They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands : and what can he have more bat the kingdomn ? And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.



[2 Samuel i. 1, &c.] 1. Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Am'alekites, and David had abode two days in Zik'lag; it came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul, with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head : and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.* And David said unto him, From whence comest thou ? And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped. And David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me. And he answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also.

2. And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead? And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon Mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him. And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I answered, Here am I. And he said unto me, Who art thou ? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite. He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me; for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me. So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen : and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.

3. Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them;

* Pron. obeysance.


and likewise all the men that were with him: and they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jon'athan his son, and for the people of the Lord, and for the house of Israel ; because they were fallen by the sword.

4. And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son : The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy | 5. Saul and Jonathan were lovely and high places;

pleasant in their lives, How are the mighty fallen!

And in their death they were not diTell it not in Gath,

vided. Publish it not in the streets of As'ke- They were swifter than eagles,

They were stronger than lions. Lest the daughters of the Philis'tines Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, rejoice,

Who clothed you in scarlet, with other Lest the daughters of the uncircum- delights, cised triumph.

Who put on ornaments of gold upon Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be your apparel. no dew,

How are the mighty fallen in the midst Neither let there be rain upon you,

of the battle! Nor fields of offerings;

O Jonathan, thou wast slain in thine For there the shield of the mighty is high places. vilely cast away,

I am distressed for thee, my brother The shield.of Saul, as though he had Jonathan. not been anointed with oil.

Very pleasant hast thou been unto me : From the blood of the slain,

Thy love to me was wonderful, passing From the fat of the mighty,

the love of women. The bow of Jonathan turned not back, How are the mighty fallen, And the sword of Saul returned not And the weapons of war perished! empty:

6. Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel : and the Lord said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel. So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron ; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the Lord : and they anointed David king over Israel. David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months : and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-and-three years over all Israel and Judah.



[ 2 Samuel xi. 14.] 1. And it came to pass, that David wrote a letter to Jo'ab, and sent it by the hand of Uri'ah. And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uri'ah in the fore-front of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die. And it came to pass, when Joab observed the city, that he assigned Uri'ah unto a place where he knew that valiant men were. And the men of the city went out, and fought with Joʻab: and there fell some of the people of the servants of David ; and Uri'ah the Hit'tite died also. Then Jo'ab sent and told David all the things concerning the war; and charged the messenger, saying, When thou hast made an end of telling the matters of the war unto the king, and if so be that the king's wrath arise, and he say unto thee, Wherefore approached ye so nigh unto the city when ye did fight? then say thou, Thy servant Uri'ah the Hit'tite is dead also.

2. So the messenger went, and came and showed David all that Jo'ab had sent him for. And the messenger said unto David, Surely the men prevailed against us, and came out unto us in the field, and we were upon them even unto the entering of the gate. And the shooters shot from off the wall upon thy servants; and some of the king's servants be dead, and thy servant Uri'ah the Hittite is dead also. Then David said unto the messenger, Thus shalt thou say unto Joʻab, Let not this thing displease thee, for the sword devoureth one as well as another: make thy battle more strong against the city, and overthrow it: and encourage thou him. And when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband. And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife.

3. But the thing that David had done displeased the Lord. And the Lord sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said untu him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor. The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds : but the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and nourished up; and it grew up together with him, and with his children :

it did eat of his own meat, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter. And there came a traveller unto the rich man, and he spared to take of his own flock and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was come unto him; but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come to him.

4. And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Na'than, As the Lord liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall surely die : and he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity. And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul ; and I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah : and if that had been too little, I would, moreover, have given unto thee such and such things. Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the Lord, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.



(2 Samuel xiv. 25, &c.] 1. But in all Israel there was none to be so much praised as Absalom for his beauty: from the sole of his foot even to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him. And it came to pass, that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him. And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate and it was so, that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgment, then Absalom called unto him, and said, of what city art thou? And he said, Thy servant is of one of the tribes of Israel. And Absalom said unto him, See, thy matters are good and right; but there is no man deputed of the king to hear thee.

2. Absalom said, moreover, that I were made judge in the land, that every man which hath any suit or cause

let me go

might come unto me, and I would do him justice! And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance, he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him. And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment : so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel. And it came to pass after forty years, that Absalom said unto the king, I pray thee,


pay my vow, which I have vowed unto the Lord in He'bron. For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Ge'shur in Syria, saying, If the Lord shall bring me again indeed to Jen rusalem, then I will serve the Lord. And the king said unto him, Go in peace. So he arose, and went to He'bron.

3. But Absalon sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron. And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, that were called; and they went in their simplicity, and they knew not any thing. And Absalom sent for A-hith'o-phel the Gi'lonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from Gilloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.

4. And there came a messenger to David, saying, The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom. And David said unto all his servants that were with him at Jerusalem, Arise, and let us fee; for we shall not else escape from Absalom: make speed to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly, and bring evil upon us, and smite the city with the edge of the sword. And the king's servants said unto the king, Behold, thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shall appoint. And the king went forth, and all his household after him.

5. And David went up by the as'cent of Mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up. And one told David, saying, Ahith'ophel is among

the conspirators with Absalom. And David said, O Lord, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahith'ophel into foolishness. And Absalom, and all the people, the men of Israel, came to Jerusalem, and Ahith'ophel with him. And the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counselled in those days, was as if a man had inquired at the oracle of God : so was all the counsel of Ahith'ophel, both with David and with Absalom.

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