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city engineer, the chief plumbing inspector, a master plumber of not less than ten years active in [sic] continuous business experience, and a journeyman plumber of not less than five years active continuous practical experience. The mayor and the local board of health shall make said appointment, and shall regulate the length of term each member shall serve; they shall fill all vacancies occurring in the examining and supervising board of plumbers; appointments to said vacancies to be for the unexpired

term of the member whose place is filledl. Examination. SEC. 2. The examining and supervising board of plumbers

herein created shall examine and pass upon all persons now en: gaged in the business of plumbing, whether as a master plumber. employing plumber, or journeyman plumber, in their respective cities, and all persons who may hereafter wish to engage in the business of plumbing as master plumber, employing plumber, or journeyman plumber, within their respective jurisdictions,

and also all persons who may apply for the office of plumbing License.

inspector. They shall issue a license to such persons only as shall successfully pass a required examination. They shall also register in a book to be kept for that purpose, the names and places of business of all persons to whom a plumber's license is issued. They shall not issue license for more than one year, but the same

shall be renewed from year to year, upon proper application. Fees, etc. SEC. 3. Each applicant for examination for plumber's license

shall pay to such person as the examining and supervising board of plumbers may designate to receive the same, the sum of three ($3) dollars for each master plumber examined, and the sum of two ($2) dollars for each journeyman plumber examined, which fees may be used by said board to defray any of its legitimate expenses, the residue, if any, to be paid over to the treasurer of the city in which said board shall operate. Members of the examining and supervising board of plumbers shall receive no compensation for their services on said board. Said license shall be nontransferable, and said examination and examination

fee shall not be required of the same person more than once. Chief in

SEC. 4. In selecting the first or chief inspector of plumbing. spector. herein provided for, the mayor shall act with the other four

members of said boird above specified. After said inspector of plumbing shall have been chosen, he shall become the fifth member of the examining and supervising board of plumbers in

place of the mayor. No license

SEC. 5. License shall not be issued to any person or firm to without exami- carry on or work at the business of plumbing, or to act as innation.

spector of plumbing, until he or they shall have appeared before the examining and supervising board for examination and regis. tration, and shall have successfully passed the required examination. Every firm carrying on the business of plumbing shall

have at least one member who is a practical plumber. l'enalty.

SEC. 6. Any person, whether as master plumber, employing, or journeyman plumber, engaged in, working at, or conducting the business of plumbing without license as provided in this act, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof, shall par a fine of not less than twenty nor more than two hundred and fifty dollars.

ACTS OF 1897, SPECIAL SESSION.

CHAPTER 6.--Liability of railroad companies for injuries to

employees.

Acts of tel.

SECTION 1. Every person, receiver, or corporation operating a low-servants.

railroad or street railway the line of which shall be situated in whole or in part in this State, shall be liable for all damages sustained by any servant or employee thereof while engaged in the work of operating the cars, locomotives, or trains of such person, receiver, or corporation, by reason of the negligence of any other servant or employee of such person, receiver, or

Fellow-serv

corporation, and the fact that such servants or employees were fellow-servants with each other shall not impair or destroy such liability.

Hand cars are cars within the meaning of this section. A member of a section gang carrying tools on foot and others using a hand car for the same purpose were held not to be fellow-servants. 57 S. W. Rep. 802.

Sec. 2. All persons engaged in the service of any person, receiver, Vice princior corporation, controlling or operating a railroad or street rail- pals defined. way the line of which shall be situated in whole or in part in this State, who are intrusted by such person, receiver, or corporation with the authority of superintendence, control, or command of other servants or employees of such person, receiver, or corporation, or with the authority to direct any other employee in the performance of any duty of such employee, are vice principals of such person, receiver, or corporation, and are not fellow-servants with their coemployees. Sec. 3. All persons who are engaged in the common service of

ants defined. such person, receiver, or corporation, controlling or operating a railroad or street railway, and who while so employed are in the same grade of employment and are doing the same character of work or service and are working together at the same time and place and at the same piece of work and to a common purpose, are fellow-servants with each other. Employees who do not come within the provisions of this section shall not be considered fellowservants.

SEC. 4. No contract made between the employer and employee Contracts based upon the contingency of death or injury of the employee limiting lia

bility. and limiting the liability of the employer under this act or fixing damages to be recovered shall be valid or binding.

SEC. 5. Nothing in this act shall be held to impair or diminish Contributory the defense of contributory negligence when the injury of the serv- negligence. ant or employee is caused proximately by his own contributory negligence.

ACTS OF 1899.

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CHAPTER 153.-Labor combinations not unlawful.

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SECTION 1. From and after the passage of this act it shall be Workingmen lawful for any and all persons engaged in any kind of work or may organize. labor, manual or mental, or both, to associate themselves together and form trades unions and other organizations for the purpose of protecting themselves in their personal work, personal labor, and personal service, in their respecive pursuits and employments.

SEC. 2. And it shall not be held unlawful for any member or Persuading to members of such trades unions or other organization or associa- quit work. tion, or any other person, to induce or attempt to induce by peaceable and lawful means, any person to accept any particular employment, or quit or relinquish any particular employment in which such person may then be engaged, or to enter any pursuit, or refuse to enter any pursuit, or quit or relinquish any pursuit in which such person may then be engaged : Provided. That such Proviso. member or members shall not have the right to invade or trespass upon the premises of another without the consent of the owner thereof.

SEC. 3. But the foregoing sections shall not be held to apply to Application any combination or combinations, association or associations of of law. capital, or capital and persons, natural or artificial, formed for the purpose of limiting the production or consumption of labor's products, or for any other purpose in restraint of trade: Provided, l'rovisos. That nothing herein contained shall be held to interfere with the terms and conditions of private contract with regard to the time of service, or other stipulations between employers and employees : Provided further, That nothing herein contained shall be construed to repeal, affect or diminish the force and effect of any statute now existing on the subject of trusts, conspiracies against trade, pools and monopolies.

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ACTS OF 1901.

CHAPTER 99.-Blacklisting.

Blacklisting SECTION 1. No corporation(,) company, or individual shall blackforbidden.

list or publish, or caused (cause] to be blacklisted or published, any employee, mechanic, or laborer discharged by such corporation, company or individual with the intent and for the purpose of preventing such employee, mechanic or laborer from engaging in or securing similar or other employment from any other corpo

ration, company or individual. Penalty. Sec. 2. If any officer or agent of any corporation, company or

individual, or other person, shall blacklist or publish or cause to be blacklisted or published any employee, mechanic or laborer discharged by such corporation, company or individual, with the intent and for the purpose of preventing such employee, mechanic or laborer from engaging in or securing similar or other emplorment from any other corporation, company or individual, or shall in any manner conspire or contrive by correspondence or other wise, to prevent such discharged employee from procuring emplos. ment, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than fifty nor more than two hundred and fifty dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jail

not less than thirty nor more than ninety days or both. Act construed. SEC. 3. But this act shall not be construed as prohibiting ang

corporation, company or individual, from giving in writing, on application from such discharged employee, or any corporation. company or individual who may desire to employ such discharged employee, a truthful statement of the reason for such discharge : Provided, That said written cause of discharge, when so made by such person, agent, company or corporation, shall never be used as the cause for an action for libel, either civil or criminal, against the

person, agent [] company or corporation so furnishing same. Definition. SEC. 4. Ile is guilty of blacklisting who places, or causes to be

placed, the name of any discharged employee, or any employee who has voluntarily left the service of any individual, firm, company, or corporation on any book or list, or publishes it in any newspaper, periodicall, 1 letter or circular, with the intent to pura vent said employee from securing employment of any kind with any other person, firm, corporation or company, either in a public or private capacity.

CHAPTER 112.-- Payment of wages in scrip.

Scripto redeemable money.

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in

l'roviso.

SECTION 1. Hereafter it shall be unlawful for any person, firm, association of persons, corporation, or agent of either, to issue any ticket, check or writing obligatory, to any servant or employee for labor redeemable or payable only in goods or merchandise, and all such tickets, checks or writing obligatory so issued, shall be redeemable and payable in current funds of the United States of America, or in goods or merchandise at the option of the holder thereof. And any contract or agreement to take and receive such tickets, checks or writing obligatory, redeemable only in goods or merchandise shall be null und void, and as against public policy: Provided, That this act shall not apply to any person, firm or corporation having a monthly pay day, and whose employees or laborers are paid regularly once a month in current funds of the United States, and whose checks, coupons and writings obligatory payable in merchandise only, are issued at the instance and request of such laborers or employees made during the current month and before said monthly pay day. This act shall not apply to merchants who issue coupon books to tenants working on farms.

SEC. 2. Any person, or the agent or [of] any person, tirm, association of persons or corporation, who shall violate any provisions in the foregoing section shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction shall be punished by a fine of not less than five

Penalty.

nor more than one hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not less than five nor more than sixty days.

ACTS OF 1903.

CHAPTER 28.--Employment of children-Age limit.

SECTION 1. •Any person or any agent or employee of any person, Age limit. firm or corporation, who shall hereafter employ any child under the age of twelve years to labor in or about any mill, factory, manufacturing establishment, or other establishment using machinery, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be fined not less than fifty dollars, and not more than two hundred dollars, and each day the provisions of this act are violated shall constitute a separate offense.

SEC. 2. Any person, or any agent or employee of any person, Illiterates. firm or corporation, who shall hereafter employ any child between the ages of twelve and fourteen years (who cannot read and write simple sentences in the English language) to labor in or about any mill, factory, manufacturing establishment, or other establishment using machinery, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be fined not less than fifty dollars, nor more than two hundred dollars; and each day the provisions of this act are violated shall constitute a separate offense: Provided, That such child who has a widowed mother, Provisos. or parent incapacitated to support it, may be employed between the hours of 6 a. m. and 6 p. m.: Provided, further, That such parent is incapacitated from earning a living, and has no means of support other than the labor of such child; and in no event shall any child between the ages of twelve and fourteen years be Night work. permitted to work outside the hours between 6 a. m. and (i p. m.

Sec. 3. Any person, or agent or employee of any person, firm or Mines, distil. corporation, owning, operating or assisting in operating, any mine, leries, etc. distillery or brewery, who shall employ any child under the age of sixteen years to labor in or about any mine, distillery or brewery, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be fined not less than fifty, por more than two hundred dollars,

CHAPTER 31.Hours of labor of railroad employees.

when.

SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for any corporation or receiver Eight hours operating a line of railroad in whole or in part in the State of rest

required, Texas, or any officer, agent or representative of such corporation or receiver to require or permit any conductor, engineer, fireman, brakeman, train dispatcher, telegraph operator, or any trainman who has worked in his respective capacity for sixteen consecutive hours, to agilin go on duty or perform any work for such railroad until he has had at least eight hours' rest: Provided. This provision shall not apply in case of casualty upon such railroad: Prorided, This section shall not apply to employees of sleeping car companies.

SEC. 2. Any corporation or receiver operating a line of railroad Penalty. in whole or in part in the State of Texas who shall violate any of the provisions of this act, shall be liable to the State of Texas for a penalty of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000 for each offense, and such penalties shall be recovered and suit therefor shall be brought in the name of the State of Texas, in a court of proper jurisdiction in Travis County, Texas, or in any county into or through which said railway may run, by the attorney-general, or under his direction, or by the county or district attorney in any county through or into or out of which trains may be operated by said railroad, and such suits shall be subject to the provisions of article 1577, Revised Statutes of the State of Texas.

H. Doc. 733, 58-2-74

CHAPTER 63.—Coercion of cmployees in trading-Blacklisting. Restriction of

SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for any persoy or persons, euremployees as to trading

poration or firm, or any agent, manager or board of managers or servant of any corporation or firm in this State to cerce or require any servant or employee to deal with or purchase any arti

cle of food, clothing or merchandise of any kind whatever, from Blacklisting. any person, association, corporation or company, or at any place

or store whatever. And it shall be unlawful for any such person or persons, or agent, manager, or board of managers or servant to exclude from work, or to punish or blacklist any of said emplos. ees for failure to deal with any such person or persons or any firm, company or corporation, or to purchase any article of food, cloth

ing or merchandise whatever at any store or any place whatever. Penalty. Sec. 2. Any person or persons, company or corporation or asse

ciation, or any agent, manager or managers, or servant of any company, corporation or association, described in the foregoing section who shall violate any of the provisions of this act, shall le guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be fined not less than fifty, nor more than two hundred dollars for each offense.

CHAPTER 76.—Mine regulations.

Two outlets SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for the owner, agent lessee, required, when.

receiver or operator of any mine in this State to employ any person or persons in said mine for the purpose of working therein unless there are in connection with every seam or stratum of coal or ore worked in such mine not less than two openings or outlets separated by a stratum of not less than one hundred and fifty fret at surface and not less than thirty feet at any place, at which openings or outlets safe and distinct means of ingress and egress shall at all times be available for the persons employed in such mine. The escapement shafts or slopes shall be fitted with safe and available appliances by which the employees of the mine may readily escape in case of accident. In slopes used as haulage roads where the dip or incline is ten degrees or more there must be provided a separate traveling way which shall be maintained

in a safe condition for travel and kept free from dangerous gases. Time for mak

Sec. 2. The time which shall be allowed for completing such Ing changes.

escapement shaft or opening as is required by the terms of this act shall be : For mines already opened when this act shall become a law, one year for sinking any shaft or slope two hundred feet or less in depth, and one additional year or pro rata portion thereof for every additional two hundred feet or fraction thereof : but for mines which shall be opened after the taking effect of this act the time allowed shall be two years for all shafts or slopes more than two hundred feet in depth, and one year for all shafts two hundred feet in depth or less; and the time shall be reckoned in all cases from the date on which coal or ore is first hoisted from the

original shaft or slope for sale or use. Violations. SEC. 3. Any person, owner, agent, lessee, receiver or operator of

any mine in this State who shall violate or suffer or permit the riolation of any of the provisions of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be fined in any sum not less than two hundred nor more than five hundred dollars, and each day such violation continues shall constitute a separate offense.

CHAPTER 94.-Antitrust law-Boycotting, etc.

Definition of SECTION 1. A trust is a combination of capital, skill or acts by trust.

two or more persons, firms, corporations or associations of persons, or either two or more of them for either, any, or all of the following purposes :

1. To create or which may tend to create or carry out restrietions in trade or commerce or aids to commerce or in the preparation of any product for market or transportation, or to create or

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