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lime, or a 5 per cent solution of pure carbolic acid, or one-tenth per cent (1/1000) solution of corrosive sublimate, and the whole body wrapped in a layer of raw cotton Dot less than 1 inch thick, and be encased in a coffin or casket which must be immediately closed and not be reopened for any purpose. Burial must take place within the city limits, or in the cemeteries immediately adjacent thereto, within 36 hours after death. A hearse or undertaker's wagon only shall convey such remains.
Sec. B. Bodies in this class, when prepared as in Section A, may be taken in a hearse or undertaker's wagon to any point in Pennsylvania within driving distance di Philadelphia, or to Camden, N. J., provided that the coffin or casket be metal or metal lined and hermetically sealed, or if an ordinary coffin or casket be used, the eame shall be placed within an outside case, which is metal or metal lined and hermetically sealed, which fact must be attested by a medical inspector of the board of health.
Sec. C. When cremated, the ashes of bodies in this class may be transported by any public conveyance in any receptacle that is hermetically sealed.
Sec. D. Bodies in this class shall not be brought into Philadelphia unless a special permit of the board of health has been issued for that purpose, except from near-by points in Delaware, Bucks, and Montgomery Counties, when prepared as prescribed in section A of this class.
Class 2. Diphtheria, membranous croup, scarlet fever (scarlatina), and epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis or cerebrospinal fever, tetanus, glanders (farcy), anthrax, and anterior poliomyelitis.
SECTION A. Bodies in this class must, as soon as is possible after death, be enveloped in a sheet saturated with a 4 per cent solution of chloride of lime, or a 5 per cent solution of pure carbolic acid, or a one-tenth per cent (1/1000) solution of corrosive sublimate, and the body wrapped in a layer of raw cotton not less than 1 inch thick and be placed in a coffin or casket which must be immediately closed and not reopened for
any purpose. (When desired, the wrapping may be left off the face and the body placed in a coffin or casket fitted with a glass top, provided that only the immediate members of the family be permitted to view the remains.) Burial must take place within the city limits or in the cemeteries immediately adjacent thereto (induding Camden, N. J.) within 36 hours after death. A hearse or undertaker's wagon only shall convey such remains.
Sec. B. Bodies in this class may be transported by any public conveyance when prepared as in section A and incased in a metal or metal-lined coffin or casket hermetically sealed. If an ordinary coffin or casket be used, the outside case inclosing the same must be metal or metal lined and hermetically sealed. The fact, as regards the casing of the body, to be attested by a medical inspector of the bureau of health,
SEC. C. Bodies in this class may be brought into Philadelphia for interment upon atidavit of the undertaker in charge that (when brought from near-by points in DelaFare, Bucks, and Montgomery Counties) they are prepared as prescribed in section A of this class, and from all other points as prescribed in sectior B.
Sec. D. All services held in connection with the funeral of the body of a person who has died of any of the diseases mentioned in rule 8 shall be private, ard the atterdance th :reat shall include only the immediate adult relatives of the deceased who may not at the time be under absolute quarantine restrictions and the necessary number of adult pallbearers, and any advertisement of such funeral shall state the cause of death.
Sec. E. The body of a person who has died of any of the diseases mentioned in rule shall in no instance be taken into any church, chapel, public hall, or public building for the holding of funeral services. The undertaker, or person acting as such, and the sexton, janitor, or other person having control of such church, chapel, public hall, or public building shall be responsible for any violation of the provisions of this section, Sec. F. No undertaker, or person acting as such, at the funeral or burial of the body of a person who has died of any of the diseases mentioned in rule 8 shall furnish or provide for such funeral or burial more than the necessary number of conveyances før such adult relatives as are mentioned in section D, and pallbearers; and all such conveyances shall be fumigated and disinfected, at such time and in such manner as may be directed and required by the health authoricies.
Sec. G. In all burials when death has been caused by diseases other than those embraced in rule No. 8, but for which the house may be placarded by the bureau of health, the body must not be taken into any church or other place for services. The funeral must be private, and shall be advertised as such. When such deaths occur in hospitals the remains may be removed to place of residence for services, under such restrictions and precautions as shall be formulated by the bureau of health.
Sec. H. Infected houses.-Undertakers must inform the occupants of infected houses of the requirements of the board of health in such cases. See rule 13.
NONCONTAGIOUS DISEASES-HOW TO BE INCLOSED FOR TRANSPORTATION,
RULE 9. In cases of the removal from the city, by public conveyance, of the bodies of persons who have died of any noncontagious disease, except to such points or cemeteries as may be made the subject of a special ruling of the board of health, the remains, when thoroughly embalmed and disinfected, or when shipped to such points as can be reached within 24 hours after death, must be placed in a casket or coffin, and the said casket or coffin must be encased in a strong outer box made of good, sound lumber, not less than seven-eighths inch thick. All joints must be plowed, grooved, and glued; top and bottom put on with cleats and crosspieces, all put together with screws All joints to be tightly closed with pitch or white lead, and a rubber band placed on the upper edge between the lid and box; and there must be strong handles on each end and side of said outer box.
When not embalmed and the destination can not be reached within 24 hours after death, the coffin, casket, or outside case must be metal or metal-lined and hermetically sealed.
Affidavits.-Permits for transportation of dead bodies and burial in contagiousdisease cases will not be issued, except upon the affidavit of an undertaker to the effect that the body, when presented for shipment or burial, will be prepared and encased as prescribed in rules 8 and 9.
Rule 10. Bodies brought into the city for interment.--a) All bodies brought from beyond the limits of the city for interment must have an undertaker's certificate, in ink, affixed to the written or printed certificate of death.
In these cases the undertaker's certificate must give the place from which the deceased is to be buried.
(6) Whenever a certificate, or permit, or satisfactory information is presented to the registrar of vital statistics by an undertaker ior the interment of a body from another city or town, previous to the arrival of said body in this city a permit will be issued for said burial, allowing the person to retain the original certificate until the arrival of the remains in this city.
Rule 11. Bodies in transit.-When dead bodies, in transit, are to be taken immediately from train to train in the same station, or from one railroad station or ferry to another, within the city limits, the permit accompanying the remains from place of shipment shall be sufficient authority to pass the body through the city.
Rule 12. Undertaker's liability, etc.-(a) Any undertaker or other person who obtains a permit herein described and who neglects or refuses to carry out explicitly the rules of this board, shall be liable to a penalty and prosecution under section 24, act of assembly, May 14, 1909.
(6) The board will hold undertakers responsible for the acts of their assistants.
Hogs-Keeping of. (Ord. June 24, 1912.) SECTION 1. The select and common councils of the city of Philadelphia do ordain, That it is bereby made unlawful and declared to be a nuisance to keep hogs or swine in any part of the city of Philadelphia except within the limits hereinafter described: Prorided, That this section shall not apply to hogs or swine kept at any licensed slaughterhouse for a period not exceeding five days, for the purpose being killed for use ág food. The limits within which hogs or swine may lawfully be kept in accordance with the provisions of this section shall be as follows:
1. In that portion of the city between Penrose Avenue and Thirty-first Street, north on Thirty-first Street to Maiden Lane, and on Maiden Lane west to the Schuylkill River.
2. In that portion of the city between the Delaware River and a line running from the Back Channel along the east house line of Eighth Street north to the south house lize of Packer Street; thence east along the south house line of Packer Street to Fifth Street, north on Fifth Street to Johnston Street, along Johnston Street east to Stampers lape, from Stampers Lane to Oregon Avenue, and from Oregon Avenue to the Dela
od on 3. Between the city line at the southern boundary of the city and a line beginning match at the intersection of Darby Creek and the south house line of Eighty-seventh Street;
thence along the south house line of Eighty-seventh Street to Church Creek; thence
along Church Creek to the south house line of Eighty-first Street; thence along the and er 6th house line of Eighty-first Street to the east house line of Ashwood Avenue;
thence along the east house line of Ashwood Avenue to the south side of Jones Lane;
5. Within the limits of the twenty-first, twenty-second, thirty-fifth, forty-first, and
SEC. 2. It is hereby made unlawful and declared to be a nuisance to keep hogs or seine in any part of the city of Philadelphia excepting in a sanitary manner and so 38 201 to be prejudicial to the health of the community.
Str. 3. Any person violating any of the provisions of this ordinance, or comiitting a nulance as herein defined, shall be liable to a penalty of $25 for each offense, and to at additional penalty of $5 for each day during which such violation or the continuatina of such nuisance may be persisted in after not less than 10 days' written notice from the board of health to abate the same, to be recovered as fines and penalties of like amount are now by law recoverable.
SEC. 4. All ordinances or parts of ordinances inconsistent herewith be, and the same are bereby, repealed. Dead Animals-- Disposal of Bone Boiling Establishments. (Reg. Bd. of H., Feb.
9, 1912.) 1. Bone boiling establishments or depositories for dead animals shall be conducted apart from and be completely isolated from any of the operations of slaughtering animals ut preparing for human food.
2. No building or buildings shall be erected, constructed, or used for bone boiling establishments or depositories ior dead animals until after plans thereof have been sub
mitted to and approved in writing by the board of health. All such places of business shall be connected to the public sewers with adequate drains provided with screen chamber for the interception of solids, and the drains shall be effectively trapped with water seal. If any such establishments shall exist or shall be constructed along any stream into which it is permitted to discharge sewage, then the discharge shall be treated to meet the State requirements for the protection of streams, unless a projected sewer line is crossed, in which case all provisions shall be made to connect with the sewer when built, and the outlet may then be continued temporarily to the stream, there to discharge only until such time as the sewer connections can be made, provided the same can be carried on without creating a nuisance.
All rooms of the establishment used for such purposes shall be equipped with water supply and appliances sufficient for their proper cleansing, and the rooms shall be kept clean. No waste whatsoever, except wash and waste water and wastes from plumbing fixtures, shall be permitted to pass into the sewers. The buildings in which said business is conducted shall have smooth, impervious floors, properly drained and sewer connected. The walls shall be covered to the height of 6 feet with nonabsorbent material. All woodwork shall be painted or whitewashed. All plumbing and drainage of said establishments and depositories shall conform to the rules and regulations of the board of health governing house drainage.
3. The buildings shall be tight inclosures which shall effectually prevent the escape of nauseous or offensive gases, odors, or vapors. Windows shall be fixed and permanently closed, and doors shall be vestibuled and kept closed except when in actual use for ingress and egress. Ventilation may be obtained by mechanical devices.
4. All odors, gases, or vapors shall be neutralized by destruction or condensation, or other effective means, and shall not be allowed to escape into the outside air until after they have been purified.
5. No vent, ventilator, exhaust pipe, blow-off pipe, or opening of any kind, shall be pernitted to discharge unpurified air, gases, or vapors into the outside air.
6. No offensive matter, water, or liquid substances shall be exposed on the premises,
7. All products and materials shall be so treated as to effectually deprive them of all nauseous or offensive odors or emanations before removing from buildings, and they shall be in such condition as to remain inoffensive.
8. No wagon, cart, or vehicle of any kind shall deliver to or remove from bone-balling establishments or depositories for dead animals any dead animal or animal refuz of any kind without first having received a permit to engage in said traffic from the board of health.
9. All wagons, carts, or vehicles used in carrying dead animals or animal refuse of any kind shall be so constructed and arranged as to shield their contents from viem and prevent leakage of contents or escape of odors therefrom, and they shall be kept clean and thoroughly disinfected.
10. The board of health will issue annually, without charge therefor, numbered permits to all wagons, carts, or other vehicles, which meet its requirements. The permit number shall be conspicuously painted on the vehicle for which it is issued in letters not less than 4 inches high.
POMONA, CAL. Premises-Removal of Weeds, Rubbish, etc. (Ord. 365, May 28, 1912.) Section 1. Whenever the superintendent of streets shall find weeds, rubbish, of any other material upon any property, lands, or lots in the city of Pomons, which may endanger or injure neighboring property, or the health or welfare of the residents of the vicinity of such property, lands, or lots, he shall give or cause to be given notice to remove such weeds, rubbish, or other material in the manner hereinafter provided.
Sec. 2. Such notice shall be given by posting in a conspicuous place upon the property, land, or lot upon which such weeds, rubbish, or other material are, a notice
healed “Notice to clean premises," in letters not less than 1 inch in length, and which shall in legible characters direct the removal of the weeds, rubbish, or other material, as the case may be, and refer to this ordinance for further particulars. Personal service of a notice similar in substance upon the owner, occupant, or agent in charge of such property, land, or lot, shall dispense with the posting of notice herein provided for.
Sec. 3. Within 10 days from the date of posting of such notice or in case of personal notice within 10 days from the date of the personal service thereof, the owner of or any person interested in the property, land, or lot affected by such notice may appeal to the city council from the requirements thereof. Such appeal shall be in writing and shall be filed with the city clerk. At the next regular meeting of the city council it shall proceed to hear and pass upon such appeal and its decisions thereupon shall be final and conclusive.
Sec. 4. Unless within 10 days from the date of the posting of the notice provided for in section 2 hereof, or in case personal notice is given within 10 days from the date of the personal service thereof, or in case of appeal to the city council within 10 days from the date of the determination thereof, unless the same is sustained, the weeds, rubbish, or other material, as the case may be, are removed from said property, land, or lot, as directed by said notice, or by the city council on appeal, the superintendent of streets shall thereupon remove or cause the same to be removed. If upon appeal the requirements of the original notice are modified, the superintendent of streets, in removing or causing to be removed such weeds, rubbish, or other material, shall be governed by the determination of the city council so made.
Sec. 5. The superintendent of streets shall keep or cause to be kept in his office a
Sec. 6. Between the 1st and 15th day of July of each year the superintendent of
. 7. At the expiration of the time for appeal as herein provided, or upon the determination of the city council upon appeal and on compliance with the requirements of any determination so made, the superintendent of streets shall deliver to the city auditor and assessor an abstract of the entries in the record book herein provided to be kept for the preceding fiscal year. Such abstract shall show the property affected and the amount charged there against. The city auditor and assessor shall thereupon note the amount of each such charge on the assessment books of rity taxes against the respective lots charged, and thereafter the amount of each