Sidebilder
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

to render this Work useful to persons interested in the management of parish concerns, and to rate payers in general.

Carlton, near Barnsley,
November, 1833.

A TREATISE

ON
THE WALUATION OF PROPERTY

FOR

THE POOR-RATES.

ORIGIN OF POOR-RATES.

The first act of parliament for the general relief of the poor, was passed in the fourteenth year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth ; before that time their wants were chiefly supplied by charitable institutions, and the donations of the benevolent. Momasteries and hospitals were richly endowed for supporting the clergy and providing for the poor; and the property of persons B

[ocr errors]

No law for relieving the poor before the 14th Eliz.

[graphic]

First occasion for the general tax.

The poor supported by charity.

dying intestate was vested in such insti-
tutions for the same charitable purposes.
At the commencement of the Reform-
ation, in the reign of Henry the Eighth, the
monastic clergy were possessed of about
one fifth of the revenues of the kingdom,
which that monarch seized and distributed
amongst his courtiers and flatterers, as a
reward for their servility. The poor were
thus deprived of their support, and the
country, in consequence, became so much
infested with beggars and indigent persons,
that it was found necessary to provide for
them by a general tax.
During the period that elapsed, betwixt
the suppression of the monasteries and the
commencement of the operation of the
poor laws, paupers were restrained from
begging out of their own district or parish,
and were, in some measure, provided for
by voluntary contributions collected in the
churches. The clergy were directed, by
government, to exhort their parishioners to
be liberal and bountiful. Once a year, at
the conclusion of divine service, it was the
duty of the collectors to write down what

« ForrigeFortsett »