rational and important with those of the New Testament. When this polite Oxford gentleman speaks of the modest request, as he terms it, of the Asociation, he adds, that their scheme is nothing less than a direct actempt to introduce Popery ; only they disguise Lord' Peter in Jack's coat, thinking by this maneuvre to gain hiin the favour of the rabble. The Diffenters from our establised church have likewise the honour of a few strictures from this 'Author's pen : ? for my own part, says he, I must confess that something of turbulence always goes to the making up my idea of a Diffenter. Our fagacious ciergyman forgets that the church of Rome in somewhat of the same manner make up their idea of a Proteftant reformer.

Though this pamphlet is of no great weight in point of argument,
and may, on some accounts, deserve the retort courteous of ridicule,
it is not wholly destitute of ingenuity
Art. 21. The Polite Preceptor ; or, improving Moralift : Con A-

ing of a choice Collection of Relations, Vifions, Allegories, and
moral Effays, fele&ted from the most eminent English Authors.
Compiled at the Request of a noble Lady, and defigned for the
Use of Schools, izmo. '3 s. "Snagg. 1774.
Collections of this kind are become very.common, and may

have their uses. The papers here chosen appear, on the whole, 'very well fitted for the entertainment and improvement of youth. They confift of prose and poetry, and are selected from the Spectator, Guardian, Female Spectator, World, Prater; Oeconomy of Human Life, Cunningham's and Thomson's Works, and several of the magazines. Art. 22. A Letter from a Father to his Daughter, at a Boarding

Ai. , School.

2 s. Robinson: 1774. It is so easy a matter for old pcople to give advice to young ones, , that we do not wonder to see books of this kind continually multi plying; and if each succeeding treatise were an improvement upon those which preceded it, the public would have no reafon to complain of the increase. This, however, is not, in all respects, the cale, with regard to the Letter before us. Lord Halifax, Cambray, the Marquis de la Chetardie, the Marchionefs de Lambert, Olborn, Weitenhall Wilks, Mrs. Chapone, and others, have treated this subject in a manner superior to that of the present writer ; particularly with respect to the article of style. There are many good, and pious, and prudential maxims and precepts in this little volume, but the. Author's language is not suficiently engaging to recommend his counsels to young readers, and seduce them to become his willing disciples, Nor is his style merely defective because it is uninviting; his dic

• We do not rank in this list Dr. Fordyce's Sermons to Young Women, because his plan is so different from that of the other writers; but, in refpe&t to utility, if we are not mistaken, his performance includes every thing that is material in all the others, unless we except Mrs. Chapone's Letters: our recommendation of which may be seen in the Review for July last, p. 70.-We have not taken the liberty of introducing the famous Con. Phillips into the above mentioned good company; but there are very pretty things in her Letter to Lord Chefterfield, on Female Education.

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tion is, in some places, much debafed, partly through the prevalence of northern idioms, and partly through the want of power, or talle, lo elevate his expression, suitably to the dignity of his subject. Thus, p. 7. ' A habit of confinement is the best mean of curing young people of that rambling, gadding disposition which is so natural to them.' P. 18, Reading, no doubt, is a good mean of acquiring knowledge ; but living examples, &c. P. 32. 'A virtuous pride, or a due respect for ourselves, is often a happy mean of preserving us from doing any thing that is unworthy.-P. 43. ' Communication with the Deity has been strangely perplexed by fome, and misrepre sented, or totally denied by others. Though, from all the evidence of which it is capable, the thing appears to be abundantly clear, yet, &c. P. 62. “They complain, with a very bad grace, if the want of try public virtue, and good order among us, who discover, by their own practice, an habitual contempt of the mot effe&tual means of promoting these. This last is a provincial mode of expression from which only the most elegant of the Scotch writers are free : an Englishman would have said, " these virtues," or " thefe good ends," &c. He would never have suffered the plural these, to terminate the period.

But it would be injustice to this. Writer were we to take notice only of his defects in point of language. If we attend rather to his sentiments, his work will appear to greater advantage. The follow; ing pasage will give our Readers a favourable opinion of his under

ftanding: . It is good, in all cases, to think soberly, but especially in religious matters; because our zeal here is apt to be intemperate. Your

often err in this point; and therefore ought never to indulge á zealous concern for institutions merely human ; left they should come, at length, to subsitute them in the place of religion itself, and make them of equal importance with it, Hence the rigid attachment of many to forms and usages, and other ordinances of man; not aware that blind zeal begets keenness, hatred, and an uncharitable difpofition; which, in a bigotted mind, may encrease into fierceness and cruelty. But how opposite are all these co that mildness and forbear: ance which ought invariably to possess a female breast !

• In order to encourage a moderate temper, consider that there is no such thing as a perfect church in this world; that, while men are men, an uniformity in opinion is impossible ; that there are valuable persons, persons of great understanding and integrity, of every Chrif. tian denomination; and that, as to the matter in hand, you yourself may be wrong; for one time or other all of us are wrong in some things. Besides, is it not repugnant to common sense, as well as to good manners, to judge harshly of others, and reprobate whole so: cieties, nay whole itates and kingdoms, on account of some trifling differences merely about the adjuncts, as they are called, of religion; seeing, in these, they have as good a title to differ from you, as you bave to differ from them; and perhaps an equal chance of being in the right? And pray what is it that makes some people of one per. fuasion, and some of another ? Mere accident, juft their having been born and bred in the communion of this or the other church; for very few are of any persuasion from deliberate choice only. For my

sex very


own part, I think myself very safe where I am; though I could wih to fee a reformation in some things; and what church does not stand in need of it. When we indulge ourselves in hot and uncharitable disputes, about doubtful and uneffential points, we are no better than children fighting in great wrath for toys and trifles.'

In the prefatory advertisement to this-Letter we are assured, that it is really what the title-page declares it to be ; that it was written about feren or eight years ago, in separate letters from the Author to one of his daughters at a boarding-Ichool; and that her mother defiring “to havet hele methodized, and properly arranged for the use of the reft of their children, they were accordingly thrown into their present form. Since that, we are farther informed, feveral of the author's friends, particularly some of his female acquaintance, having seen the performance, induced the Author to send it to the press, in the very laudable persaagon that the publication would produce the fame good effects upon other readers, as they had, themselves, experienced on, perusing the manuscript, Art. 23. The Way to the Temple of True Honour and Fame, by the

Paths of Heroic Virtue, exemplified in the Lives of the most emia, nent Persons, of both Sexes; on the Plan laid down by Sir William Temple, in his Essay of Heroic Virtue. By W. Cooke, A. B. Fel. low of New College Oxford, and Chaplain to the Marquis of Tweedale. . izmo. 4 vols. 12 s. bound. Devizes printed ; and fold by Davis in London. 1973.

The lives of the ancient gods, heroes, and legillators, are here given, in chronological fucceflion, from Jupiter, Hercules, Nimrod, &c. down to Marcus Antoninus, and Queen Zenobia. The real history of these illustrious personages is ftripped, as much as posible, of the fabolous circumitances in which they have been enveloped and dife guised by the poets and priests of antiquity, and their characters and conduct are held up, for our.emulation and imitation.

• The knowledge of paft transactions,' says the Compiler, is not a mere amusement, but a necessary and instructive study.-- In general, the real sentiments and designs of those we live among, and con verse with, are industriously concealed ; but in the accounts of former ages, the facts themselves disclose to us the real views and genuine dispositions of the actors : and the same causes will come monly produce the like effects. By weighing well these truths, a sure resource may be obtained in every dangerous conjuncture; and the road which leads to success and happiness discovered.'

In order to please the generality of readers, the Compiler professés that he has made it his business to mingle profit with delight, and that he has given the least common and most entertaining lives that could be selected from history. “Should these,' says he,

meet with a favourable reseption from the public, they will pave the way to others, which though of later date, are yet less known. And when the plan on which we profess to proceed is once completed, we should hope, that truth and virtue, difeugaged from sourness and austerity, which are not their natural attendants, may once more gain pofferhon of the breaths of the humane and lovely; and sname the vicious talle for lying and corruptive memoirs in general.'


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Art. 24. Letters, by John Hughes, Esq; and several other emia

nent Persons deceased. Published from the Original; by John Duncombe, M. A. one of the fix Preachers in Chrift Church, Canterbury. Vol. iii. 33. fewed.' Johnson.

We have already given so ample an account of the two former volumes of this collection of Letters, that a very short article will suffice for the present publication.

The Editor has prefixed to this volame an account of the life and writings of Mr. Hughes. To these memoirs is fubjoined the Theatre, No. 15. By Sir Richard Steele ; in which paper Sir Richard took occasion to write a very warm encomium on his deceased friend, the author of the Siege of Damafcus; who died the night before the publication of the paper, and but a few hours after that celebrated play was acted, for the first time.

The letters here printed are thirty-one in number; and were written by Mr. Hughes, Mr. Say't, Dr. Bentley, Mr. W. Duncombe, Mr.' Needler, Sir Richard Steele, Earl Cowper, Archbishop Herring, Mr. Welfted, Mr. Straight, (a very, witty divine) Bishop Benson, Mr. Samuel Richardson, Lord Corke, Mr. Dyer, and Mr. Hirft I; whose laft letter is dated from the Cape of Good Hope, and contains (we believe) the last account that ever came to Europe, of the unfortunate AURORA, on board of which the ingenious writer perished. To the Letters are added several small pieces by Mr. Hughes, which were omitted in the collection of his works; and a farther account of Mrs. Bendysh, grand daughter to Oliver Cromwell. Of this extraordinary woman, many entertaining particulars are here given, beside those which were contained in the appendix to the second volume of this collection, and copied into our Review for January 1773, p. 29. Art. 25. An Appeal to the Public, from the Judgment of a certain

Manager, with original Letters: and the Drama of one Ad, which was refused Representation. 8vo.' is.

1 S. Bew.. '1774. A Mr. T. R. as we learn from this publication, having written a farce of one act, entitled “The Politician Reformed,' offered it to Mr. Garrick, who civilly expressed his apprehenfion that it would not succeed in the representation, as the fubject had been already most successfully treated by the author of the Upholsterer. This refusal irritated the disappointed Author ; between whom and the manager two or three letters passed, on this important occafion. These letters are here printed; with some additions, which only serve to evince the arrogance, peevithness, and weakness of the appellant: who thus takes his revenge on Mr. Garrick. It remains now to be seen what he will do with the Public.'. Art. 26. The Canterbury Patriot: Or the late Mayor's new

Mode of defending Liberty, Property, and the Privilege of the Press : In a Narrative of a Law Suit commenced againit Mr. William Francis, for the Recovery of Money obtained at Gaming. By Thomas Roch. Svo. 1s. Richardson and Urquhart. Compassion for a man who has had the vexation of a law fuit, and who appears, from his own account, to have been otherwise unjustly

See Review for January 1773.
+ See Rev. above referred to, p. 27.

# Ibid. p. 36.


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barafied and opprefled, prevents us from treating this publication, merely as a Canterbury Tale; for we do not see how the Author can exped that the Public in general thould enter into the merits of such a piece of private history. We suppose Mr. Roch has been ill treated; but we know not what Mr. F. and his friends, on the other side, may have to offer. This Pamphlet, however, though not generally interesting to the Public, will have a very good effect, should it deter any, or even but one perfon, from the pernicious and absurd practice of gaming, which is now become so prevalent among us. Hi. Art. 27. The improved French Grammar, in which, 1. the Pro.

nunciation is treated in a clear and concise Manner, the Difficulties
which usually strike Terror into the French Scholar, from the
Prolixity and Ambiguity of former Methods, are removed, and the
easy and expeditious Attainment of this essential Article is insured.
I!. The Principles are laid down in a plain and intelligible Me-
thod, free from that infinite Number of useless Observations, and
Exceptions with which other French Grammars abound, and by
Nhich the Learner's Progress is impeded. To the whole are added

familiar Phrafes, Stories, Dialogues, and Letters; with Exercises
for the Pronunciation, and on the Parts of Speech. On a new
Plan. By John Casselle, Teacher of the French in London.
*Harris. 1773.

For a short book this title-page is very long, and, what is more ex. traordinary, it is very true.

L. Art. 28. A Defcription of England and Wales. Containing a

particular Account of each County, with its Antiquities, Curiosities, Situation, Extent, Climate, Rivers, Lakes, Mineral Waters, Soils, Plants and Minerals, Agriculture, Civil and Ecclesiastical Divisions, Cities, Towns, Seats, Manufactures, Trade, Sieges, Battles; and the Lives of the illustrious men each County has produced. Embellished with 240 Copper-plates, of Palaces, Cattles, Cathed. als; the Ruins of Roman and Saxon Buildings ; and of Abbeys, Monasteries, and other Religious Houses. Belide a Variety of Cuts of Urns, Inscriptions, and other Antiquities. 1 2mo. To vols. il. 10 s. sewed. Newberry and Carnan.

As the Authors, who profeffedly treat of the antiquities and natural hiftory of particular counties, have commonly swelled their works to such an enormous size and price, as to place them quite out of the reach of all, but opulent, readers; a judicious compendium of whatever tends to give a clear view of the ancient and present fate of our own country, muft doubtless be an acceptable present to every man who wishes not to be totally ignorant of the remarkable person's and things, which even his own neighbourhood may, probably, have contributed to produce. The Work before us promises to do this; and it appears to be executed with a greater degree of accuracy and precision, than is usually to be met with in compilations of this nature. The copper-plates in general, are also, to say the least of them, as good as they could be expected to be, in a work fo contracted in respect to fize, and so limited in point of expence to the purchaser.

P. Rev. Mar. 1774.



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