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that decorated tiling, properly laid, is durable and presents a polished surface easily kept clean and one always presentable and attractive.

Dr. August Windolph, of New York, spoke on "The American bath; its location, plan, and construction." He said that although the earliest records showed that public baths were first introduced in this country in 1850, but little attention was paid to the subject until 1890, though a few isolated buildings of the river-type bath, poor and crude imitations of European models, had been used previous to that date; that it was Dr. Simon Baruch, of New York, who started a movement that may be described as a new social spirit, a civic renaissance, in introducing the rain or shower bath; and that it is only within the last decade that bath building has shown systematic development. Each municipality, heretofore, had approached and solved the problem after its own fashion. He claimed that the customary European practice of choosing a site of sufficient dimensions to furnish most of the bathing facilities in one place is not thought to be desirable in this country, because the site selected is usually in a densely populated part of the city, the price of the site is high, and the public funds will not usually permit a large initial expenditure. He stated that American baths are not characterized by elaborate halls, staircases, and rooms devoted to various other purposes than bathing; also that we have eliminated steam, hot air, and vapor baths. He claimed that the combined pool and shower variety of bath has up to the present time been the most favored by our municipalities, and that it has many advantages of economy, practicability, and simplicity which have appealed to the authorities. He thought that in a small city the shower equipment is the most suitable. He believed that in construction a bath must be considered from the standpoint of sanitation, being a valuable asset for all large cities, tending to the elevation of both the moral and physical well-being of the community.

A number of brief reports by members of the association on the progress of the public bath movement in various cities showed & healthy growth and a great increase in attendance over preceding years. Hope was expressed that much public interest might be aroused, following the present meeting, and that thus a great expansion of the public bath system, for which the time is ripe, might be accomplished.

H. D. Tutwiler, commissioner of recreation, Indianapolis, Ind., gave an interesting address on the method adopted there to give the citizens an opportunity for aquatic sports. An abandoned gas tank, attached to a city fire plug, constitutes at present the public swimming pool of the city. Before this pool was established there were more deaths due to drowning in the vicinity of that city than there were at Atlantic City. He said the special feature of the Indianapolis system is that public recreation of all kinds, including public baths

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and public playgrounds, is under the commissioner of recreation, and that much good had resulted from this arrangement. A launch provided for the purpose of patrolling the two confluent streams near the city, manned by lífe-savers, was the means of saving many lives during the great flood of last spring. Besides carrying food to several hundred marooned people, it conveyed at least 800 to 1,000 others to places of safety. Following his talk, Mr. Tutwiler exhibited an interesting series of motion pictures of the public recreation grounds, etc., of Indianapolis.

Dr. Wilson Burdick, director of the public athletic league, Baltimore, delivered an interesting address on the “Relation of public athletic work to public baths," and told of the cooperation between the league and the public bath commission of Baltimore, laying particular emphasis on the medals which were offered by the league for proficiency in swimming.

Dr. William Hale, superintendent of public baths of Brooklyn, 1. Y., spoke on the general topic, "A municipal department for baths and gymnasiums." Dr. Hale offered many valuable suggestions as to how such a department should be conducted.

The morning session was marked by a discussion on the relative value of pool and shower bathing. Dr. Baruch, president of the association, maintained that the shower bath was the only hygienically cleansing bath, and that the pool was chiefly valuable in furnishing means for recreation and exercise. While this point met with general approval it was also maintained that the pool was a most desirable feature of a public bath, as it offered a strong inducement to some to take the shower who probably could not be induced to take it under any other circumstances.

Miss ('atharine F. Mehrtens, president Women's Life Saving League

, New York, spoke on "The importance of swimming and life-saving instructions to women." Instruction in this subject, especially for working women, employed during the day, seems to have received its first serious consideration in New York City from the league. Membership in this organization, which is only three years old, has reached a thousand. The league conceived the idea that swimming must be taken up, sooner or later, as a branch of elemencary education in every locality. The points for the consideration of every community are the confidence that swimming gives the individual, and its pleasure-giving and health-giving qualities. No other form of athletics gives such all-round exercise and is so well adapted to women and girls. It is especially advantageous to those who have long hours in the office or at the desk or counter, and is a beneficial recreation. Such health-giving athletics : tend to the moral and social uplifting of women.

Mr. Todd, superintendent of public baths of the Borough of Manhattan, New York City, spoke briefly of the marked progress made in the advancement of public bathing during the past year in the second largest city in the world. In the year 1912 the borough had in operation 12 interior and 6 floating free municipal baths, and 6,375,133 free baths were given. The average cost per bath was a little over 3 cents. One of the most difficult problems confronting the city during the last year was that of persuading the people to patronize the baths. Steps had to be taken to make the baths popular by establishing in them well equipped gymnasiums and other forms of amusements. In further pursuance of this plan every possible effort is used to make the appearance of the building attractive and inviting. Arrangements have been perfected for the construction of larger and more perfect indoor sanitary swimming pools in various sections of the borough. Many new changes in the method of operation of the baths have been considered and will be put into force.

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PREVALENCE OF DISEASE.

No health department, State or local, can effectively prevent or control disease without

knowledge of when, where, and under what conditions cases are occurring.

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Surg. Long, of the Public Health Service, reported by telegraph that during the week ended July 26, 1913, 1 case of smallpox had been notified at Alameda and 2 cases at San Francisco, Cal.

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Senior Surg. Brooks, of the Public Health Service, reported by telegraph that during the week ended July 26, 1913, 1 case of smallpox had been notified in Los Angeles, Cal.

Indiana Evansville.

Acting Asst. Surg. Neary, of the Public Health Service, reported by telegraph that during the week ended July 26, 1913, 2 cases of smallpox had been notified in Evansville, Ind., making a total of 847 cases reported since October 1, 1912.

The population of Evansville in 1910 was 69,647.

Miscellaneous State Reports.

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