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DISCOVER? OF NORTH AMERICA—EARLY VOYAGES OF THE
PORTUGUESE, FRENCH, AND SPANIARDS.
First Discovery of North America by John Cabot—Voyages of
Sebastian Cabot—Of the Cortereals—Discovery of Labrador
—French Discoveries—Voyages of Verazzano—Of Jacques
Cartier—Discovery of Canada—Spanish Voyages of Discovery
—Cortes—Ulloa—Alarchon—Viscaino, Page 17
RUSSIAN AND ENGLISH VOYAGES.
Bearing—Tchirikow—Cook and Clerke—Meares—Vancouver—
HEARNE AND SIR ALEXANDER MACKENZIE.
Colonisation of Canada—French Fur Trade—Rise of Hudson's
Bay Company—Hearne's Three Journeys—North-west Fur
Company—First Journey of Sir Alexander Mackenzie in 1789—
His Second Expedition in 1792, Page 135
DISCOVERIES ALONG THE SHORES OF THE ARCTIC OCEAN.
First and Second Expeditions of Franklin—Voyage of Captain
INTRODUCTORY OBSERVATIONS TO THE NATURAL HISTORY.
Amelioration in the Character of European Intercourse with uncivil-
ized Nations—The Absence of Sandy Deserts, a grand Feature
in the Physical Attributes of America—General Boundaries of
the Districts afterwards treated of in Detail—Early Sources of
Information regarding the Natural History of North America—
General View of the Fur Countries—Passages across the Rocky
Mountains—Plains and Valleys along the Pacific Shore, 293
THE QUADRUPEDS OF THE NORTHERN REGIONSOF AMERICA.
Inaccuracies of some Historical Writers—No Monkeys in North
America—Bats—Shrew-mice—Genus Scalops, or Shrew-mole
—Other Moles of America—The Star-nose—Various Bears—
Different Digitated Quadrupeds—The Canada Otter—The Sea-
otter—The Dogs and Wolves of America—The Foxes—The
Beaver—The Musk-rat—Meadow Mice and Lemmings—The
Rocky Mountain Neotoma—The American Field-mouse—The
Marmots—The Squirrel Tribe—The Canada Porcupine—The
American Hare—The Polar Hare—The Prairie Hare—The
Little Chief Hare—Genus Cervus—The Elk, or Moose-deer—
The Rein-deer—The Woodland Caribou—The Rocky Moun-
tain Sheep—The Rocky Mountain Goat—The Bison, or Ameri-
can Buffalo—The Musk-ox, Page 313
SOME ACCOUNT OF THE FISHES AND OTHER ZOOLOGICAL
PRODUCTIONS OF THE NORTHERN REGIONS OF AMERICA.
Stnrgeon—Salmon—Trout— Char—Capelan—White Fish—Blue
Insects—Their Natural Preservation from Cold—More Northern
Extension of Tropical Forms in America than in Europe—Bees
—Extension Westwards of the Honey-bee—Diptera—Melville
Island Spider—Butterflies,TM 383
CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES IN THE BOTANY OF THE
NORTHERN REGIONS OF AMERICA.
Mr Brown's Observations on the relative Proportions of the Two
great Divisions of Phaenogamous Plants—Beautiful small Willow
from East Greenland—Notices of the more remarkable Species
collected by Dr Richardson—Galium Tinctorium—Coraus Alba
Phlox Hoodii—Viburnum Edule—Azalea Nudicaulis—Lilium Philadelphicum—Epilobium Angustifolium—Ledum Latifolium—
L. Palustre—Prunus Virginiana—Pyrus Ovalis—Crepis Nana—
Cineraria Congesta—Pinus Nigra—P. Alba—P. Banksiana—P.
Microcarpa—P. Lambertiana—Empetrum Nigrum—MyricaGak
—Populus Trepida—Populus Balsamifera—Juniperus Prostrata
—Splachnum Mnioides—Dicranum Elongatum—Gyrophora pro-
boscidea—Hyperborea Pennsylvania, Mecklenbergii, vellea—
Cetraria Richardsonii—Fucus Ceranoides—Difficulties in the De-
termination of Arctic Species—Plants recently introduced to the
British Gardens—Lathyrus Decaphyllus—Eutoca Franklinii—
Lupinns Littoralis—Clarkia Pulchella—Gerardia Capitata—New
Dodecatheon—Andromeda Tetragona—Menziesia Empetrifolia
—Azalea Lapponica—Dryas Drummondia, Page 39U
SKETCH OF THE GEOLOGICAL FEATURES OF SOME OF THE
NORTHERN DISTRICTS OF AMERICA.
Frozen Subsoil of Hudson's Bay—Primitive Rocks of Hayes Ri-
ver—Hill River—Borders of Knee Lake—Remarkable Rock-
island of Magnetic Iron Ore—Lake Winipeg—Limestone Dis-
trict—Fort Chipewyan—Carp Lake—Gneiss Formation of the