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Compilations of labor laws enacted in the United States have been published from time to time in the form of special reports and in the bimonthly bulletins of this Bureau. In the present report is presented a compilation of the labor laws enacted by Congress and by the legislatures of the various States and Territories in force at the close of the year 1903.
In order to facilitate the use of this compilation marginal references have been placed on all the pages where labor laws have been reproduced and a comprehensive index has been appended.
In addition to the laws, annotations of decisions have been placed in smaller type immediately below the statutes affected by such decisions. These annotations consist of brief digests of the decisions, followed by the abbreviated titles of the reports in which the decisions are published. With few exceptions only annotations of decisions of the Federal courts and of the highest State courts are given.
All labor laws that have been declared unconstitutional by the Federal courts and the highest State courts have been excluded from this compilation. In some instances, also, laws apparently superseded by later enactments have been omitted, even though they were retained in the published compilations consulted in preparing this volume. In addition to the labor laws, which are reproduced in full, the present report contains digests of laws which can not be classed as labor laws, yet which are of considerable interest to the laboring people.
The present volume contains two chapters. Chapter I consists of (1) a digest of apprentice laws, (2) a digest of convict-labor laws, (3) a digest of mechanic's-lien laws, and (4) a table showing the legal holidays. Chapter II contains the compilation of labor laws.
The following table shows, for each State and Territory, the date of the code, revision, or compilation of laws used, the latest session
laws examined, and the frequency of the sessions, whether annual or biennial:
DATE OF CODE, REVISION, OR COMPILATION, AND OF LATEST SESSION LAWS USED.
Date of code, revi
Latest session, or
sion laws compilation of laws
Alabama Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware. District of Alaska. District of Columbia Florida Georgia. Hawaii Idaho. Ilinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana. Maine Maryland.. Massachusetts Michigan, Minnesota Mississippi. Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada. New Hampshire. New Jersey New Mexico. New York North Carolina. North Dakota Ohio.. Oklahoma. Oregon Pennsylvania Philippine Islands Porto Rico Rhode Island South Carolina. South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia.. Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming.. United States.
1891 1902 1893
(b) c 1901
1891 1895 1897 1901 1896
1901 d 1897
1901 1894 1897 1903 1903 1902 1897 1894 1892 1899 1895 1901 1899 1891 1895 1897 1901 1883 1899 1900 1893
1902 e 1895
(1) 1902 1896 1902 1903 1881 1895 1898 1894 1888 1897 1899 1898 1899 1901
1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1902 1903 1902 1902 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1902 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1902 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1902 1903 1903 1903 1903 1903 1902-3
Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially, Annually. Annually. Biennially. Annually. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Annually. Biennially. Biennially Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Annually. Biennially. Annually. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Annually. Annually. Annually. Annually. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Biennially. Annually.
a Supplement, 1889.
APPRENTICE LAWS, CONVICT-LABOR LAWS, MECHANIC'S-LIEN
LAWS, AND LEGAL HOLIDAYS.
DIGEST OF APPRENTICE LAWS.
In the following digest, the apprentice laws are considered by States, the statutory provisions in all States being considered as nearly as possible in uniform order and not in the order in which they appear in the statute books.
A minor may be bound out by the parents, and when parents are unable to provide for his support, by the probate judge of a county:
A male may be bound out until he is 21, and a female until she is 18 years of age. The master is required to see that the apprentice is taught his trade and to read and write, to provide him with good and wholesome provisions, necessary clothing, washing, lodging, and medical attendance, and at the expiration of the term of service, to furnish him with two new suits of clothes. He may enforce obedience and good behavior by such moderate corporal punishment as at common law a father or guardian is allowed to inflict.
It is unlawful to entice, decoy, or persuade an apprentice to leave the service of his master, to employ him, to furnish him food or clothing, or to give or sell him ardent spirits, without the written consent of the master.
Source: Code of 1897, sections 496 to 507, 5504 to 5509.
A minor may be bound out by the father with the written consent of the mother; by the guardian if an orphan without sufficient estate for its maintenance, and by the mother is the father is dead and no guardian has been appointed. In any case the indentures must be approved by the judge of the county court.
A minor may also be bound out by the judge of the county court in case the parents have not the means, or neglect to maintain said minor.
A male may be bound until 21 and a female until 18 years of age. The master is required to teach the apprentice a trade and to send the apprentice to school at least one-fourth of his time after he is 7 years old, and the apprentice must be taught reading, writing, and arithmetic to the rule of three, inclusive.
It is unlawful to entice, persuade, or induce an apprentice to leave the service of the master or to conceal him after leaving such service. Source: Digest of 1894, sections 249 to 258, 1463, 4950.
CALIFORNIA. A minor of 14 years of age or over may be bound by his father, or by his mother or guardian in case of the father's death or incompetency, or where he has willfully abandoned his family for one year without making suitable provision for their sunport, or is habitually intemperate or is a vagrant; by an executor who by the will of the father is directed to bring up the child to a trade or calling; by the mother alone if the child is illegitimate; and by the judge of the superior court if the minor is poor, homeless, chargeable to the county or State, or an outcast who has no visible means of obtaining an honest livelihood. If a minor has no parent or guardian competent to act he may, with the approval of the superior court, bind himself. The minor's consent must be expressed in the indenture and testified to by his signing the same. A male may be bound until 21 and a female until 18 years of age.