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Lol.–A lot, for the purposes of this act shall mean any separate part or parcel of real estate of a separate and distinct description and ownership.
Apartment.-An apartment is a room, or suite of two or more rooms occupied, or suitable to be occupied, or intended to be occupied as a residence for one family. A family may consist of one or more persons. An apartment house is any house or building containing two or more apartments. SEC. 3. Buildings converted or altered.—A building not a tenement house, if hereafter converted or altered to such use, shall thereupon become subject to all the provisions of this act affecting tenement houses hereafter erected.
Sec. 4. Alterations and change in occupancy.—No tenement house hereafter erected skall at any time be altered so as to be in violation of any provision of this act. · If any tenement house or any part thereof is erected, altered or occupied contrary to law, sich tenement house shall be deemed an unlawful structure, and the board of health may cause such building to be vacated. And such building shall not again be occupied until it or its occupation, as the case may be, has been made to conform to the law.
Sec. 5. Law not to be modified. The provisions of this act shall be held to be the minimum requirements adopted for the protection of the health and safety of the community. Nothing in this act contained shall be construed as prohibiting the local legislative body of any city from enacting from time to time supplementary ordinances imposing further restrictions. But no ordinance, regulation, or ruling of any muni. cipal authority shall repeal, amend, modify or dispense with any provision of this act.
Sec. 6. Except as herein otherwise specified, every tenement house shall be con. structed and maintained in conformity with the existing law and ordinances.
Sec. 7. Sewer connections and water supply.—The provisions of this act with reference to sewer connection and water supply shall be deemed to apply only where conDection with a public sewer and with public water mains is or becomes accessible, and such connection shall be held and deemed to be accessible when such public sewer and public water mains are within a distance of 100 feet of any outside line of the lot upon which the tenement house may be situated.
Sec. 8. State board of health.—The State board of health shall have power to examine into the enforcement of the laws relating to tenement houses in any city. Whenever required by the governor, it shall make such an examination and shall report the result thereos to the governor within the time prescribed by him therefor.
Sec. 9. Percentage of lot occupied. -No tenement house hereafter erected shall occupy, either alone or with other buildings, a greater percentage of the area of the lot than as follows: In the case of corner lots not more than 85 per cent; in the case of corner lots with streets on three sides, not more than 90 per cent; in the case of interior lots, not more than 65 per cent. In the case of interior lots the measurements shall be taken at the ground level; in the case of corner lots the measurements may be taken at the top of the first story. No measurements of lot area shall include any portion of any
street or alley.
Sec. 10. Height.- No tenement house hereafter erected shall exceed in height me and one-half times the width of the widest street upon which it abuts.
Sec. 11. Yards.--Behind every tenement house hereafter erected there shall be a yard extending across the entire width of the lot and at every point open from the ground to the sky unobstructed. Every part of such yard shall be directly accessible from every other part thereof. ' The depth of said yard shall be measured from the extreme rear of the house toward the rear line of the lot. Where the rear of the lot abots an alley for the lot's full width, the depth of the lot may be measured to the middle line of the alley; where there is no such alley the measurements shall be taken to the rear lot line. In the case of interior lots no yard shall be less than 25 feet in depth, except that in the case of interior lots which are less than 100 feet in depth, the yard may be in depth not less than 25 per cent of such depth of lot, but in no case less than 10 feet deep. In the case of corner lots no yard shall be less than 15 feet
in depth. In the case of corner lots bordering on three streets, the yard need not extend across the full width of the lot, but only to its median line. In the case of corner lots having an average depth of less than 100 feet with the ground floor used for mercantile purposes, no yard shall be required if such ground floor structure extends from one street to another street. If the tenement house exceeds three stories in height, the depths above prescribed shall in each case be increased 3 feet for each story above three stories. A side yard shall not be less than 4 feet in width at any one 考成 point for all tenement houses three stories or less and this space must be increased 6 inches for each additional story.
Sec. 12. Yards on lots running from street to street.-On lots which run through from one street to another street and which exceed 100 feet in average depth, the yard of a tenement house hereafter erected shall be left either at the rear of said lot abutting directly on the street, or there shall be a yard space directly across the center of the lot. All such yard spaces shall be of such sizes and arranged in such manner as prescribed in section 11 of this act. On such lots where the average depth of the lot is 100 feet or less no yard need be provided. For the purposes of this section an alley is not a street.
Sec. 13. Courts.The sizes of all courts in tenement houses hereafter erected shall be proportionate to the height of the building. No court shall be less in any part than the minimum sizes prescribed in this section. The minimum width of a court for a one-story and for a two-story building shall be 10 feet, for a three-story building 12 feet, for a four-story building 14 feet, and shall increase 2 feet for each additional story. The length of an inner court shall never be less than twice the minimum width prescribed by this section. A court located on the lot line if it adjoins through out the length of said court a court of equal or greater width on the abutting premises, may be one-half the minimum width above prescribed, provided the owner of said abutting premises files in the county recorder's office a written casement agreement that he, his heirs, administrators, and assigns will keep such adjoining space unbuilt upon and available for light and air.
Sec. 14. Courts open at top.-No court of a tenement house hereafter erected shall be covered by a roof or skylight, but every such court shall be at every point open from the ground to the sky unobstructed, except where the first floor is used for mercantile purposes, the court shall be open from the top of the first floor to the sky.
Sec. 15. Air intakes.-In a tenement house hereafter erected every inner court shall be provided with two or more horizontal air intakes at the bottom. One such intake shall always communicate directly with the street and one with the yard, and shall consist of a fireproof passageway not less than 3 feet wide and 7 feet high, which shall be left open, or be provided with an open gate at each end.
Sec. 16. Extensions or offsets to courts.-Extensions or offsets to courts in tenement houses hereafter erected will be permitted, but no such extension or offset shall be less than 6 feet in width in any part; its depth may be less than but never greater than one and one-half times its width. Such dimensions shall be deemed the minimum dimensions for a two-story building, and shall increase 1 foot for each story above two stories.
Sec. 17. Angles in courts.--Nothing contained in the foregoing sections concerning courts shall be construed as preventing windows at the angles of said courts, provided that the running length of the wall containing such windows does not exceed 6 feet.
Sec. 18. Rear tenements.- No tenement house shall hereafter be erected upon the rear of a lot where there is a tenement house on the front of the said lot, nor upon the front of any such lot upon the rear of which there is such a tenement house. This provision shall not apply to tenement houses abutting on two streets and located on the outside corner of the lot: Provided, however, That no tenement house shall be erected unless both tenement houses on the same lot, including tenement houses constructed
prior to the passage of this act, shall fully comply with all the provisions of this act with reference to yards.
Sec. 19. Buildings on same lot with tenement houses.-If any building is hereafter placed on the same lot with a tenement house there shall always be maintained between the said buildings an open unoccupied space extending upwards from the grounds and
extending across the entire width of the lot. Such space shall never be less than 25 Dieet in depth. Where either building is four stories in height, such open space shall be
3) leet in depth, and such open space shall be increased 3 feet in depth throughout its entire width for each additional story. And no building of any kind shall be hereafter placed upon the same lot with a tenement house so as to decrease the minimum size of curts or yards as herein before prescribed. Except that where an alley not less than
10 feet wide abuts the rear of the lot, a rear building, if not used for tenement house or the manufacturing purposes, may be built up to the rear line of the lot, provided it does
Duit exceed one story in height and that the space between it and the front building is maintained as required by this section. And if any tenement house is hereafter ererted upon any lot upon which there is already another building, it shall comply with all the provisions of this act, and in addition the space between the said building and the said tenement house shall be of such size and arranged in such manner as is prescribed in this section, the height of the highest building on the lot to regulate the dimensions.
SEC. 20. Rooms, lighting of and ventilation of.-In every tenement house hereafter erected every room, including water-closet compartments and bathrooms, shall have at least one window opening directly upon the street or upon a yard or court of the dimentione specified in this chapter and such window shall be so located as to properly light all portions of such rooms.
Sec. 21. Windows in rooms.-In every tenement house hereafter erected the total window area in each room, including water-closet compartments and bathrooms, shall be at least one-seventh of the superficial floor area of the room, and the top of at least one window shall not be less than 7 feet above the floor, and the upper half of it shall be made so as to open the full height. At least one such window in rooms other than bathrooms or water-closets shall be not less than 12 square feet in area between the stop beads; and in water-closet compartments and bathrooms at least one such window shall be not less than 6 square feet in area between the stop beads.
Sec. 22. Rooms, size of.--In every tenement house hereafter erected all rooms, except water-closet compartment and bathrooms, shall be of the following minimum sizes: In each apartment there shall be at least one room containing not less than 150 square feet of door area, and each other room shall contain at least 100 square feet of floor area. Each room shall be in every part not less than 9 feet high from the finished divor to the finished ceiling
SEC. 23. Alcoves and alcove rooms.-In a tenement house hereafter erected an alcove in any room shall be separately lighted and ventilated as provided for rooms in the foreging sections. No part of any room in a tenement house hereafter erected shall be inclosed or subdivided at anytime, wholly or in part, by a curtain, portiere, fixed or movable partition, or other contrivance or device, unless such part of the room so inclosed or subdivided shall contain a separate window as herein required and shall have a floor area of not less than 100 square feet: Provided, That nothing in this section tor in this act shall prohibit the construction of clothes closets, china closets, or panthies in any room when such construction will not reduce the minimum requirements of such room as specified in this act.
Sec. 24. Chimneys and fireplaces.--In every tenement house hereafter erected, there shall be adeq: ate chimneys, running throi gh every floor with an open fireplace or grate, or place for a stove, for every apartment, properly connected with one of said chimneys, except where the building is heated from a central plant.
Sec. 25. Privacy.-In every tenement horse hereafter erected, in each apartment access to every living room and bedroom and to at least one water-closet compartment shall be had without passing through any bedroom.
Sec. 26. Public halls.-In every tenement house hereafter erected, every public 34 hall shall have at each story at least one window opening directly upon the street or upon a yard or court of the dimensions specified in this chapter. Sich window shall be at the end of said hall with the natural direction of the light parallel to the hall's axis. There shall be in every s'ch public hall at least one window opening upon a street, yard, or court for every 40 feet, or fraction thereof, in length of e ch hall. Any part of a public hall which is shut off from any other part of said hall by a door shall be deemed a separate hall within the meaning of this section.
Sec. 27. Windows for public halls, size of.-One, at least, of the windows provided light each public hall or part thereof shall be at least 2 feet 6 inches wide and 5 feet high, meas: red between stop heads.
Sec. 28. Windows for stair hulls, size of.—In every tenement hor se hereafter erected, there shall be provided for each story at least one window to light and ventilate each stair hall, which shall be at least 3 feet wide and 5 feet high, measured between the stop beads. A sash door shall be deemed the equivalent of a window in this and the two foregoing sections: Provided, That such door contains the amount of glazed surface prescribed for such windows.
Sec. 29. Cellar rooms.-In tenement houses hereafter erected, no room in the cellar shall be constructed, altered, converted, or occupied for living purposes.
Sec. 30. Basement rooms.-In tenement houses hereafter erected, no room in the basement shall be constructed, altered, converted, or occupied for living purposes, unless, in addition to the other reqı irements of this act, all of the following conditions are complied with: Such room shall be at least 9 feet high in every part from the floor to the ceiling. The ceiling of such room shall be in every part at least 4 feet and 6 inches above the finished grade of the lot, and at least as high above the lowest curh level adjacent to the lot; when srch room or the apartment containing it is located in the rear of the building, the yard or courts upon which s ch mom of apartment opens shall extend to a point below the floor level of said room. Every such room shall be an integral part of an apartment containing a room having a window opening directly to the street or yard. There shall be appưrtenant to s ch room a separate water-closet constricted and arranged as required by section 34 of this act. Such room shall have a window opening upon the street or upon a yard or court of the dimensions specified in this chapter. The total area of windows in g" ch room shall be at least one-seventh of the s!: perficial floor area of the room, and the upper half of the window shall be made to open the full height. No such window shall be less than 1? square feet in area between the stop beads. All walls surrounding such room shall be damp proof. The floor of s ch room shall be damp proof and waterproof.
Sec. 31. Cellars, damp proofing and lighting. Every tenement house hereafter erected shall have a cellar or excavated space under the entire first floor at least 3 feet in depth or shall be elevated above the ground so that there will be a clear air space of at least 24 inches between the top of the ground and the bottom of said floor 80 as to insure ventilation and protection from dampness. Such space shall in all cases be inclosed, but provided with ample ventilation and properly drained. Every tenement house hereafter erected shall have all walls below the ground level and the cellar or lowest floor damp proof and waterproof. All cellars and basements in such tenement houses shall be properly lighted and ventilated in all their parts.
Sec. 32. Drainage of courts, areas, and yards.-In every tenement house hereafter erected all courts, areas, and yards shall be properly graded and drained and connected with the street sewer, so that all waters may drain freely into the street, alley,
Sec. 33. Water supply.-In every tenement house hereafter erected there shall be in each apartment a proper sink with running water.
Sec. 34. Water-closet accommodations.--In every tenement house hereafter erected
there shall be within each apartment a separate water-closet located in the bathroom inte or in a separate compartment. Each such water-closet compartment shall be not est less than 3 feet wide, and shall be inclosed with plastered or other mineral partitions,
which shall extend to the ceiling. Every such compartment shall have a window
spaning directly upon the street or upon a yard or court of the minimum size prescribed even by this act. Every water-closet compartment hereafter placed in any tenement
house shall be provided with proper means of lighting the same at night. If fixtures
for gas or electricity are not provided in said compartment, then the door of said comprofpartment shall be provided with translucent glass panels not less in area than 4 square
feet. No water-closet fixtures shall be inclosed with any woodwork. No watercheet shall be placed out of doors nor in the cellar of any tenement house except as an appartenance to an engine or boiler room, and then only in case such cellar closet is ighted and ventilated as required herein for a basement room.
Sec. 35, Sever connection.--No tenement house shall hereafter be erected on any street unless it be connected with a public sewer in such street, or a private sewer onnecting directly with a public sewer and also connected with public water supply, if such eewer and water supply are accessible. No cesspool or privy vault or similar means of sewage disposal shall be used in connection with any such tenement house, but every such house shall have its plumbing system connected with a public sewer before such house is occupied.
Sec. 36. Plumbing.-In every tenement house hereafter erected no plumbing fxtures shall be inclosed with woodwork, but the space underneath shall be left entirely open. In all tenement houses hereafter erected where plumbing or other pipes pase through floors or partitions the openings around such pipes shall be sealed or made air-tight with incombustible materials, so as to prevent the passage of air or the spread of fire from one floor to another or from room to room. All plumbing work shall be sanitary in every particular and except as otherwise specified in this act shall be in accordance with the plumbing regulations of said city. Pan and long hopper closets will not be permitted.
Sec. 37. Fireproof tenement, when required.-No tenement house shall hereafter be erected exceeding three stories in height exclusive of basement or cellar, nor in any Cleo exceeding 42 ieet in height, unless it shall be a fireproof tenement house.
Sec. 38. Fire escapes .--Every tenement house hereafter erected which is three or more stories in height, exclusive of cellar or basement, unless it is a fireproof tenement house or unless provided with fireproof outside stairways directly accessible to each apartment, shall have fire escapes located at each story, the floor of which is 12 or more leet above the ground, and shall open directly from at least one room or private hall in each apartment, other than a bathroom or water-closet compartment, and such room or private hall shall be an integral part of said apartment and accessible to every room thereoi without passing through a public hall. Access to fire escapes shall not be obstructed in any way. No fire escape shall be placed in any court except an outer court
. All fire escapes shall consist of outside open iron, terra-cotta, or stone balconies and stairways. All balconies shall be not less than 3 feet in width and shall include at least one window or outside door of each apartment at each story located as above specified
. All stairways shall be placed at an angle of not more than 45 degrees to the horizontal, with flat open steps not less than 6 inches in width and 24 inches in length and with a rise of not more than 8 inches. The openings for stairways in all balconies shall be not less than 24 by 36 inches, and shall have no covers of any kind. The balcony on the top floor, except in the case of a balcony on the street, shall be provided with a stairs or with a gooseneck ladder leading from said balcony to and above the rool and properly fastened thereto. A drop ladder or stairs shall be provided from the