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PUBLIC HEALTH REPORTS

VOL. XXVIII.

JULY 11, 1913.

No. 28.

CIGAR CUTTERS.

A NOTE REGARDING THE POSSIBLE DANGER OF THEIR USE IN COMMON. The attention of the bureau has been invited to the danger of the spread of disease through the automatic cigar cutter which one finds so commonly on the counters of cigar stores, drug stores, and other places where cigars are sold. It is a habit among many cigar smokers on purchasing a cigar to place it between their lips while paying for the purchase, the smoker then putting the moist end of the cigar in che cutter. This would seem to be a very effective method of bringing about the interchange of mouth secretions, and possibly the spread of infection. It is suggested that the use of such automatic cigar clippers should be avoided by the public because of the possibility that disease may be spread by them by reason of the nature and manner of their use.

BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS. ESTABLISHMENTS LICENSED FOR THE PROPAGATION AND SALE OF VIRUSES, SERUMS,

TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS. The following table contains a list of the establishments holding, on July 1, 1913, licenses issued by the Treasury Department in accordance with the act of Congress approved July 1, 1902, entitled "An act to regulate the sale of viruses, serums, toxins, and analogous products in the District of Columbia, to regulate interstate traffic in said

The number of the license of each firm is also given, together with the names of the several products for which licenses have been

articles, and for other purposes."

granted.

No. of license.

Establishments.

Products.

1 Parke, Davis & Co., Detroit, Mich..... Diphtheria antitoxin, antigonococcic serum, antimen

ingococcie serum, antistreptococcic sarum, antitetanic serum, antitubercle serum, tuberculins, bacterial vaccines, erysipelas and prodigiosus toxins, antirabic virus, vaccine virus, and modified bacterial deriva

105

tives (Schafer).

No. of license.

Establishments.

Products.

3

8

9

2 H. K. Mulford Co., Philadelphia, Pa.... Diphtheria antitoxin, antidysenteric serum, antimen

ingococcic serum, antipneumonic serum, antistreptococcic serum, antitetanic serum, tuberculins, vacine virus, normal horse serum, bacterial vaccines, and

antirabic virus. Dr. H. M. Alexander & Co., Marietta, Diphtheria antitoxin, antitetanic serum, antirabic Pa.

virus, vaccine virus, and tuberculins. 5 Fluid Vaccine Co., Milwaukee, Wis.... Vaccine virus. 6 The Slee Laboratories, Swiftwater, Pa.. Diphtheria antitoxin, antimeningococcic serum,

antistreptococcic serum, antitetanic serum, and vaccine

virus. The Cutter Laboratory, Berkeley, Cal.. Diphtheria antitoxin, antistreptococcic serum, tuber.

culins, bacterial vaccines, and vaccine virus. Frederick Stearns & Co., Detroit, Mich.. Diphtheria antitoxin, streptolytic serum,

and pneu

molytic serum. 11 Pasteur Institute of Paris, Paris, | Diphtheria antitoxin, antidysenteric serum, antimen. France.

ingococcic serum, antiplague serum, antistreptococcic serum, sérum antivenimeux, antitetanic serum, and

antiplague vaccine. 12 Chemische Fabrik auf Actien, Berlin, Diphtheria antitoxin and antistreptococcic serum.

Germany. 14 Health Department of the City of New Diphtheria antitoxin, antitetanic serum, antirabic York.

virus, vaccine virus, tuberculin, antimeningococcic

serum, and antistreptococcic serum. 16 National Vaccine and Antitoxin Insti- Diphtheria antitoxin, vaccine virus, normal horse tute, Washington, D. C........

serum, and bacterial vaccines. 17 Lederle Antitoxin Laboratories, New Diphtheria antitoxin, antigonococcic serum,

antimenYork City.

ingococcic serum, antipneumococcic serum, antistreptococcic serum, antitetanic serum, vaccine virus, antirabic virus, normal horse serum, antityphoid

vaccine, and bacterial vaccines. 18 Burroughs, Wellcome & Co., London, Diphtheria antitoxin, antigonococcic serum, antidysenEngland.

teric serum, anticolon-bacillus serum, antistaphylococcic serum, antistreptococcic serum, antityphoid serum, antimeningococcic serum, normal horse serum, tuberculins, bacterial vaccines, and antitetanic

serum.

19 Memorial Institute for Infectious Dis- Diphtheria antitoxin.

eases, Chicago, III. 21 Swiss Serum and Vaccine Institute, Diphtheria antitoxin, antidysenteric serum, antiBerne, Switzerland.

meningococcic serum, antipneumonic serum, antiplague serum, antistreptococcic serum, antitetanic serum, tuberculins, anticholera vaccine, antiplague

vaccine, antityphoid vaccine, and bacterial vaccines. 22 Institut Bactériologique de Lyon, Antidiphtheric serum and normal goat serum.

Lyon, France. 23 BacterioTherapeutic Laboratory, Ashe Tuberculins.

ville, N.C. 24 Farbwerke, vormals Meister Lucius Diphtheria antitoxin, antidysenteric serum, antimen

und Brüning, Hoechst on Main, Ger- ingococcic serum, antipneumonic serum, antistrepmany.

tococcic serum, antitetanic serum, and tuberculins. 25 Tuberculin Society of St. Petersburg, Tuberculinum purum.

St. Petersburg, Russia. 27 Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille, France.. Sérum antivenimeux. 29 The Behringwerk, Marburg, Germany.. Antitetanic serum and tuberculin. 30 Dr. G. H. Sherman, Detroit Mich.... Bacterial vaccines.

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July 11, 1913

No. of license.

Establishments.

Products.

anti31 E. Merck, Darmstadt, Germany.... Diphtheria antitoxin, antimeningococcic serum,

pneumonic serum, antistreptococcic serum, normal borse serum (liquid and dried), jequiritol serum, tuberculins, bacterial vaccines, and leucofermantin

(antitryptic sheep serum). 32 Kalle & Co., Biebrich, Germany.. Tuberculin (Rosenbach). 33 American Biologic Co., Kansas City, Mo. Antirabic virus. 34 The Béraneck Laboratory, Neuchatel, Tuberculin (Béraneck).

| Switzerland. 35 Dr. Carl Spengler, Davos-Platz, Swit- | 1. K. immune blood.

zerland. 36 Dr. C. L. McDonald, Cleveland, Ohio... Bacterial vaccines. 37 Western Biological Co., Kansas City, Do.

Kansas. 38 Laboratorio di Terapia Sperimentale Tuberculosis serum-vaccine.

(Bruschettini), Genoa, Italy. 39. Pharmaceutisches Institut Ludwig Antidysenteric serum.

Wilhelm Gans, Oberursel, near

Frankfort on the Main, Germany. 46 Hygienic Laboratory of the California Antirabic virus.

State Board of Health, Sacramento,

Cal. 41 Arkansas Pasteur Institute and Hy

Do. gienic Laboratory, Little Rock, Ark. 42 Sophian-Hall-Alexander Co., Kansas Diphtheria antitoxin, antigonococcic serum, antimen. City, Mo.

ingococcic serum, antistreptococcic serum, antirabia

virus, normal horse serum, and bacterial vaccines. 43 The Abbott Laboratories, Chicago, Ill.. Bacterial vaccines. 44 The Greeley Laboratories, New York Do.

City.
45 The Beebe Biological Laboratories, St.

Do.
Paul, Minn.

NOTE ON LEPROSY IN RATS. By J. R. RIDLON, Passed Assistant Surgeon, United States Public Health Service. From August 29 to December 30, 1912, there were 5,700 rats dis. sected and examined for plague infection at Mayaguez, Porto Rico, all these rats having been caught in the city of Mayaguez.

Although primarily examined for plague other lesions were noted and among the 5,700 rats examined three rats with leprosy were found.

Rat No. 1.–Full grown male Mus norvegicus, showed subcutaneous nodules and thickening of subcutaneous tissue and patches of alopecia : Several nodules presented surfaces ulcerated through the skin.

Axillary glands of both sides enlarged, smears from the nodules; ulcerated surfaces, and enlarged glands showed leprosy bacilli in large numbers. They showed the characteristic properties of cell inclusion and acid-fast staining. Internal organs showed no macroscopie lesions.

[graphic]

Establishments.

Products.

Mulford Co., Philadelphia, Pa.... Diphtheria antitoxin, antidysenteric serum, antima

ingococcic serum, antipneumonie serum, antistrepte coccic serum, antitetanic serum, tuberculins, rac in virus, normal horse serum, bacterial vaccines, ad

antirabic virus. M. Alexander & Co., Marietta, Diphtheria antitoxin, antitetanic serum, antirabie

virus, vaccine virus, and tuberculins. accine Co., Milwaukee, Wis.... Vaccine virus. e Laboratories, Swiftwater, Pa.. Diphtheria antitoxin, antimeningococcic serum, and

streptococcic serum, antitetanic serum, and vacusa

virus. ter Laboratory, Berkeley, Cal.. Diphtheria antitoxin, antistreptococcic serum, tuber.

culins, bacterial vaccines, and vaccine virus. k Stearns & Co., Detroit, Mich.. Diphtheria antitoxin, streptolytic serum, and peer

molytic serum. Institute of Paris, Paris, Diphtheria antitoxin, antidysenteric serum, antime

ingococcic serum, antiplague serum, antistreptoederek serum, sérum antivenimeux, antitetanie serum, und

antiplague vaccine. ne Fabrik auf Actien, Berlin, Diphtheria antitoxin and antistreptococcie serum. ny. epartment of the City of New Diphtheria antitoxin, antitetanic serum, antiratie

virus, vaccine virus, tuberculin, antimeningoenerás

serum, and antistreptococcic serum. Vaccine and Antitoxin Insti- Diphtheria antitoxin, vaccine virus, norinal barve ashington, D.C..

serum, and bacterial vaccines. untitoxin Laboratories, New Diphtheria antitoxin, antigonococcic serum, antimaity.

ingococcic serum, antipneumococcic serum, antstreptococcic serum, antitetanic serum, vaccine virus, antirabic virus, normal horse serum, antitypbud

vaccine, and bacterial vaccines. Wellcome & Co., London, Diphtheria antitoxin, antigonococcic serum, antidysea

teric serum, anticolon-bacillus serum, antistaphylon coccic serum, antistreptococcic serum, antityphod serum, antimeningococcic serum, normal horse serulin, tuberculins, bacterial vaccines, and antitetane

serum. astitute for Infectious Dis- Diphtheria antitoxin.

ago, III. n and Vaccine Institute, Diphtheria antitoxin, antidysenteric serum, antiitzerland.

meningococcic serum, antipneumonic serum, an:plague serum, antistreptococcic serum, antitetanie serum, tuberculins, anticholera vaccine, antiplague

vaccine, antityphoid vaccine, and bacterial vaccines ictériologique de Lyon, Antidiphtheric serum and normal goat serum. ice. rapeutic Laboratory, Ashe Tuberculins.

vormals Meister Lucius Diphtheria antitoxin, antidysenteric serum, antimenig, Hoechst on Main, Ger- ingococcic serum, antipneumonic serum, antistres

tococcic serum, antitetanic serum, and tuberculins. ociety of St. Petersburg, Tuberculinum purum. irg, Russia. jur de Lille, Lille, France.. Sérum antivenimeux. serk, Marburg, Germany.. Antitetanic serum and tuberculin. arman, Detroit Mich...

Bacterial vaccines.

Rat No. 2.--Full grown male Mus norvegicus. Presented subcutaneous nodules with ulcers through skin. Axillary and inguinal glands were enlarged. Smears from nodules, ulcers and glands positive for leprosy. Spleen was soft and enlarged, but all other internal organs were normal. Smears from spleen and liver negative for leprosy.

Rat No. 3.-Full grown male Mus norvegicus. Showed enlarged axillary glands, subcutaneous nodules and skin ulcers. Smears from nodules, ulcers and glands positive for leprosy. Internal organs were normal macroscopically and smears were negative.

The proportion of infected rats to the total number examined was 0.00052 per cent.

Human leprosy is present in the island.

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