according to the forged letter, she is to go off with Belville About this time Lecson is discovered to bave run away with Emily, Belville's sister. He is pursued by Belville, 'who generoully contents to his having her.

The business at the masquerade is conducted in the beginning of the fifth A&. Belville there pursues his wife, mistaking ber for Miss Walsingham; but instead of making love to her, he profeffes bis intention to reform, and henceforth, to be faithful to the virtues of Mrs. Belville. They are interrupted by the General, the Captain, and Torrington; whose aim is to difcover the bafeness of Miss Walsingham. Belville fecures her in a closet; and after some altercation, the Captain draws, and refolves to force his


y to his unfaithful fair one. At that inftant Mrs. Belville comes forth, to the aftonithment of the whole company, and Belville is confirmed in his determination to be a good husband This is followed by a reconciliatory scene between Captain Savage and Miss Walsingham ;, and the play concludes as usual by bringing all the proper people together; putting the lovers in the way of matrimony; and making the reformed rake give some good advice to the audience.

We have so many occasions to review compositions of this kind that we find it difficult to avoid a sameness in our manner of criticising them. Some of our Readers may expect we should execute this business in form;

and treat the subject in order of fable, character, unity, &c. This we do not imagine to be neceflary, where there is nothing remarkable, with respect to those articles. The play before us, would not bear a comparison with fome of our comedies in point of wit ; or with others for meer language and moral sentiments. But the Author has, in a great degree, succeeded in compromising the difference between the two parties who now divide the theatre. He has more business, spirit, and intrigue, than many of our sentimental writers; he is not inelegant in his style ; and he has more decency, instruction, and morality than is to be found in our modern witty performances, without being in the least heavý, or unentertaining in his manner.

As the influence of the stage upon the language of a country. is great, the critic, amidit his attention to higher objects, will not overlook those little improprieties which, if not timely reprehended, may grow fashionable, from the popular notion that the theatre is the school of correct and elegant speaking and writing. We have noticed one imperfection of the kind here hinted at, which has disgusted us in almost every page of this comedy ; viz. the vicious custom of contracting, gutting, and frittering words to pieces, by the misapplication of those elifoons which are frequently neceffary in versification, but feldom, if ever, requifute, or allowable, in prose. In dialogue, indeed, or in any


other prose-writing, this abuse of contraction, seems to pare, take only of the affected style of a mincing milliner, or a coxcomb valet. We were, therefore, surprised to see such barbarism introduced in, otherwise, lo genteel a play as this School for Wives, but not for language. For here we meet with mulzitudes of such ill-looking abbreviations as isn't, wou'dn'ı, cou'dn't, Shou’dn't, didn't, bau'n't, hadn't, won't, darn't, with many more, equally uncouth, barbarous, and vulgar; and which, too, are put into the mouths of people who are supposed to have enjoyed the advantages of education. By this means the jargon comes recommended to the audience, as the very bon son of polite conversation. But we hope Mr. A. will pront of this not unfriendly admonition, and that, in the next edition of his play, he will honestly relore the vowels belonging to every word, which he has thus licentiously plundered of their rightful property.

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ART. IX. A Nequ Inquiry into the Causes, Symptoms, and Cure, of pu

trid and inflammatory Fevers ;, with an Appendix on the Hečtic Fever, and on the ulcerated and malignant Sore Throat. By William Fordyce, M. D. Svo. 3$. fewed. Cadell. 1773.

E are at a loss to determine on what account our Au

thor has called this a New Inquiry; as we find, after an attentive perụsal of the work, that it contains more of the parade of fcience, than any new matter of information, either with respect to the nature or the cure of fevers.

The Appendix treats of the hectic fever, and the ulcerated and malignant fore-throat.--In the first of these, Dr. Fordyce very judiciously recommends repeated small bleedings, a strict aptiphlogistic diet, and change of air.

In the management of the malignant sore throat, our Author condemns the use of aromatic cordials, blisters, and anodyne aftringents. The following is Dr. Fordyce's method of cure in this disease.

It is agreed on all hands, that the body must be very plethoric indeed, and in adults only, to require bleeding : I never faw it peceffary even once. I believe the repetition of it to be in general deadly.

Neither do hæmorrhages from the nose relieve the patient : they have indeed been reckoned dangerous here, as in other putrid distempers; and yet I have seen them happen very often, without proving a mortal symptom. In the blood, if drawn away, the craffamentum is rather of a lax gelatinous texture, than dense or compact, fine and rich, Aorid as lamb's blood, and quite foft.-See Doctors Fothergill and Huxham.

Emptying the stomach by a gentle vomit will scarce ever fail to be of use; and there certainly appears to be a part of 6


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the putrid humours, that can only be discharged from the body by the stomach.

• Where there is a looseness, I generally corre& the humours with my antiseptic wine-whey, No. II. * by lemonade, tamarind sea, or imperiale. I never saw the looseness treated in this manner do hurt, though the purging is commonly dreaded as the greatest scarecrow in the malignant fore-throat, and therefore checked by every power of art. It did not hurt last summer in two young gentlemen, of noble families, though it went on after the scarlet and crimson eruption was complete : and where it has been ftopped by opiates and aftringents, it has still proved fatal.

« We have feen cases in which blisters did not mend the matter. Heredia feldom found any benefit from them; and we have remarked above, that if made of cantharides, they are totally against ebe genius and character of the putrid fever. To look for any utility from the discharge they occasion, in a dic case where there fcarcely exists any purulency, and where there is too much stimulus every where, appears rather to be worsby of a doating nurfe, than of a man of sense and skill.

• Dr. Fothergill has given us the history of two cases where warm aromatic cordials and anadyne astringents were administered affiduously, with suitable nourifament, and velicatories applied succeflively to the neck, the back, and arms, but without effea.

• There is not in this disease a more favourable fymptom than a disposition to sweat, with a soft and moist fkin : nothing seems to shorten it so much, to take off the delirium fogner, or to promote so happily a good sediment in the water, Our first and our seventh Formula † have the best effects in this way. How

R. Laet, vaccin. fbiß.

Aquæ puræ 15.
Simul ebulliant; dein admisce vini Rhenani veteris, vel vini albi
cujufvis Hispanici, 3ij. fucs. limonior. ti. ut fiat ferum.

B. Lact. vaccin. tbiß.

Aquæ puræ itß.
Simul ebulliant; dein admisce fucc. aurantiorum Sevill; limonior.
à 3iß. ut fiat ferum,

R, Spirit. Minderer.

Aquæ puræ ā Zvi.
Liquor. anodyn. miner. Hoffman. gutt. xv.

Syrup. e mecon. zi.
M. fiai hauftus bis in die lumendus, aut 8vâ quâque hora.


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seldom does Peruvian bark perform any of these good offices for the patient !

• I never gave volatiles, except Mindererus's spirit, falt of amber, or the anodyne liquor of F. Hoffman, which are all antiseptic; because I know that'volatiles only dispose the juices to be morc putrid, or quicken the putrid process where it has alseady taken place too furely. ::

'Where cordials are wanted, or indicated, we can be at no Joss while currant jelly, orange and lemon, or winės-diluted into what is called bifhop or negus, or yet pure wine or old cyder, can be had. I am not acquainted with any: berter cordial draught than our seventh or eighth Formula *. I nevet did, 'nor ever do expect to see the strength supported, or the dirsease aHeviated, by any possible preparation of animal substances. After sweating has begun, I believe wine will never hurt, if given with moderation, either diluted as above, or mixed with panada, fago, rice, and other gråels. Contrast with this kind of practice theirs who give draughts, compo?ed of God knows what, so often as every two or three hours-day and night, for days and nights fuccellively, as if nature neither required other drinks, or foods, or repose...

6. If the circumstances of the case require it, Peruvian bark js hurried down with the same haste and follicitude ;' and bark must be given in our times, whether indicated or not. Where

this best and only true febrifuge drug is necessary, (and ii has often the happy power of triumphing over malignity in this disease, as well as in other putrid fevers, given as in our twelfth ForAula +) let it in God's name be given in sufficient quantity to put them in a state of fafety, but not perfevered in for days and nights together, without any respite to the poor persecured patient, when either the difficulty no longer exists, or the state of the skin, or the increased dryness, blackness, and hardness of the tongue, fo ftrongly and fully point out the impropriety of perfiiting longer in its use; or as if it were, even in such a situation, our last and fole resource, though in fact we have so many other aids from fruits, wines, and strong antiseptics botla

R. Vini Burgundic.

vel Burdegalenf.

aut Rhenani veteris, 3ij.
Sextâ quâque horâ fumendus, aut pro re nata.

R. Decoct. (fortior.) cortic. Peruvian, 3ij.

Spiritûs falis marin: gutt: v.
M. fiat hauftus pro re nata fumendus & repetendus.



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vegetable and mineral. These laft, remarks are equally applicable to the putrid fever at large, and to the malignant forethroat under consideration.'

D, Art. X. A Treatise on the Kinkcough. With an Appendix, contain, ing an Account

of Hemlock, and its Preparations By William Butter, M. D. Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, Edin: burgh. 8yo. 35. sewed. Cadell. 1773... HE following are Dr. Butter's principal conclusions with

respect to the nature, feat, and occasional cause of the Kinkcough.That it is an epidemic contagious disease of the {pasmodic kind ; that the primary affection, is a morbiditrita bility of the mucous glands; that it is not feated either in the Jungs, the top of the gullet, or stomach, but in the intestinal canal; and that an infectious miasma is the occasional cause.

There is one very obvious objection to what our Author advances concerning the seat of the disease. If the chincough bę a disease of the mucous glands, whence is it that the glands of the intestinal canal (hould be first affected ? Infectious miasmata floating in the air, and repeatedly inspired with the breath, should primarily affed the glands of the trachea and lungs, rather than those of the intestines.

But the most valuable part of this publication is the method of cure, provided further experience confirms the Author's observations.

Hemlock, according to this Writer, is specific in this difease; and the following Corollaries are the result of Dr. Butter's experience of the effects of this powerful medicine:

COROLLARIES. • 1. As hemlock hath not disagreed with any one of the foregoing patients, we may conclude that it will very feldom be contraindicated in the kinkcough, through what is called idioSync: asy, or pecularity of temperament.

4 II. This medicine cures the kinkcough even in the last month of pregnancy, and in the first months of infancy; and is abfolutely fafe both for mother and child.

« III. Hemlock is so far from occafioning spasms in children, that it is a certain cure for a spasmodic disease, which hach hitherto refifted all other medicines. Besides, it certainly prevented spasms, and probably fatal convulsions, in the child, cafe fifth ; notwithstanding a constitutional tendency, a rapid den. tition, and an obstinate kinkcough, al! coppired io bring them on.

• IV. It is a good medicine in dentition.

• V. It cures the symptoms attending the round wor.ns, and even expels these vermin, 2

VI. It

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