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of any person or persons upon the platforms of any such car, to require or permit such services, attention or care, of any of its employees, or any other person or persons, between the first day of November and the first day of April thereafter of each year, unless such person, partnership or corporation, its officers or superintending or managing agents, have first provided the platforms of said car or cars with a proper and sufficient inclosure constructed of wood, iron and glass, or similar suitable material, sufficient to protect such employees from exposure to the winds and inclemencies of the weather: Provided, That such inclosure shall be constructed so as not to obstruct the vision of the person operating such car, or to endanger or interfere with its safe management by

the operator. (ars not to SEC. 2. From and after January first in the year of our Lord be used unless 1902, it shall be unlawful for any person, partnership or corporaequipped.

tion, so owning or operating street railways using steam, electric or cable cars, or any managing officer or agent thereof, to cause or permit to be used upon such line of railway, between said November first and April first of each and every year thereafter, any car or cars upon which the services of any employee, such as specified in section one of this act, is required, unless said car or cars shall

be provided with the inclosure required by section one of this act. Penalty. SEC. 3. Any person, partnership or corporation, owning, operat

ing, superintending or managing any such line of street railway, or managing or superintending officer or agent thereof, who shall be found guilty of a violation of the provisions of section one or two of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine of not less than twenty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars; and in default of payment of the same, imprisonment in the county jail in which such conviction is had until such fine shall be paid. Each day that any said person or persons, partnership or corporation, cause or permit any of their said employees to operate such car or cars in violation of the provisions of sections one and two of this act, or cause or permit a car or cars to be used or operated in violation of

said section two of this act, shall be deemed a separate offense: Proviso. Provided, That the provisions of this act shall not apply to cans

used and known as trailing cars.

CHAPTER 14.--Employment of children-Certain employments

forbidden.

Acrobatic and SECTION 2. Any person having the care, custody, or control of indecent occu- any minor child under the age of fifteen years, who shall in any pations.

manner sell, apprentice, give away, or otherwise dispose of such child, or any person who shall take, receive or employ such child for the vocation or occupation of rope or wire walking or as an acrobat, gymnast, contortionist or rider, and any person who, having the care, custody, or control of any minor child whatsoever, shall sell, apprentice. give away or otherwise dispose of such child, or who shall take, receive or employ such child for any obscene, indecent or illegal exhibition or vocation, or any vocation injurious to the health, or dangerous to the life or limb, of such child engaged therein, or for the purpose of prostitution, and any person who shall retain, harbor, or employ any minor child in or about any assignation house or brothel, or any place where any obscene, indecent or illegal, exhibition takes place, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be fined not less than five dollars, nor more than one hundred dollars, for each

offense. Mendicantem- SEC. 3. Any person having the care, custody, or control, lawployments.

ful or unlawful, of any minor child under the age of eighteen years, who shall use such minor, or apprentice, give away, let out, hire or otherwise dispose of, such minor child to any person, for the purpose of singing, playing on musical instruments, begin ging or for any mendicant business whatsoever in the streets,

roads, or other highways of this State, and whosoever shall take, receive, hire, employ, use or have in custody, any minor for the vocation, occupation, calling, service or purpose of singing, playing upon musical instruments or begging upon the streets, roads or other highways of this State, or for any mendicant business whatever, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined not less than five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars.

SEC. 4. Any person having the care, custody, or control of any Employment minor child under the age of fifteen years, who shall in any man

in saloons, etc. ner sell, apprentice, give away or permit such child to sing, dance, act, or in any manner exhibit it in any dance house, concert saloon, theater or place of entertainment where wines or spirituous or malt liquors are sold or given away, or with which any place for the sale of wines or spirituous or malt liquors is directly or indirectly connected by any passageway or entrance, and any proprietor of any dauce house whatever, or any such concert saloon, theater, or place of entertainment, so employing any such child, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be fined not less than five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each offense.

CHAPTER 15.- Free public employment bureaus.
SECTION 1. The comunissioner of labor is hereby authorized

Bureau

thorized. to organize and establish, in connection with the bureau of labor, a free public employment bureau, for the purpose of receiving applications from persons seeking employment and applications from persons seeking to employ labor. SEC. 2. No compensation or fee shall be charged or received

No fees to be directly or indirectly from persons applying for work, informa- charged. tion or help through said department. The commissioner of labor is hereby authorized to employ such assistance, and incur such expense as may be necessary to carry into effect the purpose of this act. But such assistance and expense shall not exceed five hundred dollars per annun.

SEC. 3. The expenses of the employment bureau shall be paid Expenses. in the same manner and way as other expenses of the bureau of labor, and there is hereby appropriated five hundred dollars to carry out the provisions of this act.

au

CHAPTER 19.-Factories and workshops-Inspection, etc.

SECTION 1. In all manufacturing, mechanical and other estab- Guards for lishments, in this State, where the machinery, belting, shafting,

machinery. gearing, drums and elevators, are so arranged and placed as to be dangerous to persons employed therein, while engaged in their ordinary duties, shall be safely and securely guarded when possible, and if not possible, the notices of the danger shall be conspicuously posted in such establishments, and no minor or female of any age shall be permitted to clean any of the mill gearing or Cleaning movmachinery in such establishments while the same is in motion.

ing machinery. SEC. 2. The opening of all hatchways, elevators and wellholes, Hatchways. upon each floor of every manufacturing, mechanical, mercantile or public building in this state, shall be protected by good and sufficient trapdoors, self-closing hatches, or strong guard rails at least three feet high. All due vigilance shall be used to keep such trapdoors closed at all times, except when in actual use. SEC. 3. In every factory, workshop or establishment, in this

Wash rooms,

etc. State, where females are employed, where unclean work of any kind has to be performed, suitable places shall be provided for such females to wash and to change clothing, and stairs in use by females shall, in all such establishments, be properly screened, and separate water-closets shall be provided for the use of employees of either sex, in all manufacturing, mechanical, mercantile and other establishments in this State where persons of both sexes are employed.

ees.

Seats for fe- SEC. 4. In every manufacturing, mechanical, mercantile and male employ- other establishments, in this State, wherein females are employed,

there shall be provided, and conveniently located, seats sufficient to comfortably seat such females; and during such times as such females are not necessarily required by their duties to be

upon their feet, they shall be allowed to occupy the seats provided. Sanitation. SEC. 5. And all establishments, to which this act applies, must

be kept in a clean condition; the sanitary and hygienic regulations shall be such as will not endanger or be injurious to the lives

or health of the employees employed therein. Penalty. SEC. 6. Any person or persons, firm or corporation of any

manufacturing, mechanical, mercantile or other establishments, business or calling, in this State, to which this act applies, who shall violate any of the provisions of this act shall be deemei guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction, in any court of competent jurisdiction in this State, shall be fined not less than twenty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars, and in default of payment of such fine shall be imprisoned until such fine and

costs are fully paid. Enforcement. Sec. 7. It shall be the duty of the commissioner of labor or his

assistant to enforce the provisions of this act, and to prosecute all violations of the same before any magistrate or court of competent jurisdiction in this State.

man.

ment.

CHAPTER 20.-Mine regulations-Check weighmen. Check weigh- SECTION 1. Where the amount of wages paid to any of the per

sons employed in any manufacturing, mining, or otherwise publie enterprise employing labor, depend upon the amount produced by weight or measure, the persons so employed may, at their own cost, station or appoint at each place appointed for the weighing or measuring of the products of their labor a check weighman or measurer, who shall in all cases be appointed by a majority ballot of the workmen employed at the works where he is appointed

to act as such check weighman or measurer. Mode of pay- SEC. 2. Every corporation, company, or person engaged in the

business of mining coal in this State, where such check weighman is employed by the miners working at such mines, shall furnish such check weighman with a check or number and pay the said check weighman for all coal placed to his check or number same per ton as is paid to the miners. Each of the persons so employed to see the weighing of said coal before entering upon the

discharge of the duties of his employment shall take and subscribe Oath,

an oath before a justice of the peace or a notary public. that he will honestly and impartially do and perform the duties of his employment and do equal and exact justice between employers

and employees to the best of his judgment, skill and ability. Application Sec. 3. This act shall apply to all weights, balances, steelyards, of law. and weighing machines and reasures used in any factory, mine.

mill or otherwise industrial concerns, for determining the wages payable to any person employed according to the mineral or other

wise products produced by them through their labors. Check weigh- SEC. 4. Where the weighman is mutually selected by the consent man not neces- of a majority of the miners working in any mine and the operator sary, when.

or agent of said company, it shall not be considered necessary to employ said check weighman, but at any time that either of the parties to said agreement should become dissatisfied with said weighman they may dismiss him on ten days' notice or the miners may employ a check weighman. Any corporation, company, or person violating any of the provisions of this act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, shall be fined for each and every offense not less than ten nor more than two hundred dollars.

It shall be the duty of every court in each county, in which any such coal mine is operated and in which a grand jury is impaneled, to give this act in charge to the grand jury.

CHAPTER 31.—Mine regulations-Inspection, etc., of oil. SECTION 1. Only animal, vegetable or paraffine oil or other oil Illuminating as free from the evolution of smoke as a standard cotton-seed oil. oil, when burned in a miner's torch, shall be used in any open lamp or torch for illuminating purposes in any coal mine in this State, and kerosene and blackstrap oil, or a mixture of kerosene and blackstrap, shall not be used in miners' torches for illuminating purposes in any coal mine in this State; except that a mixture of mineral oil (other than blackstrap oil) and vegetable oil can be used upon machinery used as a motive power to haul coal in any mine in this State, and except, further, that a mixture of mineral and vegetable oil can be used for all stationary lights.

SEC. 2. A standard cotton-seed oil shall have the following test : Cotton - seed (1) It shall be free from mineral oils or mineral-oil compounds. oil.

(2) It shall be tested in a glass tube one and one-half inches in diameter by eight inches deep, and the oil shall be at a temperature of sixty degrees Fahrenheit when the test is made, and shall not exceed twenty-four degrees Tagliabue hydrometer.

SEC. 3. If the oil to be tested is below forty-five degrees Fahren- Test. heit temperature, it must be slowly heated until it reaches eightyfive degrees temperature. Should the oil be above forty-five degrees temperature and below sixty-five degrees it must be heated to seventy degrees, when, in either case, it must be well shaken and allowed to cool gradually to a temperature of sixty degrees, when the test must be made.

SEC. 4. In testing the gravity of oil the hydrometer must be, Readings. when possible, read from below, and the last line which appears under the surface of the oil shall be regarded as the true reading.

SEC. 5. Where the oil is tested in difficult circumstances an Allowance. allowance of one-half of one degree may be made for error of parallax.

SEC 6. All oil sold to be used for illuminating purposes in the Branding. mines of this State shall be contained in barrels, casks or packages, branded conspicuously with the name and address of the manufacturer of said oil, the specific gravity of the same and the date of shipment.

Sec. 7. Any person, firm, or corporation, either by themselves or Penalty. an agent or employee, which shall sell or offer for sale for illuminating in any mine, in this State, any oil or any mixture or compound of oils which does not comply with the tests as prescribed in section one of this act, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be fined not less than twentyfive dollars nor more than one hundred dollars for each offense.

SEC. 8. And any miner, or employee in any mine, or employee of any mine operator or mine owner, who shall knowingly use or tested oil. permit to be used for illuminating purposes in any mine, in this State, any oil other than that prescribed in section one of this act shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined not less than five dollars "nor more than twenty-five dollars for each and every offense; and in default of payment of such fine within twenty days from the day of conviction shall be given a sentence in the county jail for a period of not less than ten nor more than sixty days.

SEC. 9. It shall be the duty of the district mine inspectors wher- Inspectors to ever they have reason to believe that oil is being used, or sold or securē tests. offered for sale, in violation of the provisions of this act, to take samples of the same and have them tested under the direction of the chief mine inspector; and if they are found to be inferior to the quality prescribed by this act, the inspector shall make complaint to the prosecuting attorney of the county in which the offense is committed, who shall forthwith commence proceedings against the offender in any court of competent jurisdiction. Any miner, mine employee, firm, corporation or their agents, who shall refuse to permit the mine inspector to examine his or their oil used for or sold for illuminating purposes in the coal mines, in this State, shall be guilty of a violation of this act, and may be taken before any justice of the peace and fined five dollars or imprisoned in the county jail for ten days for each offense.

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of

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WISCONSIN.

ANNOTATED STATUTES OF 1898.

CHAPTER 41.--Examination and licensing of plumbers.

re

Boards of ex

License

SECTION 959–53. No person, firm or corporation engaged in or quired in cer- working at the business of plumbing in cities of the first, second tain cities.

or third class shall engage in or work at said business, either as a master or employing or as a journeyman plumber, unless licensed so to do in accordance with the provisions of the following three

sections. Applications. Sec. 959–54. Any person desiring to engage in or work at such

business shall apply to the board of public works, where such exist, or the board of health having jurisdiction in the locality where he intends to engage in or work at such business, and shall, at such time and place as may be designated by the board of examiners hereinafter provided for, to whom such application shall be referred, be exanıined as to his qualifications for such business. In the case of a firm or corporation the examination and licensing of any one member of the firm or the manager of the corporation shall be sufficient.

SEC. 959–55. There shall be in every city of the first, second and aminers.

third class having a system of waterworks or sewerage a board of examiners of plumbers consisting of the board of public works, or where such board does not exist, the chairman of the board of health, and in cities having an inspector of plumbing the inspector of plumbing of said city, who shall be a member ex officio of said board, and serve without compensation, and a third member who shall be a practical plumber. Said third member shall be ap pointed by the mayor for the term of one year from the first day of May, and thereafter annually before the first day of May, and who shall serve without compensation : Provided, That if in any city there is no board of public works or inspector of plumbing the board of health shall appoint a second member of said board of examiners who shall be practical plumber and who shall also

serve without compensation. Duty of SEC. 959–56. Said board of examiners shall, as soon as may be board.

after the appointment of the third member thereof, meet and or. ganize by the selection of a chairman, and shall then designate the times and places for the examination of all applicants desiring to engage in or work at the business of plumbing within their city: Said board shall examine said applicants as to their practical knowledge of plumbing, house drainage and plumbing ventilation, and if satisfied of the competency of the applicants shall so certify

to the board of public works, the board of health or inspector of License. plumbing, as the case may be. Said board of examiners shall

thereupon issue a license to such applicant authorizing him to en

gage in or work at the business of plumbing as master or employFees. ing plumber or as a journeyman plumber. The fee for a license

for a master or employing plumber shall be two dollars; for a journeyman plumber, fifty cents. Said licenses shall be renewed annually upon payment of a fee of fifty cents. All moneys accruing from such fees shall be paid into the treasury of the city. In case of the removal of the licensee from the city his license may be renewed by any board having like authority. A license shall entitle the licensee to pursue his occupation in all parts of the State unless the board of the city to which he removes shall object, in

which event said plumber shall be examined by said board. Penalty. SEC. 959–59. Any person violating any provision of either of

* preceding sections shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be subject to a fine not exceeding fifty dollars for each and every violation thereof, and his license may be revoked by the examining board provided for in section 959–55.

the

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