of the Metalloid Elements, Sir B. C. Brodie, 491 Electric Divining-Rod, 243; M. Pfeiffer's Electric Toy, 267;
Distant (W. L.), on Power's “ Contribution to North American Electrical Storing, 287; Magnetic Effects of Electric Convec-
Ethnology,” 247

tion, 359; on a New Action of the Magnet on Electric Cur-
Diving, Fleuss's Method of, Dr. B. W. Richardson, 62

rents, 361 ; Electrical Railway in Berlin, 473, 501 ; Epigram
Dixon (W. Hepworth), Death of, 214

on Dr. Siemens' Electric Chlorophyll, 473; Electric Testing
Dominica, Volcanic Eruption in the Island of, 330; H. A. of Telegraph Cables, Capt. V. Hoskiær, 587; Electro.
Alford Nicholls, 372

Dynamometer for Measuring Large Currents, Walter N. Hill,
Dorset, Spiders of, by the Rev. 0. Pickard-Cambridge, 273 327
Double Refraction and Atmospheric Pressure, 72

Electrolysis, a Process for Steeling Copper Plates by, 310
Double Stars, a Handbook of, E. Crossley, J. Gledhill, J. M. Electromagnetic Rotation of the Plane of Polarisation in Gases,
Wilson, 53 ; Observations at Chicago by S. W, Burnham,

408
53; Micrometrical Measurements of, made at Cincinnati, 1878 | Electrometer, Edison's New, 21, 360; a Novel Quadrant, 310;
and 1879, 512

Silone's Form of, 427
Doughty (Capt. F. Proby), an Account of some Marine Animals Electrophorus and Collodion, 474
met with en route to the Cape, 32

Electroscope, Capillary, G. Gore, F.R.S., on, 194
Draper (Dr. Henry), on Photographing the Spectra of the Stars Electro-Technical Society, 286
and Planets, 83

“Electrotechnischer Verein," Berlin, 407
Dresden, Ethnographical and Anthropological Museum at, 70 Elements, Metalloid, Pictet's Proposal to Dissociate the, 445;
Dreyer (J. L. E.), Astronomical Subject-Index, 154

Sir B, C, Brodie, 491
Dublin, Royal Society of, 483, 507

Elephants, Tool-making, 34
Dulwich College Science Society, Second Annual Report of, 424 Elephants, Indian, Use of, in South African Exploration, 49
Duncan (Prof. P. Martin, F.R.S.), Cassell's Natural History, Ellis (Alexander, F.R.S.), the History of Musical Pitch, 550
135 ; Ophiolepis mirabilis, 590

· Encyclopædia Britannica," "Asia Minor " in the, 82 ;
Duncan (W. S.), Origin of Man, 493

Nile,” Albert J. Mott, 155
Dundee Naturalists' Society, Scientific Exhibition, 307

Endowment of Research, the Local, 487
Dutch Arctic Expedition, 118

Energy, Differentiated, on the Potential Dimensions of, A. v.
Dyer (W, T. Thiselton), a Cochin-China Remedy for Leprosy, 35 Nudeln, 185
Dynamo-Electric Current, and on Certain Means to improve its England, the Climate of, Alexander Taylor, 131
Steadiness, Dr. C. W. Siemens, F.R.S., 482

Entomology : Entomological Society, 123, 219, 363, 435, 507 ;

Indian, R. MacLachlan, 173; the American Entomologist,

441
Ear, Musical Sounds within the, Dr. A. Ernst, 589

Eocene Flora of Bournemouth, J. Starkie Gardner, 181
Earth, the Figure of the, Employment of the Pendulum for De- Epidemics, Sir Joseph Fayrer, F.R.S., 229
termining, Major J. Herschel, 599

“Epipubis in the Dog and Fox,” T. H. Huxley, F.R.S., on,
Earthquakes, 286; in China, 12; at Ekaterinodar, Caucasus, 362

19; in West Cumberland, 19; in Hungary, 89; Hungarian, | Epizootic Pleuropneumonia, Report on the Pathological Histo-
and the Kolumbács Flies, Julius

Pethö, 202 ; in Iceland, W. logy of, by Dr. Chas. Roy, Dr. E. Klein, F.R.S., 175
G. Spence Paterson, 132; at Temesvar, Details of, 163; Epping Forest, the Superintendent of, 162
Slight Shock of, at Stranorlar, 188; at Agram, 215; in Epping Forest and County of Essex Naturalists' Field Club,
Switzerland, 239; the Study of Earthquakes in Switzerland, Opening Meeting of the, 215, 286, 474
351; at Havana, 306, 357; at Carlsruhe, 306, 408 ; in San Equator, Why the

Air at the, is not Hotter in January than in
Salvador, 452; in Moldavia, 524; at Tenez, 547; at Yoko. July, J. Croll, F.R.S., 129 ; A. Woeikof, 249
hama, 617

Eridanus, New Nebulæ in, 117
Easter Island, Albert J. Mott, 11 ; H. N. Moseley, F.R.S., 32 Ernst (Dr. A.), on the Heterostylism of “Melochia parvifolia,”
Echinoderms, Prize for Researches on, 263 ; Prof. Zittel's Work 217; Musical Sounds within the Ear, 589; Recall of Sights
on Fossil, 509

and Tastes, 611
Eclipses : Lunar, 117; Ancient Solar, Re-Discussion of, 141; Este, Prehistoric Cemetery at, 596

Total Solar, of January 11, 287 ; Total Solar, in the next Ethnology : Proposed Ethnographical Museum in Paris, 47;
Decade, 308; Eclipse Observations, Collated by A. C. Finnic Ethnology, A. H. Keane, 179; North American
Ranyard, Dr. Arthur Schuster, F.R.S., 488

Ethnology, by Stephen Powers, W. L. Distant, 247 ; Afghan
Edinburgh : Royal Society, 268, 340, 531, 556, Officers, &c., Ethnology, A. H. Keane, 276

70; Mr. Gladstone at, 115; Legacy to University, 505 Etna, Astronomical Observatory on, 89 ; Salses of, 241 ; MSS.
Edison's New Electrometer, 21, 360; his Latest Pattern of Tele- of Sartorius von Waltershausen descriptive of, 287.; G. F.

phone Transmitter, 22 ; Successful use of Edison's Telephone, Rodwell on, 396; the late Eruption of, G, F. Rodwell, 458
189; Edison's Electric Light, 187, 202, 215, 238, 242, 261, Ettingshausen (Baron), the Fossil Flora of Alum Bay, 555
285, 341

"Euchlæna luxurians,” Consul Calvert on, 116
Edlund on a New Electrical Experiment, 117

Everett (A. Hart), A, R. Wallace's Au-tralasia, 535; Negritoes
Education, Technical, Prof. Huxley on, 139

in Borneo, 588
Eggs, Hens', the Registration of, 574

Everett (Prof. J. D., F.R.S.), Colour-Vision and Colour-Blind-
Egypt, M. Mariette-Bey on the proposed Excavations in, 115 ness, 62 ; "Song of the Screw,” 349
Ekaterinodar, Caucasus, Earthquake at, 19,

Evershed (Syd.), Meteor, 563
Elasmopoda (Hjalmar Théel), a New Order of Holothuridea, Ewald (Friedrich von), Death of, 89
Sir Wyville Thomson, F.R.S., 470

Expansion of a Substance on Vaporisation, Method of Calcu-
Electricity : “Electric Transmission of Power,” Paget Higgs, lating, W. J. Sollas, 492

LL.D., 10; Prof Töpler's Electric Machine, 21; M. Gaston Eye, Dioptrics of, 94
Planté's Researches on Voltaic, 21; M. Bferknes's Theory of Eye, the, as an Automatic Photometer, W. Ackroyd, 627
Electricity and Magnetism, 72 ; Distribution of the Correct
Time by Electricity, 90 ; Electricity and Steel, 117; a New Factor Tables, Glaisher's, 462
Electrical Experiment, 117; Planté's Researches in, Prof. False Dawn,” J. W. Redhouse, 33
Silvanus P. Thompson, 150; Electricity of the Blowpipe Farm, the Saidapet, Manual and Guide, C. Benson, 54
“Flame," Col. W. A. Ross, 275 ; Herbert M'Leod, F.R.S., • Farming for Pleasure and Profit,” Arthur Roland, 534
347 ; the Nature of, W. H. Preece, 334; Novel Source of Farr (Dr.), and the Registrar-Generalship, 238 ; Proposed Tes-
Frictional, Prof. W. F. Barrett, 417; a New Registering timonial to, 451
Apparatus, 576; Seeing by Electricity, 576; John Perry Fat and Albumen, 618
and W. E. Ayrton, 589; J. E, H, Gordon, 610; Electric Fata Morgana seen at Freiburg, 286
Light, Paris, Experiments on, 90, 282, 307, 423; Alex. Fauna der Gaskohle und der Kalksteine der Permformation
S. Gibson, 132 ; Extension of the Thames Embankment Böhmens,” von Dr. Ant. Fritscb, 31

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Fautrier (Signor), on Forms produced by the Italian Alphabet in Fritsche (Dr. H.), the Climate of Eastern Asia, 175
the Phonograph, 21

Frog, the Coloured Blood Corpuscles of the, 453
Favre (Prof. Pierre Antoine), Obituary Notice of, 417

Frost of December, 1879, W. Marriott, 435
Faye's Comet, 331

Frost, Damage by, in the Paris Parks, 501
Fayrer (Sir Joseph, F.R.S.), Epidemics, 229

Fuchs (Th.), Imperfection of the Geological Record, 476
Felyx-Denys-Rapontayabo, his Letter to the Anthropological | Fuller (J. B.), the Science of Agriculture, 200

Society of Paris, 19
Fermentation, Pasteur's Studies on, 274
Fertilisers of Alpine Flowers, Dr. Hermann Miller, 275 Galileo and the Application of Mathematics to Physics, Prof.
Fertility of Hybrids from ihe Common and Chinese Goose, Wm. Jack, LL.D., 40, 58
Charles Darwin, F.R.S., 207; Lewis Wright, 302

Galls, Oak, 445
Fiévez (M.), on Spectroscopy, 188; Experiments on the Spectra Galton (Francis, F.R.S.), Visualised Numerals, 252, 323, 494
Nebulæ, 576

Galton (J. C.), Further Notes upon the Papuans of Maclay Coast,
Figuier (Madame Louis), Death of, 140

New Guinea, 204, 226
Filaments and Ice-Crystals, Rev. O. Fisher, 302, 396 ; Prof. D. Galvani, Monument to, in Bologna, 19, 47
Wetterhan, 396

Galvanic Battery, New, with Circulating Liquid, 360
Finnic Ethnology, A. H. Keane, 179

Galvanic Elements, Inconstant, 288
Fire produced by the Friction of Wood, 423

Galvanometer, a New Forın of, 576
Fire-Flies and Weaver Birds, E. L. Layard, 201

Gamgee (Arthur, F.R.S.), “A Note on Protagon,” 387
Fishes : Voice in, S. E. Peal, 55; Platysomid, R, H. Traquair, Gardner (J. Starkie), on the Eocene Flora of Bournemouth,

55; the Animal Heat of, 156 ; Strange Incubation in, Dr. R. 181; on the Alum Bay Flora, 588
F. Hutchin on, 226; Fossil, of Scotland, Dr. R. H. Traquair, Garnett (W.), Obituary Notice of Prof. Clerk Maxwell, 43
428; Fish Culture Association of America, 500; Fish Exhi Gas-lighting in Paris, some Statistics of, 140
bition in Berlin, 596

Gas and Electricity in Paris, W. de Fonvielle, 282
Fisher (Rev. O.), Ice-Crystals and Filaments, 302, 396

Gases : on the Solubility of Solids in, by J. B. Hannay and
“Flame,” Blowpipe, Electricity of the, Col. W. A. Ross, 275; James Hogarth, 82; on the Nature of the Absorption of, Dr.
Flax, West Australian, Large Demand for, 141

S. Wroblewski, 190 ; Molecular Velocity of, 201 ; L. Hajnis,
Fletcher (Thomas), his Scientific Meetings, 163 ; the Audiphone, 302; Refraction of Liquefied, 243; the Solubility of, in
515

Solids, Hannay and Hogarth, 499
Fleuss's Process of Diving and remaining under Water, Dr. B. Gaseous Nebula, Discovery of a, Rev. T. W. Webb, III
W. Richardson, F.R.S., 62

“Gastric Mill" of the Crayfish, W. E, Roth, 395
Flies, Kolumbács, and Hungarian Earthquakes, Julius Pethő, Gaule (J.), on the Coloured Blood-corpuscles of the Frog, 453
202

Gauss (C. F.), R. Tucker, 467
Flora of Plymouth, Publication of a, 262

Gautier (Adolphe), the St. Gothard Tunnel, 581
Flora, Cryptogamic, of Silesia, W. R. McNab, 391

Gazetta Chimica Italiana, 27, 146, 218, 433
Florida Burial Mounds, “ Finds” in the, 596

Geese, Chinese, 207, 302
Flow of Viscous Materials, R. S. Newall, F.R.S., 202

Gegenbaur's Morphologisches Jahrbuch, 169, 530
Flower (Prof. W. H., F.R.S.), “Osteology of Man,” 222 ; Geikie (Prof. A., F.R.S.), Geology of the Far West, 67 ;
Cranial Measurements, 249

Geological Survey of the United States, 612
Flower's History of the Tin Trade, 345

Geissler Tubes, Researches with, 72
Flowers, Alpine, Fertilisers of, Dr. Hermann Müller, 275 Geneva : Jade Scraper discovered at, Prof. Max Müller on,
Fluorescent Spectrum, the Study of the, 267

187 ; Society of Physics and Natural History, 315; Inter-
Fogs, 355

national Exhibition of Clocks and Watches at, 330
Fonvielle's (M. W. de) New Novel "Neridah,” 232 ; Gas and Geodesy : Col. A. B. Clarke's Treatise on, Major J. Herschel,

Electricity in Paris, 282 ; Disencumbering the Loire of Ice, 605
358 ; and Lontin's Magnetic Gyroscope, 573, 593

Geography : Geographical Notes, 22, 49, 73, 92, 118, 142, 165,
Forbes (Prof. George), the Comet 1861 I., 562

189, 216, 241, 265, 288, 310, 331, 360, 385, 409, 455, 476,
Forbes (H. O.), Cocos or Keeling Island, 118

526, 549, 577, 598, 619; Geographical Society of Russia, 22,
Force and Momentum, 108

118, 522, 620; Works recently Published by, 23 ; Isvestia of,
Force, Lines of, due to a Small Magnet, John Buchanan, 370 311; Medals of the, 428; Royal Geographical Society, 49,
Forel (Dr. F. A.), on the Lake of Geneva being Frozen, 306; 265, 455, 619; Journal, 22, 427; Reception of Prof.
Tidal Phenomenon in Lake Constance, 443

Nordenskjöld, 504; Medals, 598, 619; Col. Gordon elected
Forests of Tasmania, Rev. J. E. Tenison Woods, 573

an Honorary Corresponding Member of, 36); Proceedings,
Forrest (Mr. Alex.), his Expedition in Western Australia, 165 550; Geographical Congresses in France, 266
Fortune (Robert), Death of, 599

Geology : Prof. Geikie on the Geology of the Far West, 67 ;
Fossils, Silurian, in the Curlew Mountains, Prof. E. Hull, Geological Survey of the Fortieth Parallel,” Prof. New.
F.R.S., 32; G. H. Kinahan, 55

berry's,

's, 141; Geological Survey of the United States, 197,
Fossil Lovers, 161

332, 476; Prof. Arch. Geikie, F.R.S., 612 ; Geological
Fossil Treasures at Yale College, Prof. Marsh, 287

Society, 75, 171, 194, 219, 291, 388, 459, 506, 578; Anni.
Fossil Horses of Constantine, 309

versary Meeting of, 406; Geological Madrigal, Bret Harte's,
Fossil Fishes of Scotland, Dr. R. H. Traquair, 428

161; Geological Notes, 164, 241, 287, 332, 425, 475, 576 ;
France: Education in, 115, 361, 617 ; Upper Devonian Rocks Geology of the Henry Mountains, 177; of the Lower Ama-

of the North of, 164; the New French Cable for America, zons, Orville A. Derby, 188; of Greece, 192; of Belgium, 425;
307 ; French Expedition for Exploring Sahara, 310; Arrange of Herzegovina and Bosnia, 426; Geological Survey of Saxo
ments for the Reception of Prof. Nordenskjöld in, 409; ony, 475; Geological Survey of India, 475; Geological
Observatories in, 451 ; Société Savantes, 547 ; French Associa Record, Imperfection of the, Th. Fuchs, 476 ; Geologists'
tion for the Advancement of Science, Gift to, 573; Sewage Association on the Hampshire Coast, 590
Farming in, 617 : see also Paris

Geometrical Figures, Change in Apparent Position of, Wm.
Frankland (Sophie), Intellect in Brutes, 82

Ackroyd, 108
Franklin Institute, see Journal

Geometry, Fundamental Definitions and Propositions of, with
Frazer (W.), Bone-sucking, a Habit of Cattle, 12

especial Reference to the Syllabus of the Association for the
Fredericq (Prof. Léon), Diffusion of Copper in the Animal Improvement of Geometrical Teaching, Prof. Simon New-
Kingdom, 370

comb, 293
Freezing of Water, Directions for the Artificial, 243

Gerland (Dr.), his Discovery of Original Letters by Leibnitz and
Freezing of Large Surfaces of Water, Notes on, 424

Papin, 19
Freiburg, Fata Morgana seen at, 286

German Anthropological Congress at Berlin, 285
Friction of Wood, Fire produced by, 423

German African Society, 360, 451
Frictional Electricity, Novel Source of, Prof. W. F. Barrett, 417 Gibson (Alex. S.), Electric Lighting, 132
Fritsch (Dr. Ant.), “Fauna der Gaskohle und der Kalksteine der Giglioli (Prof. Henry Hillyer), on Haloporphyrus lepidion, 201 ;
Permformation Böhmens,” 31

on the “Habitat” of Lophiomys, 201

Gillman (F.), Suicide of Scorpion, 275, 302

Harris (R. E.), a Strange Phenomenon, 409
Glacier, a Model, Flow of Viscous Materials, J. T. Bottomley, Harrison (Percy R.), “ Ideal ” Matter, 275

159; Movements of Glaciers, 309; Glacier near Leadville, 574 Harvard and Boston, 149
Gladstone (Right Hon. W. E.) at Edinburgh, 115

Harvard College Observatory, 359
Glaisher on the Temperature of London, 48

Harvard Museum of Comparative Zoology, 424
Glaisher's Factor Tables for the Fourth Million, 462

Hastings (Prof. C, S.), “On Triple Objectives with Complete
Glands, Pepsine-forming, 169

Colour Correction,” 243
Glasgow, Proposed Geographical Society for, 288

Hats, a Feat of Memory, Edwyn Anthony, 562
Glass, Method of Perforating, with the Electric Spark, 189 Havana, Shocks of Earthquake at, 306, 357
Glass, Cement for, Herr H. Schwarz, 360

Hayden (Dr. F. V.), on the Two Ocean Pass, 287
Glehn (Alfred von), on the Recent Severe Weather at Mulhouse, Hearing through the Mouth, Wm. Chappell, 250
188

Heart, on Certain Errors Respecting the Structure of the, attri.
Globus, 550

buted to Aristotle, Prof. T. H. Huxley, F.R.S., I
Glycerine Barometer, on the Construction of a New, 377 Heat, Animal, of Fishes, 156
Goose, Fertility of Hybrids from the Common and Chinese, “Heat, Mechanical Theory of,” by R. Clausius, 367
Charles Darwin, F.R.S., 207 ; Lewis Wright, 302

Heat Conduction in Liquids, 620
Gordon (Col.) Elected an Honorary Corresponding Member of " Heighway's Photographic Printer's Assistant,” 90
the Geographical Society, 360

Hekla, Mount, Ascent of, for Geological Investigations, 286;
Gordon (J. E. H.), Seeing by Electricity, 610

Ascent of, by a Lady, 286
Gore (G., F.R.S.), Thermo-Electric Behaviour of Aqueous Heliograph in Warfare, 617

Solutions with Mercurial Electrodes, 169; on the Capillary Hellenic Studies, Society for the Promotion of, Meeting of, 305
Electroscope, 194; Chemico-Electric Relations of Metals in Helmersen (Count von), the Geology and Physical Geography of
Solutions of Salts of Potassium, 218

the Aralo.Caspian Basin, 577
Gore (J. E.), Southern Stellar Objects for Small Telescopes Henniker (Sir Brydges, Bart.), appointed Registrar-General, 214

between the Equator and 55° South Declination with Obser Henrici (Jacob F.), a Microscopic Serenade, 112
vations made in the Punjab, 80

Henry Mountains, Geology of, 177
Gotha, Cremation at, 239

Hering's Theory of the Vision of Light and Colours, Dr. W.
Göttingen, University of, Prof. Grisebach's Herbarium left to, Pole, F.R.S., 14
162; Royal Academy of Sciences, 412

Herschel (Major J.), Fertilisation of the Grape Vine, 468;
Gramme Magneto-Electric Machine, a New, 72

“Herschel and Cameron's Practical Astronomy,” 515 ; on the
Grape Sugar, the Manufacture of, 20

Employment of the Pendulum for Determining the Figure of
Grape Vine, Fertilisation of the, J. Herschel, 468

the Earth, 599 ; Clarke's “Geodesy,” 605
Greece, Geology of, 192

Hertz (M.), Death of, 143
Greenland, the Interior of, 344

Herzegovina and Bosnia, Geology of, 426
Greenwich Observatory: the Small Planets Observed at, Ad. Heterostylism of Melochia parvifolia, Dr. A. Ernston, 217
miral Mouchez, 407; and the New York Ilirald, 524

Heuglin" (Herr Theodor), Erection of a Monument to his
Gregorian Calendar, Scheme for Introducing the, into Russia, Memory, 89
408

Hexameter, on a, J. J. Walker, 57 ; Dr. C. M. Ingleby, 81;
Gregory (James R.), Intellect in Brutes, 324

Henry Cecil, 81
Griotte, Marbre, Dr. Barrois on, 165

Hicks (W. M.), the Transverse Propagation of Light, 301
Groddeck (Dr. Albrecht von), on Mineral Deposits, 174

Higgs (Paget, LL.D.), “ Electric Transmission of Power,” 10
Groneman (H. T. H.), a Meteor, 444

Hildebrandsson (Dr.) on the Classification of Clouds, 265
Guano, Discovery of, near Cape Town, 116

Hill (S. A.), the Annual Variation of the Barometer in India,
Guayquil, Serious Effect of the Bad Season of 1878 at, 188

513
Guébhard's (M.) Method of Procuring Iridescent Rings in a Hill (Walter N.), an Electro-Dynamometer for Measuring Large
Permanent Form, 242

Currents, 327
Guisseny, Discovery of a Cavern near, 90

Himalayan Ranges, W. T. Blanford, 442
Gunnery Experiments, 139, 162, 286, 514

Histology of Epizootic Pleuropneumonia, Report on the Patho-
Guns, the Thunderer Explosion, 329, 357, 437

logical, by Dr. Chas. S. Roy, Dr. E. Klein, F.R.S., on, 175
Guppy (H. B.), Is Mount Unzen a Volcano ? 153

Histology of Hydra fresca, T. Jeffery Parker on, 244
Gurnaud (M.), Results of a Recent Experiment in Sylviculture, Hoâng-nan, reputed Remedy for Leprosy, 19, 35
330

Hochstetter (F. von), on Prehistoric Stations in Carniola, 192
Guyard (M. A.), Discovery of a New Metal, Uralium, 187 Hoek (Dr. P. P. C.), Notes on Crustacea, 240; the Stone in the
Gypsum, the Formation of Newton's Colour-Rings in, 21

Nest of the Swallow, 494
Gyroscope, Magnetic, De Fonvielle and Lontin's, 573, 593 Holden (Prof.), Orion-Trapezium, 286

Holloway (W. H.), Death of, 616
“Habitat," on the, of Lophionys, Prof. H. Hillyer Giglioli, 201 Holmes's “Treatise on Vocal Physiology and Hygiene ; with
Haeckel (Dr. Ernst), “ Das System der Medusen ; erster Theil especial Reference to the Cultivation and Preservation of the

einer Monographie der Medusen,” 413; a New Class of Rhizo. Voice," Dr. William Pole on, 271
poda, 449

Holothuridea elasmopoda, a new Order of, Sir Wyville Thomson,
Hafner, a Bank called, Investigation of, 307

F.R.S., 470
Hagen (Prof. A. H.), on the Destruction of Obnoxious Insects, Homer's Colour-Blindness, 262

188; Destruction of Insect Pests by Means of Yeast, 611 Horns, Stag's, 155, 372, 417 ; Paul Henry Stokoe, 203 ; Dr. F.
Hailstones, Heavy, 616

Buchanan White, 251; Bolling W. Barton, 325; J. Rae, 349
Hair, the Pilous System in Man, 424

Horse, the Paces of the, Sir W. G. Simpson, Bart., 55; V. B.
Hajnis (L.), the Temperature of the Air at various Levels, 176; Barrington-Kennett, 107

Molecular Velocity of Gases, 302 ; the Circumference of the Horses, Fossil, of Constantine, 309
Circle, 324

Houghton (Rev. W.), Natural History of the Ancients, 151
Hakodate, Japan, New Botanical Gardens at, 357

Houzeau (M.), Belgian State Prize Awarded to, 162
Halle Geographical Society, Meeting of, 242

Howard (Eliot), Cloud Classification, 444
Halley's Mount, 303, 348

Howarth (E.), a Museum Conference, 492
Haloporphyrus lepidion (Risso), Prof. Henry Hillyer Giglioli on, Howgate (Capt.), his Proposed Arctic Expedition, 11, 526

Huggins (W., F.R.S.), on the Photographic Spectra of Stars, 269
Hamburg, proposed Natural History Museum at, 89

Hughes (Prof. D. E.), Note on some Effects produced by the
Hann (Dr.), Rainfall of Austria-Hungary, 385

Immersion of Iron and Steel in Acidulated Water, 602
Hannay (J. B.), a Curious Rainbow, 56; Artificial Diamonds, Hulke (J. Whitaker, F.R.S.), the New Wealden Dinosaur, 135
421, 426

Hull (Prof. E., F.R.S.), Silurian Fossils in the Curlew Mouu-
Hannay and Hogartb, on the Solubility of Solids in Gases, 82 ;

tains, 32
on the Solubility of Gases in Solids, 499

Hungary, Earthquakes in, 89; and the Kolumbács Flies, Julius
Harte's (Bret) Geological Madrigal, 161

Pethö, 202

201

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Hunter (Dr. W. W.), Lecture at Philosophical Institution of Iron and Steel Wires, effects produced by the Immersion of in

Edinburgh on What the English had done for India," 46 Acidulated Water, Prof. D, E. Hughes, 602
Hutchinson (Dr., R. F.), Curious Incubation, 177 ; Scorpion Irmin's Steam Injector, 474
Suicide, 226; Strange Incubation in Fishes, 226.

Island of Réunion, proposed Observatory on, 407
Huxley (Prof. T. H.,F.R.S.), on Certain Errors Respecting the Isochronous Regulator, a new, 504

Structure of the Heart Attributed to Aristotle, 1; on Technical Isopod : a Blind, 240 ; New England, 309
Education, 139; “ The Crayfish: an Introduction to the Study Istituto Reale Veneto di Scienze e Lettere, Prizes offered by, 306
of Zoology,” Prof. E. Ray Lankester on, 353 ; “On the Epi- | Italy and Sicily: Notes from, G. F. Rodwell, 457; Alpine
pubis in the Dog and Fox,” 362

Club of, 458; the Pelagic Fauna of the Lakes of, 525;
Hwang-nan, Reputed Cure for Leprosy, 19, 35

Geographical Society of, 577 ; Italian Antarctic Expedition,
Hybrids, Fertility of, from the Common and Chinese Goose, 578, 598
Charles Darwin, F.R.S., 207 ; Lewis Wright, 302

Ivens and Capello, arrival of at Loanda, 118
Hydra fusca, on the Histology of, T. Jeffery Parker, 244
Hydrochloric Acid, Liquid, the Physical Constants of, Gerrard
Ansdell, 387

Jack (Prof. William, LL.D.), Galileo and the Application of
Hydrogen Lines, the New, Observed by Photography, the Star Mathematics to Physics, 40, 58

Lines, and the Dissociation of Calcium, Dr. H. W. Vogel, 410 Jackson (John R.), Notes of Observations on Injurious Insects,
Hygiene, Vocal Physiology and, by Gordon Holmes, Dr. Wm. Report 1879, 560
Pole, F.R.S., on, 271

Jade Scraper discovered at Geneva, Prof, Max Müller on, 187
"Jahrbuch der Erfindungen,” 358

Janssen (M.), his Sun-spot Observations, 162 ; on Arago, 418
Iça, Dr. Crevaux's Ascent of the, 73

Japan: Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid in, 20 : newly discovered
lce: on the Loire, 306 ; Ice-Blocks at Saumur and Lyons, 330 ; Photographic Process in, 243; Prehistoric Man in, Fred. V.

Ice-Crystals and Filaments, Duke of Argyll, 274, 368 ; R. Dickins, 350 ; S. Suguira, 371 ; Japanese Seas and the Seu
Meldola, 302; Rev. 0. Fisher, 302, 396 ; Capt. H. King, of Okhotsk, proposed Russian Exploration of, 526; Japanese,
302 ; Prof. D. Wetterhan, 396 ; Prof. L. Bleekrode, 444 ; Metric, and English Weights and Measures, 617
S. T. Barrett, 537 ; Win. LeRoy Broun, 589; the Formation Jenkins (B. G.), Remarkable Prediction of Cold, 81
of Ice, on Large Surfaces of Water, 424; the Elasticity of, Johns Hopkins University, Fourth Annual Report of, 262;
504; Anchor-Ice, Dr. J. Rae, F.R.S., 538

Biology at, 618
Iceberg, a Large, 549

Jokes, Scientific, 349, 368, 396
Iceland, Thorlacius' Account of the Weather there, 48 ; Earth. Journal of the Royal Microscopical Society, 27, 243
quakes in, W. G. Spence Paterson, 132

Journal of the Franklin Institute, 50, 146, 290, 433, 458, 626
' Iconographical History of the Orchids," M. E. de Puydt, 357 Journal de Physique, 51, 290, 338, 506, 578
Ideal” Matter, Percy R. Harrison, 275

Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, 74, 361
Ideographs, Nicobarese, 555

Journal of Botany, 98
Illinois, Noxious and Beneficial Insects of the State of, Cyrus Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 193
Thomas, 367

Judd (Prof. F.R.S.), on the Classification of the English
Imray (John), Monkeys in the West Indies, 371

Tertiaries, 448
Incubation, Curious, Dr. R. F. Hutchinson, 177

Jungle Life in India, by Valentine Ball, 373
Indexes, Subject, F. D. Brown, 10

Jupiter, Red Spot upon, 20; M. Niesten on, 407
India : Indian Elephants, Use of, in South African Exploration, Jurassic Reptiles, New, 241

49 ; on the Mountains of the Northern and Western Frontier,
Trelawney W. Saunders, 96 ; Indian Entomology, R.
McLachlan, 173 ; Jungle Life in, by Valentine Ball, 373 ; Kafiristan, Surgeon-Major Bellew on, 427
Geological Survey of, 475; the Annual ,Variation of the Kaltbrunner's “Manuel du Voyageur,” 455

Barometer in, S. A. Hill, 513; the Aryan Tribes of, 598 Kane Geyser, or Spouting Well, 115
India Museum, Removal of, io Kew, 70; Zoological Collections Kangaroo, Alfred Morris, 302
of the, 621

Karmarsch, Intended Erection of a Statue to, 89
India-Rubber, Waste, Utilisation of, 427

Kayser (Herr), the Influence of Temperature on Tuning Forks,
“ Indigo" Spectrum, the Proper Name for the, 426

243
Induction Coil and De Meritens Magneto-Electric Machine, Keane (A. H.), Who was Prince Alumayû ? 61; the Turko.
Effects produced by, Wm. Spottiswoode, P.R.S., 433

mans, 110 ; Finnic Ethnology, 179 ; Afghan Ethnology, 276 ;
Insects, Obnoxious, Prof. Hagen on the Destruction of, 188 Bonwick's “Who are the Irish ?" 464
“ Insects, Noxious and Beneficial, of the State of Illinois," Keeling Islands, H. O. Forbes on, 118
Cyrus Thomas, 367

Kempe (A. B.), How to Colour a Map with Four Colours, 399
Insect_Pests, the Destruction of, an Unforeseen Application of Kent Chalk, Vertical Shafts in the, 13; F. C. Spurrell, 66

the Results of Biological Investigation, Prof. E. Ray Lankester, Kertch, Russian Peninsula of, Interesting Discovery on, 215
F.R.S., 447

Kessler (Prof.), “Law of Mutual Help,” 285
Insects, Injurious, Notes of Observations on, Report, 1879, 560 Kew, Royal Gardens, Study of Botany at, 262
Insect Pests, Destruction of, by Application of Yeast, H. A. Kiesenwetter (Hellmuth von), Death of, 523; Obituary Notice
Hagen, 611

of, 538
Institution of Civil Engineers, 172, 474, 507, 556

Kinahan (G. H.), Silurian Fossils in the “Lower Old Red
Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 615

Sandstone" of the Curlew Mountain District, 55
Institution of Naval Architects, 485

King (Dr.), the Para Rubber Plants, 238
Intellect in Brutes, 494 ; “Lindsay's Mind in the Lower King (Capt. H.), Ice-Filaments, 302
Animals,” 8; James Turnbull, 12; S. E. Peal, 34 ; Sophie King and Rowney (Profs.), on the Origin of the Mineral, Struc.
Frankland, 82; C. F. Crebore, 132; Commander J. P. tural, and Chemical Characters of Ophites and Related Rocks,
Maclear, 250 ; Francis E. Colenso, 251; W. Thompson, 529
324; J. R. Gregory, 324; Major Elphinstone Begbie, 325; Klein (Dr. E., F.R.S.), on Dr. Chas. Roy's Report on the

T. E. Wilcox, 372 ; Alex. Mackennal, 397 ; W. Brown, 397 Pathological Histology of Epizootic Pleuropneumonia, 175
Intra-mercurial Planet Question, Prof. Lewis Swift, 299

Knipping's (E.) Tôkiô, Account of Three Typhoons, 142
Inverted Images, the Rectification of, 21

Kanig's Tuning-Fork Experiments, 117
Iodine, Chlorine, and Bromine, Dissociation of, Prof. Henry Kænig's Collection at the Philadelphia Exhibition, Henry
E. Armstrong, F.R.S., 461

Morton, 368
Irby (J. R. McD.), “On the Crystallography of Calcite,” 200 Kohlrausch (Herr), Membranes in Sounding Columns, 309
Iridescent Rings, M. Guébhard's Method of Procuring, in a Kolumbács Flies and Hungarian Earthquakes, Julius Pethő, 202
Permanent Form, 242

König (Dr.), his New Acoustical Instrument, 21
Irish, Who are the?" James Bonwick, A. II. Keane, 464, 563 | Krause (Ernst), “ Erasmus Darwin,” 245
Iron, Heat Conductivity of, 385

Kuntze (Dr. Otto), Does Sargassum Vegetate in the Open Sea ?
Iron and Steel Institute, 616

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