Protection to American Manufactures.

county of Grafton, and State of New Hampshire; considerations,.so connected with individual and and that said company have expended a large general good, and so according with the system sum of money in erecting furnaces, forges, and adopted by Congress, for promoting the manufacmachinery, in the town of Franconia, in the same tories of our country, and so congenial with the county, for the purpose of manufacturing bar iron spirit of the nation, that we shall forbear expresand various sorts of cast iron ware; that their sing much on the subject. works have been in operation for more than three We, therefore, submit to your consideration the years, but, owing to the high price of labor, and propriety of adopting such' measures as may be ihe low price they been obliged to receive for their promotive of encouraging the manufactory, and manufactures, the said company have never real. use, of malt liquors, in the United States. ized one dollar, for the use of their capital stock, MURRAY & MILBANK, and others. which amounts to more than one hundred ihou. New York, 1st mo., 19, (January) 1812. sand dollars; and that they have but little prospect of making their works profitable, or worth

[Communicated to the House, March 6, 1812.] pursuing, while European manufactures, of the same kind, can be imported and sold in this coun

To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatry, for the prices at which they have been sold,

tives of the United States of America, the underwrit. for several years past.

ten citizens of the State of Connecticut respectfully

represent They therefore pray, that, when commerce is laboring under great embarrassments, from the

That we have lately observed, among the vaoppressive measures of belligerent Powers, that rious applications to Congress, on the subject of Congress, in their wisdom, would extend their commerce, petitions for the importation of wire fostering aid and encouragement to American from Great Britain, on a suggestion, as we bemanufactures, by, imposing heavy duties on all lieve, altogether unfounded, that a supply of wire imported hollow iron ware, and shapes of various cannot be made in the United States, and that kinds, an abundant supply of which, with proper such importation is necessary to our infant manencouragement, may be cast in our own country. ufactories. We therefore beg leave to state, that, This, we believe, will afford to merchants a pros- since the first of August last, we have erected, pect of employing part of their capital, withdrawn in the towns of Simsbury and Winchester, in from the ocean, to some advantage, in establish this State, two manufactories for making iron ing, and carrying on. useful manufactories. And, wire, wherein, without any previous knowledge as in duty bound, will ever pray the New Hamp- of the business, we have succeeded in making the shire Iron Factory Company, by their directors.

various species of iron wire, of the best quality, EBEN’R BECKFORD, and others.

from native ore, which with suitable encourageSALEM, January 16, 1812.

ment, may be increased to any quantity required, and afforded at a moderate price.

We therefore humbly request, that, instead of [Communicated to the House, February 3, 1812.] allowing the importation of wire, as heretofore, To the Senate and House of

free of duty, whenever the importation thereof Representatives in Congress assembled :

may be again allowed, it may be done on payment The subscribers, brewers of malt liquor, in the of such duties as to your honors may appear reacity of New York, having long had to encounter sonable. And, as in duty bound, will ever pray. with many impediments to the extension of their

SAMUEL HEADLEY & Co. business, so as to render it profitable either to

WADSWORTH, ALLYN & Co. themselves, or as an useful branch of manufactory As a proof of our success, we enclose here with, to the community at large, take the liberty to sugo iwo samples of card wire, made in said Simsbury. gest to Congress, that, while the consumption of HARTFORD, February, 25, 1812. ardent spirits continues to form so common a From an examination of several samples of iron drink, for the generality of people, particularly wire, made in Simsbury and Winchester, and a among the laboring part of society, it will oper- knowledge of the reputation of the petitioners, ate against the use of malt liquors, which cire m

we believe the facts siated in the foregoing petistance, together with the quantity of foreign beertion are true. heretofore imported, has lessened ihe consumprion

JOHN J. PETERS, and others. of the article manufactured at home, and which, HARTFORD, February, 25, 1812. in the event of the intercourse being opened, may again be the case. With this view of the subject, we are induced

[Communicated to the House, March 20, 1812.] to solicit the attention of Congress, in order that To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representsome legislative aid and encouragement may be atrves of the United States in Congress assembled, afforded in the premises.

at their session, now in 1812, the petition of the subIt is not for us to expatiate on the benefits scribers, citizens, inhabitants, and iron manufacwhich may result to the community, as to the turers, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, on preference, in point of health, which malt liquor behalf of themselves and others, humbly showeth : may have to that of ardent spirits, or of the pol- That, in order to improve their estates, respecicy of encouraging the one, and of discouraging tively, as well as to aid the manufactories of the the other, even

in a moral point of view; these are / United States, in general, they have, at large,

Report of the Commissioners of the Sinking Fund.

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expense erected a number of furnaces, forges, That the balance of moneys advanced on account of rolling and slitting mills, steel furnaces, and tilt the public debt, remaining unexpended at the close hammer forges, for manufacturing iron and steel, of the year 1809, and applicable to payments falling for the use of the citizens of the United States. due after that year, which balance, as appears by the

That, in common with other citizens of the statement B, annexed to the last annual report, United States, pursuing the same branches of

amounted to

$360,999 68 business, they expected a reward, by a just and Together with the sums disbursed from reasonable sale of their productions, for the ex

the Treasury, during the year 1810, penses and industry necessary to erect. carry on,

on account of the principal and inand support, works of such public utility to the

terest of the public debt, which sums, American people.

as appears by the statement C, an

nexed to the last annual report, That, to their surprise, they find that the sub

amounted to

8,001,972 43 jects of those Governments, or Kingdoms, in Europe, who have endeavored to injure, if not. to And amounting, together, to $8,362,972 11 annihilate, the commerce of the United States, are bringing into the American market their

Have been accounted for in the following manner : wrought iron, and endeavoring to undersell the 1. There was repaid into the Treasury, during the year American manufacturers of those articles, whilst

1810, on account of the principal of moneys heretothe commerce of the United States is subjected, fore advanced for the payment of the domestic debt, in those countries, to such restrictions, duties, risk,

as appears by the statement E, annexed to the last and dangei, so as nearly to destroy all the advan- annual report, the sum of

$2,639 37 lages the United States have any right to calcu. II. The sums actually applied, during late on by commerce.

the same year, to the payment of the Your petitioners beg leave further to state, that

principal and interest of the public they have succeeded in their several branches of debt, as ascertained by accounts reniron manufacture equal to their expectations ; dered to the Treasury Department, and that the iron they make is equal, if not supe- amounted, as will appear by the rior, to any imported from beyond sea, for the statement A, to seven millions eight various purposes to which it is necessary to apply hundred and sixty-seven thousand it in the United States.

one hundred and fifty-eight dollars They therefore pray that the honorable the and fifty seven cents, viz : Legislature of the United States will afford them 1. Paid in reimbursement of the prinprotection to their manufactories, by law, laying

cipal of the debt, including the whole such countervailing duties on imported wrought

of the exchanged six per cent. stock iron, as will secure a just and reasonable reward outstanding - - $5,153,328 16

2. Paid on account of to your petitioners, and others pursuing the same

the interest and charbusiness, or in such way as in your wisdom may

ges on the public

2,703,830 41 And your petitioners, as in duty bound, will

7,867, 57 ever pray:

III. The balance remaining unexpend.
DAVID STEWART, and others.

ed at the close of the year 1810, and
applicable to payments falling due

after that year, as ascertained by ac-

counts rendered to the Treasury

Department, amounted, as will ap[Communicated to the Senate, February 5, 1812.] pear by the statement B, to

493,174 17 The Commissioners of the Sinking Fund respectfully report to Congress as follows:

$8,362,972 11 That the measures which have been authorized by the Board, subsequent to their last report, of That, during the year 1811, the following disbursethe 2d of February, 1811, so far as the same have ments were made out of the Treasury, on account of been completed, are fully detailed in the report of the principal and interest of the public debt, viz: the Secretary of the Treasury to this Board, dated I. On account of the interest and reimbursement of the the first day of the present month, and in the state- domestic funded debt

$4,736,092 06 ments therein referred to, which are herewith II. For interest on temporary domestransmitted, and prayed to be received as part of

tic loans

69,842 45 this report.

III. For repayment of temporary do-
G. CLINTON, President of Senate,

mestic loans

2,750,000 00 J. MONROE, Secretary of State.

IV. On account of the interest on Lou-
A. GALLATIN, Secry Treasury.

isiana stock, and on exchanged and
WM. PINKNEY, Atl'y Gen. U. S.

converted stocks payable in Europe 592,160 49 WASHINGTON, February 5, 1812.

Amounting, together, as will appear

by the annexed list of warrants, The Secretary of the Treasury respectfully re- marked C, to

$8,148,095 00 ports to the Commissoners of the Sinking Fund:

seem meet.

Suspension of Payment of certain Bills.

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Which disbursements were made out of the follow. | II. The sums actually applied, during ing funds, viz:

the year 1811, to the principal and I. From the funds constituting the annual appro

interest of the public debt, are estipriation of eight millions of dollars, for the year 1811,

mated, as follows: viz:

1. Paid in reimbursement of the prinFrom the fund arising from the interest on the debt cipal of the public debt, and includ

transferred to the Cominissioners of the Sinking ing the temporary loan of two mil-
Fund, as per state-

lions seven hundred and fifty thou-
ment I, -
- $1,818,374 34

sand dollars, obtained in 1810, from From the fund arising

the Bank of the Uni. from the sales of

ted States

- $5,543,470 89 public lands, being

2. Paid on account of the amount received

interest and charges
in the Treasury from

on the public debt - 2,470,372 06
1st October, 1810, to
30th of September,

As will appear by the estimate F 8,013,842 95 1811, per statement

III. The balance which remained un-
767,061 23

expended at the close of the year From the proceeds of

1811, and applicable to payments duties on goods, and

falling due after that year, as per eswares, and merchan

timate G, at

537,485 69 dise, imported, and on the tonnage of

$8,719,773 09 vessels

5,414,564 43

$8,000,000 00 II. From repayments into the Treas. .

That, in conformity with the resolution of the Comury, on account of advances for the

missioners of the Sinking Fund, of April 24, 1811,(L,) payment of dividends on the domes.

there was reimbursed, at the close of the year 1811, in tic funded debt, and for the pur

the manner prescribed the eighth section of the act chase of foreign remittances, as will

of February 11, 1807, a portion of the converted stock appear by the statement E, viz :

created by the third section of that act, of $1,294,452 Principal advanced from the Treas.

29; which sum of $1,294,452 29, forms a part of the try, repaid $146,666 67

sum of $5,543,470 89, above stated, as the amount of Interest and damages

the principal of the public debt reimbursed in the year recovered 1,428 33


And that the statement H exhibits the amount of 148,095 00

stock transferred to the Commissioners of the Sinking

8,148,095 00 Fund, and to the Treasurer of the United States, in That the abovementioned disburse.

trust for said States, and standing to their credit on the

books of the Treasury, on the 31st December, 1811, no ments, together with the above sta

stock having been transferred in payment for lands ted balance, which remained unex

during the year 1811. pended at the close of the year

All which is respectfully submitted. 1810, of

493,174 17 Together with a further sum, arising

ALBERT GALLATIN. from profit on remittances from

America to Europe, purchased dur-
ing the year 1811, and amounting,
as will appear by the statement D,

56,726 14

SUSPENSION OF PAYMENT OF CERTAIN And, together, also, with the fur

ther sum of £4,900 sterling, in bills.
taken in payment of the principal
of an equal sum of protested bills,

[Communicated to the House, April 6, 1812.] as will appear by the same state

COMMITTEE Room, March 4, 1812. ment D, and equal, at par, to

21,777 78

Sir: Your several letters, of December 29th, Making, together

and of the 25th ult., in relation to sundry bills $8,719,773 09

drawn by Mr. Armstrong upon the Treasury of

the United States, in favor of the Cashier of the Will be accounted for in the next annual report, French Treasury, for the amount of certain claims. in conformity with the accounts which shall then have arising under the Louisiana convention, in favor been rendered to the Treasury Department. That, in the meanwhile, the manner in which the with the documents accompanying them, submit

of American citizens, have been received, and, said sum has been applied, is estimated as follows:

ted to the Committee of Ways and Means. 1. The repayments into the Treasury, on account of

I am instructed by the committee to inform the principal, including the amount of sundry bills you, as the result of their consideration, that, in received in exchange for others previously purchased, the present state of that transaction, and from a which had been protested, have, during the year 1811, view of the circumstances under which it is pre

as by the abovementioned statement E; sented to them, they have deemed it their duty to

$168,444 45


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Suspension of Payment of certain Bills.


not to interfere in the regular course of account. Washington, I pressed the reference on this ground, ability to which it is now subject.

and even invited you to suspend the payment of I have the honor to be, &c.

the bills, should they arrive, until the directions EZEKIEL BACON.' of Congress should be procured. This, you then Hon. A. GALLATIN, Sec'y Treasury.

thought, you had no power to do, which gave,

and continues to give to the affair, an importance, TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Feb. 25, 1812.

as it relates to myself, which must be my apology Sir: 1 had the honor, on the 20 December last, for pressing it again on your notice. If you will to address you on the subject of Mr. Armstrong's have the kindness to advise me of the time you accounts, and now enelose a letter lately received mean to offer it to the committee, I will not hesifrom him.

tate to go to Washington, and carry with me all Permit me to remind the committee, that the that part of my correspondence with the French Secretary of the Treasury is bound to pay the Government, which has any relation to the subbills drawn by the Minister and that the law ject. There is, I find, much of it, and I would having vested'him with no discretion in that re- choose to be the bearer of it myself. When I spect, the bills alluded to in my former letter will recollect the labor and vexation 'I have already be paid whenever presented for that purpose. If, had in executing the convention; that it was a therefore, it is the opinion of the committee that duty altogether wide of my ministerial functions, they should not be paid, a law to that effect is and entirely without remuneration of any kind; necessary. On the other hand, if it be intended I do think (as you have very frankly acknowledge that they should be paid, a law is equally requi- ed in one of your letters to me) that I ought io site to authorize the accounting officers to credit be as little embarrassed by it, hereafter, as possi. Mr. Armstrong for the amouni. The detention ble. To me, no embarrassment could have arisen, of the bills in France (for causes not known at had the reference been made as you promised and the Treasury) having afforded an opportunity to intended, at the last session of Congress; because, obtain the sense of Congress on the subject, it at that time, the remedy, whatever it might have would seem hard not to decide on it: for, if no de- been, would have been interposed before the bills cision be made, the bills will be paid, and Mr. Arm- were presented and paid, and of course before any strong will remain accountable for the amount; charge of them against me could have been made. whilst, on the contrary, he has no interest in the Had Congress approved the arrangement, there nature of the decision, provided it shall be made, would have been an end of the business; had they since it is immaterial to him whether the bills be disapproved it, they must, at the same time, have refused payment, in which case he will not be interdicted the payment of the bills. lo either charged at all, or whether, being paid, he receives case, therefore, I should have been at my ease. credit for their amount.

Whether, however, the bills have, or have not, ALBERT GALLATIN. been paid since, I must entreat you to delay the P.S. I would wish to be enabled to inform as well from your good will as your justice, and

reference no longer. This I have a right to claim, Mr. Armstrong whether his presence be thought in both I have entire confidence. Hon. EZEKIEL Bacon, Chairman, fc.

I should be much obliged, if, in acknowledging the receipt of this letter, you would be good

enough to state whether the bills iu question have Red Hook, 7th February, 1812. arrived and been paid. Dear Sir: Not having yet seen a reference to With very great esteem and regard, I am, &c. any committee of Congress, of that part of my

JOHN ARMSTRONG. bill account which you have not hitherto thought Hon. ALBERT GALLATIN. yourself authorized to settle without the intervention of that body, and seeing much new business growing up for you, I begin to fear that the TREASURY DEPARTMENT, Dec. 2, 1811. present session, like the last, will pass over with- Sir: Mr. Armstrong, in conformity with the out obtaining a decision on this subject. If Con- second section of the act of November 10, 1803, gress should not approve the arrangement made " making provision for the payment of claims of between the Minister of the French Treasury the United States on the Government of France," and myself, which was left in the hands of the &c., had been charged with the whole amount of Cashier General, bills to a certain amount, for the bills drawn under the Louisiana Convention. As purpose of discharging a given number of speci- that instrument contained a provision which made fied claims which had been liquidated in the or- the French Government the final judge of all the dinary form, but which, from various causes, had claims, Mr. Armstrong has been credited, on pronot, after a lapse of more than two years, been ducing, as his voucher, a certificate from ihat paid to the claimants, it is importani that they Government, a copy of which is enclosed in the should do so while they have a power over the papers now transmitted. In point of form, howfunds. In this case they could, by their Minister ever, there has been, in one instance, a deviation in Paris, institute a new negotiation, and give from the Convention, which renders the sanction such other form to the business as they might of Congress pecessary, before the accounts can think safer and better than that which had been be finally seuled. adopted. You will remember, that, when at In order to close the transaction, Mr. Arm


Suspension of Payment of certain Bills.

strong and the Minister of the French Treasury may, if they view the new fact, now communientered into an agreement for the disposition of a cated, in the same manner, propose a provision, sum of 196,658 43 francs, which was the unap- authorizing the Secretary of the Treasury to replied balance of the twenty millions payable by fuse or suspend the payment of the bills. ihe convention on account of American claims. I have the honor to-be, &c. The accounting officers of the Treasury do not

ALBERT GALLATIN. consider themselves authorized to credit Mr. Hon. Ezekiel Bacon, Armstrong for the amount of the bills drawn by Chairman Committee Ways and Means. virtue of that agreement, principally because a portion (amounting to 115.534.41 francs) is drawn Extract of a letter from General Armstrong to the Secin favor of the Cashier of the French Treasury,

retary of the Treasury, dated Red Hook, 19th March, for certain claims which the French Government 1812. has, on that account, assumed to pay, instead of being drawn, according to the convention, in fa- France which essentially alters its circumstances,

“I hare received information recently from vor of the claimants themselves. And for the and will, I think, make a ministerial injunction same reason, a doubt arises whether those bills, which have not yet been presented for payment, of the Cashier General, both proper and neces

on the payment of the bills drawn to the order ought to be paid by the Treasury. The objections, together with Mr. Armstrong's sary, until evidence shall be given, that the terms

of the agreement on the part of France have explanations of the arrangement, are enclosed.

been fulfilled. The substance of this information Although these embrace some other collateral points, i he agreement above stated is the only one the objects of the agreement, and been actually

is, that part of these bills have been diverted from under the consideration of the Treasury, and vested in a person of the name of Dauchy, who which prevents a final settiemeni. It will be recollected, that it had, once before, in his own right or in that of another. 'In this

was not a claimant under the convention, either been necessary to apply for a similar legislative information I have the most entire confidence. sanction, which was given by the act of April The man who gives it cannot mistake, and will Sih, 1806. I have the honor to be, &c. ALBERT GALLATIN.

not deceive. If anything in the form of an affi

davit, with regard io the facts of my being posThe Hon. EZEKIEL Bacon,

sessed of such information, or of my belief that Chairman Committee Ways and Means

it may be relied upon, is requisite, it shall be im

mediately furnished.” TREASURY DEPARTMENT, April 2, 1812. Sir: I regret to be obliged, once more, to trou

A. ble you on the subject of Mr. Armstrong's ac- Extract of a letter from the Secretary of the Treasury count. But you will perceive, from the enclosed to General Armstrong, dated September 4, 1809. extract of his lefter to me of the 19th ult., that “ There are several bills drawn in the name of he has received information that a part of the the Cashier General of the public Treasury, withbills, drawn in the name of the Cashier General out any indication of the claim, or on whose acof the French Treasury, has been diverted from count they are drawn. As he could have no right the objects of the agreement, and been vested in to draw bills in his own name, the claim out of a person who was not a claimant under the con- which they arose ought to be made known to the vention.

Treasury of the United States. The inference drawn from that fact by Mr. • The last claim on the second French list, Arostrong is, that it authorizes the Secretary of which is made to include the whole balance rethe Treasury to refuse the payment of the bills maining undrawn of the twenty millions of francs, until evidence shall be given, that the terms of appears to have been lest by the Emperor to be the agreement, on the part of France, have been drawn for in any name you should designate under fulfilled. But, with that agreement, the Treasu- certain conditions. The nature of this transacry has nothing to do, and its decision cannot be tion, the claims which this sum is intended to affected by the fulfilment or non-fulfilment of satisfy, and the persons who are entitled to the those terms, on the part of France. Provided the money, must be explained before you can be disbills are drawn by the Minister of the United charged regularly at the Treasury, from the States at Paris, and provided they are, on the face amount. It must also be shown that Mr. Warden, thereof, expressed to be drawn under the convenin whose name the bills have been drawn, has tion, and are duly endorsed by the person in paid over the money to the persons entitled to whose favor drawn, they must be paid at the receive it." Treasury. Yet it would be very unpleasant for the Secretary to be placed in that situation, after

The information received from Mr. Armstrong.
And as this information affords solid ground why

Paris, February 6th, 1810. the payment of the bills should be suspended un

SIR: Your letter of the 4th September last, til evidence, as above-mentioned, shall have been having made the detour of Amsterdam, did not received, it seems proper to lay again the subject before the Committee of Ways and Means, who Circumstances of the case.

12th Con. Ist Sess.-66

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